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William Marks
(Abt 1803-1861)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
Ann Lamb

William Marks 2 3

  • Born: Abt 1803, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England 3
  • Christened: 29 Feb 1848, New South Wales 3
  • Marriage: Ann Lamb about 1834 in Sydney, Cumberland County, New South Wales 1
  • Died: 19 Mar 1861, Binda, Georgiana County, New South Wales aged about 58 4
  • Buried: 21 Apr 1861, Goulburn, Argyle County, New South Wales 3 5 6

bullet   Cause of his death was Riding Accident.3

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bullet  General Notes:

William when aged 28 was 5ft 3in, pale & pitted complexion, light brown hair, blue eyes.

bullet  Medical Notes:

The animal, a very head strong one, became almost unmanageable, and ran Mr Marks up against a tree. He was struck full on the forehead and immediately fell. His son [Richard Marks] came up directly and raised the body, but life had fled So violent was the collision that the tree where struck by the deceaded's head, looked as if a blow had been inflicted by a large stone or a hammer.

bullet  Death Notes:

There seems to be some confusion about his death date and burial date. I think that the events occured in this order.

Death - 19 March 1861
Followed by an coronial inquiry which I have yet to find. I think that there still must be suspicion that he was murdered and that the murderer may have been Richard Marks.
Burrial - 21 April 1861

bullet  Burial Notes:

Grave in St Saviour's Anglican Cemetery Goulburn which reads (prob in part) "William MARKS (19 Mar 1861) who was killed by a fall from his horse.

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bullet  Noted events in his life were:

• He has conflicting birth information of Abt 1803 and Sussex, England, United Kingdom. The birth location for William is quite a mystery and many of us do not beleive his assertion that he was born in Bristol.

• He worked as a Pig Dealer in 1824 in Chichester, Sussex, England, United Kingdom. 7 8

• Other: Stole Goods., 24 Apr 1824, Boxgrove, West Sussex, England, United Kingdom. 8 From Sea Beach Farm.

• He was involved in a court case about Court of Quarter Sessions, Horsham, Sussex. on 13 May 1824 in Horsham, Sussex, England, United Kingdom. 8 William was charged as follows:

That William Marks, late of the parish of Boxgrove in the County of Sussex, in company with three other persons, on the 24th day of April 1824, did steal 200 lb (Two Hundred Pounds) weight of wool valued at £10 (Ten Pounds), One Sack of the value 2s (Two Shillings), One Wool Poke of the value 2s (Two Shillings), and Three Bushels of Turnip Seeds of the value 10s (Ten Shillings). The goods and chattels of the Right Hound William Huskisson.

It appears, from the evidence presented in Court, that William Marks, Richard Rasson, William Till and James Barber were late at night in Two Horse Drawn Drays to a property known as Sea Beach Farm at Boxgrove. Here they entered a store shed and stole the above mentioned property. They were later apprehended.

It appears that Marks and Till pleaded not guilty to this charge, but James Barber made a voluntary confession in the court and pleaded guilty. It appears that Barber was originally tried, but the charges were later dropped in return for his evidence against the others. It is not known if Rasson was charged.

Both Marks and Till were sentenced to imprisonment and transportation.

This was William Mark's third conviction.

Marks and Till both went to the colony of New South Wales on the Asia III and William Till died in the colony in 1830.

• Sentenced: 16 Jun 1824, Horsham, Sussex, England, United Kingdom. Tried Horsham SSX Quarter sessions 13 Jul 1824 and sentenced to 7 years transportation for stealing a quantity of wool, a quantity of turnip seed, a wool poke and a sack from a granary at Sea Beach Farm.

• He emigrated on 6 Jan 1825 from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom. 8 on ship Asia III.

• He immigrated on 29 Apr 1825 to Sydney, Cumberland County, New South Wales. on ship Asia III.

• Assigned: forwarded to Evan for distribution., 6 May 1825, Sydney, Cumberland County, New South Wales. 9

• Assigned: to settlers by the Bench of Magistrates, Penrith; to John Murphy ., 31 May 1825, Penrith, Cumberland County, New South Wales. 10

• Other: 21 Apr 1827, New South Wales. Listed on a supplies list in his accounting records for the Rev. J Hassall.

“The first minister of the Church of England to be given responsibility over this area was the Rev. Thomas Hassall, who in 1827 was resident at Cobbitty and had various centres south under his care, including Wollongong, Sutton Forest and Goulburn. For obvious reasons he was known as "the Galloping Parson". He married the Reverend Samuel Marsden's daughter. He did have John Layton as catechist to work at Sutton Forest, Bong Bong and Mittagong from 1826, but Hassall was apparently expected to visit Sutton Forest each 3 months. By 1831 he also had Rev. John Vincent, M.A. resident as assistant at Sutton Forest. The first church of this region had been built there and opened in January, 1830.” [http://www4.tpg.com.au/users/bjlee/history2.html]

• He worked as a Groom & Labourer in 1828 in Denbligh, Cobbitty, New South Wales.

• Correspondence: 6 Jul 1829, Denbligh, Cobbitty, New South Wales. 11 William wrote a letter to the Rev J Hassall with blanks to fill in, requesting Rev. Hassall enable William to get a ticket of Leave. William states that he is happy to spend the next two years with Rev. Hassall. However, he notes that as he is due his Certificate of Freedom in 2 years it may not be worth the effort.

• He worked as an Overseer of Mulgowrie Property of Rev Thomas Hassal in 1831 in Mulgowrie, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 8 Part of his job included driving herds of cattle from Mulgowrie to Sydney.

• Certificate of Freedom: 1 Sep 1831, New South Wales. 12

• He was employed on 1 Sep 1831 in New South Wales, Australia. 13 Labourer

• Moved: Salem Vale, Mulgowrie, 1833, Binda, Georgiana County, New South Wales.

• He worked as a Stockman from 1835 to 1836 in New South Wales. 8

• He worked as an Overseer from 1836 to 1840 in Salem Vale, Mulgowrie, New South Wales. 8 Responsible for the construction of the old stone homestead near Mulgowrie Creek. This building is now only a ruin.

In the years 1839-1840 the Bank of Australia collapsed and the Rev. Hassall had to sell his property at Mulgowrie to cover the calls on his shares. Marks ceased to be in his employ.

• Other: After 1836, Mulgowrie, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 14 15 "Our stockman at Mulgowrie was a man called Marks, a well known and comical character. I remember some years before, about 1836, he bought a mob of cattle to be sold in Sydney. The great comet was plainly to be seen then and whilst my father was talking to him on business matters and admiring the comet Marks said to him, "Why sir, you will be disprised to hear that when I was on the Lachlan a short time ago, I can assure your that the comet was not a bit bigger there than here - although I was so much nearer to it." He had little idea of the distance of the comet from the earth, or that the Lachlan was about the same height above the sea as where we were standing.
We arrived at the station in the evening and found at the homestead a strong substantial stone house. Marks had persuaded my father to let him build this on account of the bushrangers, Witton, Reynolds and party who threatened to shoot him and several neighbours in that part of the country. He had port-holes left in different places and taught his wife to load and fire the gun, but the gang I beleive, never paid him a visit.
...
Next day we rode into Goulburn, part of the way with marks, who rode a very fast racer, named Conservative, with which he had won many races in the Goulburn district. We passed the Betherwetherloo, a creek whose name took my fancy, and reached Mr Shelley's that evening, ..."

• He worked as a Farmer in 1838 in New South Wales. 8 He is listed as occupation, Farmer on the birth certificate of his third child, Elizabeth.

• Pasture Licence: 19 Feb 1840, Yass, King County, New South Wales. 8 A pasture licence was granted by the colonial secretary for depasture of stock for land at Mulgowrie for a fee of £14 (fourteen pounds.) This property he called "Markdale", as he did with a later property he purchased.

• He was employed between 1840 and 1858 in Mulgowrie, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 8 Worked in boiling down works and kept pigs.

They slaughtered wild hourses and then boiled down the carcases for the tallow content. The hides were also sold, and the residue used to feed pigs. William then sold the pigs for profit. (The colony of NSW was in the grips of it's first real depression. Boling down horses was one a the things people did just to survuive.)

He was able to purchase sheep at 6p (six pence) and sell the products (tallow and hides etc.) for 6s (six shillings).

• He appeared on the New South Wales census in 1841 in Salem Vale, Mulgowrie, New South Wales. 16





















SurnameFirst NamesReturnResidenceItemIDPageNoReelNoRemarks
MarksW.12Salem Vale, County Georgiana,
District Carcoar
[X946] 109 2222

• He worked as a Farmer in 1844 in New South Wales. 8

• He worked as a Settler in 1846 in New South Wales. 8

• Races: Chestnut Pony, "Dentist" Won at "Funny Hill"., 1850, Binda, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 17 Won 20 soverigns (Binda Purse) at the race meeting at "Funny Hill".

• Other: 1854, Bigga, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 8 There is a witness on William's first daughter, Mary Ann, who is Sussan Marks. This is the only ever mention of Susan Marks. Who was she? Was it an error. Was William living with a Susan, now that Ann had left to live with Francis Cambpell?

• He owned "Markdale" from 1858 to 1861 in Bigga, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 8 Previously known as Sletes Gully after a convict named Slete who had lived there after fleeing the colony.

This property is the original selection of John Herne, but it appears Herne got into difficulties during the depresion of the 1840's and the selection was taken over by Samuel Benjamin and Elias Moses who wereJewish merchants in Goulburn.

Purchased a 640 acre property in 1858 for £350/0/0 from Richard Moses as part of the deceased Elias Moses's estate. The property was 640 acres (1 square mile). He renamed the property Markdale. While the boundaries have altered over the years this property is still called Markdale. [http://www.markdale.com/] Look into how he came across this wealth. Only ten years before he was destitute. Was it to do with the discovery of gold?

Also purchased other, unspecified, properties in the crooked corner and burwood areas.

• He worked as a Farmer and Grazier at "Markdale" in 1861 in Bigga, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 18

• Registration: Death, 23 Mar 1861, Goulburn District, New South Wales.

• He has conflicting death information of 19 Apr 1861 and Binda, Georgiana County, New South Wales. 3 19 20 MARKS, WilliamGoulburn Herald Wed 20.3.1861
FATAL ACCIDENT Yesterday, about eleven am, Mr William Marks, of Markdale, Georgiana, was returning home from Binda, where he had been on business accompanied by his son. In the course of conversation he expressed an opinion that the horse he was riding could race, and that he could beat the horse that had walked over for one of the prizes at the Laggan races the day before. He then gave his horse the whip and started him into a gallop. The animal, a very head strong one, became almost unmanageable, and ran Mr Marks up against a tree. He was struck full on the forehead and immediately fell. His son came up directly and raised the body, but life had fled So violent was the collision that the tree where struck by the deceaded's head, looked as if a blow had been inflicted by a large stone or a hammer. Mr Marks was about 65 years of age, and was perhaps the oldest resident in the neighbourhood, where he had lived between thirty and forty years.

• He has conflicting death information of at Markdale, 19 Mar 1862 and Binda, Georgiana County, New South Wales. According to the Probate list, he dies one year later. I presume it is a transcription error.

• He had an estate probated 5399 on 30 Jun 1862 in New South Wales. 21 This day upon petition Administration of all and singular the goods, chatels, credits and effects of William Marks deceased was granted to Ann Marks the widow of the deceased estate. Intestate died 19th March 1862. Goods sworn at £400 letters of administration dates the same day as granted.

• Other: Feb 1980, Bigga, Georgiana County, New South Wales, Australia. 22 In Febuary 1980 the unnamed strees in Bigga were named Marks, Hailston, Hearn, Blackman and Tranter.


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William married Ann Lamb about 1834 in Sydney, Cumberland County, New South Wales.1 (Ann Lamb was born in 1816 in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom,3 died on 16 Jun 1894 in Wheeo Locality, King County, New South Wales 3 23 24 25 and was buried on 19 Jun 1894 in Binda, Georgiana County, New South Wales 3 6.) The cause of her death was A long illness..3

bullet  Noted events in their marriage were:

• Marriage: 24 Feb 1838, Goulburn District, New South Wales. 8 At the police station.

• Seperation: Abt 1857, New South Wales. 8 Ann left William to live with Franis Campbell in the colony of Victoria.


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Sources


1 NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages (http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/), V18381951 22/1838.

2 A History of Bigga (Pirie Printers LTD Canberra), Page 180-181.

3 Other Researchers, Lee Ann.

4 Crookwell and District Historical Society, Obituaries, Deaths, Inquests Pre 1901 Crookwell and District (ISBN 0-9587114-3-7), Page 231 - Goulburn Herald, Wed 20.3.1861.

5 St Saviours Cemetry, Goulburn, Plot 35.

6 Other Researchers, Rhonda Brownlow.

7 Horsham SSX Session. it says he was tried Horsham SSX Quarter sessions 13 Jul
1824 and sentenced to 7 years' transportation. He was a native of Bristol,
a pig dealer, aged 21, 5ft 3in, pale & pitted complexion, brown hair, blue
eyes. He was assigned to John MURPHY at Evans 31 May 1825,

8 Other Researchers, Thomas R Hellwege.

9 NSW State Government Records, Reel 6014; 4/3514 p.210. Surety:2

10 NSW State Government Records, Reel 6063; 4/1786 p.101a.

11 Rev J Hassall Correspondence, Vol 3, pp 1971-3, 1677-3.

12 NSW State Government Records, 31/903.

13 NSW State Government Records, Certificate of Freedom - 31/903.

14 Other Researchers, Ian Brothers.

15 William Hassal, In Old Australia (Origianally Printed in 1902
Reprinted in 1981), 48-49.

16 NSW Government, Page 109, reel 2222.

17 Wayne Cummins, The Village of Binda, Gazetted 1850, First Village in Crookwell Shire (1998, ISBN 0-646-36056-6
Hypercet Printing, Goulburn, NSW), 73.

18 NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages (http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/), Death Certificate - 1861/002919.

19 Goulburn Herald (Obituraies, Deaths Inquests Pre 1901 Crookwell District, Goulburn Printers, Goulburn,), Wed 20.3.1861. Crookwell & District Historic Society. Surety:2

20 NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages (http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/), 2919/1861.

21 NSW State Government Records, Probate 5399 - 30 June 1862.

22 Bigga School Parents and citizens' Centenary Committee, A History of Bigga (Bigga Public School Centenary Committee
Ian Chudleigh, Editor
Printed by Pirie Printers Pty Ltd, Canberra, ACT), Page 24.

23 Crookwell Gazette, Crookwell Gazette, Wed 20.6.1894 OBITUARY.

24 Goulburn Herald (Obituraies, Deaths Inquests Pre 1901 Crookwell District, Goulburn Printers, Goulburn,), Goulburn Herald, Wed 20.6.1894.

25 NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages (http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/), 15075/1894.


Brian Yap (葉文意)
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