John Swanson Yarbrough Time Line & Missellaneous Information
The time line was created by Karen Mazock and also includes some Yarbrough/Yarborough families that were living in the same area as Swanson Yarbrough during these different time periods. I have added email correspondence, and misscellaneous information that also contains information that may be useful to others in researching the John Swanson Yarbrough genealogy. You can use the table below to quickly find different parts of the timeline and also find misscellaneous information that I have included.
At any time you can use your browsers back button to return to the table of contents.
John Castleman Information (email correspondence)
Yarbrough Information (email correspondence)
David Yarbrough Information (email correspondence)
Handbood of Texas (excerpts from McMullen County History)
1811 Dec. 10. Rowland Boyd, assignee of Joseph Boyer, assignee of Swanson Yarborough, claiming six hundred and forty arpents of land, siutate on the south fork of Saline creek, district of St. Genevieve; produces a notice to the recorder.
December 10, 1811: Present, a full Board. It is the opinion of the Board that this claim ought not to be granted. Land Claims in the Missouri Territory, p. 541.
p. 540 of the same book: Henry Glass, assignee of Joseph Mating, assignee of Francis Merryman, assignee of David Yarborough, claiming seven hundred and sixty-eight arpents of land, situate on river Saline, district of St. Genevieve; produces the records of a plat of survey, dated 30 December 1805, certified 5th February, 1806; the record of a transfer from Yarborough to Merryman, dated a20th February, 1804, the record of a transfer from Merryman to Mating, dated 5th February, 1804; the record of a transfer from Mating to claimant, dated 19th August, 1804; the record of a certificate of permission to settle, dated 20th February, 1806, signed Pierre Delassus Deluziere.
December 10, 1811. Present, a full Board. It is the opinion of the Board that this claim ought not to be granted.
From: First Settlers of the Missouri Territory, Containing Grants in present states of Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma:
p. 52: DAVID YARBOROUGH, claiming three hundred and forty-three arpents and sixty- three perches of land, situate on the Mississippi, district of St. Genevieve; produces to the Board a survey of the same, taken the 12th, and certified the 26th February, 1806.
Testimony taken. June 25, 1806. JOHN SMITH, sworn, says that some time about the fall of 1802, claimant, together with one JAMES HUNTER, called on him, the witness, and inquired of him whether the aforesaid tract of land was claimed by any one, to which he answered in the negative; that some time towards the latter end of that year, he saw claimant cutting house logs; that, in the following spring, he saw him cultivating the said tract; that he raised a crop on the same for the said JAMES HUNTER, he, the said JAMES, having purchased the said tract, as witness was informed, from said claimant; that the said HUNTER had, on the 20th December, 1803, a wife and four children, and gave said YARBOROUGH a horse in payment for said tract.
August 28, 1810: Present, LUCAS, PENROSE, and BATES, commissioners. It is the opinion of the Board that this claim ought___ (it is continued on p. 53 which I don't have- Karen).
p. 58: HENRY GRASS, claiming seven hundred and sixty-eight arpents of land, situate on the waters of the river Saline, district of St. Genevieve; produces to the Board a certificate of a permission to settle, from PETER D. DELUZIERE, dated January 28th, 1806, and a survey of the same, dated 30th December, 1806, and certified 5th February, 1806.
Testimony taken. June 28, 1806. AMOS ROWARK, sworn, says that he, the witness, was on the said tract of land some time in 1803(?), when one DAVID TARBOROUGH lived there: that he had a garden on the same, out of which the witness was supplied with some greens and sallad.
ThOMAS DONOHOE, sworn, says that claimant was living on said land, which had been improved before in November, 1803, and that he had, on the 20th December, 1803, when he actually inhabited and cultivated the same, a wife and child.
September 1, 1810: Present, LUCAS, PENROSE, and BATES, commissioners. It is the opinion of the Board that this claim ought not to be granted.
Karen's notes: St. Genevieve, MO is approximately 60 miles South of St. Louis. Salline Creek is about 9 miles South of St. Genevieve. they had a big salt works there.
The first permanent Missouri settlement was established about 1750 by the French. It was located along the Mississippi about 50 miles south of St. Louis and was called Sainte Genevieve. The first actual American settlement in Miissouri was in 1787 when one John Dodge established himself in Ste. Genevieve County.
From 1682 until 1803 control over the Missouri section was passed back and forth between France and Spain. In the Louisiana Purchase consummated in 1803 ownership passed into the hands of the United States.
In 1805 Missouri became part of the Territory of Louisiana and remained so until 1812 when it became a Territory in its own name.
Missouri became the 24th state in 1821.
Purpose of the brief history above - Many of the records for Missouri before it became a state are located in Louisiana. I have not read the introduction sections of the above books cited, so I don't know for sure whether these records are in Missouri records or if they came from Louisiana records. Something that needs to be checked.
John Swanson Y. was b. 1777, so he would have been about 26 years old in 1803. He appears on the 1810 census of Ouachita Parish, LA. Where was he in 1800? He would have been about 23 years old. Was he in LA .. or had he perhaps gone up the Mississippi and was in what became Missouri?
Of interest to me - and something that none of the JSY researchers have followed up on (to my knowledge) - who was the David Yarborough who appeared in the St. Genevieve Mo. records at the same time Swanson Y. was appearing? Could he have been a brother? Or maybe Swanson's father? Swanson did name a son David. If David produced a certificate in 1805, then he was at least 21 years of age in 1805 - making his birth by at least 1783/84. If he was a young man, then he would have been the right age to have perhaps been a brother to Swanson. As we seem to have no records on this David, it is just as possible that he could have been older and been Swanson's father. At any rate, it seems like this David would be worth some further research.
1810 US Census - Ouachita Parish LA census:
1 Male 26-45 Swanson b. 1777 = 33; b. 1774 = 36
2 females 0-10 b. 1799-1810 Swanson aged 23- 33 at birth
1 female 10-16 b. 1794 -1800 Swanson aged 17-23 at birth
1 other free person except indian - not taxed
ARKANSAS COUNTY, ARKANSAS, Formed 1813 - original county:
1819 1 Jan. David Yarbrough sold to John Mills "a certain improvement of land laying on the West bank of the Mississippi Rivr, bounded below on John Parkers improvement, also above on an improvement that sd John Parker purchased of Hennery Baker .. for $125 in hand paid. Wits: Royal Bill (Hill?); Icabord Hubbell. Arkansas Record Book C, p. 544.
1819 Census of the Territory of Arkansas (Reconstructed)
1820 Census of the Territory of Arkansas (Reconstructed)
HEMPSTEAD COUNTY, ARKANSAS, Formed 1818 from Arkansas County
1819 Census of the Territory of Arkansas (Reconstructed)
1820 Census of the Territory of Arkansas (Reconstructed)
1820 Clark Co., Arkansas
1821 Census of the Territory of Arkansas (Reconstructed)
1828 Tax List
Richard Yarbrough County Tax: $.811/4; Territory Tax $.121/2
Swanson Yarbrough No township listed - Tax List
1829 Tax List
Swanson Yarbrough County Tax: $1.75; Territory Tax: $1.06 1/4
Humphrey Yarbrough County Tax: $1.311/4; Territory Tax $1.061/4
1830 Tax List, p. 135 - no township listed
Swanson Yarbrough County Tax: $1.311/4; Territory Tax $1.661/4
1831 Tax List
Swanson Yarbrough County Tax: $1.00; Territory Tax: $.061/4
1830 Census Hempstead Co., Ark, P. 135, Hope Township:
1 male 0-5 2 females 0-5
1 male 5-10 1 female 20-30
2 males 10-15
1 male 40-50
1831 17 June. This deed made and entered into this 17th day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty one between Swanson Yarbrough of the township of Mine Creek and County of Hempstead of the one part and Matthew Gray of the town of Washington in the County aforesaid of the other part both of the Territory of Arkansas. Witnesseth. That whereas the said Swanson Yarbrough in and by the three several Judgment by him this day duly confessed before James W. Judkins an acting Justice of the peace within and for the township of Ozan in the county and Territory aforesaid and duly entered by the said James W. Judkins on his docket as Justice of the Peace as aforesaid by him kept doth stand bound unto the said Matthew Gray in the sum of two hundred and sixty dollars and fifty cents lawfull money of the United States with interest for the same at the rate of ten per cent per annum from this day until paid, and also the costs in and about said suits in that behalf expended as in and by the said recited judgments more fully appears. Now this deed Witnesseth that the said Swanson Yarbrough as well for and in consideration of the aforesaid debt or sum of two hundred and sixty dollars and fifty cents and for the better securing the payment thereof with interest till paid and costs aforesaid unto the said Matthew Gray his executors administroaors and asisgns in discharge of the siad recited judgments as of the further su m of one dollar to him in hand paid by the said Mtthew Gray at the time of the execution hereof the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted bargained sold released and confirmed and by these presnets doth grant bargain sell, release and confirm unto the said Matthew Gray his executors administrators and assigns all the right title interest and claim which he the said Swanson Yarbrough has or doth own or hold or possess in and to a certain improvement situated and being in the township of Mine Creek and county and teritory aforesaid between the south and middle forks of the Little Missouri River near the mouth of the former about a mile above its junction with the latter supposed to contain about Thirty five of land cleared & released about thirty free acres of which is now in cultivation, and all of which said improvment & land is now in the possession of and occupied by the said Swanson Yarbrough it being the same improvement upon which he and his family at present reside together with all and singular the buildings, improvements and crop of corn and cotton on the said improved lands being standing or growing with all the rights privileges advantages and immunities whatsoever unto the said hereby granted premises belonging or in any wise appertaining or which shall as may thereunto hereafter belong or appertain to have and to hold the said improvement buildings and crop of corn and cotton on the said improvemend lands being standing or growing and all the rights privileges advantages and immunities whatsoever unto the said premises belonging or in any wise appertaining or which hereafter thereunto belong or in any wise appertain unto the said Matthew Gray his heirs and assigns to the only proper use and behoof of the said Matthew Gray his heirs and assigns forever. Provided always nevertheless that if the said Swanson Yarbrough his heirs executors and administrators or assigns shall ad do well and truly ay or cause to be paid unto the said Matthew Gray his creditors and administrators or assigns the aforesaid debt or sum of two hundred and sixty dollars and fifty cents by or before the 17th day of June next together with interest for the same at the rate specified in the judgments aforesaid and all costs of suit in that behalf expended without fraud or further delay then as will tis deed and the estate rights interests advantages immunities and claims of every name nature and description whatsoever hereby granted as the said recited judgments shall become void of no effect and be discharged and sattisfyed anything hereinbefore contained to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding Witness whereof the said parties have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and year first above written. /s/ Swanson Yarbrough; /s/ Matthew Gray
(typed from original - karen)
1832 Arkansas Territory Tax List
Swanson Yarbrough No township listed
1832 Certificate of Charater: State of Coahula & Texas Municcaapality of San Augustine. I certify that Swanson Yarbrough a native of N. Carolina of the United States of America is a man of family consisting of ten persons and a man of good moral habits industrious and a good citizen and urdly to the Laws and religion of the country. Said Yarbrough emigrated to this Country in Febr 1832. Give at the instance of the party interested. /s/Sam'l Thompson. August 18, 1835.
1835 Municipality of Tenehaw Census
Swanson Zanberry married Catholic Farmer age 50 born abt. 1785
Cinthe, his wife age 30 born abt. 1805
Randolph son age 19 born abt. 1816
Swanson son age 16 born abt. 1819
Lucinda daughter age 14 born abt. 1821
Ervin W. son age 13 born abt. 1822
Mariah daughter age 11 born abt. 1824
Alford son age 8 born abt. 1827
Martha daughter age 6 born abt. 1829
David son age 4 born abt. 1831
Elizabeth daughter age 2 born abt. 1833
There are 2 versions of that Tenahaw census. One does not have Swanson on it.
I think that is the one I must have looked at before.
1837 4 Sep. Petition of the Citizens of Houston County ..Complaint against the Tariff & Ad Valorem tax law ..
Signed by (among others:
1838 Feb. Board of Land Commissioners of Shelby County, TX, Clerk's Report No. 1; List of the names of persons to whom certificates have been issued in the month of February 1838:
Suanson Yarberry 1 League, 1 labor; Emigration 1832; John Barmon Ase
Randolph Yarberry 1/3 League; Emigration 1832; Jonathan Bittick assignee.
1846 Poll List - Republic of Texas
Yarbrough, S. Houston County
1850 Gonzales Co., TX
Swanson sold all the estate of John Castleman on the Courthouse Square.
Three months later, Swanson bought all the land back.
John Castleman was on Muster Rolll of Battle of San Jacinto.
Swanson Yarbrough was the Adm. of the estate of John Castleman, Gonzales Co.
1855 School census of Gonzales Co. Texas:
S. Yarbrough listed with 4 children
3 boys (Dow Yarbrough, James "Jim" Tope, and John Moore)
1 girl (Amanda)
1856 Swanson signs the petition to form Atascosa Co., TX. In one of the Indian Depredation Depositions taken by Amanda Walker she says that they were living in Atascosa Co., TX just pryor to moving to McMullen Co., TX.
1858 Swanson Yarbrough with about thirty other families move into McMullen Co., TX and Yarbrough Bend, the first settlement of the county was formed.
Municipality of Tenehaw and Teneha, Texas:
Regarding the 1835 Census - of special interest is the name of the wife .. I wonder if Cinthe is the wife after Elizabeth and possibly the first Coker sister? Another thing I noted, it listed JSY as Catholic. I recall reading that the early settlers of Texas had to be listed in the Catholic church as it was the prevailing religion (no matter what religion they might have been) and to get land, they had to be Catholic. At any rate, the marriages and births would definitely have been listed in the Catholic church records and they might be your best bet to finding additional information.
I also ran across the following -- a tidbit for your files:
TENEHAW MUNICIPALITY. Tenehaw (Tenaja, Tenaha, Teneha) District, part of Nacogdoches Municipality in 1833, became Tenehaw Municipality in 1835, with Nashville (now Shelbyville) as the seat of government. On January 11, 1836, the name of the municipality was changed to Shelby. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. L. Batts, "Defunct Counties of Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). Harold Schoen, comp., Monuments Erected by the State of Texas to Commemorate the Centenary of Texas Independence (Austin: Commission of Control for Texas Centennial Celebrations, 1938).
Another good Texas source. The family histories say that JSY was killed during a horse transaction that apparently went bad. This certainly would have made the newspaper it seems. One great source I've found has been the Texas Baptist HIstorical Collection. They have the old religious newspapers published in Texas. I've found obituaries in those publications that did not appear anywhere else. These were usually submitted by the ministers of the churches where the deceased attended. You might try writing and see if anything was published on JSY. The person most helpful to me was:
Carmen H. Bruce
Archives Research Assistant
Texas Baptist Historical Collection
P. O. Box 22000
Fort Worth, TX 76122-2490
They do not do genealogical research, so I have always been careful just to ask if any articles/obituaries were published on "John Doe Yarbrough" around 18?? (give year). I have also always sent a SASE and kept my inquiry as short as possible and on only one person at a time.
One more e-mail to follow.
TENAHA, TEXAS. Tenaha is at the junction of U.S. highways 84, 59, and 96, on the tracks of the Southern Pacific some eleven miles northwest of Center in northern Shelby County. It was founded in 1885 as a shipping point on the Houston, East and West Texas Railway, when that railroad was being constructed through the county. The community was named by members of the Hicks family for Tenehaw Municipality, the original name of Shelby County. A post office was opened there in 1886 with James N. Woodfin as postmaster. By 1890 the town had 200 residents, several stores, three churches, and a school, and by 1896 it had an estimated 680 residents and a number of businesses, including a weekly newspaper, the Ledger. By that time Tenaha had become a shipping center for area farmers and lumbermen. The community was incorporated in the 1900s and by 1946 had several lumber-manufacturing industries and a large tomato-canning plant. By the 1980s many of these businesses no longer existed, but the town had profited by its proximity to Toledo Bend Reservoir. In 1988 Tenaha reported an estimated 1,073 residents and forty-three rated businesses. Its population was reported as 1,072 in 1990. From The Handbook of Texas online
Playing With The Census Records
Tired of hearing from me yet?
I've been playing with census records ... and "playing" is the best word for it. This is what I've managed so far:
1800 - Louisiana? MO? Somewhere else?
Swanson would have been 23-26
dau - the female 10-16 in 1810?
Was there a No. 1 wife we don't know about? From 1810 census, oldest female 10-16 would have been too young to have been his wife in 1800.
1810 Ouachita Parish LA census:
1 Male 26-45 Swanson b. 1777 = 33; b. 1774 = 36
2 females 0-10 b. 1799-1810 Swanson aged 23- 33 at birth
1 female 10-16 b. 1794 -1800 Swanson aged 17-23 at birth
1 other free person except indian - not taxed
This last female would have been very young to have been his wife .. but not impossible. if two youngest females were 1 & 2, and last female was 16 -- could have been married by 14. But, it could have been that Swanson was a young widower with 2 small children and it was a sister/relative who was helping him out.
1820 - Clark Co. Ark - approximation (using 1810 & 1830 Census)
2 males 0-10 Joseph R. b. 1817; JSY Jr. b. 1819
1 male 30-40 JSY -
2 females 16-26 2 f 0-10 in 1810; could these be the females listed in 1810?
2 female 16-26 1 female 10-16 1810; 1 female 20-30 1830;
If Elizabeth was the mother of Joseph R. on - who was the mother of the young girls in earlier census records? Was there a wife before Elizabeth?
1830 - Hempstead Ark.
1 male 0-5 b. 1825-30 Alfred Lorenzo
1 male 5-10 b. 1820-1825 Ervin W.
2 males 10-15 b. 1815-1820 Joseph R. & JSY Jr.
1 male 40-50 b. 1780-1790 JSY
2 females under 5 b. 1825-1830 Lucinda & Mariah
1 female 20-30 b. 1800-1810 Cinthe or Cynthia
By 1830 -the two (or three) oldest girls shown in 1810 would probably have been married .. possibly in Clarke or Hempstead Cos Arkansas as they do not appear with Swanson on the 1830 census. Does anyone have any of the early marriage records for the Arkansas Counties?
I have only one early marriage from Clarke* Co. Ark:
1806 20 Nov. Marriage of James Yarbrough and Grace Harris. Marriage Book ? pg. ?
*Clarke county was not formed until 1818, so this marriage was probably in Arkansas County before Clarke was formed.
1840 Houston Co., TX:
I don't seem to have this one.
Oh, well -- this is called grasping for straws -- but it does seem like there must have been an early marriage ... who was the mother of those first two little girls?
1840 & 1850 Houston Co., Texas Census
Texas was not a State in 1840, so no US census. However, the census was taken from the tax list to determine who was there. Here is what I have:
Samuel C. Callison 1 Poll Land T300 S4428
Swanson Yarbrough 1 " " 1/2 Town Lot in Crockett
C.D. Skidmore 1
John Box 1 " " T6226 S960 7 cattle
John A. Box 1 " " T4605
This is not really an official census; it says something like Citizens of the Republic of Texas in 1840.
1850 census of Houston County TX
Clayton D. Skidmore 30 M No. Carolina Blacksmith
Mariah 21 F Arkansas
Marcey E 6 F Houston County
John T. 4 M "
Andrew L. 5/12 M "
Kellison, Sam 35 M Alabama Farmer
Martha 20 F Arkansas
Crockett 12 M Houston County
John G. 10 M "
Louisa 8 F "
Sam 2 M "
George 1 M "
Joseph Yarberry 33 M Louisiana Farmer
Pheba C 26 F North Carolina
Georgiana E. 8 F Houston County
Malissa 7 F "
Marcy F. 5 F Louisiana
Joseph S. 3 M Anderson County
Lucindy K 1/12 F Houston County
John Box 46 M Tennessee Farmer
Lucindey 29 F Arkansas
Keziah 19 F Alabama (child by previous marriage)
Lina 18 F Alabama "
Texana 12 F Houston County
Stephen 10 M "
Mary 8 F "
John 4 M "
Louisa E. 1 F "
Kiziah 75 F North Carolina
What I have heard is that John Swanson Jr & Randolph moved back to Louisiana for a short period of time, but then Randolph came back. I know that Swanson Sr had land in Anderson County.
Hope this helps. Please send my name & password to get on your site.
Some history to help with the Cokers & Yarbroughs (Beth Walker)
Arkansaw was part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. The formation of the Missouri Territory in 1812 included AR, then Arkansas County was formed the following year (1813), which included the whole State. Many settlers began to come in, either Veterans of War of 1812 (Swanson was right age for this) or settlers looking for cheap land.
Arkansas Territory was formed in 1819, when Missouri applied for Statehood. If Cynthia was born in AR (circa 1805), the earliest Coker there is a William "Buck" Coker. I will have to look up the exact dates on him; have it somewhere. He was in the Northern part of AR. I have been thru this before, but could not find a daughter named Frances.
Allthough Swanson appears in Missouri Territory, he could have actually been in what is now a part of Ar. This is a mess.
On this Tenahaw census, I think that Swanson (or whoever gave the report) came up with the rounded off age closest to the real age. He was probably more like 58 at the time. I think the ages of the kids are more or less close. I have not studied it that closely yet.
I had an older cousin that once told me that Swanson was married more times than we thought & also Frances.
If that is actually Swanson on the 1810 census of Louisiana, he really got around. I do think that is him and I also think the guy in MO is him. I really need to peice this together when time permits.
The Tenahaw is actually what is now the present area of Shelby County, but much larger then. I should have looked at him long ago because I knew he applied for land there.
Now that we have the name of Cynthia, (Cynthe is nickname) maybe we can get somewhere.
I need to go to the Institute of Texan Cultures and look at this microfilm soon.
I'll get this together one day!
I have been over this Yarbrough info so much; over & over again. Thanks for sending Karen's info. I met her once at a National Yarbrough Conference. She is really in to it and does a great job. She must have thousands of Y's memorized.
I think that poor Ervin W. Yarbrough must have died as a child. For a while there was a William Yarbrough around Nacogdoches who someone claimed belonged to Swanson which could be the W. Don't know.
Since we can place Swanson near St Genevieve, MO, it would seem to me that he must have followed the MS River down to Louisiana. Then over to AR. This was all under the Louisiana Purchase until MO became a Territory I have always thought that this David was a brother that was with him in MO.
Another strange thing; Martha Yarbrough Callison said on every census that her Father was born in ILL. I know better, but could he have been there before he went to MO?. My Grandmother Amanda said that she was part Pennsylvania Dutch. However, I think that to be from her Mothers side.
I think a good thing to check at this point would be the War of 1812 for Swanson. How did he get this land in Ar? Most of the people there got it from being in that War.
Dow said that his Father was born in NC as did Alfred. Where did Swanson meet this Galbreath/Gilbreath woman? Man I have been over this so much in the past it has given me nightmares.
Also, where is Cynthia buried? I do not think in Houston County, unless without a marker. I think he had a hotel at the time, so he was not poor.
Things will happen Renee, just keep trying.
Re: John Swanson Yarbrough, Jr. 1819-1849
Posted by: Dave Moore in Yarbrough Forum at www.genforum.familytreemaker.com Date: February 17, 2000 at 15:50:24
In Reply to: John Swanson Yarbrough, Jr. 1819-1849 by David Kelley of 800
David, I'm descended from Swanson Jr.'s brother Joseph Randolph Yarbrough. I don't believe Swanson and Mary divorced; she was apparently widowed when Swanson Jr. died (as a result of a fall from a horse according to Joseph Randolph's children).My parents copied the following (and made the accompanying notes) sometime in the 70's while researching in Austin, TX:
A claim for services in the army in 1836. Sealed 8 Jan. 1851; approved 8 Mar. 1852. SWANSON YARBROUGH #1137 dated Jan. A. D. 1851 for $24.00; signed over to CHARLES J. GRAINGER 4 Mar. 1852 by MARY YARBROUGH widow and heir of SWANSON YARBROUGH deceased. There were no other heirs of Swanson Yarbrough. In the margin of this note I have Harris County. This could actually be Harris County, or it could even be that someone read "Houston" and assumed that it meant Houston, Harris Co. instead of Houston Co. There was a file card that says "see BAXTER, MONTGOMERY."
NOTE: posted in the Yabrough Family GenForum at Genforum.familytreemaker.com
About Ouachita Parish
In 1785, Fort Miro was built on the banks of the Ouachita River, where the Courthouse presently stands today in downtown Monroe. Fort Miro was named for the Spanish Governor General of New Orleans, Don Estefan Miro, who appointed Don Juan Filhoil as Commandant of the Post of Ouachita, later renamed Fort Miro.
In 1805 Fort Miro became a town. It was Don Juan Filhoil who donated land to be used forever as the seat of justice, the land on which today's Courthouse now stands.
During this time a legislative council was established in New Orleans to govern this new territory and 19 counties were created. They were later renamed parishes, because the boundaries match the ecclesiastical parishes of the Catholic Church, thus the Churches parishes became the units of local government in the territory of Orleans. With Fort Miro as its center Ouachita was among the original 19 parishes. At first they were governed by an appointed Judge and Justice of the Peace, 12 people were appointed to serve with the judge as they were called a jury. The government of the territory of Orleans charged the jury with responsibility to execute the concerns of the interior and local police and administration of the parish.
In 1810, the juries were renamed the Police Assembly of the parish. The members were then elected and in 1811 the Police Assembly was officially renamed the Police Jury. The judges and justices of the peace were slowly phased out of the new government and the Police Jury became the official governing body.
Ouachita Parish received it's name from the Ouachita Indians, a member of the Caddo Indian Confederation. Inside the walls of Fort Miro, a log cabin was constructed as the first Courthouse. In 1831, a brick Courthouse was built, only to be burned to the ground by Union soldiers, in 1863. A third Courthouse was built in 1868 and it too was destroyed by fire in 1882. Ouachita Parishes fourth Courthouse was constructed a year later. In 1944, it was demolished and the present Courthouse was built.
Renee's note: I was reading another article on the internet about Monroe, LA sometime in early 1999 and I think that it said the name changed from Ft. Miro to Monroe around 1820. I have seen it listed many times that some of Swanson's children were born in Ft. Monroe. After reading the information about Ft. Miro I believe that Joseph Randolph and possibly John Swanson, Jr. were probably born near Ft. Miro and that is how the name Ft. Monroe became used as their birth places.
YARBROUGH, JOSEPH RANDOLPH (SanJacinto)
YARBROUGH, JOSEPH RANDOLPH -- (Houston Chronicle)
Houston County Woman Observes 96th Birthday
Special to The Chronicle.
Crockett, Feb. 4. -- Looking back over a long and active life and anticipating many more years of activity, Mrs. C. E. Whitley of Grapeland, life-long resident of Houston County, probably the oldest person in the county, this week celebrated her ninety-sixth birthday.
Mrs. Whitley is exceptionally active and proves it by drawing several buckets of water daily from a 50-foot well at her residence, as well as performing other household chores.
She points out that her entire family has been especially long-lived. She has a sister, Mrs. Melissa Herod, residing three miles west of Grapeland, who is 94.
Another sister Mrs. Mary Morris, four miles east of Grapeland, is 92. One brother is 82 and the other 75. A third sister, Miss Kittie Yarborough, also of Grapeland, is 79.
Her father, Joseph Randolph Yarborough, one of the first citizens to settle in the northern part of the county, participated in the Battle of San Jacinto.
From the San Jacinto Monument. http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/veterans.html#index
YARBOROUGH, SWANSON (SanJacinto)
YARBOROUGH, SWANSON, Jr. -- Came to Texas in 1835 as is shown in Headright Certificate No. 50 issued to him March 1, 1838 for one-third of a league of land by the Houston County Board of Land Commissioners. He was living in Houston County October 26, 1842 when he appointed Isaac Parker his agent to locate his headright. On the muster rolls at the General Land Office Mr. Yarborough is shown as having enlisted in Captain Hayden Arnold's Nacogdoches Company March 6, 1836. He was a member of Captain Arnold's Company at San Jacinto and on November 26, 1850 received Donation Certificate No. 238 for 640 acres of land for having participated in the battle.
Mr. Yarborough was living in Nacogdoches County March 27, 1837 when he sold his rights to two-thirds of a league and labor of land, due him as a Headright to Isham Parmer. This is shown in Book A, page 19, Deed Records of Nacogdoches County. He could not write but affixed his mark to the deed. He was living in Harris County December 7, 1850 when he sold his San Jacinto Donation Certificate to C. Ennis.
A Rev. Swanson S. Yarborough was a pastor of the Methodist Church at Waxahachie in 1858.
From the San Jacinto Monument http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/veterans.html#index
BOX, REV. THOMAS GRIFFIN
BOX, REV. THOMAS GRIFFIN -- Born in Franklin County, Tennessee, January 12, 1817. In the Headright Certificate issued to him January 19, 1838 for one-third of a league of land by the Houston County Board of Land Commissioners it is stated that he came to Texas in November, 1834. He was a brother of Nelson and John A. Box, who also participated in the battle of San Jacinto and a relative of Stilwell Box, who was detailed to guard the baggage at the camp opposite Harrisburg, April 21, 1836.
Mr. Box was a member of Captain Hayden Arnold's Company at San Jacinto and on December 10, 1840 he was issued Donation Certificate No. 1098 for 640 acres of land for having participated in the battle. On January 29, 1838 he received Bounty Certificate No. 2160 for 320 acres of land for having served in the army from March 6 to June 6, 1836.
After the revolution Mr. Box became a Methodist minister.
Mr. Box was married to Sarah P._________. Mr. Box died on his farm three miles south of Crockett, Houston County, February 18, 1859. Mrs. Sarah P. Box, his widow, died in 1862.
The State of Texas had a monument erected at the grave of Reverend Box in 1936.
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Box were (1) Sarah, (2) Rachel, (3) Franklin, (4) Kiziah, (5) John P., (6) Felix N., (7) S. H., and (8) A. Y. Box.
From the San Jacinto Monument
CASTLEMAN, SYLVANUS (?-1832). Sylvanus Castleman, one of Stephen F. Austin'sqv Old Three Hundred,qv moved to Texas from Missouri, probably in 1821 or 1822, for in March 1822 Austin took a lot in Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, as payment for surveying Castleman's land in Texas. Seth Ingramqv surveyed the Castleman land on the west side of the Colorado River above La Grange in 1823. Indians raided the Castleman farm and stole cattle from him just before Austin and the Baron de Bastropqv lodged with him in August of the same year. In December Castleman was appointed judge for the alcaldeqv election and, being himself elected alcalde, took his oath of office on January 10, 1824. In April 1824 his daughter Nancy married John Crownover.qv On July 7, 1824, Castleman received title to two sitios of land in what is now Wharton County, one-half sitio now in Fayette County, and two labores now in Austin County. The census of March 1826 listed him as a farmer and stock raiser aged between forty and fifty. His household included his wife, four sons, two daughters, one servant, and one slave. Castleman died before March 10, 1832, when it was announced that all movable property of Sylvanus Castleman, deceased, would be sold at his house. Elizabeth Castleman, administratrix, gave notice in the Telegraph and Texas Registerqv of July 8, 1840, that she would present her account for final settlement of the estate at the next term of Austin county court, and the July 1841 term of the Fayette county court divided Castleman's Fayette County land among his wife and children.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Eugene C. Barker, ed., The Austin Papers (3 vols., Washington: GPO, 1924-28). Lester G. Bugbee, "The Old Three Hundred: A List of Settlers in Austin's First Colony," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 1 (October 1897). J. H. Kuykendall, "Reminiscences of Early Texans," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 6-7 (January, April, July 1903). La Grange High School, Fayette County: Past and Present (La Grange, Texas, 1976). Worth Stickley Ray, Austin Colony Pioneers (Austin: Jenkins, 1949; 2d ed., Austin: Pemberton, 1970). Texas Gazette, February 20, 1832. Leonie Rummel Weyand and Houston Wade, An Early History of Fayette County (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1936). Handbook of Texas Online
I will tell you what I know of John Castleman. Yes, I do think there is a relation between John & Sylvanus.
From a book called "Texas Indian Fighters", by A.J. Sowell.
Some of the Colonists had settled a considerable distance west of Gonzales, and bore the same relation to people in town as the advance guard to an army. As the Indians generally came in from the west, these isolated settlers received the first blow. In the Spring if 1835, or about that time, as near as we can get the records now, there lived an outside settler named John Castleman. His ranch was fifteen miles west of Gonzales in the Guadalupe valley, on the south side of the river.
Since I was born & raised in this area Renee, I would actually call it southwest from Gonzales. There is yet a creek there called Castleman Creek.
One evening just before sundown there stopped at his house a French merchant or peddler named Greser, accompained by 10 Mexican as guards. He had a large lot of costly goods which he was going east to sell, probably having purchased them in Mexico. Castleman lived on what was called the Old San Antonio Road, the main traveled route from San Antonio to eastern Texas. Castleman informed him that there was a large pool of water not far from the house, and pointed him toward it, but at the same time remarking "You had better camp here by my yard. I have plenty of water & wood, and you can get all you want. The Indians are very hostile now, and they might attack you before morning; there is no telling. You will be safe here, for my house is surrounded by strong palisades, and in case of danger you can come inside, and I will help to defend yourself and property". The Frenchman declined saying his men were well armed, and would go down and camp by the pool of water.
Castleman made everything secure for the night and retired. Just before daylight next morning he was awakened by firing of guns and the yelling of Indians in the direction of the Frenchmen's camp.
The settler saw an Indian at a tree in front of his house, and raised the gun, but his prudent wife laid her hand on the gun and begged him to desist, saying the Indians might go away and not molest them.
The fight lasted until 10 o'clock, reducing the Mexican forces. The Indians assembled their whole force and charged on 3 sides at once, then all was still for an hour or so. They were 80 Comanches and they rode by the house and shook their lances at them. They had taken the Mexican horses and all their goods, plus the scalps of the slain men.
Renee, as well as I can determine, Castleman later died and his probate records are in Gonzales County. As my remembrance recalls, they had 3 to 4 small children and she remarried. At about this time the Courts of Houston County, TX appointed Swanson as executor of this Estate. He moved to Gonzales before 1850 and began to care for this estate, sale and distribute the land, etc. I cannot imagine what his envolvement in this affair was. I think that I have given you some of the papers from this.
John Castleman was at the Battle of San Jacinto, in Col Burlesons Command under Capt. Hill. The book that I have cited above is a very important book of Texas History that is available at any library. I have given you only part of the story, to make a setting for this. On page 249 of this same book tells the following story.
Early Settlers of Atascosa County (created in 1856)
In 1853 permanent settlements began to be made, and by the time the county was organized quite a number of settlers were located, among them Juston Rodrigues, Judge J.S. Fern, Calvin Horton, the Askins, Yarbers, Tumblinsons, Brights, Slaughters, "Scotch" Jim Brown, Franks, Spears, James Low, Charles Hood, old man Terry, McCoys, and Dan Arnold.
This book has been reprinted and you should be able to find it in some good Texanna used book stores for about $30 or under. It has proven very valuable for me because of our family. The writer must have known Swanson.
I think it would be good to study the Castleman family. I stated in my story that I thought that he could have married one of the older daughters on the 1810 census of LA.
Hope I have helped but cannot yet connect Sylvanus to John.
Subj: No Subject
Date: 3/28/00 12:30:56 PM Central Standard Time
As hard as I try, I cannot connect Sylvanus and John together. I know there has to be some connection, somewhere but it is not a close one. John did vote in the election where Sylvanus was elected alcalde in what is now Fayette County. It is 99&44/100% sure that they were not brothers, and probably not first cousins.
We keep working on this and still have a lot of paperwork to go through. Will keep you informed.
This letter I am including in this e-mqil is the first shot in an effort to get the State or County to maintain the Castleman cemetery. You may be interested, you may not be, just want you and the others aware of what I am attempting to do.
Renee, Something is not right! I was always told that a computer reduced the need for paperwork. IT AIN'T WORKING. I have piles of it.
Most all of what you sent is available on the web and at the history center in Gonzales or the library at LeGrange.<http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/indiantales.htm>
As far as what I have on John K. it is very little. I have one piece of information that says the property he and Sarah sold in 1936?? was granted to John F. Castleman in 1928 by the Mexican government. What that can mean is anybody's guess. It could be just a "typo" of the time. one person's K could look like an F. So we keep looking.
There are more children of John and Sarah, and I will keep looking. meantime, here are some excerpts from documents I have copies of, that are very hard to decipher. I have a couple that are almost impossible, but will keep trying.
You must be a computer whiz or one heck of a typist to make everything so clear. I am not either. I am pasting these into e-mail and they may be a little jumbled as my margins aren't right. Will send more later if I can remember what I am sending now, maybe I won't repeat it.
From these and their dates, it would seem that James was probably very young when Andrew and John were given in guardianship to older sister Elizbeth McCoy and her husband. then it would seem that after Sarah married McDaniel, the children must have come back to their mother, and her new husband. (a guess).
State of Texas
County of Gonzales
Know all men by these presents That I William McDaniel, as principal and James Brown and Benjamin F. Duncan as securities, are held and firmly bound unto unto James M. Baker Chief Justice of said County or his successors in office in the penal sum of Twenty Five hundred dollars, good and lawful money, for the payment of which well and truly to be made, we and each of us jointly and severally bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators firmly by these presents.
The condition of the above obligation is such that the above bound William McDaniel has been appointed guardian to the minor heirs of John Castleman, deceased, namely Andrew and John Castleman; and charged with all the duties under the law in such cases made and provided. Now therefore if the said William McDaniel shall well and truly do and perform all the duties of said appointment in accordance with the law made and provided in such case, then this obligation to be null and void, otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue in law. Given under our hands and seals this 1st day of April A D 1846.
Approved William (X ) McDaniel (seal)
J. M. Baker, chief Justice (his mark)
James ( X) Brown (seal)
B. F. Duncan (seal)
You do solemly swear that you will do and perform all the duties required of you as guardian to the minor heirs of John Castleman, deceased, namely Andrew and John Castleman in the terms of the law. So help you God. This 1st day of April AD 1846.
Sworn to and subscribed to (his mark) before me this 1st day of April 1846 William (X) McDaniel J. M. Baker chief justice.
Marriage Bond of John McCoy and Elizabeth Castleman
15 March 1830
Know all men by these presents that we, John McCoy ans Elizabeth Castleman both of the State of Coahuila and Texas and DeWitt Colony, are held and firmly bound to the Govenor of the State of Coahuila and Texas and DeWitt Colony and his successors in office in the penal sum of ten thousand dollars, lawful money of the United Mexican States (next line undecipherable) truly to be made, we and each of us bind ourselves, our hiers jointly and severably and firmly by these presents.
The condition of the above obligation is such that where as the above mentioned John McCoy and Elizabeth Castleman have mutually agreed to enter into the solem bonds of matrimony and there being as yet no church or regular established ecclesiastical authority in this colony by which means marriages may be legally solemised, and therefore it is understood that so soon as the said authority shall be regularly established, the said parties agree to marry lawfully and if either party shall then fail or refuse to comply, --- and in that case this obligation to be ---- otherwise to be forever void. Given under our hands and seals this 15th day of March in the year of our lord one thousand and eight hundred and thirty.
(Signed by John McCoy and Elizabeth Castleman. Name and signature of the judge unreadable.)
Guardianship of John and Sarah's minor children
Republic of Texas in probate court
Gonzales County January term A.D. 1846
To the Honorable James M. Baker, probate judge of Gonzales County.
Sarah McDaniel, wife of William McDaniel, hereby resigns her right to the appointment of guardian of her minor children, James, Andrew & John Castleman, and requests the court to appoint her husband, William McDaniel guardian (undecipherable) and she further desires the Court to appoint her said husband administrator de borxx? Non of John Castleman, deceased. She hereby resigning & waving all right to the appointment.
Witnessed: William W. Stewart Sarah (X) McDaniel
MANTON, EDWARD T. (1820-1893). Edward T. Manton, soldier and writer of an eyewitness account of the Dawson massacre,qv was born at Johnston, Rhode Island, on September 16, 1820. In 1833 he came to Texas with his brother Henry and settled in central Fayette County. In March 1842, when Mexican general Rafael Vásquezqv attacked San Antonio, Manton joined Rabb's company of Fayette County volunteers and, with them, pursued the retreating Mexican army toward the border. For this service he received a 640-acre bounty grant of land. In September of the same year, Gen. Adrián Wollqv again led a Mexican army against San Antonio, and Manton joined Capt. Nicholas Dawson'sqv Fayette County volunteers to help repel the invasion. When Dawson's command was massacred at Salado Creek on September 18, Manton was one of the fifteen prisoners taken to Perote Prisonqv in Mexico. At the intercession of Gen. Waddy Thompson,qv he was released on March 23, 1844, and returned to his plantation near La Grange, where he wrote an eye-witness account of the Dawson massacre. In Fayette County he expanded his holdings by acquiring the John Castleman home at Castleman Springs. He renamed the spring Manton Spring and resided near that location until his death on August 20, 1893. His correspondence, legal documents, and reminiscences are in the Barker Texas History Center,qv University of Texas at Austin.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Leonie Rummel Weyand and Houston Wade, An Early History of Fayette County (La Grange, Texas: La Grange Journal, 1936). Handbook of Texas Online
SANDIES CREEK. Sandies Creek, formerly known as Castleman Creek, rises in eastern Guadalupe County (at 29°27' N, 97°54' W) and runs southeast across the full length of southern Gonzales County to its mouth on the Guadalupe River, a mile northwest of Cuerro in DeWitt County (at 29°06' N, 97°20' W). The tributaries of the stream include Rocky and Five Mile creeks. In October 1835 Gonzales men buried the famous Gonzales "Come and Take It" cannonqv on the banks of Sandies Creek during the revolutionary army'sqv advance on San Antonio de Béxar. There the tiny cannon remained until a 1936 flood unearthed it. The flat to rolling terrain is surfaced by the sand that gives the creek its name. The vegetation consists of hardwoods, pines, mesquite, and a variety of grasses. Hanbook of Texas online
Below was part of the history of McMullen Co., TX. Taken from the Handbook of Texas online
Between the Texas Revolution and the Mexican Warqqv of 1846-48, most of what is now McMullen County lay in the disputed area between the Rio Grande and the Nueces River. Asserting its claim to the area, the Republic of Texasqv issued forty-five land grants to property in the area between 1841 and 1845, including a large grant to an English company. It is doubtful that any of these grantees permanently occupied their land, however. Neither the Republic of Texas nor the Mexican government could establish control over this strip of contested land, and it became a haven for outlaws and desperate characters. When William Bollaert,qv an English land speculator, traveled through the area between the Nueces and Frio rivers in 1844, for example, the only people he encountered were convicts who had escaped from a prison in Laredo. Even after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgoqv definitively assigned the Nueces Strip to Texas, outlaws and unfriendly Indians delayed development of the area for years. When McMullen County was officially established from parts of Bexar, Atascosa, and Live Oak counties in 1858, the area had only begun to be settled. In the years just prior to the Civil Warqv settlers began to move into northern McMullen County, particularly along the Frio River; the area's grasslands and many wild cattle and mustangsqv offered economic opportunity for those willing to risk attack. In 1858 a group of about thirty people established a settlement where Leoncita Creek met the Frio. By fall of that year they had built eight to ten crude dwellings and soon afterward began to cut a road to meet the San Antonio-Laredo road that lay to the west. Dubbed Rio Frio, later Dog Town, and then Tilden, this was the first permanent settlement in the county. About ten miles to the east of the Rio Frio settlement, along a broad curve in the Frio River, another group established what came to be known as Yarbrough Bend, a loose community composed mainly of squatters. By 1860 there were perhaps 100 settlers in the county. In the early years of settlement, residents lived on a subsistence level, raising small patches of crops and killing wild game. They also relied to a great extent on the wild cattle and horses that grazed in the area. Until about 1867 the settlers often found that there was a better market for mustangs than for wild cattle, but they also engaged in "cow hunts" to build herds and for sale along the Texas coast and, later, in Kansas. By the late 1860s and early 1870s a number of ranches had been established, mostly in the northern part of the county. For protection, ranchers often grouped their dwellings together. By 1870 Yarbrough Bend, for example, included perhaps thirty families; others clustered along San Miguel Creek or at the Rio Frio settlement, which had come to be called Dog Town.
John Andrew Box
BOX, JOHN ANDREW (1803-1874). John Andrew Box, Methodist preacher and soldier in the Texas Revolution,qv was born in Franklin County, Tennessee, on July 2, 1803, a son of Stephen F. and Keziah Box. He was married twice, first to a Miss Allbright, with whom he had four children, and then to Lucenda Yarbrough, with whom he had nine children. Box moved to Texas in 1834 and received a league of land in Joseph Vehlein'sqv colony, in what is now Houston County. He enlisted in Capt. Hayden S. Arnold'sqv First Company of Col. Sidney Sherman'sqv Second Regiment, Texas Volunteers, on March 5, 1836, and served at the battle of San Jacinto.qv He was discharged on May 30, 1836. Box was an early circuit rider for the Methodist Churchqv but discontinued his preaching after San Jacinto. On April 22, 1837, he, his father and brothers, and 102 others from Mustang Prairie petitioned Congress to establish a constitutional county, and Houston County became the first county formed by the Republic of Texas.qv In 1861 Box served as a delegate to the Secession Convention.qv He died on August 2, 1874.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Armistead Albert Aldrich, The History of Houston County, Texas (San Antonio: Naylor, 1943). Sam Houston Dixon and Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Heroes of San Jacinto (Houston: Anson Jones, 1932). E. W. Winkler, ed., Journal of the Secession Convention of Texas (Austin, 1912).
Edna Box Riley
Yarbrough Information (Email Correspondence)
Subj: Fwd: John Swanson Yarbrough
Date: 4/22/00 8:12:57 AM Central Daylight Time
To: IRSmelley2, MBWalker10, firstname.lastname@example.org
CC: Goscote, email@example.com, JBMox
Hi Renee and Beth:
I am forwarding a copy of a query I received this past week. I will copy you on my response to Dave as you will note I have strong recommend that he contact the two of you as I know you are both intimately familiar with the JSY line and can do a much better job of answering his questions than I.
Of interest to me is a couple of Arkansas records he lists that I had not seen and I hope they will be new to your research, too. From his query, he appears to have done some pretty in-depth research and I think he will be a valuable member of your "JSY Team."
cc: Archive Committee
Subj: John Swanson Yarbrough
Date: 4/16/00 9:09:08 PM Central Daylight Time
From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dave Moore)
I've come accross some of your posts on the Yarbrough GenForum and am hoping that you might have some information that might be helpful to me. I am trying to find the parents of my g-g-g-g-grandfather, John Swanson Yarbrough, who was born in NC in 1776. My as yet unproven hunch is that Swanson may have come from the area of Anson County, NC. Below are some notes that I've recorded pertaining to Swanson and some other possible relatives. I would welcome any information or suggestions you might be able to provide.
Dave Moore email@example.com
!John Swanson Yarbrough's wife Elizabeth Galbreath may have been a daughter of
Joseph Galbreath. It is assumed they married around 1815. Based on the 1810 census,
however, Swanson may have had another family prior to marrying Elizabeth.
!I suspect that Swanson's Yarbroughs came from Anson County, NC. He may have
been related to the Humphrey Yarbrough of 1830 Union County, AR. The name
Humphrey Yarbrough is found in Anson County. Likewise, there was a Jonathan
Yarbrough in Anson County. Swanson's son Lorenzo Dow Yarbrough had a son David Jonathan
Yarbrough, and Swanson himself had a son named David (b ca 1831). Swanson was likely a near
relative of the David Yarbrough (perhaps a brother?) who appears in Missouri Territory with him ca 1805.
!David Yarbrough (brother of Swanson?)--
"Marriages and Divorces of Arkansas 1808-1830" (Gen. 976.7, Morgan), Divorce, p 29:
Yarbrough, David, wf Polly, of Arkansas Co.; PE, 1820 (Pulaski Co. DR A-161)
[DR=Deed Record; PE=Preemption right, usually based on improvements made prior to 1814].
1830 Washington Co., MS, p228A:
David Yarberry--1 M 50-60, 2 M 20-30, 1 M 15-20, 1 M 10-15; 1 F 30-40, 1 F 5-10.
David has not been found in 1840. However, in "AR Tax Lists 1830-1839)," Parker WILLIAMS
(with whom David Yarbrough was living in 1850) was in Phillips Co., AR in 1837
(Mooney Twp, p 47) and 1839 (Big Creek Twp, p 23).
1850 Desha Co., AR, p 57, #51:
David YARBOUROUGH, 76, b NC, living with William PARKER (45 NY) family,
including: Elizabeth, 36 LA ( dau of David Y?); Mary, 19; John, 17; Martha, 11; Aswell (?), 9 male;
!There were some Yarbroughs in early Marengo County, AL, who may also have
been connected to Swanson's line. They were there by 1820 and included the
following given names: Alfred (Swanson also had a son named Alfred), Nathan (1850
Union Co., AR, b ca 1799 NC), James
N. (b ca 1812 NC), Lydia, Robert, William, Laurany, Nancy, Mary (m Wilson
Hildreth; 1850 Ouachita Co., AR, she was 47 b NC), Martha, Sarah, Milly,
Elizabeth, Nicy, Judith. Milly Yarbrough married Cainan Pistole in Marengo
County, AL, 9 June 1823. Cainan Pistole was also a JP, as was Alfred & James
Yarbrough. James is also shown to be a MG.
The name Pistole also appears in Anson County, NC, in connection with
Yarbrough. The will of a William Morris was signed in Anson County in 1804
(proved in 1806) and mentions 8 children : sons Nathan, Jeptha,
William Airly; daughters Patsy, Molly YARBROUGH, Betsy Hanby, Fanny Beverly,
Sally YARBROUGH, Lydia PISTOLE.
The Alfred Yarbrough of Marengo County was later in Sumter County, AL.
His wife was Mary and among their children was a James Q. Yarbrough who married
Mary Ann Parham. James Q. and Mary Ann had a son named Parham Yarbrough.
!The 1810 Ouachita Parish, LA, Census shows 1 female 10-16, and 2 females
under 5. Perhaps the first was his wife and the others his daughters. However, if this
is the case, we have no other record of these older daughters.
The 1830 Hempstead Co., AR, Census shows a male child born 1820-1825; this would be Ervin.
Another child, David, b abt 1831 TX, was in the same company
of Rangers as Alfred in 1850 Medina Co., TX. I have not found any evidence of
him in later censuses in Texas. Presumably he died, left Texas, or was never
located again by a census taker.
!The earliest record found for Swanson is ca 1805 Missouri Territory (Cape
Girardeau area) where he and a David Yarbrough are named in a land dispute.
1810 Ouachita Par. LA p345: Swanson Yarbrough 0 0 0 1 0 - 2 1 0 0 0 - 1 0
p346: Col. English 0 0 0 1 0 - 0 0 0 0 0 - 0 3
1820 Ouachita Par. LA p111: John English 3 1 0 1 2 0 - 3 0 1 0 1 0
(Swanson Yarbrough not found anywhere in 1820)
1830 Hempstead Co. AR p135: Swanson Yarbrough
1 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Neighboring Union Co. AR had a Humphrey Yerbrough aged 50-60 living alone as
well as a Richard Yarbrough aged 40-50 or 60-70 living next to Humphrey:
2 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 - 0 1 0 0 1
1835 Tenehaw District (later Shelby Co., TX), TX--
Swanson YARBERRY, 50; Cinthe, wife, 30; Randolph, son, 19; Swanson, son, 16;
Lucinda, dau, 14; Ervin W., son, 13; Mariah, dau, 11; Alford, son, 8; Martha, dau, 6;
David, son, 4; Elizabeth, 2.
1840 Houston Co. TX p83.
!"Early Arkansas Residents: Tax Lists of Co. of Arkansas & Lawrence . . . Missouri"
(Gen. 976.7, Craig), p 30-- Early Arkansas Residents 1814-1816:
Yarberry, Swanson; Arkansas Co., 1816.
!Swanson was in Clark County, AR, by October 1822 and was perhaps related
to a Jesse and Middleton Yarbrough. Clark County Circuit Records contain
a document (file #2032) from the March 1824 Court Term enquiring into the allegation
that on 1 Oct 1822 one John Bolt did steal a hog with force and arms from Jessee
Yarberry. In the original document, the name was written as Swanson Yarberry; the
name Swanson was marked out and the name Jessee was written over it. The 1829
Sherriff's Census for Warmspring Township, Clark County, AR, lists Jessy Yarborough
and Middleton Yarborough next to each other. Jessy was 45 or upwards (b bef 1784),
placing him in the same age bracket as our Swanson; his household also had one male
18-21, 3 males under 18, and one female 14 or upwards. Middleton Yarborough was 21-45;
his household had one male under 18, 1 female 14 and upwards, and two females under 14.
Thus far, I have not found any later records pertaining to Jessee or Middleton Yarbrough.
!A Jeptha Yarbrough (b 1798 in NC) had sons Alonzo and Middleton
[info from Cathy R. Summerlin, Yarbrough GenForum, 2 Dec 1998 ]:
1. JEPTHA1 YARBROUGH was born Abt. 1798 in NC. He married ELIZABETH //.
Children of JEPTHA YARBROUGH and ELIZABETH // are:
i. ALONZO YARBROUGH, b. 1832, TN.
ii. FRANCES M. YARBROUGH, b. 1834, TN.
2. iii. TALBORT C. YARBROUGH, b. April 26, 1836, TN; d. November 30, 1898, Piedmont, KS.
iv. LUCINDA YARBROUGH, b. 1839, TN.
v. MIDDLETON MCDANIEL YARBROUGH, b. 1844, TN.
vi. ELIZABETH YARBROUGH, b. 1852, TN.
vii. BARNET 'BURT' R. YARBROUGH, b. 1847, TN.
[Karen Mazozck replied on 2 Jan 1999 to the above post]:
I believe your Jeptha Y. was a son of Shem Yarbrough (Mecklenburg Co. NC to TN). Also,I have yr Jeptha's War of 1812 affidavits. They say that Elizabeth married him under the name of Yarbrough. Whether that was her maiden name or whether she was a widow at time of marriage is unclear. Her affidavit says "married under the name Elizabeth Yarborough to Jeptha Yarbrough on 14 Feb 1832 by John Enum, Esq. at Mecklenburg, NC. Records say Jetha enlistedin US Arm in 1814 when he was 16yearof age and served 16 years in the army. Jeptha died in Cooke Co., TN on 0 Mar 1882. Jeptha lost his right arm in 1830, the result of a cannon misfire on July 4th.
!Swanson's family emigrated to then Spanish occupied Texas in 1832 (Character
Certificates in the General Land Office of Texas, Gifford White, ed.):
#2246. YARBROUGH, RANDOLF
San Augustine Aug 18, 1835
Certify Randolf Yarbrough a native of Arkansas Territory, single man,
emigrated to Texas 1832 . . . Nathan David Comr
#2247. YARBROUGH, SWANSON JR
San Augustine Aug 18, 1835
Certify Swanson Yarbrough Jr a native of Louisiana, single man emigrated
1832 . . . Nathan Davis Comr
#2248. YARBROUGH, SWANSON
San Augustine Aug 18th 1835
Certify Swanson Yarbrough a native of No Carolina a man of family of ten
persons . . . emigrated in Febr 1832 . . . Saml Thompson Alcd
!In his later years, Swanson was in the business of rounding up wild horses and
selling them. Family legend has it that Swanson died prematurely when he was
shot by a man named Engate in a horse deal gone bad; this may be true, but I have
not found documentation to substantiate the story.
!Swanson fought at the Battle of San Jacinto in the Texas War for Independence.
He was also married to a widow Frances Coker Tope Moore.
Subj: Re: John Swanson Yarbrough
Date: 4/22/00 8:18:22 AM Central Daylight Time
CC: IRSmelley2, MBWalker10, Goscote
CC: firstname.lastname@example.org, JBMox
File: John Swanson Y..doc (126464 bytes)
DL Time (28800 bps): < 1 minute
It is always a pleasure to hear from another Yarbrough "cousin" - I am convinced that when we get back far enough, we are all going to be related!
I wonder if I might have your US mailing address & phone number for my Yarbrough Directory. I hasten to add here that this directory is used solely for the purpose of putting Yarbrough researchers working on the same lines (or in the same areas) in touch with each other. We have some very good researchers who are not online but who willingly share records by mail.
My first suggestion (if you have not already done so) is that you contact Renee Smelley
(IRSmelley2@aol.com). Also see Renee's web page at (http://www.homestead.com/rsmelleygenealogy/index.html).
Another excellent researcher of the John Swanson Y. line is Beth Walker (MBWalker10@aol.com). I would also suggest that you contact her.
Renee has a more complete list of the JSY researchers than I do. Here I will mention that I am not a JSY descendant. I am the Historian/Archivist for the National Yarbrough Association and chairman of the Yarbrough Archive Committee. The committee's goal is to locate and preserve the history of the Yarbrough (all spelling variations) Family - the records, pictures and artefacts. We not only try to preserve these records, but share them with all interested researchers. The only "fee" for this service is our request that you share with us any Yarbrough records you find. A record you find that doesn't seem to pertain to your line could very well be the missing piece of the puzzle for another researcher who has hit a brick wall. You did list a couple of Arkansas records we did not have and one of our present projects is an attempt to build a better Arkansas record database. We do not have nearly enough records from that state to help researchers.
Now to your questions. I am going to attach my John Swanson Yarbrough working computer database. As you will see, it contains a summary of records we have found so far. I recently copied all the records from my hard JSY file and mailed them to Renee (nealy 2000 pages). Renee is working to get those records organized and available to the JSY researchers.
At the end of the computer working file you will see a number of emails from researchers of the line and also the US mail addresses of those not online. Feel free to contact any and all of them.
Now for your questions. The answer to the first one - the father of JSY - we just do not at this point know. He remains what we call a "spontaneous" generation (one that just "appears" seemingly without roots).
I have suggested to the researchers of this line that they spend some time investigating the Swanson line. That name - John Swanson - may be a clue. There are some Swanson families near JSY in Louisiana. My hunch is that JSY may have been named for a John Swanson. If he was, then possibly there is a Swanson researcher out there somewhere who has a Yarbrough connection sitting in their records. In a number of Yarbrough lines, we have found the links by pursuing the allied (or possible allied) lines.
There was a James Smith Yarbrough who migrated from Virginia to Louisiana and lived in the same area of Louisiana as JSY. So far records have not linked him as JSY's father.
As to David Yarbrough who appears in the early records with JSY, we strongly feel that JSY and David are closely related ... possibly brothers. I don't know if the JSY researchers have established an age for this David. I wondered if David could be JSY's father.
You mentioned that you believed Elizabeth Galbreath might be a daughter of Joseph. This interests me as I am sure it will the other researchers.
As for the Anson Co., NC link - so far we have not made a connection with any of the Anson Co. families. As JSY remains a spontaneous generation, he might be connected with anyone at this point.
As to the Marengo/Sumter Co. Yarbroughs: We have not found a connection. The Alfred Yarbrough there had five children - three daughters and two sons. We have established through records that his sons were James Quincy Yarbrough and Neal Smith Yarbrough. Neal died relately young. By 1880, James Q. was in Texas. From the census records, I believe there was a third son, but he apparently died as a very young boy as he is on the first census, but not the second on which we find Alfred. We have not found a JSY/Alfred connection.
We have fairly good records on Nathan Yarbrough (son of James) and have not found a JSY connection.
At this point, I'll attach the file and let you look at what we have so far. As I mentioned, JSY is not my direct Yarbrough line and I cannot begin to discuss him with the intimate knowledge that can be provided by Renee, Beth and the other researchers of the line. After you have had a chance to look over the attached, let me know if you have any questions.
I hope this will be of some help to you.
David Yarbrough Information (Email Correspondence)
Subj: Fw: David Yarbrough censuses
Date: 4/22/00 8:47:46 PM Central Daylight Time
From: email@example.com (Dave Moore)
To: IRSmelley2@aol.com (Renee Smelley), MBWalker10@aol.com (Beth Walker)
File: Yarbrough-David.doc (2742 bytes)
DL Time (28800 bps): < 1 minute
Recently, I e-mailed Karen Mazock about Swanson and his possible brother, David. I had just recently found this David in 1830 and 1850. Since Karen has already forwarded my notes to you, I won't repeat them here. I just now sent this message with the attached file of census abstracts to Karen. Of course, there's no guarantee at this point that this David is the same as was connected somehow to Swanson in the early MO land records. It could end up being a dead end, but working from the proposition that this David may have been a brother of Swanson, if we find something about the origins of David it could lead us to Swanson's origins as well.
From: Dave Moore <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: Karen Mazock <email@example.com>
Date: Saturday, April 22, 2000 8:35 PM
Subject: David Yarbrough censuses
Attached is a file with two censuses containing David Yarbrough whom I SUSPECT to have been a possible brother of Swanson. The David Yarberry/Yarbourough in the 1830 and 1850 censuses is likely the same one since they are the same age and the two counties are right across the Mississippi River from each other. If Elizabeth WILLIAMS is a dau of David (speculative but reasonable), then her birth in LA about 1814 would place him in the same general area as Swanson.
Near David in the 1850 Desha Co., AR, census was a Lucretia DEORTH (b abt 1879/1800 in NC--a widowed dau of David?); in her household was a John YARBOUROUGH (b abt 1834 in OH according to the census). I don't know if this John is related to David or not, or even if the OH birthplace is correct. Mom abstracted this census and somehow neglected to copy the name of the 4-year-old child. My guess is that Nancy YARBROUGH may be a widowed sister-in-law of Lucretia (i.e., Lucretia was a Yarbrough whose unknown brother married Nancy--lots of speculation here). And there's a 12-year gap between the two Yarbrough children in this household. OH is a considerable distance from MS/AR, but navigable by the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers.
I have also included some Yarberrys and a Yarbrough from 1860 and 1870 Desha Co., AR. I don't know if these were related to David or not.
Do you know anything about a DEORTH/YARBROUGH connection?
1830 Washington Co., MS, p 228-A, line 2
[Males & Females: -5, 5-10, 10-15, 15-20, 20-30, 30-40, 40-50, 50-60, 60-70]
Yarberry, David 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 1 0 - 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
1850 Desha Co., AR Census
51 Williams, Parker 45 Farmer NY
" Elizabeth 36 LA David Y.'s dau?
" Mary, 19; John, 17, Laborer; Martha, 11; Aswell (?), 9 (m);George, 7; Elizabeth, 5; Henry,2; All children b. AR
Yarbourough, David 76 None NC (Swanson's bro?)
55 Deorth, Lucretia 50 NC
" John 21 OH
Yarbourough, John 16 OH
" 4 (I failed to write the name) AR
" Nancy 33 OH
P.58 Deorth, William 60 Blacksmith PA
1860 Desha Co., AR Census
130 Yarberry, T. J. 23 Woodseller MS
" Sarah 23 House Keeping TN
" George 2 MS
129 Yarberry, W. D. 18 Day laborer MS
w/ J. P. Shelan (?) 51 Planter NC
1870 Desha Co., AR Census
Wilkerson, William 42 Farmer AR
" Mary E. 44 Kepps House LA
" John H. 20 Farm laborer MS
" Mary E. 16 At home MS
" Isabella 14 At home MS
" William R. 4 AR
Wilson, Joseph 5 AR
Yarbrough, Mary 15 At home MS
This page is part of Renee's Family Genealogy
Visit the John Swanson Yarbrough Archives
This page was updated on July 4, 2001