|a Generation of Kansas Pioneers in Atchison, Brown & Doniphan Counties|
ary Ann, Samuel, Polly, John, and Jacob are five children of George and Elizabeth Springer who migrated to northeastern Kansas. The first four arrived c.1860 with the fifth coming a couple years later after a brief period in Missouri. All were born in Ohio, but they would spend roughly 20 years of their youth and young adulthood in Stark County, Illinois, before moving on.
Samuel Springer was born c.1832 in Ohio. When a child, he moved with his family to Illinois where he later married Nancy Dixon 07 Apr 1853 in Peoria County. About 1860, Samuel took his family and mother to live in Iowa Township, Doniphan County, Kansas. He and Nancy have not been found after the 1885 census. Their children were:
Mary Ann Springer, the youngest child, was born in November 1835, and she married William Harrison Rutherford on 14 Mar 1853 in Stark County, Illinois. The Springer and Rutherford families became fairly well intertwined. Harrison had a brother named Anson Rutherford who was already married to a sister of Samuel Springerís wife, Charity Dixon.note1 Mary Ann and Harrisonís family moved to Kansas about the same time as Samuel between 1857-61. In March 1865, the two families purchased adjoining 80 acre properties located about four miles northwest of the town of Highland in Doniphan County (NW1/4 Sect7 Twp2 Range19). By 1882, Samuel had moved to a larger farm a couple miles east, but Harrison and Mary Ann were still at the same location. Between 1885-95, they relocated to Brown County, Kansas, where Mary Ann died 31 Jul 1909 while living with their son, David. She was buried in the Highland Cemetery in Highland. Mary Ann and Harrison had the following children:
Catherine "Polly" Springer married John Colwell 07 Feb 1839 in Hocking County, Ohio, before the Springer family had moved to Illinois. They were living in Stark County, Illinois, in 1850, and had presumably moved here by 1843 when their eldest child was born in the state. In 1865, they were living in Doniphan County, Kansas, but further south than the others in Wolf River Township. By 1870, they had permanently moved to Holt County, Missouri. John died here 27 Jan 1895 and Polly died 21 Feb 1902. Both were buried in the Maitland Cemetery in Holt County. They had the following children, all of whom were born in Illinois:
John Springer was born November 1826 in Ohio, and he married Sarah "Sally" Coleman on 18 Jan 1846 in Stark County, Illinois. After leaving Illinois, they did not move directly to Kansas. John moved his growing family to Westport, Missouri, probably about the same time that his siblings were going to Kansas. He was in Missouri in 1860 and remained until c.1861-62. From here, he joined the others in Doniphan County, Kansas. John, along with his brother, Samuel, was sworn into the Kansas State Militia 27 Sept 1862. They spent 19 days on active duty from 12 Oct 1864 during "Priceís Raid", receiving 53 1/3Ę per day.
Along with some other Springer and Rutherford families, John and Sally moved to Phillips County, Kansas, between 1875-80. They returned by 1885, but their oldest son remained. They apparently settled near Highland, where Sally was listed as a widow in 1910. John and Sally had eleven children:
Jacob C. Springer Sr. was probably the last of the five to move to Kansas. Jacob was born c.1825 in Ohio, and he first married Samantha L. White 02 Jan 1848 in Stark County, Illinois. Samantha died in 1862 and was buried in the Stringtown Cemetery in Stark County. They had seven children in Illinois:
Jacob then remarried to Catherine Eby Armentrout on 17 Jul 1863 in Peoria County, Illinois. Their oldest daughter was born in Illinois in May 1864, but was buried in Highland, Kansas, in February 1865. Therefore, they must have initially moved to Doniphan County between these dates. Between 1875-1880, they had moved further west to Phillips County, Kansas, and were still there in 1885. In 1895 Jacob was living with a son from his first marriage, George, in Walnut Township, Brown County, Kansas, but Catherine was not there. This is where Jacob died 21 Jul 1899. In 1900 Catherine and their two youngest sons were living in Surface Creek, Delta County, Colorado. Jacob and Catherine had at least six children together, all born in Kansas:
The father of the previous four was George Springer, Sr. who was born in Pennsylvania on 6 Sep 1789. Their mother was Elizabeth Heidlebaugh who was born 1 May 1793 in Conewago Township, York County, Pennsylvania, to Jacob and Catharina Heidlebaugh. George and Elizabeth married 11 Jun 1812 in Fairfield County, Ohio.
The two were still living in Fairfield County during the 1830 census. Sometime between the birth of their youngest child in Ohio in 1835 and the death of a son in Illinois in 1841, the family relocated to Stark County, Illinois. It may have been toward the end of that range, since a daughter married in adjacent Hocking County, Ohio, in 1839. In Illinois, George passed away on 10 Oct 1849 after a 2 week illness caused by "inflammation of the brain", or encephalitis. He was buried in the Stringtown Cemetery in this county. Elizabeth remained here until making the trip to Kansas with her children. She died 27 Nov 1870 and was buried in the Highland Cemetery in Highland, Doniphan County, Kansas.note2 George and Elizabeth had thirteen children, all before leaving Ohio:
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