1st Baron Hoo Thomas HOO
- Born: Abt 1370, England
- Marriage (1): Elizabeth DE ECHYNGHAM
- Marriage (2): Eleanor DE FELTON before 1395
- Died: 23 Aug 1420, Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire, England about age 50
Fought at Agincourt with King Henry V.
The Battle of Agincourt--25 October 1415
In the summer of 1415 Henry V led an army to French that landed at Harfleur. The town resisted stubbornly before it fell, costing Henry about 1/3 of the 8000 archers and 2000 mounted troops. He set off on a chevauchee aiming to march to Calais. The French caught up with him and issued a challenge. Henry, as was the case of his predecessors at Crecy and Poitiers, was not looking for a fight but negotiations failed. Henry was not willing to renounce his claim to the French throne, and was forced to fight. He was seriously outnumbered, also as were the English at Crecy and Poitiers. His troops were also hungary and tired, being on a hard march.
The English aligned themselves in three groups, led by York, Camoys and the king in the center. The French were also aligned in three groups, one behind the other, their pattern in earlier battles. Charles VI, king of France, was not present at this fight. The French restrained themselves and did not advance, so Henry had the archers advance and take the first shots.
The weather had been wet and the battle field was a sea of mud. This hindered the French, but the first rank attacked and pressed the English. The bowmen stopped shooting and came to the aid of the men at arms. The French second rank also attacked and faced heavy casualties. The French fought without good organization or clear leadership, their problem in earlier battles. They were unable to capitalize on their superiority in numbers.
The English were so pressed that Henry ordered his prisoners slaughtered, something very much against the tenets of chivalry. Some were burned alive in a hut where they were being held captive.
The third rank of French, looking out over their slaughtered colleagues, did not advance. In the several hours of battle the smaller English army defeated a much larger French force, killing 10000 Frenchmen. This was to be the last of the great English set piece victories. While the English tide was still rising, the French were to do better a generation later.
Source: Desmond Seward, The Hundred Year's War, Atheum, N.Y., 1978 (Map - p 167.)
Thomas married Elizabeth DE ECHYNGHAM. (Elizabeth DE ECHYNGHAM was born in 1394 in Echyingham, Sussex, England and died in 1472.)
Thomas next married Eleanor DE FELTON, daughter of Sir Thomas DE FELTON and Unknown, before 1395. (Eleanor DE FELTON was born in 1378 in Litcham, Norfolk, England and died on 8 Aug 1400 in England.)