King Of Scots John Robert STEWART
- Born: 1337, Dundonald Castle, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland
- Marriage (1): Duchess Of Albany Muriella KEITH
- Marriage (2): Marion CARDNY
- Marriage (3): Mary Margaret GRAHAM on 9 Sep 1361 in Scotland
- Marriage (4): Annabella DRUMMOND on 13 Mar 1366-1367
- Died: 4 Apr 1406, Rothsay Castle, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland at age 69
Other names for John were Duke Of ALBANY, Robert STEWART and Robert III STEWART.
King III of Scotland
Also called JOHN STEWART, EARL OF CARRICK King of Scots from 1390, after having ruled Scotland in the name of his father, Robert II, from 1384 to 1388. Physically disabled by a kick from a horse, he was never the real ruler of Scotland during the years of his kingship.
The eldest son of Robert the Steward (the future Robert II) and Elizabeth Mure, he was legitimated by their marriage several years after his birth. In 1362-63 he joined his father in a futile revolt against King David II, who both imprisoned him and created him earl of Carrick in 1368. (He had been created earl of Atholl in 1367.) Robert II became king in 1371; in 1384, because of his advanced age, he turned over the government to Carrick. After his injury in 1388, however, Carrick was supplanted by his brother Robert, earl of Fife.
On his accession, probably on April 19, 1390, he changed his name to Robert (III) from John, to avoid reminding others of John de Balliol, king of Scotland from 1292 to 1296, who was not favourably remembered. Fife, created duke of Albany in 1398, continued to govern throughout this reign, except for three years (1399-1402) when Robert III's eldest son, David, duke of Rothesay, took his place. The dissolute Rothesay died in March 1402 while imprisoned in Albany's castle of Falkland, Fife. Perhaps in an attempt to save his remaining son, James (afterward James I, king of Scots), from death at Albany's hands, Robert III sent the boy to France, but James was captured by English sailors, a shock to the aging king. (source: www.scotlandroyalty.org)
Duke of Albany
Governor of Scotland, Prime Mister to Robert III and Regent to James I
Earl of Mentieth, Earl of Atholl, Earl of Buchan, Earl of Fife
His parents were not married at the time of his birth. He was legitimized in 1347. He changed his name from John to Robert upon aceding to the throne. The Illustrated History of the British Monarchy states: "..in 1388 he was so badly kicked by a horse that he was regarded as unfit to govern for his ineffectual father. Real power was executed by his forceful brother, Robert, Earl of Fife and Duke of Albany, but the realm slipped into disorder and justice was scarce." Albany fought with the heir, David, and it is suspected that he was murdered by Albany in 1402.
The History continues..."the gentle monarch retired to the Isle of Bute and perhaps for fear of Albany, sent his surviving son James to France (1406)."
Noted events in his life were:
• Alt. Birth: Alt. Birth, 1339, Dunkeld, Dumfries, Scotland.
• Alt. Death: Alt. Death, 3 Sep 1420, Stirling Castle, Scotland.
John married Duchess Of Albany Muriella KEITH, daughter of Marischal Of Scotland William KEITH and Mary Margaret FRASER. (Duchess Of Albany Muriella KEITH was born in 1351 in Argyllshire, Scotland and died on 1 Jan 1447-1448.)
John next married Marion CARDNY. (Marion CARDNY was born about 1345.)
John next married Mary Margaret GRAHAM, daughter of John GRAHAM and Mary MENTEITH, on 9 Sep 1361 in Scotland. (Mary Margaret GRAHAM was born in 1343 in Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland and died on 20 Jul 1379.)
John next married Annabella DRUMMOND, daughter of Sir John DRUMMOND and Mary MONTIFEX, on 13 Mar 1366-1367. (Annabella DRUMMOND was born in 1350 in Stobhall, Cargill, Perthshire, Scotland and died in Oct 1401 in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.)