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Chapter Twenty-One


BROAD BAY (Waldoboro), Maine

BROAD BAY, MAINE
HISTORY
German HYLER Ancestors

Research by Wilford W. "Will" Whitaker

var WPFootnote1 = '

. Miller, Samuel L. Waldoboro, Maine. reprint by the Waldoboro Historical Society.

\
' var WPFootnote2 = '

. Stahl. Hist of Old BB & Waldoboro. I:444.

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' var WPFootnote3 = '

. Stahl, I:456.

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' var WPFootnote4 = '

. Kidder, Frederick. Military Operations in Eastern Maine and Nova Scotia During the Revolution... with\ Notes and a Memoir of Col. John Allan. Albany: 1867. Reprinted 1971. p. 149.

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' var WPFootnote5 = '

. Kidder (ibid, p. 150)

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' var WPFootnote6 = '

. Kidder (ibid, p. 150).

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' var WPFootnote7 = '

. Kidder (ibid, p. 150)

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' var WPFootnote8 = '

. Kidder (ibid, p. 159).

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' var WPFootnote9 = '

. Kidder, (ibid, p. 159)

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' var WPFootnote10 = '

. Revolutionary War Pension Application of William Farnsworth, FHL# 970955, W. 24180, which included\ several small pages torn out of a small note book, which included some Family Bible records, and these pages of a Diary\ of their trip in 1777/1778 from Machias to Waldoboro.

\
' var WPFootnote11 = '

. Deeds: Lincoln County Deeds, book 165:116.

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' var WPFootnote12 = '

. Revolutionary War Pensioners. FHL# 974.1 M22f.

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BBHISTOR.wpd                         

HISTORY OF BROAD BAY


There have been several good histories written of Broad Bay and Waldoboro. Therefore, it would be redundant, perhaps even presumptuous, to write another history of this area. However, there have been several mistakes that have been perpetuated through the years and it may be useful to outline the history and correct those mistakes at the same time. There is now more information available, more records have been discovered, that the effort and time taken may well be worth the re-telling of the tale.

 

1605    Captain George Weymouth anchored at Monhegan (the Indian name given to Grand Island) and made explorations up and down the coast, even sailing some distance up the St. Georges river.

 

1606    The Muscongus or Waldo Patent. A grant was made to the Plymouth Company of the northern part of the land claimed by the English.

 

1607    The Popham Colony was established by the Plymouth Company, at the mouth of the Kennebec river. It remained only one year. The same year Jamestown was founded.

 

1614    The Plymouth Company sent Captain John Smith from London to scout the coast from Penobscot to Cape Cod.

 

1615    Prince Charles (later King Charles I), upon presentation of a map of the territory, gave it the name of New England.


            Monhegan became the general resort for European fishermen and traders.

 

1618    Thirty Years War - A general European war fought mostly in Germany by German Protestants (and their allies) vs. Hapsburgs (Holy Roman Empire) and Catholic princes.

 

1620    While the Pilgrims were on their way to this country, King James, 1st, granted the Great Charter of New England to forty noblemen, among them the Earl of Warwick and Sir Ferdinado Georges. This grant covered nearly the whole of the British possessions, all of New England, the state of New York, parts of Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, besides that vast country in the west comprising more than one million acres.

 

1620    The Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock and made the first permanent settlement in New England.

 

1621    Temporary settlements were made on the Mainland. John Brown located at New Harbor.

 

1625    John Brown, for fifty skins, obtained from the Indian sagamores Samoset and Unongoit a deed of land between Broad Bay and Damariscotta river, to the extent of twenty five miles into the country. He and his descendants lived there until driven away by the Indians. Descendants claimed the land until the adjustment of 1812.

 

1629    Puritans settle Salem.

 

1630    23 Mar Grant to Beauchamp and Leverett called the Lincolnshire or Muscongus grant. Its extent was from the seaboard between Penobscot and Muscongus rivers and as far north as to make up thirty miles square.

 

1630    A trading station was set up in what is now Thomaston, Knox County, Maine.

 

After the death of Beauchamp, Leverett succeeded to the whole patent.

 

1635    The corporation abandoned all its rights before surrendering its charter. The Plymouth Council made several grants of land within the State of Maine. One was the Muscongus Patent, later known as the Waldo Patent.

 

1642    John Taylor had an abode on the Damariscotta river at Oyster Shell Neck.

 

1642    Alexander/Sander Gould lived on Broad Cove.

 

1648    End of Thirty Years War - By 1634 Germany was in ruins, her fields blood-soaked. Peace of Westphalia.

 

1650    Boston - After the death of Leverett in 1650, and his wife in 1656, the patent passed into the hands of their son Captain John Leverett, afterwards governor of Massachusetts colony.

 

1656    The patent passed into the hands of Captain John Leverett.

 

1675    24 June           First Indian War or King Philip’s War

 

1678    The trading station on the St. Georges river was broken up by King Philip’s war.

 

1678    12 Apr 1678   End of King Philip’s War

 

1688    13 Aug            Second Indian War or King William’s War - The War of the Grand Alliance, consisted mainly of frontier attacks on the British colonies.

 

1696    Samuel Waldo was born in England.

 

1699    7 Jan 1            End of King William’s War

 

1703    Aug                 Third Indian War or Queen Anne’s War - War of the Spanish Succession.

 

1713    11 Jul              End of Queen Anne’s War

 

 

1719    The towns of Thomaston and Warren were commenced.

 

1720    John Leverett, President of Harvard College, a grandson of Governor John Leverett, became proprietor of the Muscongus Patent. He associated with others and they were known as the “Ten Associates”.

 

Subsequently, twenty more, including Jonathan and Cornelius Waldo, were admitted into the company, under mutual obligations for securing settlers.

 

1722    13 Jun             Fourth Indian War or Lovewell’s War

 

1725    15 Dec            End of Lovewell’s War

 

1730    As early as this date, Samuel Waldo was interested in finding settlers for his Patent.

 

1731    26 May. Jonathan Waldo died. The claims of the “Thirty Proprietors” being disputed, Samuel Waldo, of Boston, who had secured a considerable interest from his father Jonathan Waldo, was sent to England to effect a settlement.

























MAP


First Settlement


Town of Leverett




 

1732    He succeeded so well that, on his return, the “Thirty Proprietors” rendered one half of the patent to him. Subsequently he acquired title to the whole region, which thereafter was known as the Waldo Patent.

 

1733    Waldo began to seek settlers to his lands on the St. Georges and Medomak rivers.

 

1735    William Hilton settled in what is now Bremen.

 

1736    The Town of Leverett was settled between Long Cove on the south and up Slaigo Brook on the north. William Burns was assigned 90 acres at the first falls.

 

1737    Samuel Waldo assigned 4020 acres to Samuel & William Douse of Clughereen, County Kerry, Ireland, now of Boston, land above the first falls on both sides of Medomak river.

 

1738    William Burns settled on Waldo’s land at Madomac river, at the first falls.

 

1739    The following ascribe a German settlement at Broad Bay in 1739 or 1740: Starman (1848) A few German emigrants began the original plantation of Waldoboro; it is supposed they came over in the summor or autumn of 1739. It was at first the abode of only two or three families, to which accessions where made in 1740. Eaton (1851)...forty German families from Brunswick and Saxony, tempted by the imposing offers which the indefatigable Waldo had made . . . Locke (1859)...forty German families were induced by the representations of these circulars to accept of his offers. Pohlman (1869) It was on these lands, orginally called the Muscongus, and afterwards, . . . the Waldo Patent . . . that a few German emigrants located in 1739. To the few families which composed the original settlement large accessions were made in 1740. Jordan(1895) By the year 1739, a few families had arrived, but the year following larger accessions were made. Thompson (1917) There were two or three families at Broad Bay in 1739 (quotes Starman, Pohlman and Jordan).. . . and accessions were made in ‘40 (quotes Starman) & in 1740 Waldo succeeded in inducing 40 familes to come (quotes Ratterman).

 

1740    Williamson’s History of Maine, Sewall’s Ancient Dominions of Maine or Cyrus Eaton’s Annals of Warren states that this year there was a settlement at Waldoboro, then known as Broad Bay, as early as 1740. Eaton says:

The same year, 1740, forty German families from Brunswick and Saxony, tempted by the imposing offers, which the indefatigable Waldo, when in Europe, had made and caused to be circulated in their language, after first landing at Braintree, MA, arrived at Broad Bay, and laid the foundation of the present town of Waldoboro. Prior to this there was no settlement nearer to St. George than Pemaquid and Damariscotta.

Although there is still a mystery “Swiss Settlement” to be proved, the above information would be correct if we changed the date to 1742 and landfall to Marblehead.

 

1740    19 Feb Agreement made between Zeuberbuhler and Waldo of Boston - 12000 acres of land except 1/5 part of gold and silver for use of his majesty - to be laid out between Muscongus and Penobscott River in sd co. Of York in a regular body adj. The settlement of the Germans. A 1/5 part of the depth of which shall be fronting on the Sea or some river - Z. stands indebted to George Tilley of Boston for ₤92 and 2 shillings or ₤96 in Bills of the New Tenor. Z. has given several bonds to sd Tilley. One bond of Joachim and Conrad Heiler, payable the 24 Sep 1747 for ₤7.14.3 ½; one of David Rominger and Philip Rominger for ₤7.12.05 and one bond of Hans George Vogler and Philip Christopher Vogler for ₤.10.09 - amounts to ₤97.04.07. [recorded 25 Mar 1745]

 

1742    First German migration to Broad Bay. About 60 families and about 180 individuals.

 

(Payne 1972) The first Minister of the Gospel was Rev. Philip Gottfreed Kast, who was provided by Mr. Waldo in 1742, who arrival found none of Mr. Waldo’s agreements lived up to, . . This MISTAKE has been followed by every writer that talks of the ministers at Broad Bay. Tobias Wagner was the first minister, but his parishioners rejected him.

 

1743    William Burns, to accommodate Waldo’s German settlement, removed to Waldo’s farm at Muscongus - SW from mouth of St. Georges River, built and stone house and had 19 head of black cattle.


1744 - YEAR OF DECISION

 

1744    Williams Burns moved his family back to Medomac river where was settled the number of between 40 and 50 Protestant families from Germany. He was in charge of a company of soldiers of about 40 men and they were to scout to the eastward and westward.

 

1744    April 32 men of the said Germans and 29 of the inhabitants of St. Georges, having exhausted their small stock - enlisted in April or May into His Majesties’ service for the garrisoning of Louisbourg and they and their families thereupon left these settlements and all the other inhabitants of Medomac river, some of whom had been sometimes supported there as soldiers in the company (under Burns) have quitted the same.

 

1744    6 May Zouberbühler to Waldo (from St. Georges) We made a Tour last Saturday to Broadbay & ye Day following Mr Brother Preached twice to ye Germans. I afterwards proposed to them ye Conditions on which they are to be Set at Liberty or discharged from their debts & have given them 14 days to Consider on whether they will chose to give Bonds or to advance ye Quittrents at ye rate proposed - they all seem well pleased & viorded to go industriously to Work on their Plantations provided they receive ye Cordvet Cacvel & servs I engaged they should have as Soon as ye matter being settled Y you Convinced of their better Intentions & behaviour - Conrad Rosh & ye others being sent to goal seems to have had its desired effect & Certainly they designed to go off & if ye two Men who went to Damescotty & Townsend Andreas Beller, Potter, & Bartholome Flenderick, Cooper, were to be brouoght back by Arresting men for ye money they owe to You & me, it would Intirely prevent new attempts of rambling about. I proposed also to them to join in a Invitation to brding back Mr. Wagner y Minister, but they unanimously declared neither to accept of him, nor of any other Minister wrote for, or recomanded by him. They first thought My Brother came to Stay Amongst them - whom they liked very well, but when they were Informed of his Engagement in Carolina They joined with me to write for a Minister for them from Germany -

 

1744    10 May The threat of Indian attack became everyone’s concern. Burns wrote to Waldo:

(From Muscongus) We are in a great hubub hear all my neighbours is Left me this 3 weeks. . . . The Duch pople Disirs to write To you how they Shall manage they have ben in Garison this 3 weeks and is in want of provisions and militery Stors I would beg of you that you will be Expeditus Securing your Intrist in this Contrey or you will have but few inhabtnt I hop your Honor will remember your old frend who is an old Solder

 

1744    12 May Zouberbühler to Waldo (from Broad Bay) Having forgot Sending over to Engld the Certificate of my Wifes being alive, wch is ready prepared . . . .

 

1744    18 May John Ulmer to Corn: Noable - (Broad Bay Muster Roll of 1744)

. . . I have thirty three men w:ch there is twenty;-four of them heave noe arms & there None of these has any amunithon Nor Provishons & so I Leave it to yor Discrision . . . .


Cap: John Ulmer

Jacob Ulmer

Johan Beisch

Hß Jerg Christ

Jacob Grimmer

Philipp Rohminger

Matthiess Eichhornn

Fridrich Riegner

Paullus Tochterman

Lorentz Seitz

Hß Jerg Vogler

Christoph Fogler

Hß Jerg Schimidt

Hß Martin Schmidt

Bernhardt Grob

Melchior Uhlman

Johan Uhlman

Michel Walz

Petter Wunderer

Jacob Walz

Conrad Rost

Bernhardt Heyler

Hß Jerg Low

David Rohminger

Mattheiss Rimmele

Melcher Schneider

Andreas ABausser

Conrad Heyler

Jocham Heyler

Jun Conrad Heyler

Michael Heyler

Hß Jeerg Derhinger

Wilhelm Korrß

Also included could be Andreas Beller, a potter, and Bartholome Flenderick, a cooper and the first minister to the Colony, M. Tobias Wagner, minister.

 

1744    19 May Burns to Noble (From Broad Bay) . . . and am Sorrey to heare of the news of ware but Sins it is hapned I hop we will prove our Selfs men; acording to your orders I have ordred all ye peopel to Garison which they are all willing to boaye But in a powr Condition for want of all militery Stors Guns Amoncton and provisons . . . kyou have wrote to me about ye Duch They are in a powr Condidtion to goe to Garison They neither provisons nor guns no amoniton I would have you to Take Care of us Derrectly or we will be oblidg: to draw of

 

1744    20 May Burns to Waldo (from Muscongus) I have ben up to broad bay and has ordred the men there as well as posabl I could we have no men hear of ye English and Irish but 18 and there is Six of them that is inGaged in the Snow Shue Compny . . . . I have setled ye Duch in there Garisons

 

1744    May The two garrison houses, built there in 1743 and 1744 and a third block house were burned in May. Two sawmills (built by Waldo) were burned.

 

1744    25 May Zouberbühler to Waldo (from St. Georges) The people here in General have moved either into ye Fort your Blokhouse or Mr Hendersons which Places are exceedingly crowded with People, in So much that My family can’t get any Room, Capt Brdadbury absolutely denyed Lodgings for Them it being already so full he says that no lady can be more admitted, which does greatly disturbe me. . . . I am Very Sorry for that ye People so timely leave their habitation & Some ye Riveers ye Lower ‘town is entirely Empty & noe body remains Except Mr. Palmer & MySelf an ye Irish from Broad Bay except Mr. Howard who expect to go to his Son have left that place & are either gone to Pemaquid or here into Garrisons In short I thought your Irish People of better Courage but the greates part prove absolute Cowards, Some of them would even not tarry one night in their houses longer after ye Declaration of ye War was Notified here I recommend ye poor Sstrangers at Br. Bay who seem to be in Very good heart at present & certainly will continue should bhey be well supplyed by ye government, but they as well as We here in general would be badly off, should ye Indians attempt now anything, both places being entirety destitute of provisions. . . . My brother gives his Severes to you beg ye favr to inform him whether there be any Mast ships or Men of War going to Engld soon hope yr now government will assist me in ye Germans at Brd Bay am resolved to stand ye ground They fortified them selves in my wife & will absolutely not allow Mr. Martin any people in ye blockhouse Neither would they Send any over in my house but they desired me to acquaint you that if they don’t receive relief likewise or to day with Provisions of munition they must nolew should Leave ye Place & go for bread.

 

1744    31 May Zouberbühler to Waldo (from Broad Bay) . . . & do all we can to keep ye people easy & together in this River till We hear from the government, but its Impossible to prevail with some, and if not men are sent over soon, it’s my oppinion you’l loose most of ye Settlers, who are either not able or not willing at their Charge to build blockhouses & in ye Fort they Say Men can’t Live & Subsist - The Germans have been with me this Morning Told me that there was not one Single bushl of Meal amonst them & a great want of Grounfiend They Sent round abt in ye Neighborhood but could not get any & mySelf are not able to relieve them being quite out of Provisions, Capt Bradbury offered them 10 bushel if they pay him for it, but they pleaded Poverty, & Said that they would be obliged to go up all in a body to Boston to get Relieve if not quickly is sent them Provisions I hope therefore You’l endeavor in Case They be obliged to keep garrison to have the Supply’d soon, Heard Certainly they are ye only people that stand their ground and feight for the Property in These Parts, but you Must appoint for them a proper Person who is better acquainted with ye Indians Customs & manner than they are at present.

 

1744    6 Jun Thomas Martin to Waldo (from Broad Bay) . . . I have maid it my business to Secure the hous as I have it in a poster of defence - if we had men arms and amounison and provison but of them we have none I and Some duchmen Smith acorn Milleos Philip namely old firearmes and them Starving for whant of provisons that so they have brought me to the same conditions. . . . if you could send us some bricks and provisons mebe ther Chese. . . my wife went to boston with a Desire to Come back again but how it will be I no not every one is on the wings to begone, but I am very Loth to leive the place . . . .

 

1744    19 Jun Zouberbuhler, S. to Waldo. (From St. Georges) . . . it’s Evident that they (Indians) will & must join ye french aganst us be it Soon or late. . . . I am getting My Stokades & flankerts up at vast as possible. . . . I never left ye house as was represented to you, only moved My Family & goods into ye fort My Brother & I kept in ye house tho nobody else would unless it be first Stokaded, . . . . I am glad ye Germans are taken in Country Pay, & I make no doubt they will be well pleased with their officer Capt W. Burnes who is a very well beloved man amongst them If you have Entertained ye least thoughts of any direct or Indirect Endeavors wch; I Should have made use of to Divest ye People going into Martins Blockhouse at Broadbay you do certainly wrong me & Suspect a thing wch I can’t be guilty of, it was ye Schoolmasters order as I am Informed to have People together but ye Eight Men who then were in ye Block house & remain yet there refused Compley with his desire They all wait Impatiently for Supplys. . . . Post: My wife Doroth joins with me in Making our Compliments to Your Self an & Good Family.

 

1744    2 Jul Noble to Waldo (from St. Georges) . . . . I went up the riveer and view’ed their garrisons vizT Capt Alexrs & his brohrs and Leut Kilpatrick as also Mr. Zuberbully & fell down the River as far as Fort Lucy, which is one of the compleatest Garrisons; . . . I sent for Capt Burns & Delivered him his stores, & guns on Thursday. He and Alexander had got all their men, to 4 or 5 listed. . . . The people in General Seem to be Spirited to Stand their Ground. . . . the people here is highly pleased with your care of the Eastward in General, . . . .

 

1744    4 Jul Burns to Waldo (from Broad Bay) I should ben glead if you had Leet me have ye chusing of my own ofisers for Junders Land There is Some of them that is not agreable Mr Ulmer excepted To be Lifftenent or Insig and Capt Marten Expected to have Some Command I have ofred him a Sargents post in the Blocke house if a Greeable To you which I belive he will Take up with But I belive he and I will not a Gree to gather His wife is hear which not Verrey a Griabl to ye people . . . . I have inListed all ye Duch which answered your Letter but I Dow assure you they are atroblsom Compny but I have Leet them Know what they have To Deped on there is So maney old men and men that is not fit for busines which makes us weak. . . . I beg that you will take care of us fer we are in powr Conditon fer a frontier.

 

1744    5 Jul Zouberbühler to Waldo (from St. Georges) . . . my servt. Hans George Schott whom the Col. Noble orderes to go for Broadbay, but as he rather chuses do duty in this river in Capt Alexr Company . . . . It seems Robt McIntyer HOW is in a manner forced to marry his daughter /Barbara/ is a strong sollicitor for his staying in this River, wch if he does, I think I ought to be satisified for my demand on him ither by a bond payable at some distant time, or by disposing of him to any settler here. . . . he sends his children out to Service & I must hire strange servnts for my own use, wch I think hard as long as I have so many of my own rambling abt. . . . I take now is ye only time to keep them together, by not suffering ‘em to Enlist in other companies. . . .

 

1744    Middle of July At the encouragement of Col. Waldo, several of the said Germans enlisted and about 27 men came from St. Georges.

 

1744    18 Jul Burns to Waldo (from Broad Bay;) Sr: I rec’d yours by Cornll Noble with a Comition to Comand ye 4 Garisons of Broad bay which I humbly Thank his Exealency for and hope I shall act ye part of a solder if I had good men by me men is Egesiding onery and our garisons powre that I Dont know well how to manage . . . . but the Duicks is Loath to work with out wages They are all glead that I am there Comander . . . . I intend to picot madomack the first Thing . . . . as for your house there is no garison They have burnt all ye picots and there is no person living in it nor in Leans house I Landed ye Stors there and put Eight men in it .. . . ye peopel will not work for Captt Marten We Exepct the Indens will be on us Evrey Day . . . . They must stand with ye french for they have Great InCoragment from them att this time it Seems to me that you have in Dulged them in times past two much. . . . you Know that we are ye frontier for pemaquid and Damoscotey & Ships Gute I expect we will have the first Brush with them and powrly fited Maxey has threaned it a Long whill and they Dont Love ye Duch so that I belive we Shall have an onset befor St. Georges . . . .

 

1744    18 Jul Burns to Waldo (From Broad Bay) . . . I could not found myself in a troblsomer pees of busines in the world I am garisoning Leans house and palais Eding ye garison att Madomak Zuberbulan house is in prity good order ye stone house I have ceep as Long as posible. . . . I have got 40 men according to my Comisonm and Whellwright orders it but 35 so that it pushes me what to dow. I can have men a nuf The choice of the Best Men in ye East ward but I am tied with those peopel So many old men and So many women an children that plage me out of my Life Ye Case is altered with them now I have brought them all under good comand which was hard to dow They reeioys at my coming. . . . I have made ye school master a Sargant in Suberbulard’s house & Smith ye piper corporal at Madomock. . . . If you would pleas to Send me down some Juden meal for ye peopel They ar not able to support their familys with there alowance and work about ye garrisons.

 

1744    22 Jul Burns to Waldo (from Broad Bay) you know that we are ye frunteer of Pemaquied and Ships Gut & Damerscoty and I think it hard you Should take of ye ten men which you promisd me . . . . the inhjabetens is all Coming back again if they Could geet in the Seruse which would be a great InCoragement to ye place nad I have no Room for them. . . . I hop you will not be Priest By aney fer ye Good of your Setlment which I am Sure I wish as well as if it was my own You must Send my Dour hinges for ye Dowrs att madamak with ye Breck . . . . I hop you will Lett me have the in Listing of my full Complement which is 50 men

 

1744    1 Aug Indians killed and scalped one of the Germans at Medomac river, sending all to garrisons.

 

1744    25 Agust Burns to Waldo (from Broad Bay). . . . we have ben out of Stores this five weeks past which has made my birth the more Trobls ovr of aney busines that Ever I was in in my Life fer they are ye worst Dineisy peopel in the world Thos Duch if there is not more English men amongst them they will not Dow I have used all the faier means I Could and taken a Great maney afrunts fer your Intrist but none I have Taken glnen me had in punishing Some of the ring Leaderes of them and now they want to be Cleare of the Seruis they Say they will geet no wages beCaus they are in your Debt and what Should they be Soldeers for they are a Good for nothing generation as Ever was born and Coning surel Dogs I have had no Eas Since I Cam from St Georges They Say It is pees and there is no occasion of ceeping Garison they have put of a Vestsseal of wood Since I Came heare I give them all ye Liberty Imagenable only ye Gurds to keep ye Garisons. . . . I belive Mr. Vaughn is Somthing in the Bleam for he wanted Some of them to Goe to make hay and I refused it I would Disire That you would take Doctermans two Daughters from him and take Care of mr Vaghan for he wants to hurt your Intrist hear by what I Can Learn. . . . I have recd the bricks by Capt Nickels and Dus not know how to doe for want of workmen there is no man here that knows aney thing aboute it And the Lime I have naither boat nor cunow hear to bring it here . . . . I have lost a bove ₤50 this Summer I have Lost all my Crop and Some of my Catel by removing hear . . . .


 

1745    19 Jul              Fifth Indian War or War of Spanish Acquisition

 

1745    Samuel Waldo, Sr., who styled himself as “the hereditary lord of Broad Bay”, was known as General Waldo, a title he earned by his outstanding services in the capture of Louisbourg, where he was third in command.

 

1746    The Indians fell upon Broad Bay and destroyed what remained of it, burning the houses, killing some of the inhabitants and carrying others into capitivity. It subsequently lay waste till the close of the war.

 

1748    This year is given by several writers as being a year of immigration. This is a MISTAKE. There may have been one or two families that came in 1748, but the large migrations came in 1750, 1751, 1752 and 1753. One consequence of this mistake is that it is said (by Samuel Miller) that Conrad Heyer’s father Martin Heyer came in 1748, and that Conrad Heyer was born posthumously 10 Apr 1749. From the ship list from Germantown of people sent to Broad Bay in October 1752, was: John Martin Heyer & Family, so our correction is that Conrad Heyer was born 1753 and died 1856, aged 102, almost 103 years old. Judge Frank Burton Miller continues this mistake in The Miller Family, as did Samuel Miller in his History of Waldoboro.











Map


Settlement


of


Broad Bay


1742 - 1749



 

1749    16 Oct             The end of the War of Spanish Acquisition

 

1749    The Germans, at Broad Bay, also returned after an absence of three years, and revived their ruined settlement. A saw-mill was built where Sproul;s has since been, by Ector and Martin, who were of English descent, and came from the westward. This may be why some writers thought tdhis was a year of emmigration.

 

1751    (Pohlman 1869) . . . between twenty and thirty families came over with Mr. Etter their interpreter, among whom the earliest birth was that of Conrad Heyer, . . . .

 

1752    At St. Georges a peace conference was held with the Indians, gifts were exchanged, complaints addressed, a feast was held, wampum exchanged and articles of peace were mutually ratified. Present from Broad Bay was John Ulmer.

 

1753    The next spring Waldo appointed Charles Leistner his agent, to dispose of the emigrants, and eal out the provisions provided for them. Instead of the hundred acres of land promised them, on the salt-water where wood would bring five s a cord, this agent took them back two miles into the heart of the wilderness, and there, perhaps from fear of Indian hostilities, assigned them a half acre each, in a compact cluster. Here, they built their huts, carrying up boards, or covering their roofs with bark, in the best manner they were able. Peter Müller or Miller built something of a house, quite a distinguished one among its neighbors. They cleared up their small lots and planted them as well as they could. George Varner built a grist-mill near the saw-mill before mentioned, partly on his own and partly on Waldo’s account. Leistner, a man of education, had been appointed by their Prince in Germany, to superintend the expedition and protect the emigrants from imposition. He exercised the powers of a magistrate during his life, but did not entirely escape the murmurs of the settlers, who, in their privations and jealousy, accused him, perhaps without any foundation, of selling, for his own benefit, the provisions which had been furnished for them.

 

1753    The Ludwig family came in the immigration of 1753. They make a MISTAKE by stating the wife of the immigrant Joseph Ludwig was Catherine Kline. By the German Church records of Nenderoth and by the 1753 passengers’ list, his wife was named Anna Gertruda Lambert, d/o Nicholas Lambert of Walschland, Nenderoth. [The publishing date of 1866 for the Ludwig genealogy puts it among some of the first such publications.]

 

1754    Works of defence also were constructed in Medumcook and Broad Bay. At the latter place, the principal fort was a stockade, on the western side of the river, near the mills. There were four others farther down the river. Each of these accommodated sixteen families, who had their separate huts covered with bark.

 

1754    All at St. Georges and at Broad Bay took refuge in the garrisons, and only ventured out, to work upon their farms, under a strong guard. These who were able to bear arms, were organized into companies, and, for a great portion of the time, drew pay and rations, which formed the principal means of support for their families. When these failed, great distress and misery ensued. One family at Broad Bay subsisted a whole winter on frost fish, with only four quarts of meal. Many a German woman was glad to do a hard day’s work at planting or hoeing, for eight pence, or a quart of meal. There were but few cattle in that place and a quart of buttermilk would often command a day’s work.

 

1755    Apr                 Sixth Indian War or French and Indian War

 

1755    19 June to 20 Nov A company of rangers scouting to the eastward from St. Georges included Joseph Peters, Jacob Heyler, George Smouse and Adam Varner, under Captain Thomas Fletcher.

 

1755    24 Sep - a letter to the Lt. Governor from Fletcher:

 

These are to inform your Honor, that this day the Indians fell on us; two men were out a small distance from the garrison; the Indians fired upon them; one escaped the other is missing. They began about twelve of the clock and continued firing on the cattle till almost night. I immediately despatched an express to the neighboring settlements. I judge there is a great body of them by their appearance. Mt Lieut. Was on a march with 30 men, but happily this evening return’d. This night I design to go out and try to meet them. Being all at present, I beg leave to subscribe myself etc. T. Fletcher. St. George’s Fort.

 

1755    At Broad Bay they ambushed the house of one Piper, before daylight and, on his coming out for wood, shot him dead. His wife seized a sick child, put it down cellar, shut the trap-door upon it, and then placed herself at the door to prevent the Indians from bursting in. They shot her through the door, entered and plundered the house of what they could carry off; but after their departure, the child was found safe and uninjured in the cellar.

 

1755    At Broad Bay several were taken captive, one of whom, a young man by the name of Klein, was carried to Canada, and after the peace was brought home by his father, who went thither to recover him. Mr. Lash, who was hauling wood with a horse and car, a little below the head of the tide, not far from where the late Dr. Brown’s house since stood, was suddenly assailed by Indians who attempted to take his prisoner. He seized and held two of them, till a third shot him dead. Another assault was made, about sunset, lower down the river, where Loring Sides was killed, [scalped and mutilated; a tomahawk left in his head, being, in 1873, in the possession of Geo. D. Smouse of Waldoboro. Mr. Sides had been in search of his cattle but a short distance from the garrison, and his little son who was with him, ran by his father’s direction and escaped.] A while after Hermon Kuhn and Henry Demuth being at work near the river, were fired upon and killed, the latter at the first fire, and the former as he was pushing off his float, in order to escape by flight. Their neighbors on that side, then moved over to the Dutch neck for greater security. Even at this place, Jacob Sechdrist, Mr. Burns and others, were fired upon when at work in the woods. Sechrist was killed; the rest ran for their canoe and succeeded in getting from the shore, having seen five Indians

 

1759    23 May. On the death of Samuel Waldo the land descended to his four children, Samuel, Francis, Lucy and Hannah. Hannah became the wife of Thomas Flucker, Secretary of the Province. Flucker afterwards purchased the shares belonging to Samuel, Jr. Lucy married Isaac Winslow and died without children.

 

General Waldo and Governor Pownal visited this area to erect a fort to be name Fort Pownal. With a strong guard they ascended the river to the “head of tide” and stepped ashore on the east side. A widely current tradition states that after landing, General Waldo withdrew a few paces, and looking around, exclaimed “Here are my bounds!” and dropped dead of apoplexy. The body was brought to Fort Point (Fort Pownal) and buried with military honors. In July following the body was removed to Boston and interred in King’s Chapel cemetery. The inconspicious tablet marking his grave may be seen near the city hall side of the enclosure.

 

1760    22 Feb             The End of the French and Indian War

 

1762    Around 1762 a second Lutheran Church was erected at Broad Bay near Meeting House Cove.

 

1772    In the summer of 1772 the Reformed group decided on a site and with a united group a new church was built in 1772 on the east side near the ferry, and it was to be known as the Reformed Lutheran Church. East of the structure was the “Sand Ground” cemetery, but only broken stones indicate that there was ever a cemetery here.

 

1773    Broad Bay incorporated as Waldoboro.

 

1774    Henry Knox, afterward a Revolutionary general and Washington’s first Secretary of War, married Lucy Flucker, daughter of Thomas and Hannah (Waldo) Flucker and the grand daughter of General Samuel Waldo.

 

1776    Flucker and Francis Waldo were Tories and the land became forfeited to the State.

 

1786    After the war, Knox purchased four-fifths of the whole Patent; the remainder was the property of his wife.






















Map



Of


Broad Bay Cemeteries







WALDOBORO in the

REVOLUTION Footnote

 

1770      22 FebA petty customs official in Boston, while being driven into his house by a mob, turned in self-defense and fired into the crowd, killing an eleven-year-old German boy by the name of Seider(s). . . . it is difficult to avoid the conviction that this first young martyr of the Revolution was one of the Seider (or Seiders) family of Broad Bay. Footnote

 

1770      Mar Boston Massacre


1773      Gaspee affair in Rhode Island

 

1774      5 Sep First Continental Congress met at Philadelphia

 

1774      Oct First Provincial Congress of Massachusetts convened

 

1774      14 Oct Declaration of Rights by Continental Congress

 

1775      1 Feb Second Provincial Congress of Massachusetts convened at Cambridge

 

1775      22 Mar Second Provincial Congress of Massachusetts convened at Concord

 

1775      31 Mar It published a list of "Loyalists", first on the list was Thomas Flucker

 

1775      22 Apr Second Provincial Congress of Massachusetts convened at Watertown

 

1775      Apr Paul Revere's Ride, Lexington, Concord

 

1775      23 Apr Call by Mass. Congress for an army of 30,000 men

 

1775      17 Jun The colonials came face to face with the British regulars on the brow of Breed's Hill.

 

1775      Conrad Heyer was in the army at Cambridge at the battle of Bunker Hill.

 

1775      Isaiah Cole of Waldoboro in Col. Wm Bond's 27th Regiment of Boston

 

1775      George Ulmer, who in his twentieth year had been captured on a fishing trip by the frigate Lively. The vessel and crew were taken into Boston, where Ulmer made his escape into the town and over the Charles River to the American lines at the imminent hazard of his life. There he enlisted in the American Army and served through the remainder of the campaign.

 

1776      28 Feb John Stahl joined a company raised in Cumberland County came to Boston. Also young Philip Reiser were also there. This letter from young Reiser to his father Major Reiser:


Camp Prospect Hill. 28 Feb 1776

Honoured father and mother. I take this opportunity to write to you to inform you that I am now in Good health hoping these few lines may find you the Same. I hope you will not think hard of my not writing to you before for I have been with Lieutenant Smith to take care of him for he has been almost at Deaths Door but he is now well and I have been sick but am now hearty and like the Army Very well and like my officers well, all that I dislike is that everything is exceeding Dear and cloathes in a particular manner. I expect to Go to battle every minute and if my life is Spared me I hope to be with you to pay you A visit next Spring with Sergt. Ulmer. Give my love to my Brothers all Enquiring friends. I should be glad if you would write to me every opportunity and if you send any letters you must Direct them to Prospect Hill in Col. Bond's Regiment and in Capt fuller's Company which is the Company I belong to. Sergt. Ulmer Remembers his love to you all and all his Uncles and aunts family No more at present. But I remain your dutiful son, Philip Razor.

Address: Mr Martin Razor in Waldoborough, By favour Mr. Acorn.

This lad later died in Camp at Prospect Hill, years before the cause to which he so cheerfully devoted himself had reached its attainment. Footnote

 

1776      Early in the year 1776 the Massachusetts Legislature authorized the raising of militia regiments in all counties. The fourth such regiment was raised in Lincoln County. Col Mason Wheaton and Lt Col William Farnsworth were the top commanders of this unit. The Third Company was under Captain Andrew Schenck, with George Demuth as his first lieutenant and Zebulon Simmons as second lieutenant. The Eighth Company was under Capt Jacob Ludwig and his second lieutenant was Jacob Winchenbach.

 

1776      The Company on the Georges was under Capt Benj Plummer and was in service from 5 Mar to 6 Sep 1776. It included the following Waldoboro men:

 

William Farnsworth, Jr. sgtIsaac Farnsworth, fiferAbel Cole

                            Ezra Pitcher                                      George Ulmer                    Peter Hilt

                            Nathaniel Pitcher               James Sweetland

 

1776      8 Apr Waldoboro chose a COMMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE AND SAFETY. Members were:

 

Bernhard ShumanJacob EichhornCapt Solomon Hewet, Jacob UmberhindBernhard UkkleyCaleb Hewett (Howard) John Weaver

 

1776      4 Jul The Declaration of Independence was printed and sent to all the ministers of the Gospel in the State, to be publicly read by them on the first Lord's day after its reception, and to be recorded by the town clerks in their respective books. Neither of these requests were carried out in Waldoboro. Dr. Schaeffer ... was the minister at the time and would neither read it nor allow it read in the old meeting house, the only public place then in Waldoboro.

 

1776      July Through the influence of Jacob Ludwig and Andrew Schenck, it was translated into the German language and by them read to the people, who everywhere received it with rejoicing.

 

1776      3 Nov Capt Jacob Ludwig, who had attained some distinction in the French and Indian wars, raised a company in Waldoboro and Warren. 3 Nov 1776 they embarked for Machias, were on duty there through the winter, and returned after an absence of six months.

 

1777      Capt Ludwig raised another company, with William Farnsworth, 1st and Jacob Winchenbach, 2nd Lieutenant, Caleb Howard, Sergeant, and among the privates from this town were:

 

William MillerGodfrey HoffsesHenry Oberlock

                            Valentine Mink   John Winchenbach                           Isaac Sargus


                            This company was in service from 7 Oct to 20 Dec 1777.

 

1777      22 Apr At this time there were two organized militia companies in town, the one on the east side commanded by Capt. Schenck, that on the west side under the command of Capt Ludwig, both true to the cause of liberty.

 

Lt. Col. Dummer Sewall of Georgetown (now Bath) came to Waldoboro to enlist as many men as he could for the continental service.

 

Col. Sewall, after crossing Light's Ferry, rode down to Schenck's Point, and requested the Captain to immediately call out his company. The following enlisted:

 

Peter LightJohn FitzgeraldGeorge Sidensberger

                            Isaiah Cole                         Barney Freeman


              Col Sewall then made the same request of Capt Ludwig and the following enlisted from the west side:


                            Charles Heibner  Charles Walch                   George Leistner

                            Frederick Schwartz 


The men then proceeded to Bath on foot, where they were armed and equipped.... They then took up their line of march for the army of Gen. Gates, and were all present under his command at the surrender of Burgoyne 17 Oct 1777.

 

1777      6 Oct Captain Jacob Ludwig's company, raised for the investment of Castine, served from 6 Oct to 2 Dec 1777: [s/b 22 Dec ww]

                            Jacob Ludwig, Cap            Wm Farnsworth 1st Lt.                    Jacob Winchenbach 2nd Lt

                            Jona. Nevers, Ensg            Caleb Howard Sergt                         Godfrey Bornheimer, Sgt

                            Peter Hilt, Corp                 Andrew Knowlton Corp                  William Miller, Private

                            Godfry Hoffses                  Henry Overlock                               John Werner 

                            John Winchenbach            Henry Farlin                                     Andrew Malcom

                            Isaac Sargus                       Michael Andrew                              Francis Young

                            Ebenezer Jimmison            Charles Jimmison                             Ebenezer Davis

                            John Hoffman                    John Braizer                                     Loring Cushing

                            Joshua Smith 


(The above company would be Capt. Ludwig's company of himself and 24 men mentioned below, plus there were "two Hessians that joined them". Who were they?

 

1777      17 Oct Many of the prisoners were Hessians and were sent to Boston, to find their way to Waldoboro:


              Heinrich Isence   Dr. Theobald       Dr. John G. Borneman       John Peter Walter

              Andreas Suchforth 


COLONEL JOHN ALLEN'S MEMOIR

 

1777      9 Nov Sunday - In the morning Capt. Knight came to the falls and informs that Genl Washington has had another engagement with Howe on a plain near Philadelphia, wherein the enemy were defeated with the lost of 4000 left dead on the field of Battle. Several cartels had sailed from Boston for Halifax. Footnote

 

1777      10 Nov Monday - Capt. Ludwig arrived with his company of twenty four officers and soldiers. In the evening the Indians danced according to their usual manner on such occasions. They seemed discontented, and said Col. Allan did not take so much notice of them as he used to. Footnote

 

1777      11 Nov Tuesday - The Indians seem very sorry for their conduct yesterday, and said they were in liquor, and did not know what they said. The articles of war, and a resolve of the General Court was read to capt. Ludwig's Company, who have orders to be ready to go to the Rhym tomorrow, the two Hessian Prisoners who came with Capt. Ludwig enlisted. Footnote

 

1777      12 Nov Wednesday ... In the morning Capt. Ludwig's men were supplied with what arms and other things they were in want of, and then set off for the Rhym. Footnote

 

1777      13 Dec Saturday ... At 9 o'clock Daniel Austin the prisoner was brought out of the Guard House to receive his punishment. All the troops were drawn up under arms, the sentence of the Court Martial being read, and every thing prepared to punish him, when the commanding officer was pleased to pardon him. . . . Capt Ludwig to command at the Rhym. Footnote

 

1777      20 Dec Saturday ... Served the Indians with provisions as usual. The Fort at the Falls was finished this day, Fired three Cannon and named it the Nonesuch. - Settling Accounts.

 

1777      21 Dec Sunday .. Gave orders for Capt. Ludwig to disband his men tomorrow morning. - Settling Accounts.

 

1777      22 Dec Monday - Machias - ... Capt Ludwig disbanded his Company. Settling Accounts.

 

1777      23 Dec Tuesday . . . Capt. Ludwig made up his Pay Roll, preparing to set off; his men went down the Rhym to go in a Shallop to Gouldsboro'. Settling Accounts. Footnote


DIARY OF LT. WILLIAM FARNSWORTH

 

1777      24 Dec WednesDay - [Diary of William Farnsworth Footnote ] - Set of from Machias Bound home - Spraint my knee - got so far as Buckmans at Pleasant River - 20 miles.

 

1777      25 Dec   Thursday - Traveled to Colonel Camnets at Narraquang - 20 miles Crismas.

 

1777      26 Dec   Friday - Traveled from Camnets to Major Shaws - 12 miles

 

1777      27 Dec Saturday - Crost the River to Pinkhams - Storme - 6 miles

 

1777      28 Dec Sunday - at Pinkhams - Cold and Storme - Six of our men set of by land - Mr. Brown and I got on Bord ye Ship Ladey Gage for A passage, Capt Crocker, comm.

 

1777      29 Dec   Monday - on bord ye ship - terible winds to the Noreast.

 

1777      30 Dec   Tuesday - on bord ye ship - Cold NorthWest weather.

 

1777      31 Dec   Wednesday - on bord ye ship - Frose up - Capt Crocker Ashore at Major Shaws.

 

1778       1 Jan Thursday - AT Colonal Shaws Pleasant weather, well-Entertained. Thursday ye first day of January. Set out for home with 2 bottles of gin - went to Colol Sou Sind at Frenchman Bay, from their to Capt Sinsoons Lodge that night - 15 miles

 

1778      2 Jan Friday - Set of from Simpsons at Frenchmans bay & traveled as far as a place called Kilkany about 14 miles to over Mr. McGoogines -

 

1778       3 Jan Saturday - set of early & went two miles before Breakfast - Reached Capt Patten at No. 5 before Night bout could go no farther by reason of woods eight miles ahead & no road

 

1778      4 Jan Sunday - Set of from Mr. Pattens & Traveled Through the woods. Set of from Mr. Pattens & traveled through the woods to Mr. Osgoods & could not go no further by reason of a wood A Head 11 miles Long & so stayed with Mr. Osgood's Daughter the 2nd Bold Push since I left home.

 

1778       5 Jan Monday - Set of from Mr. Osgoods and traveled to Baggaduce & stayed at Mr. Lomons that night.

 

1778       6 Jan Tuesday - Went up the Bay to get a passage to Owls Head on Bord. - At Perkins - stayed there all . . . night - bought 1/2 tobacco

 

1778      7 Jan Wednesday - Set of from Capt Sparks Pirkens An Hour before day & went Down the Bay to Capt Joseph Pirkins & the wind came to the Sward & so remained at Pirkens.

 

1778       8 Jan     Thursday - Stormy the wind at S & SE stormy at Capt Perkins.

 

1778       9 Jan     Fryday - Waiting at Capt Perkins for a passage

 

1778      10 Jan    Saturday - Waiting at Capt Perkins for a passage yet.

 

1778      11 Jan    Sunday - Got a Passage from Major Bagaduce to Cambden & traveled to Alexander Jamesons.

 

1778       7 Jan Wednesday - got of about an hour before day & went on board the Sloop & went down the bay about five or six miles & the wind get about to the Southward & so remain at Capt Joseph Perkins.

 

1778      8, 9, 10 Jan Thursday, Fryday and Saturday, at Capt Joseph Purkens waiting for ye wind to get to Owls Head.

 

1778      12 Jan    Set of from Alexander Jameson & at night arrive Home. BLESSED BE GOD.


A Receipt in William Farnsworth's paper: "We have received our Wages due in the State serving at Machias under Capt Jacob Ludwig, by the hand of Wm Farnsworth"- the following signed:

 

                            Ebenezer Davies                Francis Young                   Andrew Malcolm

                            Ebenezer Jameson             Charles Jameson                John Thrasher


(Could these be the six men who came home from Machias overland?)


And on another small sheet: "Any arears due: " Mrs. Farnsworth, viz:

                            Mary Merritt                       Sarah Palmer                     Molly Wellen (Weller?)

                             Sarah Chamberlain            Catharine Vanner               Mary Shepherd

                             Jemima Adams                  Margrett Hoffses                Celena Keene

                            Mary C. Cole


The following served in different Regiments:


                            Christopher Walck             Daniel Beckler                   John Benner

                            Michael Castner                 Joseph Gross                      Reuben Gross 

                            Chas Hebner                      Michael Hebner                 Christian Hoffses

                            George Hoffses                  John Newbert                     Christopher Newbert

                            Ezra Pitcher                       George Ulmer                    George Ulmer, Jr.

                            Henry Storer                      Philip Martin Ulmer          Ezekiel Winslow

                            Adam Shuman                   Isaiah Cole                         Frederick Schwartz

                            Dr. Benj. Brown 


1778      The following Waldoboro men were at Valley Forge:

                            Daniel Beckler                   Isaiah Cole                         Charles Heavener

                            Conrad Heyer                    George Leissner                 George Ulmer, Jr.

                            Lt. Philip Ulmer                 Ezekiel Winslow

 

The ill-fated expedition to Majorbiguyduce, now Castine was made. The following from Waldoboro:


28 Jul 1779          Col. McCobb's Regt.         Capt Philip M. Ulmer's Company

28 Jul 1779          Sergeat Joshua Howard

                            Jacob Achorn                     John Achorn                      Michael Achorn

                            John Hunt                          John Ulmer                        Chris'r Newbit

                            John Varner                       Martin Hoch                      Jos. Simmons

                            George Hoch                     Paul Mink                          Jacob Genthner

                            John Welt                          Peter Orff                           Valentine Mink

                            Charles Kaler                     Peter Winchenbach            Chris'r Walk

                            Henry Oberlock   Geo. Hoffses                      John Benner

                            Isaac Sargus


TORIES AND LOYALISTS OF WALDOBORO


George Hoch & John Welt were induced by promises of land & money to join the English at Castine. Soon seeing their error, they deserted, were captured, tried by court-martial and sentenced to receive each a thousand stripes save one. Welt died under the lash. Hoch survived, but bore to the day of his death, at the age of 99 years, the marks of that terrible punishment.


While making a deposition concerning the Mills at the Great Falls in Waldoboro 16 Jan 1836, George (age 87) Hoch's loyalty was still in question by some of his townspeople as evidenced in this exchange: Footnote

 

Question by attorney to John Kinsel: Did you enlist as a soldier in the army of the United States in the War of the Revolution and if so how old was you?

Ans: I did not enlist but was drafted; every fifth one was drafted for Bagaduce. I was twenty-six years old or older.

Quest. by same: Did you not then desert and join the enemy (Mr. Bulfinch objects to his answering the question and to the question) The deponent objects to answer.

Quest. by same: Was you or not taken Prisoner by the enemy at Bagaduce?

Ans: I never was a prisoner.

Quest. by same: Was you or not in Bagaduce while it was in possession of the enemy.

Ans: I was not.

Quest. by same: Did you after you was drafted and went to Bagaduce ever swear allegiance to the King of Great Britain? Mr. Bulfinch objects to his answering the question. The deponent objects to answer, and the Justices decides the question improper.

              Quest. by same: Was you or not at anytime with the English troops at Bagaduce?

              Ans: Yes, after the Seige I was.

              Quest. by same: Did you or not got to Halifax with the English after the Seige of Bagaduce?

              Ans: Yes, I went to Halifax with the English.

Quest. by same: Who settled your father on the land on which he lived.

Ans: Waldo brought him over and promised him one hundred acres, on the salt water, but it was all taken up and he had to settle there.

Quest. by same: Are you deaf - are you partly blind?

Ans: I am some deaf and blind with one eye.

Quest. by Jn. Bulfinch: Can you walk about your farm and do you assist in carrying it on?

Ans: I do, and get all my own firewood and go in the woods with the team; anf further saith not.George X Hoch


The following were listed as "Tories":


                            Jacob Young, Jr.  George Smouse                 George Cline & son Joseph

                            Philip Sechrist


              1779      The Rev. Jacob Bailey, Episcopal rector and Tory of Pownalborough, wrote to the British General McLean in command on the Penobscott concerning dependable Loyalists in Lincoln County. Under the heading ""at Bristol and Broad Bay," he lists:


                            Cornelius Rhodes (Rothe) and son George, John Martin, Dr. Martin Shepherd                    (Schaeffer), Michael Sprague and two sons, Captain David Vinal, Peter Cremor (Cramer or Creamer) and two sons, George Cremor, George Young (Jung), George Light, Mr. Cyder (Seider), Mr. Umberhind, "and in general all the Dutch families in Broad bay except ten or twelve families."


              Suspicion of desertion: Daniel Beckler         Friedrich Schwartz                           John G. Stilke


REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSIONERS Footnote


35c = Pension Act of 1818               '20 = Census of 1820                       35d = Pensison Act of 1832

'40 = Census of 1840


PAGE    NAME                               SCS       SERVICE            RANK   AGE      PLACE OR OTHER DATA


17          BECKLER, Daniel           35c        Mass Line            Pvt         86          Oxford

17          BENNER, Christopher35c             Mass Line            Pvt         78          Washington, '20

17          BENNER, Christopher'40                                                         84          Dennsyville

18          BENNER, Peter               35c        Mass Line            Corp      72          Kennebec d. 9 Sep 1833

19          BORNHUMAN, Jacob      35c        Mass Mil.            Pvt         69          Lincoln, Burnheimer

22          BURNHEIMER, Jacob     '40                                                    75          Lincoln, Waldoboro

30          CREAMER, John              35c        Mass Mil.            Pvt         77          See also Crammer

30          CRAMMER, John             '40                                                    76          Waldoboro

32          DOLLIVER, Peter             35c        Mass Line            Pvt         73          Hancock d. 4 Apr 1828

34          DOLLIVER, Peter             '20         Mass                                                 Same as Dolliver

40          FITZGERALD, Daavid     35c        Mass Line            Pvt         83          Lincoln, '20, 31b

42          GENTHNER, Andrew      '40         Mass Mil.            Pvt         76          Lincoln, same as following:

42          GENTHNER, Andrew      35c        Mass Mil.            Pvt         81          Lincoln, Waldoboro

42          GEORGE, Margaret        '40         Lincoln Line                      78          Res. Thomaston

48          HAVENOR, Charles         35c        Mass Line            Pvt         75          Lincoln

50          HAVENOR, Charles         35d        Mass Line                          75          Lincoln

50          HAVENOR, Charles         '40                                                    81          Lincoln, Res. Waldoboro

50          HELMERHAUSEN, Henry F. 35c Conn. Line            Pvt         84          Lincoln, '20, d. 2 Jul 1831

51          HOFFSES, Margaret         '40                                                    88          Lincoln, Res. Warren

52          HOFFSES, Christian         35d        Mass Line            Pvt         65          Lincoln & 80

53          HYER, Conrad             35c        Mass Line            Pvt         81          Lincoln

56          KEZER, David              35c        Mass Line            Pvt         74          Washington, '20

58          LEAHER, Peter                                                                          See Lehr

59          LEHR, Peter   35c        Mass Line            Pvt         64          Lincoln, d. 1822

59          LEISSNER, George          35d        Mass Line            Sergt      75          Lincoln, '20

65          MILLER, Frank               35d        Mass State           Pvt         69          Lincoln

65          MILLER, Frank               '40                                                    75          Lincoln, Res. Waldoboro

65          MINK, John   35d        Mass Mil.            Pvt         71          Lincoln

65          MINK, John   '40                                                    77          Lincoln, Res. Waldoboro

65          MINK, Paul    35d        Mass Mil.            Pvt         81          Lincoln

65          MINK, Valentine          35c        Mass Line            Pvt         80          Kennebec, d. 19 Jun 1832

68          OVERLOCK, Charles       35d        Mass State           Pvt         74          Lincoln

73          RHODES, Jacob               35c        Mass Line            Pvt         80          York

73          RHODES, Jacob               '40                                      Pvt         74          York

73          RHODES, Moses             35c        Mass Line            Pvt         78          York, Res.

73          RHODES, Moses             '40                                                    74          York, Res. Waterboro

74

79          SNOWDEUL, Elizabeth'40                                                        75          Lincoln, Res. Thomaston

85          ULMER, George            35c        Mass Line            Pvt         74          Waldo

85          ULMER, George            '40                                                    80          Waldo, Res. Hope


1776      At the commencement of the Revolution, Francis Waldo, and Flucker took sides with the King, and went to England. Under the Confiscation Acts their property became forfeited to the state, and was administered upon as though the owners were dead.


1794      General Henry Knox married Lucy Flucker, second daughter of Thomas and Hannah Flucker. After the declaration of peace General Knox directed his attention to the interests which his wife owned in the unsold portions of the Patent, being one undivided fifth.


1791      General Knox was appointed administrator of Thomas Flucker. He sold at auction the two-fifths descended from Samuel Waldo, to Oliver Smith of Boston. This he conveyed to Henry Jackson, who in turn transferred it to General Knox for $5,200. The next year Gen. Knox bought of the other heirs the two-fifths which belonged to Mr. Winslow, and Francis Waldo, and thus became the owner of four-fifths of the whole Patent, the remaining fifth belonging to Mrs. Knox.


1792      General Knox took possession of his estate, then containing nine incorporated towns.


1795      Knox built an elegant mansion on the banks of Georges River where he lived until his death in 1806. His extravagance in living, added to a failure of many speculative interests, and the extravagance of his wife involved him in pecuniary embarrassments.


1798      Knox was compelled to mortgage that portion that composes Waldo County to General Lincoln and Col. Jackson, to indemnify them for liabilities assumed as his sureties.


1802      This mortgage contained a Power of Sale, and was assigned to Israel Thorndike, David Sears, and William Prescott, who foreclosed it. They established an agency in Belfast, and appointed Phineas Ashman agent. Through these proprietors many of the land titles in our county were derived. Belmont became the property of Benjamin Joy and Samuel Parkman, merchants of Boston; the northern part belonged to Parkman, and the southern part to Joy.


              Notwithstanding the immense domains acquired by Gen. Knox, his estate proved insolvent, and a dividend of eight per cent was all that his creditors, whose claims exceeded $150,000, received.


              In many of the settlements great anxiety was manifested about land titles. It had been customary to take up wild lands with the understanding that a title would be given when the land was paid for. Many persons had erected buildings and made improvements on lots to which the had no right, only by possession. Gen. Knox found over 500 lots thus occupied.


              The pioneers that had thus settled on the land of proprietors were termed Squatters. Improvements had been made by the Squatters which they refused to abandon. Writs of ejectment were issued; law-suits were the result. This led to threats against officers and surveyors. The Settlers combined to resist the surveyors and officers, sometimes disguised as Indians. In one case the party was fired upon; the offenders were arrested and taken to Belfast, to be taken to Castine to jail. That produced great excitement and the militia was called out.


1808      General Ulmer of Lincolnville, commander of the militia in this section arrived,  andCaptain Knowlton of Northport with the Company from that town went out and arrested some of the Squatters, and lodged them in jail, and tranquility was restored for a time. But in the Plantation of Greene, now Belmont and Morrill, which belonged to Benj. Joy of Boston, difficulties accrued between the proprietors and settlers. Writs of ejectment were issued, and the settlers disguised as Indians resisted the officers attempting to serve the process, and were termed the Greene Indians, and the fracas known as the Greene Indian War, when the officers came out to serve the writs. Their approach would be heralded from one settler to another by firing guns, blowing trumpets, etc. By such signals the Indians would be notified.



WALDOBORO DEEDS This page has been developed in conjunction with the Waldoboro map. Although it does not lay out in detail where one’s ancestors may have lived, it will give a general area. It does not purport to be absolutely accurate, nor can it guarantee that that is an area where one’s ancestors lived. Often the old Broad Bayers would purchase land as an investment or were exercising their “squatter’s rights” and not necessarily meaning they lived there. This is especially true when working with the various mills and mill sites along the river. When purchasing a mill site, it was often as an investment and not for an abode. Anthony Thomas, Head & Keen were speculators who didn’t necessarily live where they bought. This is not meant to be a definitive study. That will have to await a more intrepid researcher. DUCK PUDDLE BROOK - Several who had land in Nobleboro had land near the Duck Puddle Brook and Pond. John Kinsel & Henry Werner - 1798 Matthias Benner & Jacob Genthner - 1794 Andrew Waltz & Jacob Waltz (east of Pemaquid Great Pond) John Cramer, Cornelius Turner, Cornelius Siders, Martin Sidelinger - 1787 Jacob Ludwig, Peter Light, George Klaus, Wm. Kaler - 1787 George Reed & Frederick Kinsel - 1809 John Martin Shaeffer & Jones & Smith - 1773 FALLS AT HEAD OF BROAD BAY - Peter Crammer, Jr. - 1788 FRESH WATER BROOK - Frdk Winchenbach & Joshua Lincoln, Jr., Isaac Lincoln, Andrew Waltz, Peter Miller - 1772 GOOSE RIVER - Martin Benner & Geo Walzgruber (mill priv.) 1801 Rebecca Geyer, widow & Martin Augustus Geyer - 1787 Christ. Newhouse & wife Margaret, Stoffel Wolsgrover, Peter Miller, John Heidenhein, John Henry Kaler, Francis Keizer & Philip Mink - 1792 William Miller, Valentine Mink, Philip Stahl, Martin Benner, Christine Hoffses, Geo Ulmer, Henry Burket, Henry Peter Winchenbach, Joseph Henry Ludwig, Nathaniel Pitcher, GOOSE RIVER BROOK - Philip Stahl to Martin Benner - 1797 Martin Benner, Geo Wolzgruber (Mill Privileges) - 1801 GREAT MEADOW - John Ulmer & Mathias Ulmer - 1809 GREAT POND - Chas Feiler (by Meadow Brook) Christopher Feiler - 1803 GREAT POND SETTLEMENT - John Benner & Henry Knox - 1803 John Martin Benner - 1803 Christopher Crammer & John Peter Overlock - 1802 HOUSE PLACE POND - Martin Benner & Head & Keen, Peter & Catharine Lehr - 1801 Peter Procht & Michael Eichhorn - 1773 John Benner to Robert Turner, John Head & Peter Snowdeal - 1797 Michael Eichhorn & John Kinsel - 1798 JUDAS MEADOW BROOK - George Leissner & Charles Keaton, Francis Kizer - 1783 John Mink, Patrick Pebbles, John Spears, Creamer - 1796 John Schwartz & John Benner - 1792Lucy Schwartz, Fredk. & Jacob Schwartz - 1787/8 LITTLE MADOMAC POND (MADOMAC POND S of New House Meadow) - Frederick Kinsel & Robert Lermond LITTLE MEADOW BROOK - Chas Unbehind & David Winchenbach - 1799 (to Damariscotty Pond LITTLE POND BROOK - George Kuhn & Charles Kaler - 1801 John Newbert & Christopher Newbert - 1799 Christian STORER, Charles Miller, & Matthew STORER - 1801 David Sidelinger, Henry Knox, Kuhn’s Corner, John Newbert LONG POND - Jacob Ludwig, Jr. & Jacob Waning (Werner?) - 1801 Chas Razor & Wm Stevens - 1809 John Martin Schaeffer & Stephen Smith - 1777 LONG VALLEY BROOK - Peter Levensaler - 1803 MADAME BUTTAKS MEADOW - John Ulmer & John Ulmer, Jr. - 1809 (begin at Meadow Brook MARTIN’S MEADOW - Geo Ulmer, Geo Hoch, John Ulmer, John Frdk Procht - 1773 Jacob Schwartz, Henry Warner, Michael Hoch, David Vinal - 1793 MEDOMAC FALLS (West Side) - Matthias Eichorn, Solomon Hewit & Heirs, Matthias Eichorn, Jr., John Eichorn, George Kline MEDOMAC FALLS (First Falls - 3rd falls from head of tide - between lower falls & double saw mill) - John Martin, Sr. (First Saw mill) 1743 - 1744 George Warnor, Daniel Achorn - 1787 George Warner & John Kinsel - 1793 MEDOMAC FALLS - Peter Schanudeal (above MF west side) - 1798 Polly Roth (single woman), Michael Sprague (Lot # 23 from MF) - 1798 Peter Gross, Wm Schnaudel - 1794 John Benner, John Kinsel, John Pener (Benner), Frank Miller, Jr. - 1794 MEDOMAC FALLS (LOWER FALLS) - Mathias Eichorn (Falls #2) - 1753 John Jacob Weyl - 1763 John Holtzapple “Back Lot” - 1772 Geo & Adam & John & Peter Levensaler & John Newbert & wife Catharine, John Martin Benner & wife Margaret & Geo Brook & wife Elizabeth, & Peter Light, 3/4 mile above Lower Falls West side - 1800 John Ulmer, Martin Hoffses, John Martin, Jr. Sol Hewit Heirs, Geo D. Smouse (lot #3) Deborah Chandler, Philip & Lydia Campbell, Andrew Hewit, Jr. John Eichorn, John Benner, John Achorn, Robert Turner - 1795 Bernard Achorn & Martin Benner - 1789 John Pener (Benner) & Frank Miller, Jr. - 1801 John Kaler (#6 & #10 from falls) - 1763 Geo Achorn & Martin Benner - 1789 Thomas Drowne, Alexander Nichols, Joseph Ludwig MEDOMAC FALLS (GREAT FALLS) - John Bernard Siler (above Great Falls) - 1765 John Hohn & Hannah #5 - George Werner - 1773 John Eichorn John Walter Koch, Henry Long (School Master’s Lot #5 from GF), George Warner (grist Mill) - 1794 MEDOMAC FALLS (#2) - Jacob Lowrey & Anthony Thomas - John Eichorn, Andrew Schenck, Geo Warner, Jacob Ludwig 1770 Peter Miller & Christ. Wolfsgruber - 1792 Daniel Eichorn, John Eichorn - 1805 Philip Shuman, Peter Schwartz, John Shuman, Jacob Shuman, John Kinsel MEDOMAC FALLS (MIDDLE FALLS) - Charles Brodtman & Conrad Eidel MEDOMAC FALLS (#3) - Andrew Wagner, Abner Keen, Peter Prackt, Wm Wagner - 1792 MEDOMAC POND - John Benner, Jacob Sider, Peter Lehr, Martin Benner - 1797 Jacob Bornheimer to Christopher Bornheimer - 1802 Martin Benner & Jacob Sider - 1797 MEADOW BROOK - John Kinsel & George Eugley - 1794 Cornelius Rhoades, Jr. & John Hilton - 1797 Geo Eugley, Frdk Eugley, Geo Kuhn - 1797 Frdk Hahn, Sr. & Jr. - 1798 William Miller & John Miller & Geo Wolfsgruber - 1802 Charles Feiler & Christopher Feiler - 1798 John Winchenbach, Henry Peter & Henry Burkhardt & Jacob Winchenbach - 1778 MEETING HOUSE COVE - Benj Eugley (#29 Ministerial lot) - 1763 Henry Seiders & Cornl. Seiders (#27) - 1763 Martin Sidelinger (lot in the gore) - 1763 MEETING HOUSE LOT - Mathias Benner, John Benner, Geo Ugley, Charles Umberhind - 1793 John Braddock & wife Mary, Mary Klaus, Daniel Beckley - 1793, Abel Nash MIDDLE FALLS (#4) - William Wagner - 1761 MILL POND -John Benner & wife Elizabeth & Martin Benner (by Mathias Eichorn) - 1786 Matthias Benner & Geo Eugley & Charles Umbehind - 1803 MOMFORDS MEADOW BROOK - Robinson to John Seitensberger - 1789 (Mountford’s?) MOOSE MEADOW BROOK - George Ulmer & John Martin Benner, Charles Filer - 1803 MUDDY POND - Peter Light, Benj & Samuel Wellman - 1797 (land bet Damariscotty Pond & Muddy Pond MUSCONGUS BROOK -Wm Burns (Smelt Cove) - 1763 Matthew? Benner, John Benner, Charles Umberhind - 1797 Mathew Benner, Charles Umberhind, John Benner - 1797 MUSCONGUS POND - Geo Havener & J. Humphries - 1790 NORTHERN POND - John Fogler & Paul Mink & Paul Lash & John Fitzgerald - 1777 Peter Mink & John Christopher WALLIZER - 1802 Peter Mink to Martin STORER- 1802 Ludwig Castner & John Ervin - 1778 John Charles Mink & John Vose - 1802 PEMAQUID GREAT POND - Jacob Dockendorf, Joshua Soule, Oliver Nash; - 1776 George Rhoades to Cornelius Rhoades, Jr. - 1798 Geo Reed & Chas Miller - 1799 Thomas Martin Joshua Webber & Wm Kuhn -1802 David Pickard & Chas Frdk Sidelinger, Joseph Hussey -1808 SCHAEFFER’S MEADOW - Bernard Achorn & Jacob Schwartz - 1790 Peter Light & Christiana, Geo, John Henry Peter, Charles, Andrew & Frank Light - 1793 SCHOOL BROOK - John Benner, Peter Light, Joshua Howard - 1801 SEVEN TREE POND - John Fogler (land in Warren), Gleason, Hill SLAIGO BROOK - Geo Warner, Waterman Thomas, Andrew Schenck (Lane’s Point) (Falls & Grist Mill) - 1772 Frdk Castner - 1801 Geo Castner, John Fyler, John Burckhard - 1803 Malacki Schneider & Hannah (E. Side #8), Jacob Rominger - 1770 SLAIGO COVE - Philip Ulmer - 1783 SLAGO FALLS (2ND FALLS, Greig’s Swamp) - John Labe, Chas Sampson, Waterman Thomas, Abyah Waterman - (2 ½ miles NE of Falls in BB) - 1770, 1773 Geo Werner, Jacob Lowry, Anthony Thomas (agree bet Andrew Schenck & Jacob Lowry) - 1770 SLIGO BROOK - Frdk Castner, M. Stetson - 1801 Geo. Castner, Henry Burkhardt, Jr., John Feyler, John Burkett - 1803 John Fyler, Jacob Stetson, Christ Newbert, — Ludwig - 1798 SOUTH POND - John STORER & Daniel Prior & Martin Isley - Henry Fogler & John Spear - 1800 SOUTH POND SPEAR’S MILL - Henry Fogler, Jr. & Samuel Anderson - 1799 THOMAS HILL - Andreas Bauzer was killed near his cabin. THOMAS MEADOW BROOK - Martin Razor & John Fogler - 1778 Michael Isley, Jacob Ludwig, Jacob Benner, Geo Demuth - 1798 John & Anna Handel - 1806 TRIANGLE MEADOW BROOK - Charles Razor & Peter Gross - 1789 n.b. Perhaps the value of the German "Thaler" to the British shilling can be ascertained this way: Eaton, AoW, 89. "[1753] . . . Waldo was to give them 100 acres of land each, adjoining the salt-water where wood would bring 4s., or a German dollar, per cord, . . ." n.b. "husb" denotes "husbandman", along with "yeoman" and "farmer" designated the hard-working land owners and farmers, as opposed to "gent", "gentleman", who earned his living by speculation and investments, etc. n.b. "#" is the number given by Elijah Packard in his 1762 "Survey of Lands for the German Settlers below the first falls of the Medomak". There is some question about this. Stahl says there was an earlier survey and these are the later numbers, with #1 in the earlier survey now #23. I believe the earlier numbers would pertain to the lots above the first falls, so I didn't number them, as most, except for #5, did not have numbers assigned them. But it may show that there were 22 lots above the first falls. n.b. "NAME" is as shown on that particular deed. Another deed may have the name a different way, or even spelled differently in the same deed! n.b. "COST" is the amount (in Pounds, Shillings, pence) that the land owner had to pay to redeem his land from the Permaquid Proprietors (Drowne, et al). n.b. "ACRES" is a very approximate designation, even by the surveyor. n.b. "DATE" is the date of the signing of the deed, if known and not the date it was recorded. n.b. "SOURCE" is Lincoln County Register of Deeds, in the deed books in the Court House in Wiscasset. Also microfilm copies available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. These microfilm are also available through the local LDS Church (Mormon) Branch Libraries. There are only a few original signatures given in these deeds, but there are several "PLANS" which show the surveyor's sketch of the property. n.b. Most of the lots around the first falls and above seem to be mostly east and west. Below the first falls, however, the lots are drawn in a North-westerly and South-easterly direction. More work needs to be on this, if an accurate map is to be drawn. For the present, turn the page to the right 45○, that should approximate the direction! n.b. Jasper Jacob Stahl has done a masterful job of treating these German Settlers and their land transactions. One could spend hours studying his work [and one has!]. However, this list is the first I have seen typed up. It will be incorporated with the settlement on the east side of the river, mostly of the 1742 migration and with Stahl's "Town of Leveritt" and "Puritan" settlement. n.b. A "rod" or "pole" = 16 1/2 feet. Thus many of the lots, at a width of 25 rods were 412 1/2 feet wide. At a length of 640 rods, many lots were two miles long! A little arithmetic shows the lots were short of 100 acres, by over six acres. Michael Anthony Stahl 1:240 Heinrich Long, school Master "5 acre Lot" 5:213 Stahl 1:269 John Bernard Siler 100 21 Jun 1765 4:139 GREAT FALLS George Werner - grist mill 31 Jul 1766 Stahl 1:292 5 John Hohn & Hannah s/t George Werner ℒ 40.00.00 110 13 Oct 1773 10:124 John Eichorn pt of land belongs to heirs of John Walter Cook 10:124 MIDDLE FALLS Charles Brodtman 48:26 Conrad Edel 31:246 William Wagner Stahl 1:293 FIRST FALLS John Martin Sr. (1744) Stahl 1:270 The first saw mill was at the first falls in 1743 Burned out 1746. LOWER FALLS 1 Mathias Achorn, farmer sold to: ↙ peppercorn 100 17 Apr 1753 1:23 (38) 1 John Jacob Weyl ℒ 15.00.00 100 21 Sep 1763 9:160 2 Mathias Achorn, tanner Saw Mill peppercorn 100 17 Apr 1753 1:23 (38) 2 David Holtzapple sold to ↙ Solomon Hewit 9:91 2 commonly called back lot-lived here 20 years 90 20 Aug 1772 3 David Holtzapple sold ↙ 15 9:91 3 SolomonHewit ℒ 135.00.00 10 20 Aug 1772 9:91 4 William Wagner 100 21 Sep 1761 7:170-185 5 Peter Brothe (Procht), husb. ℒ 3.09.04 25 22 Oct 1767 7:31 6 John Keiler (Kaler), farmer ℒ 10.05.02 33 1 Sep 1763 4:106 7 Henry Air & Elizabethsold↙ ℒ 18.03.00 27 Sep 1762 7:49 7 George Light, Jr., farmer ℒ 4.18.04 +36 22 Oct 1764 4:88 8 Andrew Weller Cordwainer ℒ 5.02.00 +38 21 Sep 1763 7:84 9 School Lot - in part on land where present church is 41 Stahl 1:376 10 John Kaler sold to: ↙ 43 4:106 10 Charles Kaler-top Kaler Charles Kaler Hill ℒ 26.13.04 ℒ 6.00.00 22 28 1 Mar 1780 1 Mar 1780 13:209 13:214 11 Bernard Kensell, farmer sold to: ↙ℒ 00.00.00 +50 21 Sep 1763 4:166 11 David Vinal, town pound ℒ 100.00.00 +50 31 Aug 1772 9:89 12 Jacob Hein, farmer, sold to↙ ℒ 7.12.00 57 1 Sep 1763 4:91 12 David Vinal ℒ 100.00.00 57+43 21 Aug 1772 9:93 13 Paul Cone, tanner ℒ 10.13.04 80 21 Sep 1763 4:148 14 John Jacob Weyl, sold to: ↙ ℒ 36.00.00 100 27 Sep 1762 7:185 14 George Light, wheelwright ℒ 9.03.04 68 21 Sep 1763 4:86 15 Jacob Eckhorn, husb. sold to↙ ℒ 10.00.00 75 21 Sep 1763 4:167 15 Cornelius Turner ℒ 162.00.00 6 Dec 1784 18:122 16 Frederick Kinsel, farmer"Kinsell's Hill" ℒ 10.16.08 +81 21 Sep 1763 4:164 17 George Creamer, husb. ℒ 24.06.08 93 21 Sep 1763 4:63 17 Paul Kuhn, tanner ℒ 10.13.04 4:148 Old County Road-All travel East and West via Lights Ferry center pop. 18 Jacob Unbehind, weaver ℒ 12.08.09 93 21 Sep 1763 4:169 19 George Kline, husb. ℒ 2.17.07 21 Sep 1763 7:194 20 Daniel Filhauer, farmer ℒ 13.04.00 99 21 Sep 1763 10:98 21 Michael Reed, farmer ℒ 13.10.00 101 21 Sep 1763 4:170 21 Michael sold to John George Reed 41 7 Aug 1772 9:92 23 Mathias Eichorn,farmer sold ℒ 15.10.00 110 21 Sep 1763 9:159 23 Nathan Sprague deed says Lot # 24 ℒ 116.13.04 110 18 Apr 1774 11:43 24 John Kensell, housewright ℒ 15.16.10 118 21 Sep 1763 4:149 25 Martin Sidelinger, farmer ℒ 25.04.03 89 21 Sep 1763 9:29 26 Jacob Jung ℒ 14.10.08 109 21 Sep 1763 9:29 27 Cornelious Sides, husb. Meeting House Cove ℒ 16.02.08 121 21 Sep 1763 4:251 28 Benjamin Eugley, husb. ℒ 17.01.04 128 21 Sep 1763 4:253 28 Henry Seiders lot out back 29 Church Lot - Meeting House Cove 100 Stahl 1:376 30 Resident Minister farm 110 Stahl 1:376 ? Martin Sidelinger, farmer 2nd Lot (1st by gore) ℒ 25.04.01 100 21 Sep 1763 9:29 31 Cornelius Claus, farmer ℒ 13.06.08 100 21 Sep 1763 9:193 32 John Genthner, housewright ℒ 13.17.04 104 21 Sep 1763 7:138 33 Andrew Waltz, housewright ℒ 14.08.00 Stahl 1:375 34 George Storer, tailor ℒ 12.10.08 94 21 Sep 1763 4:82 34 sold to Christian Storer ℒ 100.00.00 46 21 Jul 1784 17:80 35 Frank Miller, husb. ℒ 11.14.08 88 21 Sep 1763 4:83 36 John Martin Gross, his son John Georg Gross, blksmth ℒ 11.05.04 84½ 21 Sep 1763 5:164 37 John Joseph Weaver, bksmth ℒ 12.04.04 91 21 Sep 1763 5:166 37 John Heidenheim ℒ 20.00.00 91 24 Oct 1765 5:167, 9:255 38 George Mink, husb., sold ↙ ℒ 11.04.00 84 21 Sep 1763 5:167 38 Andrew Waltz, housewright ℒ 16.13.04 35 20 Jun 1770 9:28 39 Frederick Winchenbach, farmer, "upper end of Dutch ℒ 11.01.04 83 21 Sep 1763 4:89 39 Heinrich Koehler, bricklayer ℒ 9.06.08 1763 4:86 40 Peter Miller, retail store ℒ 10.13.04 80 21 Sep 1763 4:84 41 Henry Kohler, bricklayer ℒ 9.06.08 79 21 Sep 1763 4:86 42 Christoph Wolsgrover, farm. ℒ 7.08.00 55½ 1763 5:170 43 44 45 School Lot (Parsonage) "to be so used forever" Stahl 1:376 46 Henry Miller, husb. ℒ 4.06.00 32 21 Sep 1763 4:85 47 Henry Stahl, weaver (This deed says "Lot 45" ℒ 4.05.04 32 21 Sep 1763 5:161 48 Jacob Ludwig, farmer ℒ 4.00.00 30 21 Sep 1763 5:160 49 Matthias Hoffses, weaver ℒ 3.06.08 25 21 Sep 1763 5:165 50 John Godfrey Overlock,farm ℒ 2.18.08 22 21 Sep 1763 5:169 51 52 John Walck, potter ` 21 Sep 1763 5:162 53 Michael Heisler, husb. ℒ 4.13.04 35 21 Sep 1763 5:163 54 Anthony Burckhardt 17½ 46:163 55 Henry Burkett, 1/2 of #55 +30 12:131 55 Christian Hilt sold 1/2 ↙ +30 12:131 56 & 56 to George Heabner, carpenter ℒ 31.04.08 35 13 Jun 1760 12:131 57 Charles Hebner ℒ 23.14.08 178 21 Sep 1763 5:162 "The very tip end of Dutch Neck George Smouse lived on the road to Winslow's Mills. (Stahl 1:287) Possible: Jacob Stein (Stain), Wilhelm Brick, Wilhelm Kind, Jacob Haus. (Stahl 1:376) Other names: Jacob Dies, Paulus Dochtermann, Philip Rinner, Conrad Treupel and John Schurtz. (Stahl 1:382) Possibly did not repurchase their lands from Drowne, et al.: Conrad Seiders, David Holtzapple, William Wagner, John Werner, Christian Hilt on # 56, Henry Burkett on #54, Henry Seiders, "lower end of Dutch Neck". Stahl (385) BIBLIOGRAPHY The following bibliography is not comprehensive of all the many sources that were searched. There are also records that may have been searched by other researchers who sent their information to us and whose sources are not all cited below. This is our attempt to present the main resources that were used in this compilation and does include all the major and most important sources cited and used throughout this work. GENEALOGIES: These books represent only a few of the hundreds of genealogies studied and researched for the various Broad Bay German names. Most of the books studied were of families with the same names but came instead to New York, New Jersey or Pennslvania, with a few to Virginia, etc. North Carolina and South Carolina genealogies were checked with almost no success. Benner, Mark A. The Descendants of John Henry Benner. P.O. Box 23. North Edgecomb, Maine. 04556. n.d. [1991] With Surname Index prepared by Virginia T. Merrill. n.d. no place listed. 19 pp. Bickford, Robert G. The Bickford Heritage: the line of Edward Van Bickford and family. Glassboro, NJ. 16 leaves. 1985. From Devonshire, England to Portsmouth Maine, moved to Oyster River, Maine. Billeter, Julius. Genealogy of the Zuberbühler family of Herisau, urnasch, Schwellbrunn, Waldstatt, Hundwil, Stein, Gais, Trogen, Speicher, Teufen, and Buhler, Kt. Appenzell, Switzerland, 1538-1931. FHL #128036. Connally, Eualie. The John Huffhines family : and the Campbell family history, etc. n.p. 1976. John Hoffhines (1800-1875) md Anna Maria Williard, the dau of George Williard and Eva Lauer of Winston-Salem. Creamer, Charles Edson. Creamer Family Tree. Chamberlain, SD, 1988. Dow, Dr. George F. "The Waltz Genealogy." From two papers, one on Jacob Waltz and one on Samuel Waltz. [sent by Janet Seitz] Dr. Dow has maintained several unpublished genealogies of Broad Bay and Nobleboro pioneer families at the Nobleboro Historical Society. These include, beside others: “The Seth Hall Genealogy of Nobleboro” “The James Hall Genealogy of Nobleboro” “The Levensaler Family” “The Waltz Genealogy of Broad Bay, one on Jacob, one on Samuel” “The Winchenbach Family of Broad Bay” Eilar, John S. D.D.S. A Genealogical History of the Eiler, Eilar, Eyler, Iler, Oyler and Associated Families. Albuquerque, New Mexico. Eugley, Jenness P. & Mary Louise Hahn Eugley. The Eugley Genealogy. Descendants of Bernhardt Uckele of Langensteinbach, Bavaria, Germany and Waldoboro, Maine. 1752 - 1992. Penobscot Press. Camden, Maine. 1992. A beautiful little blue book to add to the growing number of Broad Bay genealogies. # 13 of 250 copies. Fillmore, R. B. Chronicles of Lincoln County, Maine. Kennebec, Maine. 1924. Harryman, Ethel I. The Romingers Roam, Vol. II. 1500 - 1989. Data Design, Douds: Iowa, 1990. Haupt, William Henry. The Haupt family in America : being descendants of . . . typescript, mostly of Pennsylvania family, but some Haupts came to Maine. May 1925. Haven, Doris and Kathy Johnson. Germany To America - The Hines Family Tree. Littleton, CO. 1982. Hoffses, Keith E. The Hoffses Genealogy. Matthäus Hofsäß (1724-c1810) of Göbrichen, Baden, Germany and Waldoboro, Maine. Penobscot Press: Waldoboro, May 1994. #35 of 250 copies. Another fine work on these Broad Bay German families. Keith, Bertha Taft. Daniel Rokes, of Waren, [sic] Maine, Christopher Newbert, of Waldoboro, Maine and some of their descendants : with notes on related Benner, Butler, and Martin families. 19--? typescript. 29 leaves. Compiled from old records, family correspondence and original research, largely unpublished. Keyser, Leon. The Keyser families of Maine : vital records. 2nd ed. Portland, ME. 1984. Kirk, Marshall. A ‘Hessian-Americanì Family (partially) Reconstructed. 1924. An unpublished work. Lash, David C. A Transcript of Notes to 1958 Relating to the American Ancestry of David Chapman Lash and his Wife Emma Shrives Lash. 1960. Levensaler, Walter L. The Levensaler Family History, Revision Number One, 20 Aug 1990. (Supersedes "From Lowen Zollner to Levensaler", written in 1987. Privately printed. 29 pp. Ludwig, Moses R. Ludwig Genealogy. Sketch of Joseph Ludwig, who was born in Germany in 1699, and his wife and family, who settled at “Broad bay”, Waldoboro, Maine, 1753. Kennebec Journal: Augusta, Maine, 1866. Includes index. One of the earliest Broad Bay genealogies. Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. Vol. VIII. January 1895. No. 1. p. 238. "The Waldoboro Millers, Descendants of one of General Waldo's German Emigrants." Miller, Frank Burton. The Miller Family. descendants of Frank Miller, who settled in Waldoborough, Mass, now Maine, in 1753. Courier-Gazette Press: Rockland, Maine. 1934. Includes index. ------The Miller Family :an address delivered before the Miller family re-union association at North Waldoboro, Maine, 7 Sep 1904. Rockland, Maine. Casion Press. 1909. 47 p. Munro, Ronald Geyer. Munro Family: Descendants of Alexander Bisset Munro of Bristol, Maine. Camden, Maine. Penobscot Press, c 1989. He md Jane Dockendorff. Achorns here. Palmer, Clarence F. “Descendants of Jacob Winchenpaw of Waldoboro, Maine”. 1933. Assisted by Mamie (Winchenbaugh) Benner. Robinson Genealogical Society Robinson Genealogy, Descendants of Gain Robinson and Moses Robinson. Volume Two. 1933. Dr. Moses Robinson Genealogy begins on page 121. Rost, Wilhelm Bernhard. Die Rost-Sippen in Deutschland. Wilhelm Rost Verlag, Bad Münder am Deister, 1976. Schildknecht, C.E. "Willards: France to Frederick I" The Frederick Post, Aug. 21, 1991, p.C-12. Frederick,MD Shoemaker, Benjamin H. Shoemaker Pioneers. 1975. Sides, Roxie. Early American families : Sides, Spach, Nading, Rominger, Longworth, Foltz, Rothrock, Shoaf, Vogler. Winston-Salem, NC : Moravian Archives. c1963. Lorenz Sides (Seitz) was born in Eidesheim, Wurtemberg, Germany, about 1710. He with his family came to Maine in 1742. He died at Broad bay (Now Waldoboro) in 1757. 140 p. Sutton, A. E. The Lawry Family of Friendship, Maine. 1754-1982. Camden, Maine. 1992. Penobscot Press. An English family history, consulted because of the German Lauer/Lawry family. (not related) Vannah, Hudson. Five Generations on a Maine Farm. (at Waldoboro Historical Society) Vogler, Charles M. Descendants of Philipp Christoph Vogler. Book I & Book II. Burlington, NC. 1994. Penobscot Press. Camden, Maine. #400 of 456 copies. For the purpose of documenting the Vogler [Fogler] heritage for its descendants. Copy donated by Fran and Dick Myers. Another of the growing number of Broad Bay genealogies. Very well done. “Winchenbach Genealogy: Descendants of Friedrich Winchenbach, Descendants of Jacob Winchenpaw of Waldoboro, Maine, son of Friedrich Winchenbach” [Typescript sent by Connie Hutchinson] "Youngs brought their house along." The Saint Croix Courier, May 21, 1978, p.12 MAINE Aiken, Ruth J. Records of the Lower St. Georges and Cushing, Maine, 1605-1897. Driftwood Farm: Cushing, Maine, 1987. -------. editor. No Boughs on My Bonnet. “The Journal of the Times of Barbara Copeland Wentworth of Cushing, Maine, 1811 - 1890. The Maine Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, ME. 1983. Allen, Charles E. "Leaves from the Early History of Dresden." In: Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society. Second Series, Volume 1. Portland. Published by the Society. 1890. p. 313 ff. --------."Some Huguenot and Other Early Settlers on the Kennebec in the present town of Dresden."In:Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society. Second Series, Volume III. Portland. Published by the Society. 1892. p. 351 ff. American Historical Society, The. MAINE, A History. Centennial Edition. Biographical. New York. 1919. Baxter, James Phinney, A.M., Litt. D. Documentary History of the State of Maine. Various Volumes containing the Baxter Manuscripts. Portland, Maine. Lefavor-Tower Company. 1908. -----. Ibid. Vol. IX, p.1. “Colonel Dunbar to Mr. Secretary Popple, Boston, New England, 29 Dec 1729.” -----. Ibid. “Colonel Dunbar to Mr. Secretary Popple, Boston, N.E., 25 May 1730.” Vol. IX, page 25. -----. Ibid. “Petition of the Setlers and Inhabitants of the Uper part of St. Georges River to Honble Spencer Phips Esqr. Lieut Governer etc.” -----. Ibid. “Humble Petition ... of the Griefances, of the most part of the Settlers at Broad Bay.” This is a printed version of the 1857 Petition, written by C. C. Leissner, the other German names not readable by Baxter. Vol. XIII:102-103. -----. Ibid. “Letter (of Capt. Goldthwaite) to English Hunters.” Fort Pownall 24 Mar 1764. Vol. XIII:337-338. -----. Ibid. “Letter, Hans Robinson to Capt. Goldthwait. n.d. written on a piece of Birch Bark mark'd with a pin.” -----. Ibid. “Letter, Thos Goldthwait to Mr. Robinson & others. Fort Pownall 28 Mar 1764.” page 340. -----. Ibid. “Petition of Inhabts of Broad Bay. 1767. Asks for courts to be moved to the eastern side of Pownalborough for convenience of petitioners.” Vol. XIV, p. 14-15. -----. Ibid. “Act of Incorporation. 1773. An Act for Incorporating a Plantation called Broad Bay into a Town by the Name of _____________________.” Vol. XIV, page 200-202. Beckett, Bradley A. Of A Place Called St. Georges. Illustrated by Ann A. Guild. Printed to celebrate the bicentennial of the Town of Cushing, Maine. Courier-Gazette, Inc: Rockland, Maine, 1989. ---------. Settlers and Soldiers of Cushing, Maine, Before 1760 and Their Descendants Today. Courier-Gazette, Inc: Rockland, Maine, 1986. --------. "An Interior photo of the Old German Waldoboro Church (1772)", which he sent for Luthera (Burton) Dawson, a Hilt descendant. Also "Photos of Hyler headstones from the Jameson-Hyler Cemetery in Cushing." --------. A History of Thomaston, Maine for Young Readers. Lakeside Printing, Rockland, Maine. 1994. Belfast, Maine Vital Records, to the Year 1892. Births, Marriages, Deaths. Maine Historical Society, 1917. Burkett, Brigitte. “Cemetery Records of Waldoboro and Vicinity”. Computer print-out of various cemeteries in and around Waldoboro. 1991-1992. Castner, Harlow W. Story of Ancient Pemaquid. n.d. (at Waldoboro Historical Society) ------- Story of Great Salt Bay and Dauglis Pond. 1968. (at Waldoboro Historical Society) Chronicles of Cushing and Friendship, Containing Historical, Statistical, and Miscellaneous Information of the two towns. Published by the Maine Home Journal, Rockland, ME. 1892. illustrated. Cook, Melville Bradford Cook. Records of Meduncook Plantation and Friendship, Maine, 1762-1899. Published by Shore Village Historical Society. Rockland, Maine, 1985. Cortland, J. H. Ten Years at Pemaquid. Pemaquid. 1899. (at Waldoboro Historical Society) Cushing and Friendship. Chronicles of Cushing and Friendship, containing Historical, Statistical, and Miscellaneous Information of the Two Towns. Illustrated. The Maine Home Journal: Rockland, ME, 1892. Damron, Paul Edwards. The Narrative of the Saints in Maine from 1831 to the 1990's. n.d. abt 1990? Deposited with the LDS Church Historical Department. Dawson, Lutherea Burton. Saltwater Farm. Westford, MA. Impatiens Press. 1993. German Hilts. Dodge, Christine Huston. Vital Records of Old Bristol and Nobleboro in the county of Lincoln, Maine, including the present towns of Bremen, Damariscotta, South Bristol and the Plantation of Monhegan to the year 1892. Vol. 1 - Births and Deaths. Vol. II - Marriages. Published under the authority of the Maine Historical Society. Record Press. Brunswick, Maine. 1988. Dormer, Mary H. Downeast Ancestry. Volume 15, No. 1-5. Dunbar, Robert E. & George F. Dow. Nobleboro, Maine -- A History. Published by the Nobleboro Historical Society. Nobleboro, Maine. Lincoln County Publishing Co. Damariscotta/Newcastle, Maine. 1988. Eaton, Cyrus, A.M. Annals of the Town of Warren, in Knox County, Maine, with the Early History of St. George's, Broad Bay, and the Neighboring Settlements on the Waldo Patent. Second Edition. Masters & Livermore, Hallowell. 1877. With an Index prepared by the Warren Historical Society. 1976? -----. History of Thomaston, Rockland, and South Thomaston, Maine, From Their First Exploration, A.D. 1605; With Family Genealogies. In Two Volumes. Hallowell: Masters, Smith & Co., Printers. 1865. [Vol. 1 only] Gardiner, Robert H., Esq. "History of the Kennebec Purchase, or the Proceedings Under the Grant to the Colony of Plymouth, of Lands on the Kennebec.” In: Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. II. Portland. 1847. Gould, John. Maine Lingo, Boiled Owls, Billdads & Wazzats. Written in collaboration with Lillian Ross and the editors of Down East Magazine. Down East Books: Camden, Maine, 1975. Gray, Ruth. Maine Families in 1790. Maine Genealogical Society, Special Publication No. 2. Picton Press. Camden, Maine. 1988. Two Volumes. Grindell, David C. "Broad Bay German Names in Boston Marriages. In: Downeast Ancestry. Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 79 ff. Various volumes. A continuing series. -----. Ibid. "Waldoboro German Names in the War of 1812." Gross, Esther S. "A Benner Family of Waldoboro, Maine." Downeast Ancestry. Vol. 9, No. 2, p. 74-75. -----. "New Data on Origin of Waldoboro's Vogler Family." Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 9. -----. “Waldoboro Vital Records. Marriages 1773 to March, 1835.” Copied from the originals by Mrs. Warren Colwell. Hancock Gazette and Penobscott Patriot. 11 Jan 1826. “General George Ulmer. Contributed by Joseph Williamson, Esq. Hardy, Anna Simpson. History of Hope, Maine. Penobscot Press: Camden, Maine, 1990. Hurst, Charles W. "German Settlers at Broad Bay 1757". In: The American Genealogist. Whole No. 174. April 1968. Volume 44. No. 2. -----. "French and German Immigrants into Boston 1751." In: The American Genealogist. Whole No. 169. January 1967. Volume 43, No. 1. Jackson, Malcolm, and Joan Cline. Achorn Cemetery Records, Rockland, Maine. 1986. 499 p. -----. “Rockland Cemeteries. Finnish Cemetery, Forrest Hill Cemetery, Lovett Cemetery, Spruce Head Cemetery, Ocean View Cemetery, South Thomaston Village Cemetery, Thorndike Cemetery, Westbrook Cemetery.” With Indexes. -----. “Thomaston Village Cemetery.” 1992. -----. “St. James [Catholic] Cemetery, Thomaston, Maine.” 1993. With index. -----. “Tolman Cemetery Records, Rockland, Maine.” 1993. With index. -----. “Ulmer Cemetery Records, Rockland, Maine.” 1993. With index. Johnson. History of Bristol, Bremen, and Pemaquid. New York. 1873. (at Waldoboro Historical Society) Jordan (1895) . . . . Knox County, Maine. Land Records. Deeds. Probate. Vital Records. Knox County was formed in 1860 from Lincoln County and Waldo County, Maine. Rockland is the county seat. Lehmann, Helmut T. Rev. “Moravian Missionaries in Colonial New England”. Reprinted from Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society, 1988. A paper read at the 124 Annual Vesper of The Moravian Historical Society (8 Oct 1981). Lincoln County, Maine [Massachusetts]. Land Records. Deeds. Probate. Vital Records. County Seat is Wiscasset, Maine. Lincoln County was formed in 1760 from York County, Maine [Massachusetts]. Little, George Thomas, A.M., Litt. D. Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine. Four Volumes. Illustrated. Lewis Historical Publishing Company: New York, 1909. Locke, John L. Sketches of the History of the Town of Camden, Maine, including incidental References to the Neighboring Places and Adjacent Waters. Masters, Smith & Company: Hallowell, 1859. Mank, Edith Webster. “Source Material Relating to Waldoboro, Maine” from the Knox Papers. typescript. McGlenen, Edward M. Boston Marriages from 1700 to 1809. Vol. 2. McLellan, H. D. History of Gorham, Maine. Portland. 1903. Miller, Frank Burton. Soldiers and Sailors of the Plantation of Lower St. Georges, Maine, who served in the War for American Independence. Rockland, Maine. 1931. Reprinted by Cushing Historical Society, 1974. Miller, Samuel L. History of the Town of Waldoboro, Maine. Illustrated. Emerson, Printer: Wiscasset, [Maine]. 1910. Reprinted by Lincoln County Publishing Co., Newcastle/Damariscotta, Maine. 1987. The Waldoboro Historical Society. Morse, Theada Mears & Mr. & Mrs. Charles White. A Genealogical History of the families of Morrill, Maine. Published by the Morrill Historical Society, Inc. Altadena, CA. c1963. (Jacob Eichorn family) Overlock, Leland. Windships of Warren, Maine, 1770- 1867. Cay-Bel Publishing Co: Brewer, Maine, 1988. Packard. A Town that Went to Sea. Parker, A. D. History of Pemaquid. Boston. 1925. Patterson, William D. The Probate Records of Lincoln County, Maine. 1760 to 1800. Maine Genealogical Society. Special Publication No. 6. Picton Press: Camden, Maine, 1991. -----. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. 1912. Volume LXVI. Boston, 1912. “Records of the Dresden, ME., Congregationalist Church.” -----. The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. ? “Intentions of Marriages copied from the records of Pownalborough, 1760 - 1778.” p. 26ff. Payne. (1972) Pillsbury, Elder Phinehas. “Extracts from the Journal of Elder Phinehas Pillsbury of Nobleboro, Me.” In: The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Vol. LXIII. January, 1909. Whole Number 249. Boston, 1909. Pitcher, Fred A. Sketch of Waldoboro. Waldoboro Club of Boston. n. d. (at Waldoboro Hist. Society) Pohlman (1869) . . . . Prince, Hezekiah. Remarks of My Life Pr Me Hezekiah Prince, 1786-1792. Thomaston Historical Society: Thomaston, Maine, 1979. Prince, Hezekiah Jr. Journals of Hezekiah Prince, Jr, 1822-1828. Introduction by Walter Muir Whitehill. Boston Athenaeum. Printed for the Maine Historical Society. Crown Publishers, Inc: New York, 1965. Rawstron, Margaret. “The Old German Meeting House, Waldoboro, Maine.” Victoria Print Shop, Damariscotta. 1990. n.p. Robinson, Reuel. History of Camden and Rockport, Maine. Camden Publishing Co. Camden, ME 1907 Rockland, Maine Vital Records prior to 1892. Transcribed by C.S. Candage & Ruth L. P. Candage. Picton Press. Camden, Maine, 1989. Schoff, Wilfred H. "The German Immigration into Colonial New England" Schulz, Mrs. Ruth E. “The Moravians of Broad Bay, Maine.” In: The American Genealogist. Whole Number 189. January 1972. Vol. 48, No. 1. p. 241 ff. Sewall. Ancient Dominions of Maine. Sibley, John Langdon. History of the Town of Union. Boston. Benjamin B. Mussey & Co. 1851. Smalley, Albert J. History of St. George, Maine. 1976. Reprinted in 1981 by Jackson Memorial Library League. “To the critic: I know I should-a” Stahl, Jasper Jacob. History of Old Broad Bay and Waldoboro. 2 Vols. The Bond Wheelwright Company. Portland, Maine, 1956. [An Index for Stahl's History - Mrs. John B. Nicholson, 1985. Vol. 1& 2.] With an Index compiled by Mrs. John B. Nicholson, printed by Waldoboro Public Library, 1985. Starman, Rev. Mr. John W. “Some Account of the German Settlement in Waldobororough. and a Biographical Sketch of Mr. Starman. By Hon. Nath'l Groton.” In: Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. V. Portland. Published for the Society. 1857. Article VIII. pp 403ff. Sullivan, Steven Edward, editor. Vital Records from the Thomaston Recorder of Thomaston, Maine 1837 - 1846. Maine Genealogical Society Special Publication No. 23. Picton Press. Camden, Maine. 1995. Taylor, Alan. Liberty Men and Great Proprietors. The Revolutionary Settlement on the Maine Frontier, 1760 - 1820. Published for the institute of Early American History and Culture. Williamsburg, Virginia. by The University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill and London. 1990. A good section of the Ducktrap Ulmers and their alienation from their neighbors by championing Knoxìs rights. Thomaston Historical Society. Tall Ships, White Houses, and Elms. Thomaston, Maine 1870-1900. Published by the Thomaston Historical Society. Printed by Courier-Gazette, Inc: Rockland, Maine. 1976. Thompson,Garrett W. of University of Maine, The Germans in Maine. “The Religious Development of the Broad Bay Settlement”. In The Pennsylvania German. Vol. 1. January - December 1912. & 1917. Holzapfel Publishing Co. Cleona, PA. H. W. Kriebel, Lititz, PA. -----. "The Religious Development of the Broad Bay Settlement, 1911 & 1912. Waldoboro's History. A Brief History of a Beautiful Downeast Town on Maine's Mid-Coast. Published by the Waldoboro Historical Society, Waldoboro, Maine 04572. A Selected Bibliography. Waldoboro Sketches. Senior Class of 1934. Waldoboro Tax Books. various years. (at Waldoboro Historical Society) Waldoborough 200 Anniversary 1773 - 1993 A Pictorial History. Walters, S. The Gallant Sixty-Third In Memoriam to Captain John McClellan. Company E. Sixty-Third Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1864. March 1993. Warren Historical Society. “Warren Cemeteries, 1735-1985.” Inscriptions, Locations, Indexes of the Stones in Warren's 21 Cemeteries. n. d. Washington County, Maine [Massachusetts]. Land Records. Deeds. Probate. Vital Records. Washington County was formed in 1789 from Lincoln County. Copied 1942 by Ella M. Hewins & Georgiana Lilly. Watts, Jackie & Isabel Maresh, Editors. Lincolnville, Maine. Births - Deaths - Marriages. J & I History Press: Lincolnville Center, Maine, 1985. Wentworth, Barbara Copeland. No Boughs On My Bonnet. The Journal of the Times of Barbara Copeland Wentworth of Cushing, Maine, 1811-1890. Edited by Ruth M. J. Aiken. The Maine Historic Preservation Commission: Augusta, Maine, 1983. Whitaker, W. W. "Will". “Family History Library Catalog - 15 July 1991 - A list of Broad Bay German Names in the Salt Lake Family History Library.” A bibliography. -----. Old Broad Bay - Bund und Blatt. A newsletter dedicated to the first (1742-1753) German settlers at Broad Bay (Waldoboro), Maine. Vol. 1, No. 1 January 1992 through Vol. 2, No. 4, Aug 1993. -----. "German Immigration of 1742". -----.“Lost at Sea.” [A computer printout of sailors lost at sea, mostly from Eaton's works, but other area sources also.] -----. “Maine Call Numbers from LDS FHL Catalog of 2 Feb 1989.” [Bibliography of sources in the Broad Bay area, including probate and deed records.] -----. “Marriages - Knox County, Maine Area.” [Compiled from many sources, including Cushing, Boston, Rockport, Friendship, Hope, Probate records of Lincoln County, Waldoboro, etc.] -----. “Death Records - Knox County, Maine Area.” [Compiled from many sources, including Cushing, Rockport, Hope, Friendship, Probate, Nobleboro, Lincolnville, Waldoboro, etc.] Williamson. History of Maine. Williamson, Joseph. "General Samuel Waldo." In: Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. 9. Portland. Published for the Society. 1887. [Read at Portland, 30 Mar 1876.] York County, Maine [Massachusetts]. Land Records. Deeds. Probate. Wills. Vital Records. before 1760. York County was formed in 1638, an original shire. Reorganized in 1658. MARYLAND Russell, George Ely. Moravian Families of Carroll's Manor, Frederick County, Maryland. Catoctin Press: Middletown, Maryland, 1989. Whitaker, W. W. "Will". "Adam Hyler of Maryland, etc." [Compilation of German and American sources for the "Pirate" Adam Hyler.] Young, Henry James. [Translator & Editor - 1942]. Moravian Families of Graceham, Maryland.1759-1871. Family Line Publications: Silver Springs, Maryland, 1988. MASSACHUSETTS Bates, Samuel A. Records of the Town of Braintree 1640 - 1793. 4 Vols. Randolph, MA, 1886 Burkett, Brigitte. Genealogical Data Extracted from the Boston Selectmen's Minutes, 1736 - 1775. Heritage Books, Inc. Holly, Hobart, Historian, Christ Church, Quincy, MA “Some Germans of Germantown in Massachusetts.” The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Volume CXXXVIII : July 1984. Kennedy, Roger G. The Smithsonian Guide to Historic America. Southern New England. Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island. Stewart, Tabori & Chang: New York, 1989. Oliver, Andrew & James Bishop Peabody, Editors. "The Records of Trinity Church, Boston, 1728-1830.” In Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts. Volume LVI. Collections. Published by the Society: Boston, 1982. Pattee, William Samuel, M.D. A History of Old Braintree and Quincy, with a Sketch of Randolph and Holbrook.. Quincy, MA Green & Prescott. 1878. Rice, Franklin P. Vital Records of Ashburnham, Massachusetts, To the end of the year 1849. Worcester, Massachusetts, 1909. Stearns, Ezra S. History of Ashburnham, Massachusetts from the Grant of Dorchester Canada to the Present time, 1734-1886, with a Genealogical Register of Ashburnham Families. Ashburnham, Published by the town.1887. Suffolk County Deeds. Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Worcester, MA. various volumes & pages. Vital Records of Danvers, Massachusetts through the year 1849. Essex Institute: Salem, 1910. Vol 1 - Births. Vol 2 - Marriages and Deaths. Vital Records of Dedham, Massachusetts. Vital Records of Marblehead, Massachusetts through the year 1849. Essex Institute, Salem, 1903. Vol 1 - Births. Vol 2 - Marriages and Deaths. Vital Records of Roxbury, MA to the End of the Year 1849. Essex Institute, Salem, MA 1925. Vital Records of Salem, Massachusetts through the year 1849. Essex Institute: Salem, MA. Volume 1 & 2 Births, Vol. 3 & 4 Marriages, Vol. 5 & 6 Deaths. NEW YORK (Money) Brock, Leslie V. The Currency of the American Colonies 1700-1764. A Study in Colonial Finance and Imperial Relations. Arno Press. New York. 1975. pp 4-9. (Money) Marshall, Donald W. Bedford, Westchester, New York. Bedford Hills, NY Published by the Town of Bedford. 1980. A good, short section of money values in 1815. $1.00 = 8 shillings or $2.50 to the ₤, (pound), 12 1/2 cents to the shilling (cf. “two bits” = 25 cents or one cent to the penny, or near enough. (Money) Shaw, W. A. M.A. The History of Currency 1252-1894. Being an Account of the Gold and Silver Moneys and Monetary Standards of Europe and America, etc. New York. G. P. Putnamìs Sons. 1896. Reprinted 1967 by Augustus M. Kelley Publishers from Second Edition of 1896. NORTH CAROLINA Burkett, Brigitte. "Birth, Marriage and Death Records of Forsyth, Stokes, Davidson and Surry Counties, North Carolina." Fries, Adelaide Lisetta. Graveyard Register of Friedland Moravian Church, Forsyth County, N. C. 2 Dec. 1941. Hymnal and Liturgies of the Moravian Church. Pub. by Auth. of Provincial Synods of the Moravian Church in America. Elk Grove, IL. 1969. “Memoirs” from the Salem Diary. Moravian Archives. The Moravian Archives, 4 East Bank Street, Winston-Salem NC 27101. They have birth and death records, marriage records and a chronological history of the Moravians and an especially rich treasure-trove in the “Memoirs” of individual members, which are reproduced in this volume, with their kind permission. “Moravian Contribution to American Music” Moravian Music Foundation Publications, No. 1. by Donald M. McCorkle, The Moravian Music Foundation, Inc. Winston-Salem. 1956. Rowan County Vital Records. Whitaker, W. W. "Will". "Moravians in Broad Bay, Maine, and Migration to North Carolina, 1769 onward." PENNSYLVANIA Martin, John Hill. Historical Sketch of Bethlehem in Pennsylvania, with some Account of the Moravian Church. John L. Pile: Bethlehem, 1872. ?? Pennsylvania: The German Influence in its Settlement and Development: Soelle, Rev. Yoder, Don, Editor. Pennsylvania German Immigrants 1709-1786. Lists Consolidated from Yearbooks of The Pennsylvania German Folklore Society. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc: Baltimore, 1984. SOUTH CAROLINA Bernheim, G. D. History of the German Settlements and of the Lutheran Church in North and South Carolina. Reprint. Baltimore. Regional Publishing Company. 1975. South Carolina Land Grants. Vol. 5, p. 233. Dutch Fork catalog of land records, : J. C. XVII (1):205. UNITED STATES U. S. - National Archives. Revolutionary War Pension Applications. U. S. - Federal Censuses: 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860 for selected areas around Broad Bay. ENGLAND Howse, Derek. Greenwich Time and the Discovery of the Longitude. Isle of Wight. “Cowes Town Trail.” n.d. [Interesting pictures and tour of Cowes, England, where the immigrant ships stopped before coming to America.] Seymour, John. The Companion Guide to the Coast of South East England. London. Collins. 1975. There is no harbor at Deal, but the Downs off Deal served as an anchorage for sailing ships waiting for a favorable, easterly wind to carry them westward through the English Channel. Thornton, John. The English Pilot. The Fourth Book. London. 1689. With an introduction by Prof. Coolie Werner. Published by Theatrvm Orbis Terrarvm, Limited. Amsterdam MCMLXVII. (1967). GERMANY Adams, Herbert B., Ph.D. "The Germanic Origin of New England Towns”. In: Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science. Published by the Johns Hopkins University. Baltimore. 1882. 1881. Ammon, Lothar. Heimatbuch der Gemeinde Hörbach [Town history of the parish of Hörbach]. Brühlsche Universitätsdruckerei: Giesßen, 1984. Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Namenlexikon, Familien- und Vornamen nach Ursprung und Sinn erklärt. Keysersche Verlagsbuchhandlung: München, 1967. Bickel, Otto. Dürrenbüchig, Vom Voteihof zum Brettener Stadtteil [From bailiff estate to a part of Brettener City]. Buchdruckerei Helmut Esser: Bretten, 1978. Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Etymological Dictionary of German Surnames. C.A. Starke Verlag: Limburg a.d. Lahn, 1957. ---------. Deutsche Sippennamen. Verlag für Sippenforschung und Wappenkunde C.A. Starke, Görlitz, 1936. Burbach, Brigitte. Das Kirchspeil Hamm [The Church Parish of Hamm]. Evangelischen Kirchengemeinde: Hamm/Sieg, 1981. ---------- Hamm an der Sieg: Dorf - Kirchspiel - Gemeinde [Hamm on the Sieg (River): Village - Church Parish - Community]. Hamm, 1986. Burgert, Annette Kunselman. Eighteenth Century Emigrants from the Northern Alsace to America. Picton Press: Camden, ME, 1992. Burgert, Annette Kunselman and Henry Z. Jones, Jr. Westerwald to America Some 18th Century German Immigrants. Picton Press: Camden, ME 1989. Burkett, Brigitte. Richmond, VA 23229. "Photos and account of her German trip". ---------, Emigrants from Baden and Württemberg in the Eighteenth Century. Vol. 1. Baden-Durlach and vicinity. Picton Press: Camden, Maine, Oct. 1996. Another excellent book from Picton Press. Castel Princely Archive, Rathausplatz 1, 97335 Castell. Kanzleiarkiv D II 1, No. 39, p. 140. Dettelbacher, Werner. Franken: Kunst, Geschichte und Landschaft [Franconia: Art, History, and Landscape]. DuMont Buchverlag: Köln, 1974. Diefenbacher, Karl, Hans Ulrich Pfister, & Kurt H. Hotz. Schweizer Einwanderer in den Kraichgau nach dem Dreißigjährigen Krieg. [Swiss emigrants in the Kraichgau following the 30 Years War.] 1983. Egert, Gerhard. 1100 Jahre Ortsgemeinde, 650 Jahre Kirchengemeinde, Eichfeld [1100 Years as a Town Parish, 650 Years as a Church Parish, Eichfeld]. HartDruck GmbH: Volkach, 1989. Ehmann, Karl. "Die Auswanderung in die Neuengland-Staaten aus Orten des Enzkreises im 18. Jahrhundert." [The emigration to the New England States from places in the Enz District in the 17th Century] Suedwestdeutsche Blaetter fuer Familien=und Wappenkunde. Verein für Familien- und Wappenkunde in Württemberg und Baden. e. B. Stuttgart: Summer 1977. Familienbuch Mönchsondheim 1606-1960 [Family book of Mönchsondheim 1606-1960]. Faust, Albert Bernhardt. The German Element in the United States. Houghton Mifflin Co.: Boston, 1909. Fäy, Bernard. The Franco-American Review [Revue franco-am'ericaine]. New Haven, Conn: Published for the Friends of the Franco-American... Vol. 1, no. 3 pp.276-283. Friederichs, Dr. Heinz F. "Die Hofsäss in Göbrichen” [The farmers in Göbrichen]. In: Badiesche Familienkunde. 1965, No. 3/4, yr 8, p.109-130. Fischer, Joachim. "Territorialentwicklung Badens bis 1796, Die Markgrafschaften Baden-Baden und Baden-Durlach bis zu ihrer Vereinigung 1771" [Baden's Territorial Developement until 1796, The Baden-Baden and Baden-Durlach Margravites up to their union in 1771.] Historischer Atlas von Baden-Wurttemberg. Description of Maps VI,1 and VI,1a. Gardiner, Robert, Editor, et al. The Heyday of Sail, The Merchant Sailing Ship 1650-1830. From Conwayìs History of the Ship. Naval Institute Press. Annapolis, MD. 1995. Models of Rhine river ships and boats are included in this excellent publication. Ships of the Rhine, 1650-1925. Gentry, Edda. Dictionary of German Names. [Translation of Hans Bahlow’s book listed above.] University of Wisconsin-Madison: Madison, WI, 1993. Gerber, Adolf. "Emigrants from Wuerttemberg." In: The Pennsylvania German Folklore Society. Vol. 10. Edited by Donald Herbert Yoder. Union Theological Seminary. Gesangbuch Der Evangelisch-Reformierten Kirchen der Deutschsprachigen Schweiz. Druck: Druckerei Winterthur AG, Winterthur. 1980. (Song Book of Reformed Evangelist Church) [Fran Meyers] Gorzny, Willi. Deutscher Biographischer Index. K.G. Saur: München, 1986. Gottschald, Max. Deutsche Namenkunde, Unsere Familiennamen nach ihrer Entstehung und Bedeutung [German Name-Science, Our surnames from their beginnings and meanings]. J.F. Lehmann’s Verlag: München, 1932. Grosch, Helmut, Paul-Joseph Königstein, et.al. Nenderoth, 993-1993, Chronik eines Dorfes [Nenderoth, 993-1993, Chronicle of a village]. Akzidenz-Druckerei Becker: Merenberg, 1993. Güntsch, Georg. Castell-Grafschaft und Dekanat [Castell County and Deanery]. Ev.-Luth. Mission: Erlangen, 1991. Häberlein, Mark. Vom Oberrhein zum Susquehanna. W. Kohlhammer Verlag: Stuttgart, 1993. Hacker, Werner. Auswanderungen aus Baden und dem Breisgau. [Emigration from Baden and the Breisgau.] Konrad Theiss Publishers: Stuttgart and Aalen, 1980. Hacker, Werner. Südwestdeutsche Auswanderer nach Ungarn als Durchwanderer in den Kirchenbüchern von Ulm und Günzburg im 18. Jahrhundert [Southwest Emigration to Hungary as travelers in the churchbooks of Ulm and Günzberg in the 18th century]. 1969. Hahnen, Ernst. Ortssippenbuch Göbrichen Enzkreis (Baden), Ortsteil der Gemeinde 17531 Neulingen 1561-1945. Evangelishen Kirchengemeinde: Göbrichen, 1985. Heinbach, Gottfried. “Der Kirnbachtäler” - Bestandsaufnahme Niefern- Öschelbronn [”The Kirnbach valleys” - stock taking of Niefern-Öschelbronn]. Greiser Druck: Rastatt, 1993. Heinz, Joachim. Bleibe im Lande, und nähre dich redlich! [Remain in the Land and Earn a Living Honestly]. Institut für pfälzische Geschichte und Volkskunde: Kaiserslautern, 1989. Herz, Dr. Richard. Chronik der Evang. Luth. Kirchengemeinde Kitzingen [Chronicle of the Evangelical Lutheran Church Parish of Kitzingen]. 1963. Herzer, Rudolf. Sippenbuch der Stadt Gochsheim, Landkreis Bruchsal in Baden [Genealogy book of the town Gochsheim, District of Bruchsal in Baden]. Albert Köbeler: Grafenhausen, 1968. [FHL 943 B4do ser.A Vol. 39] Hilbig, Frederick Walter. Americanization of German Surnames and the Related Process of Changes in Europe. University of Utah (Master’s Thesis), Aug 1958. Holly, H. Hobart. “Some Germans of Germantown in Massachusetts”. In: The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Vol. CXXXVIII:July 1984. p. 227 ff. Christ Church, Quincy, MA. Hurst, Charles W. “French and German Immigrants Into Boston, 1751." FHL #974.4 A1 #37. June 1968. Jacob, Hermann. Einwohnerbuch der Markgrafschaft Baden-Durlach im Jahre 1709 [Book of Residents of the Margravite Baden-Durlach in the Year 1709]. Gg. Uehlin: Schopfheim, 1933. Jantz, Harold S. “German Thought and Literature in New England, 1620-1820" Journal of English and German Philology (1942), p. 23. Jensen, Larry O. A Genealogical Handbook of German Research. Pleasant Grove, Utah, 1978. Kohlhammer, W. Das Land Baden-Württemberg. : Stuttgart, 1976, 1980. Kiefer, Karl. Stammbaum der Familie Kraemer aus Neckarrems, nebst einer Ahnentafel. Genealogy of the Kraemer family of Neckarrems, Württemberg, Germany, includes index. Heilbronn [Germany] 1911. Kirschmer, Karl. Die Geschichte der Stadt Göppingen [The history of the city of Göppingen]. Städt. Verkehrsamt: Göppingen, ca. 1940. Kneip, Heinrich, et. al. 1886-1986 Festschrift zum 100-jährigen Bestehen der Freiwilligen Feuerwehr Hörbach [1886-1986 Festivity Publication for the 100 Years of the Fire Department]. Hörbach, July 1986. Krebs, Dr. Friedrich. "Ein Aufruf zur Auswanderung nach dem amerikanischen Staat Massachusetts aus dem Jahr 1751" [A call for emigration to the American State of Massachusetts in the year 1751]. Hessiche Familienkunde. Vol. 5, No. 8, pp 435-438. October 1961. Krebs, Dr. Friedrich. "Studien zur Amerikaauswanderung aus Baden-Durlach für das Jahr 1751" [Studies in American emigration from Baden-Durlach for the year 1751]. In: Badische Heimat, Vol. 36, No.2, pp.155-156. Speyer, 1952. Myers, Mrs. Frances H. 325 Shepherd Street, Raleigh, NC 27607-4031. "Photos and account of trip to Germany - 1992". Kuhr, Georg. Ritterschaftliches Pfarrerbuch Franken. Verlag Degener & Co.: Neustadt a.d. Aisch, 1979. Lind, Marilyn. Researching and Finding Your German Heritage. The Linden Tree: Calquet, MN, 1984. Mahr, Hans. “Zur Geschichte von Ebersbrunn” [For a History of Ebersbrunn]. Miller, Frank R. Kirchenbuchduplikat, 1656-1972 (Morsbach) [Church book duplicate, 1656-1972]. Redlands/CA, 1977. New Encyclopædia Britannica. 15th ed. 1991. University of Chicago. Nielson, Paul Anthon. Swiss Genealogical Research: An Introductory Guide. Donning: Virginia Beach/Norfolk. Ober-Post-Amts Zeitung. “Description of the Colonies in British America, especially of New England, along with a sketch of the Life of General Waldo.” 20 Jan 1753. [Published by Luther] Paul, Herbert. Dorfsippenbuches Hamm an der Sieg [Village genealogical book of Hamm on the Sieg (River). September 1965. (Manuscript in the Archivstelle der Evangelischen Kirche im Rheinland [Archive of the Evangelical Church in Rhineland]). Prindle, Paul W. "Some Emigrants to America from the Ludwigsburg District, Wurttemberg, Germany, 1738-1750." In: The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Vol. XCIII. New York, April, 1962. Number 2. Pusch, Oskar. Das schlesische uradelige Geschlecht von Poser [The Schlesien ancient noble family von Poser]. Verlag Degener & Co: Neustadt an der Aisch, 1957. -------- “Die Pfarrer-und Zeitungsfamilie Gross aus dem Markgrafentum Ansbach-Bayreuth” [The minister and newspaper Gross family from the Margravite Ansbach-Bayreuth], published in Familiengeschichtl. Nachrichten des Geschlects von Poser u. Gross-Naedlitz, pp. 269-354. (Oberhausen/Rhld. 1964). Rattermann, H.A. “Geschichte des deutschen Elements im Staate Maine. Dessen Ursprung, Entwickelung und Verfall, vom Jahre 1739 bis zur Gegenwart” [History of the German Element in the State of Maine. Its origin, development, and decline from the year 1739 and forward]. In: Der Deutsche Pioneer. Vol. 14-16. Cincinnati, Ohio. Ried, Hildegard. G’schichtlen aus Alt-Langensteinbach [Small Histories from Old-Langensteinbach]. Hago-Publisher: Karlsbad-Ittersbach, 1982/83. Roggenbauer, Dr. J. “Über die schweren Anfange einer deutschen Siedlung in Neu-England aus der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts” [Concerning the difficult beginnings of a German Settlement in New England from the middle of the 18th century]." Oct. 1969. Scheuerbrandt, Arnold. "Die Auswanderung aus dem Heutigen Baden-Württemberg nach Preußen, in den habsburgischen Südosten, nach Rußland und Nordamerika zwischen 1683 und 1811." [The Emigration from Present Day Baden-Württemberg from present day Baden-Württemberg to Prussia, the Hapsburg South-east, to Russia, and to North America between 1683 and 1811.] Historischer Atlas von Baden-Württemberg. Vol. XII, pt. 5, pp.1-47. Schneider, Ernst. "Zur Bevölkerungsgeschichte von Stadt und Amt Durlach zu Ende des 17. Jahrhunderts." [Population History of the City and District of Durlach to the End of the 17th Century.] Badische Familienkunde. 1966, year 9, no.1, pp. 11-31. Schöffler, Dr. Herbert, revised by Professor Erich Weis and Dr. Erwin Weis, in collaboration with Dr. Heinrich Mattutat. The New Enlarged Schöffler-Weis German and English Dictionary (English-German/German-English). Originally published in the Federal Republic of Germany by Ernst Klett Verlag, Stuttgart. 1990. National Textbook Company, a division of NTC Publishing Group. 4255 West Touhy Avenue, Lincolnwood, Illinois. 60646-1975. Schüssler, Willi, et.al. 1878-1978 100 Jahre Rat und Tat in Sachen Geld [1878-1978, 100 years in council and deeds in the cause of money, i.e. Anniversary of the local bank in Dietzhölztal-Ewersbach]. 1978. Schultz, Arthur R., Editor. Bibliography of German Culture in America to 1940. Henry A. Pochmann, Compiler. Kraus International Publications. Millwood, New York. 1982. Sinemus, Martin. Die Geschichte der evangelischen Kirchengemeinde Hamm (Sieg) [The History of the Evangelical Church Parish of Hamm (Sieg)]. Hamm(Sieg), 1927. Smith, Clifford Neal. “Emigrants from the West-German Fuerstenberg Territories (Baden and the Palatinate) to America and Central Europe. 1712, 1737, 1787.” In: German-American Genealogical Research Monograph Number 9. Westland Publications. McNeal, Arizona. 1981. Spieß, Paul and Manfred Hofmann. Das evangelische Kirchspiel Oberliederbach, seine Geschichte und seine Familien. 1948. Steinemann, Dr. Ernst. “A List of Eighteenth-Century Emigrants from the Canton of Schaffhausen to the American Colonies 1734-1752". In: Pennsylvania German Immigrants 1709-1786 by Don Yoder. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore. 1984. von Thomas, L. (Layout). Herborn und seine Stadtteile in alten Fotografien [Herborn and its surrounding villages in old photographs]. Geiger-Verlag: Horb am Necker, 1991. Vogel, C.D. Beschreibung des Herzogthums Nassau [A Description of the Duchy of Nassau]. Dr. Martin Sändig oHG: Wiesbaden, 1971. Vogler, Charles M. "Philip Christoph Vogler Memorial, Inc." 3011 Truitt Drive, Burlington, NC 27215. A newsletter dedicated to the Vogler family of Switzerland, Germany and America. Volume 6, Number 3, July 1992, contains a report on the Switzerland trip of several descendants. [sent by Fran Myers] Whitaker, W. W. "Will". “Bibliography of German Parish Registers”. 1997. [Compiled from the Card Catalog of the LDS FHL of the various German Parishes in which Broad Bay German Families have been found.] Wissmann, Friedrich. Das ehemalige Städtchen Enzberg, Ein Heimatbuch [The former small city of Enzberg, A town history]. Gebr. Rath, Stuttgart, 1951/52. Wittmann, Franz. Aschbach im Steigerwald, einst und jetzt [Aschbach in the Steiger-forest, once and presently]. Pyromis Verlag. Zinzendorf, Count, Bishop of the Ancient Moravian. Sixteen Discourses on the Redemption of Man by the Death of Christ, preachìd at Berlin, by the Right Reverend and most illustrious County Zinzendorf, Bishop etc. Printed for James Hutton, 1740. In Coventry Town, Conn. SWITZERLAND Tribolet, H. et.al. Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz. Selbstverlag: Neuenburg, 1929. NOVA SCOTIA Bell, Winthrop Pickard. The "Foreign Protestants" and the Settlement of Nova Scotia. University of Toronto Press. -----. “Bell Register”. [FHL #1421430.] Burrage, Henry S. D.D. Maine at Louisburg in 1745. Burleigh & Flynt. 1910. Goold, Hon. William, of Windham. "Fort Halifax: Its Projectors, Builders and Garrison." In: Collections of the Maine Historical Society. Vol. VIII. Portland. Hoyt, Fogg & Donham. 1881. Article V. Read before the Maine Historical Society, at Portland, 30 Mar 1876. Halifax Land Records. Letter D North Suburb Halifax Estates. Hudson, Hon. Charles, of Lexington, Mass. "Louisbourg Soldiers". In: New-England Historical and Genealogical Register and Antiquarian Journal. Vol. XXIV. October, 1870. No. 4. Continued in Vol. XXV, January 1871. No. 1. p. 249ff. MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS A majority, perhaps, of the information in this book comes from manuscripts and documents held in the Family History Library in Salt Lake City as well as the Massachusetts Historical Society and the Massachusetts Archives in Boston. Extensive “memorials” were also obtained from the Moravian Archives in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Archives in Wiesbaden were searched for Manumission records and other pertinent manuscripts. Although the Family History Library in Salt Lake City has extensive microfilm holdings of German Parish records, there are many Parishes for which the microfilming, for various reasons, has not been done. Those parishes needed to be searched in Germany personally, or by a researcher. Following are the main documents from these repositories that were used in this compilation. MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY (Boston): The Samuel Waldo Papers, 1744, Reel 1 “24 Mar 1742/3 - Hotom & Kast to Waldo” “6 May 1744 - Zoubühler to Waldo” “18 May 1744 List of Men in Broad Bay by Capt. John Ulmer to Col. Noble” “25 May 1744 - Zoubühler to Waldo” “6 Jun 1744 - Martin to Waldo” “19 Jun 1744 - Zoubühler to Waldo” “2 July 1744 - Noble to Waldo” “5 Jul 1744 - Zoubühler to Waldo” “18 Jul 1744 - Burns to Waldo” “25 Aug 1744 - Burns to Waldo” “ - Henderson to Waldo” The Henry Knox Papers: “Debts due Isaac Winslow Braintree-Broad Bay 17 Oct 1752" Vol. 50, p. 112. "List of People sent to Broad Bay October 1752 from the ship at Germantown [Braintree, MA]", Vol. 50, p. 113. “Provisions sent to Broad Bay from Isaac Winslow, Nov 1752". Vol. 50, p.114. “Receipt of provisions sent to Broad Bay, 29 Jun 1753, Boston”. Vol. 50, p.119. "Description of the new colonists who were sent to Broad Bay in the Ship Elizabeth, Captain Pendock Neale (1753)." Vol. 50, p.124; Vol. 55, pp.81ff; Vol. 55, pp.104ff. "A List of the Settlers in St. George's River, Medumcook and Broadbay." Vol. 50, p. 166. [This list was made before 1746. Supposed to have been written by John North.] Reprinted in: The New-England Historical and Genealogical Register. Volume XLVI. 1892. Boston. p. 119 - 120. “Petition of settlers who arrived in 1753 dated 22 Feb 1769". Vol. 51, p.20. “Schoolmaster’s List of Settlers East of the Medomak, 1773". Vol. 51, p.41. “Names of those having demands on Estate of Samuel Waldo, Sep 1788.” Vol. 51, p.143, 151ff. “1753 - General Waldo's Circular” Extract from the Imperial Post newspaper, number forty-seven, 23 Mar 1753. Collections of Maine Historical Society. Vol. VI. 1859. “Petition for land at Ft. Massachusetts 30 May 1753", Vol. 15A, p.222. “Broad Bay Shirley petition asking for protection 13 May 1754", Vol. 15A, p.241. “Exempt Germans in Braintree 26 Feb 1761" Vol. 15A, p.266. “Petition for a meeting house 14 Nov 1770,” Vol. 14, pp.587-8. “Guide to the Microfilm Edition of the French and Indian War Orderly Books at the Massachusetts Historical Society. Boston. 1993. Louisburg Papers 1744 - 1758. 1 microfilm reel, and French & Indian War Orderly book. 1 microfilm reel. MASSACHUSETTS ARCHIVES (Boston): “1743 Petition of Ph:Gottfr: Kast:Dr. Th. and Test: Jacob Friedrich Kurtz.MD.” Vol. 15A, pp. 33ff. "Petition for Land at Ft. Massachusetts 30 May 1753". Vol. 15A p.222. “1754 Humble Petition written by the German Settlers at Broad Bay to His Excellence William Shirley, Esqr.” Vol. 15A, p. 240-242. “1757 Petition to Legislature in Massachusetts from Broad Bayers deploring their destitute condition.” Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 117, pp.356-358. “1767 Shaeffer Petition.” Vol. 118, p. 211a/211b. "A List of Persons Names Who have Demands on Waldo Heirs for land according to Promises in Germany". 10 September 1788. FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY (SLC): US Federal Census Records. Primarily the 1790 and 1850 census were used, but also research was done in 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1860 and subsequent census records. Lincoln County, Maine. “Marriages - 1759 to 1777.” [FHL # 859052] “Lincolnville Vital Records.” [FHL # 0011351] “The Old Maps of Lincoln County, Maine, in 1857". [Detail Maps of Villages, House with Family Names, the Old Roads and Waterways. Includes Rockland, Thomaston, S.Thomaston, Cushing, Union, Warren, Friendship, St. George. Saco Valley Printing. 76 Main Street, Fryeburg, Maine. 04037. January 1988. [2nd Prt.].] Deaths of Waldoboro and vicinity. [FHL film # 11346 & 12308] includes Rural Cemetery, Comery Cemetery, German Cemetery, Village Cemetery, Brookland Cemetery, Sweetland Cemetery, Burnheimer Cemetery, Ludwig Cemetery, Burns Cemetery, Orff-Achorn Cemetery, Achorn Cemetery, Webb Cemetery, French Cemetery (W. Waldoboro), "Private Cemetery" (W. Waldoboro) and Winchenbach Cemetery (S. Waldoboro Baptist Church). [See also FHL #0859057] Waldoboro Vital Records. Births, Waldoboro, Maine. Such records as occur from 1714 to 1858. BOSTON CHURCH RECORDS Christ Church, King’s Chapel, Stone Chapel Marriages. Church Records, 1747 - 1773. FHL# 0741321, item 5. Baldwin Place Baptist Church, Boston. Church Records 1769-1881. FHL film # 0856702, item 2. Brattle Street Church (Boston). Church Records 1699-1804. FHL film # 0837129, item 1 - 5. Item 1Kings ChapelBurials Item 2 New South Church Baptisms Item 3 New South Church Marriages Item 4 Brattle Street Church Marriages Item 5 Brattle Street Church Baptisms Christ Church, Boston. Church Records, 1723 -1851. FHL # 0856696, item 2; 0856697, item 1 Christ Church, Boston. Church Records, 1723 - 1917. FHL # 128903, item 1 - 2. First Baptist Church, Boston. Church Records, 1665-1879. FHL film # 0856702, item 6. First Church, Boston. Church Records, 1630 - 1847. FHL # 0856693, item 2, # 0856694; item 1; # 0956697, item 2 First Presbyterian Church, Boston. Church Records, 1730- 1865; FHL # 0856696, item 1 Hollis Street Church, Boston. Church Records 1732 - 1887. FHL # 0856698, item 1 Kings Chapel, Boston. Church Records 1703-1844. FHL # 0856698, item 2; #0837128; #0837129, item 1 New Brick Church, Boston. Church Records, 1722 - 1776. FHL # 0856701, item 4 New Church, Boston. Church Records, 1714 - 1799. FHL # 0837130, item 3 New North Church, Boston. Church Records, Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths, 1714 - 1863. FHL # 0856699, item; # 0837130, item 1 New South Church, Boston. Church Records, Baptisms, Marriages, 1719 - 1812. FHL # 0837129, item 2 North Bennett Street Church, Boston. Church Records, 1669 - 1875. Second Baptist Church, Boston. Church Records, 1742-1787. FHL film # 0837132, item 1 Second Church, Boston. Church Records, 1676 - 1876. FHL film # 0856699, item 2 Stone Chapel, Boston. Church Records, 1747 - 1773. FHL # 0741321, item 5 Trinity Church, Boston. Church Records, 1737 - 1896. FHL film # 1289683, item 2 - 4; #1306087, item 1; #0856691; # 0856692, item 1 West Church, Boston. Church Records: Baptisms, Marriages, 1737-1880. FHL # 0856695, item 2 Boston Marriages, vol. 1 1700- 1751 Vol. 2 1752 - 1809. FHL # 974.461 V2b Braintree, MA. Vital Records of Braintree, MA.- (107) Marriages. FHL # 0833387. Dorchester, MA (Boston area) Church Records, 1636 - 1845. FHL # 0856696, item 1 GERMAN ARCHIVES Wiesbaden “Documents Concerning Emigration to Foreign Colonies 1750 - 1760.” Hessische Hauptarchiv, Wiesbaden. Record Group 172. Vol. 264-1, No. 17 “Privy Counsel Records” (Hofrat Karlsruhe Generallandsarchiv.) Record Group 61. Vol. 810, Nos. 666, 667, 715, 716, 783, 895. Vol. 852, No. 3077 Vol. 853, Nos. 155, 208, 345, 576, 578, 630 Vol. 854, Nos. 1364, 1365 Vol. 859, No. 1178 “Revenues Office Records” (Rentkammer) Record Group 61. Vol. 1259, No. 1371 Vol. 1278, Nos. 1408, 1409, 1416, 1417 Vol. 1279, No. 2011 Vol. 1312, No. 733 Vol. 1336, Nos. 1049, 1450, 1451 Vol. 1340, No. 984 GERMAN EVANGELICAL CHURCH RECORDS Altendiez, 1588-1900, microfilm FHL #1197011-14 Balingen, 1577-1977, microfilm FHL #118978-88 Brake, 1637-1910, microfilm FHL #0582470-3; 0810214-6 Breitscheid, 1654-1962, microfilm FHL #1192056ff Brötzingen, 1706-1905, microfilm FHL #1238240-1 Oberderdingen, 1651-1900, microfilm FHL #1187131-35 Dillenburg, 1741-1761, microfilm FHL #1340448 Dillenburg, 1571-1876, microfilm FHL #1340437-48 Dürrenbüchig, 1691-1962, microfilm FHL #1192050-51 Durrn, 1691-1962, microfilm FHL #1238492-96 Eichstetten, 1644-1961, microfilm FHL #1189615-19 Ellmendingen, 1637-1962, microfilm FHL #1238334-35 Enzberg, 1721-1893, microfilm FHL #1187017-18 Erlenbach, 1678-1961, microfilm FHL #0897690-96 Eutingen, 1707-1962, microfilm FHL #1238344-46 Fleisbach, 1647-1910, microfilm FHL #1457085-87 (Nieder) Florstadt, 1659-1875, microfilm FHL #1200603 Göbrichen, 1564-1756, microfilm FHL #0505648; 1560-1962, FHL #1238171, 238252, 1238359. Gochhsheim, 1660-1963, microfilm FHL #1238477-79, 1192096, 1192086,89 Gondelsheim, 1689-1961, microfilm FHL #1192068-70 Göppingen, 1558-1918, microfilm FHL #1056922-41 Grötzingen, 1685-1962, microfilm FHL #1238211-15 Grünwettersbach (includes Hohenwettersbach), 1649-1963, microfilm FHL #1189466-69 Hamm (Reformed), 1694-1799, microfilm FHL #0493375 Herborn, 1560-1876, microfilm FHL #0489895, 1195029-040 Herbornseelbach (with Ballersbach), 1595-1875, microfilm FHL #1195008-11 Hunspach, 1681-1807, microfilm FHL #0717058, 0717097 Idstein, 1594-1875, microfilm FHL #1269774-80 Königsbach, 1726-1962, microfilm FHL #1238360-61, 1192048-50 Langensteinbach, 1752-1962, microfilm FHL #1189472 Limbach, 1713-1877, microfilm FHL #0193025-26, 1057439 Lorch, 1646-1978, microfilm FHL #1340275-85 Maulbronn, 1649-1921, microfilm FHL #1184969-72 Morsbach, 1656-1971, microfilm FHL #1045458 Palmbach (incl. (Unter-)Mutschelbach), 1700-1963, microfilm FHL #1189474-75 Neidlingen, 1596-1967, microfilm FHL #1055821-23, 0957407-08, 1457519-21 Nenderoth (incl. Arborn), 1610-1878, microfilm FHL #1195024-26 Neustadt, 1619-1900, microfilm FHL #0886483-90 Niefern, 1608-1963, microfilm FHL #1238497-503 Öschelbronn, 1558-1945, microfilm FHL #1475209-12 Ötisheim, 1691-1950, microfilm FHL #1184989-93 Rhein-Dürkheim, 1730-1875, microfilm FHL #1347393-94 Rosbach, 1689-1809, microfilm FHL #0187213-14 Schönbach, 1614-1876, microfilm FHL #1195026-29 Schopfhem, 1697+, microfilm FHL #1189748 Singen, 1743-1962, microfilm FHL #1238215-17 Stein, 1654-1962, microfilm FHL #1192056-58 Weingarten, 1695-1961, microfilm FHL #1192058-64 Wilferdingen, 1620-1962, microfilm FHL #1238361-62 Winterlingen, 1603-1893, microfilm FHL #1190228-32 Wintzenbach (Catholic), 1743-1786, microfilm FHL #0724643-44 Wössingen, 1691-1962, microfilm FHL #1192050-54 CHURCH RECORDS SEARCHED IN GERMANY Altenschönbach Aschbach, Vol. 1 (1652-1708), Vol. 2 (1709-1797) Bergen (incl. Enchheim & Seckbacher), Vol. IV (1684-1787), Vol. VI (1702-1821) Breitscheidt (via correspondence) searched by Klaus Petry Deggendorf (via correspondence) Ebersbrunn, 1650+ Eichfeld, Vol. 1 (1606-1784), Vol. 2 (1750-1783) Erlangen Neustadt (via correspondence) Fröhstockheim Greifenstein & Edingen, 1624-1780 Hamm (Lutheran) (via correspondence) Kastell (in Regensburg Lutheran Vol. 1 1640-1677, Vol. 2 1713-1740, Vol. 3 1741- Church Book Archives 1760 Vol. 16 (indexes) 1640-1807, and Vol. 19 (family Register) Magdeburg Church Records, (via correspondence) searched by John G. Thornley Mainbernheim, (searched 1713-1753) Nenzenheim (Mönchsondheim) Prichsenstadt Ulm (includes Allendorf & Holzhausen), Vol. 1 (1647-1715), Vol. 2 (1715-1790)

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