Samuel Smith. The History of the Colony of Nova-Caesaria, or New-Jersey: Containing an Account of Its First Settlement, Progressive Improvements, the Original and Present Consitution, and Other Events, to the Year 1721. With Some Particulars Since, and a Short View of Its Present State, 2nd Edition. Trenton: William S. Sharp, 1877 [Lancour No. 111]. The following excerpts are from chapters 5 and 6 , pages 77-111. The contents and paging of the second edition are identical to those of the first, published in 1765. In the copy below the use of quotation marks has been altered to conform to modern usage. Andros being now seated in his government, we shall leave him, and take a view of other matters: First respecting the arrival of a few passengers from England to West-Jersey: one moiety or half part of the province of New-Jersey, belonged to the lord Berkeley, and now about was sold to John Fenwick, in trust for Edward Byllinge and his assigns. Fenwick in 1675, set sail to visit the new purchase in a ship from London, called the Griffith; arriving after a good passage, he landed at a pleasant rich spot, situate near Delaware, by him called Salem, probably from the peaceable aspect it then bore. He brought with him two daughters, and many servants, two of which, Samuel Hedge and John Adams, afterwards married his daughters; other passengers were, Edward Champness, Edward Wade, Samuel Wade, John Smith and his wife, Samuel Nichols, Richard Guy, Richard Noble, Richard Hancock, John Pledger, Hipolite Lufever, and John Matlock; these; and others with them, were masters of families. This was the first English ship that came to West-Jersey, and none followed for near two years, owing probably to a difference between Fenwick and Byllinge.... [Then mention of a commissioner, James Wasse, "who is gone in Samuel Groome's ship for Maryland"....] [Following are instructions from the Proprietors, Gawen Laurie, William Penn, Nicholas Lucas, E. Byllinge, John Edridge and Edmond Warner:] "1. We desire you to get a meeting with John Fenwick, and the people that went with him, (but we would not have you tell your business,) until you get them together; then show and read the deed of partition with George Carteret; also the transactions between William Penn, Nicholas Lucas, Gawen Lawrie, John Edridge and Edmond Warner, and then read our letter to John Fenwick and the rest, and shew John Fenwick he hath no power to sell any land there, without the consent of John Edridge and Edmond Warner...." "...[W]hen James Wasse is in Maryland, he may enquire for one Augustin, who as we hear did found most part of Delaware river and the creeks; He is an able surveyor;...." "5. If John Fenwick, and those concerned with him, be willing to join with you in those things as above, which is just and fair, then he or any of them, may go along with you in your business; and let them pay their proportion of what is paid to the natives, with other charges: And so he and they may dispose of their lots with consent of John Edridge and Edmund Warner: which lots are, 20, 21, 26, 27, 36, 47, 50, 57, 63, 72...." .... Among other purchasers of the West-Jersey lands, were two companies, one made up of some friends in Yorkshire, (as hinted in the concessions) the other of some friends in London; who each contracted for considerable shares, for which they had patents. In 1677, comissioners (agreeable to expectation given) were sent by the proprietors, with power to buy the lands of the natives; to inspect the rights of such as claimed property, and to order the lands laid out; and in general to administer the government, pursuant to the concessions: These comissioners were Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, John Kinsey, John Penford, Joseph Helmsley, Robert Stacy, Benjamin Scott, Richard Guy and Thomas Foulke [Richard Guy came in the first ship: John Kinsey, died at Shackamaxon soon after his landing....]. They came in the Kent, Gregory Marlow, master, being the second ship from London, to the western parts: After a tedious passage they arrived at New-Castle, the 16th of the 6th month [August], O.S. King Charles the second, in his barge, pleasuring on the Thames, came along side, seeing a great many passengers, and informed whence they were bound, asked if they were all quakers, and gave them his blessing. They Landed their passengers, two hundred and thirty in number, about Rackoon creek, where the Swedes had some scattering habitations; but they were too numerous to be all provided for in houses; some were obliged to lay their beds and furniture in cow stalls, and appartments of that sort; among other inconveniences to which this exposed them, the snakes were now plenty enough to be frequently seen upon the hovels under which they shelter'd: Most of the passengers in this ship were of those called quakers; some of good estates in England. The commissioners had before left them, and were by this time got to a place called Chygoes Island [after an Indian chief who lived there, afterwards Burlington], their business being to treat with the Indians about the land there, and to regulate the settlements, having not only the proprietors but governor Andros's commission for that purpose.... When arrived at their government, they applied to the Swedes for Interpreters between them and the Indians: By their help they made a purchase from Timber Creek to Rankokas Creek, another from Oldman's Creek to Timber Creek: After this they got Henrie Jacobson Falconbre, to be their interpreter, and purchased from Rankokas Creek to Assunpinck: But when they had agreed upon this last purchase, they had not Indian goods sufficient to pay the consideration, yet gave them what they had, to get the deed signed; they were however obliged to agree with the Indians not to settle till the remainder was paid: Having travelled through the country and viewed the land, the Yorkshire commissioners, Joseph Helmsley, William Emley and Robert Stacy, on behalf of the first purchasers, chose from the falls of Delaware down, which was hence called the first tenth; the London commissioners, John Penford, Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, and Benjamin Scott, on behalf of the ten London proprietors, chose at Arwaumus, (in and about where the town of Gloucester now is) this was called the second tenth: To begin a settlement there, Olive sent up servants to cut hay for cattle he had bought: When the Yorkshire commissioners found the others were like to settle at such a distance, they told them, if they would agree to fix by them, they would join in settling a town, and that they should have the largest share, in consideration that they (the Yorkshire commissioners) had the best land in the woods: Being few, and the Indians numerous, they agreed to it. The commissioners employed Noble, a surveyor, who came in the first ship, to divide the spot.... The town thus by mutual consent laid out, the commissioners gave it the name first of New-Beverley, then Bridlington, but soon changed it to Burlington. Some of the masters of families that came in the ship last mentioned, and settled in that neighborhood, were Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, William Peachy, William Clayton, John Crips, Thomas Eves, Thomas Harding, Thomas Nositer, Thomas Fairnsworth, Morgan Drewet, William Pennton, Henry Jenings, William Hibes, Samuel Lovett, John Woolston, William Woodmancy, Christopher Saunders, and Robert Powell: John Wilkinson and William Perkins, were likewise with their families passengers, but dying on the voyage, the latter were exposed to additional hardships, which were however moderated by the care of their fellow passengers: Perkins was early in life convinced of the principles of those called Quakers, and lived well in Leicestershire; but seeing an account of the country wrote by Richard Hartshore, and forming views of advantage to his family, tho' in his 52d year, he, with his wife, four children and some servants, embarked in this ship: Among the latter was one Marshall, a carpenter, particularly serviceable in fitting up habitations for the new comers; but it being late in the fall when they arrived, the winter was much spent before the work was begun; in the interim they lived in wigwams, built after the manner of the Indians. Indian corn and venison, supplied by the Indians, was their chief food.... Having traced this ship's company into winter quarters, the next in course is the Willing Mind, John Newcomb commander; she arrived from London, in November, and dropt anchor at Elsingburgh ; brought about sixty or seventy passengers: Some settled at Salem, others at Burlington; among the former were James Nevill, Henry Salter, and George Deacon, with their families. In this year also arrived the Flie-Boat Martha, of Burlington, (Yorkshire), sailed from Hull the latter end of summer, with one hundred and fourteen passengers, designed to settle the Yorkshire tenth: Some masters of the families in this ship, were Thomas Wright, William Goforth, John Lynam, Edward Season, William Black, Richard Dungworth, George Miles, William Wood, Thomas Schooley, Richard Harrison, Thomas Hotten, Samuel Tylor, Marmaduke Horsman, William Oxley, William Ley, and Nathaniel Luke; the families of Robert Stacy and Samuel Odas; and Thomas Ellis and John Batts, servants, sent by George Hutchinson, also came in this ship. Twenty of the passengers, perhaps more, were living 45 years afterwards. In one of these ships, or about this time however, arrived John Kinsey, then a young man; his father one of the commissioners aforementioned, dying on his arrival, the care of his family fell to his; he was afterwards a man of distinguished services, in several public stations; and his son after him, of the name, the late chief justice of Pennsylvania, must be long remembered by many in both provinces.... .... In the 10th month [December] O.S. 1678, arrived the Shield, from Hull, Daniel Towes commander, one of the ships mentioned in the above letter, and dropped anchor before Burlington, being the first ship that came so far up Delaware: Against Coaquanock [now Philadelphia] being a bold shore, she went so near in turning, that part of the tacking struck the trees; some on board then remarked it was a fine spot for a town: A fresh gale brought her to Burlington: She moor'd to a tree, and the next morning the people came ashore on the Ice, so hard had the river suddenly frozen. In her came William Emley, the second time, with his wife, two children, one born by the way, two men and two women servants; Mahlon Stacy, his wife, children and several servants, men and women; Thomas Lambert, his wife, children and several men and women servants; John Lambert and servant; Thomas Revell, his wife, children and servants; Godfrey Hancock, his wife, children and servants; Thomas Potts, his wife and children; John Wood and four children; Thomas Wood, his wife and wife and children; Robert Murtin, his wife and two children; Robert Schooly, his wife and children; James Pharo, his wife and children; Susannah Fairnsworth, her children and two servants; Richard Tattersal, his wife and children; Godfrey Newbold, John Dewsbury, Richard Green, Peter Fretwell, John Fretwell, John Newbold, one Barns, a merchant from Hull, Francis Barwick, George Parks, George Hill, John Heyres, and several more. In this year also arrived a ship from London, which brought John Denn, Thomas Kent, John Hollinshead, with their families; William Hewlings, Abraham Hewlings, Jonathan Eldridge, John Petty, Thomas Kirby, with others: The first of these settled about Salem, the rest at Burlington. About this time, and a few years afterwards, arrived at Burlington, the following settlers from England, viz, John Butcher, Henry Grubb, William Butcher, William Brightwin, Thomas Gardner, John Budd, John bourten, Seth Smith, Walter Pumphrey, Thomas Ellis, James Satterthwaite, Richard Arnold, John Woolman, John Stacy, Thomas Eves, Benjamin Duffield, John Payne, Samuel Cleft, William Cooper, John Shinn, William Biles, John Skein, John Warrel, Anthony Morris, Samuel Bunting, Charles Read, Francis Collins, Thomas Mathews, Christopher Wetherill, John Dewsbury, John Day, Richard Basnett, John Antrom, William Biddle, Samuel Furnace, John Ladd, Thomas Raper, Roger Huggins and Thomas Wood.
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Date last modified: 13 November 97
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