|Jefferson F Jones and Origin of Kingdom Of Callaway - October 1861||T49N R08W 1876
T49N R08W 1897
Jefferson F Jones Cemetery,
From: Charles D Earnst Date: Friday, March 23, 2001
Fulton Mansion of Slave-Holding Rebel Sympathizer to Be Razed
Col. Jones Home to Be Torn Down for Materials -- Leading Figure of Early Days. Fulton, Mo. -- The historic mansion of the late Col. Jefferson F. Jones here is to be razed. He was a leader of southern sympathizers in Callaway county during the War Between the States.
John Rountree, present owner of the mansion, plans to salvage building materials from it, as soon as satisfactory arrangements can be made with a wrecking contractor. Rountree, who bought the 230-acre estate from the grandchildren of Col. Jones, will use the materials to build a modern home on part of the land that borders a highway. The present building is reached by a half mile of private road.
The old house is built of brick with 18-inch walls. The bricks were reportedly hand-made by slave labor on the site of the building. There is no authentic date to fix the age of this building, but a dwelling constructed of similar brick on a nearby farm, known as the Lavender place, has a chiseled date of 1835 under the eaves. The Lavender dwelling is in good condition and is occupied.
It was through Col. Jone's activities during the War Between the States that Callaway county acquired the name of the "The Kingdom of Callaway."
According to W. Ed Jameson, 85-year-old civic leader, farm operator and real estate dealer, Col. Jones negiotiated a "treaty" between Callaway county and Gen. John B. Henderson, who was in charge of the federal military forces in northeast Missouri.
Jameson says news came to Callaway county in October 1861 that the Pike county militia under Col. Thomas J. C. Fagg, afterward a member of the Missouri Supreme Court, was about to invade the county to bring its citizens under control of the Union. Learning of this, Col. Jones, so the story goes, sent riders into all parts of the county to summon a force to assemble on the Auxvasse creek, northeast of Fulton, to resist the invaders.
Most of the able-bodied men of the county were then fighting in the Confederate forces, but about 400 boys and elderly men responded, and the group moved to Stringfield's store northwest of Shamrock and established a camp.
From this camp a delegation of three men was sent to Wellsville, in Montgomery county, where Fagg and his forces were in camp, to "treat with the enemy." The story is that negotiations on behalf of the Federal Government were conducted by Gen. Henderson. After consultations back and forth between the two camps, it was agreed that Jones should disband his force and that Fagg would abandon his plan to invade the county.
Jone's men were armed with muzzle-loading shotguns and squirrel rifles and would not, of course, have been formidable had they met the enemy in a shooting engagement. Jones, however, had "cannons" made of painted logs partly concealed by piles of brush, but with muzzles protuding. The story has it that these played an important part in causing Gen. Henderson to enter into the agreement.
Terms of the treaty were announced from a high stump by Col. Jones on the morning of Sunday, Oct. 21, 1861, and the old men and boys, on foot and horseback, returned to their homes.
Col. Fagg is said to have ignored the treaty and proceeded the very next day to Fulton where his troops occupied as barracks the then deserted State Hospital for the Insane.
An interesting sidelight in connection with Col. Jones's mansion was his occupancy of the cupola at intervals where, with the aid of a "spy glass," he was able to observe the activity of his slaves on any part of the farm. Not knowing of his telescope, the laborers are said to have attributed his knowledge of their movements to some uncanny sense of perception. No physical punishment was administered to those who loafed or took naps under shade trees. They merely were told what they did. The mystification was sufficient to prevent frequent repetition.
It has been said that the relationship between Col. Jones and his slaves was extremely friendly. It was, according to legend, the colonel's promise that any of his men who learned a trade, such as carpentry, blacksmithing, or bricklaying, would be given their "free papers."
October 28, 18611 - Colonel Jefferson Jones reached an agreement with General John B. Henderson to disband his group of men in exchange for non-invasion by the Union forces. (WOR Vol 3 Chapter X page 254) (JB-WHM #3667) Ovid Bell wrote a booklet "The Story of the Kingdom," in which he describes, in detail, the account of Colonel Jefferson Jones and General Henderson.
1"133rd Anniversary of: The Battle of Moore's Mill", July 15/16, 1995, Callaway, MO
How The Kingdom Got Its Name2 - It goes back a long time, to a Sunday afternoon in late October of 1861. The woods pasture across the dusty road from Stringfields Store was dotted with farm wagons, horses standing by them with heads down. Perhaps two hundred men and boys stood and sat in little groups under the trees, or in the sun along the roadside. Three days ago they were in high good humor, bragging to each other about what they would do to Colonel Fagg's Pike County Yankee militia if they dared to cross the line from Montgomery County into Callaway. Now several days of inactivity, and the thought of ripe fields of corn at home that needed to be picked, had made them restless and a little depressed.
Obviously, this was a military encampment, since each man had near him a weapon of some sort and sentries were properly posted; But it was a strange "army" ... one half elderly men and one half skinny boys, mostly under sixteen. Nearly all men of fighting age were off campaigning under General Albert Sydney Johnston. This was the Army of Callaway County, under the command of Col. Jefferson Franklin Jones, who sat on the front porch of Stringfield's Store with his heels on the railing and a cigar in his mouth, enjoying the Indian Summer sun. A few days ago, his forces had numbered three hundred, but the press of farm duties and the apparent relaxing of the crisis had taken their toll. After all, an army recruited in two days time takes a little while to stabilize.
The sound of horses running brought Jones' feet off the porch rail. He looked down the road to the east, where he could see two riders coming fast. In a matter of a minute or two, they pulled up hard in front of the store, in a swirl of powdery dust. Captain Jameson and Captain Thompson were on the ground at their horses' heads, grinning up at the Colonel. They surprised their commander by saluting. They were officers under General Price, in their home county on recruiting duty, and they looked very military in their gray uniform. Jameson was Colonel Jones' brother-in-law. He was bursting with news. "We did it, Jeff! We talked to General Henderson himself in the school house at Wellsville. He agreed to send Fagg and his militia back to Pike County. Fagg's got a goshamighty lot of troops over there. Colonel Henderson said he'd call 'em off if we'd remove our artillery emplacements and go home." The men who had gathered around the porch steps slapped their legs and whooped with delight. The "artillery" consisted of two smooth walnut logs, painted black and with one end hollowed out, which protruded from the brush on the west bank of Loutre Creek by the ford. "Guess Fagg ain't much artilleryman," somebody chortled.
Jones appeared to be deep in thought. Finally, he pushed his broad hat back from his face and smiled. "I'm more a farmer than a lawyer," he mused, "but it appears to me that we have just negotiated a treaty with the government of the United States. Don't that make Callaway County a sovereign power?" Then raising his voice so - that all could hear, Colonel Jones called out, "Boys, the Commander of Union Forces in Missouri has met our terms. As Commander in Chief of the Army of The Kingdom of Callaway, I order you to disband and return to your homes. Jake Mayfield has sent a half barrel of whiskey up from Fulton. There's a free dram in the store for anybody that wants it."
Allowing a little play of imagination, that is about how it happened. This ragged little army was actually assembled to engage the Union Army if they should attempt to set foot on Callaway soil. It's been the Kingdom of Callaway ever since. This little bit of history may have its part in creating the pride of citizenship and feeling of oneness that exists to an unusual degree among the people of Callaway County, Missouri.
2"How The Kingdom Got Its Name", http://fulton.missouri.org/front/KINGDOM.htm
Interesting story to be told about Missouri at the county level:3 Callaway County, a farming community in mid-Missouri just north of the Missouri River, was strongly Southern in sympathy. Its citizens took action at the county level when Callaway was invaded by Union troops. The first military skirmish took place on the morning of July 17, 1861, when some 200 Callaway County citizens fired upon and turned back several hundred Union troops who attempted to enter the County from the direction of Jefferson City, which by now was under Union control.
In October, 1861, another body of Union troops approached the eastern border of Callaway County. Colonel Jefferson F. Jones quickly moved to oppose the Union troops, who were headed by General John B. Henderson. Here is what happened:
Colonel Jones then moved his troops east and within a few miles of the Montgomery line. General Henderson had meanwhile halted his command a few miles east of the line. Each army could plainly see the smoke from the campfires of the other. After a few days of negotiation between Colonel Jones and General Henderson, a treaty was made and signed, the terms of which were that General Henderson, purporting to speak for the United States of America, agreed not to invade Callaway County, and Colonel Jones, acting for Callaway County, agreed not to invade the United States of America. After this treaty, General Henderson retired with his troops. Callaway County, having thus dealt as an absolute equal with a sovereign power, became known as the Kingdom of Callaway, a designation which it has proudly borne and doubtless will for all time to come. The treaty between the United States and Callaway County was signed on October 27, , which naturally is a national holiday in the Kingdom of Callaway. 12
The Callaway County incident may seem like a
very unimportant event in the grander sweep of events in the
tragedy called the Civil War, but the principle involved is
extremely important: the principle of local self-determination
and, therefore, the concomitant principle of governmental
interposition. These two principles are extremely important to
the liberty of a freedom-loving people.
John Calvin in his Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book
12 Hugh P. Williams, The Kingdom of Callaway, p. 33.
3"interesting story to be told about Missouri at county level", http://www.freebooks.com/docs/html/cc_2/CC_2-336.html
31 January 1879 CWG: Death of Col. J.F. Jones -- Col. Jefferson F. Jones died at his residence near Auxvasse station, in this county, on the 24th of January, 1879. He had been suffering for the past two years with heart disease and asthma. He made several trips to various parts on the country thinking that he would obtain some relief, but all of no avail. He was a kind husband, an affectionate parent and good neighbor. He was a son of Thomas G. Jones and Rebecca Jones whose maiden name was Rebecca Snedicor, born in Montgomery county, Ky., on Nov. 6, 1817. His parents emigrated to Boone county, Mo., in 1818 and settled on what was known as Thrall's Prairie among the early pioneers of the country.
They removed to Callaway county in 1824, and settled on the farm known now as the McIntosh farm near this city. Col. Jones labored on the farm and attended the village schools. By studious habits and fine natural endowments, obtained a good English education. He afterward engaged in school-teaching and clerking in stores to obtain means to prosecute the study of law, which he chose as his profession under the Hon. John Jameson, until the year 1843, when he commenced practicing in his adopted town, Fulton.
He was married on March 6, 1844, to Miss Sally Ann Jameson, daughter of Samuel Jameson deceased, by whom he had sixteen children, nine of whom together with the widow, survive him. In 1848 he was chosen as one of the Whig electors, in 1852 was nominated as a candidate for the legislature, but declined to run; was again nominated and elected in 1856. He was nominated again but declined to run in 1860.
In 1861 he was taken up by his friends and run as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention called by Governor Gamble, but was not elected. During the late war he was recognized as a prominent leader on the Southern side, and for the bold and fearless advocy of the cause, so much so, that he incurred the indignation, envy, spite and malice of the unprincipled demagogues with which this county was at that time infested.
For the purpose of gratifying their love for unholy revenge, his property was seized -- his library and household goods were not spared, and he ruthlessly thrust into prison, where he was kept and tried by a court martial for treason. He met his accusers and by the aid of friends was not found guilty of treason, but sentenced to solitary confinement in McDowell college in St. Louis, where he remained until his health was so impaired that physicians advised his removal. He was then given the privilege of the city limits under heavy penalty, and remained there until about the close of the war. He then retired to his farm and labored to rebuild his shattered fortune and rear and educate his children. He was again elected to the legislature in 1875. Samuel T. Jones, a married son, resides in Alabama, a daughter, Mrs. Dr. Westmoreland resides in Mississippi. Seven others are at the homestead with their mother.