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Source:  Pen Pictures from the Garden of the World, Lewis Publishing
Co., Chicago, 1888, Biographical Sketches, Samuel A. Bishop, pages
657-660.
			Samuel Addison Bishop

Samuel A. Bishop was born in Albermarle County, in the State of
Virginia, on the second day of September, 1825.  Here his childhood
was spent until he reached the age of ten years, when he moved with
his parents[, Samuel and Sarah (Via) Bishop,] to Montgomery, Missouri,
where he performed the duties ordinarily required of a farmer's
boy, and attended school at convenient opportunities until 1846, when
his parents again changed their place of residence to Callaway
County, in the same State.  Mr Bishop, although trained to the
vocation of a farmer, at an early age manifested a decided taste for
the mechanical arts, and acquired a knowledge of several useful
trades, such as wagon-making, engine-building, blacksmithing, etc.
He also built a mill in Callaway, and while engaged in these
occupations and leading a somewhat prosaic life, the news of the
wonderful gold discoveries in California broke upon the little
community in which he lived, "like a clap of thunder from a clear
sky."  The excitement which ensued fully aroused the dormant spirit
of adventure in the breast of Mr. Bishop, and he determined to
seek the phantom fortune, in the land of golden dreams.

Closing out his interests in Callaway, he made the necessary
preparations, and on the fifteenth day of April, 1849, he started
with a party to undertake the dreary and little-known journey
across the plains with ox teams.  The route selected was that by
Sana Fe, in New Mexico, thence along the Colorado River to a point
near El Paso, Texas, from which he followed Cook's route to Tucson,
Arizona, thence to the Gila River, where Fort Yuma now stands, and
from there onward, towards the setting sun, to Los Angeles, which
city he reached on the eight day of October, 1849.  this long journey
was not made without many hardships and privations.  When the point
now occupied by Fort Yuma was reached, Mr. Bishop was compelled to
abandon his teams and wagons, as there were no means of sustaining
the cattle while crossing the burning desert which intervened
between that place and Los Angeles;  and shouldering his blankets,
pick, and shovel-no light burden in such a climate-tramped the
entire distance on foot, arriving, weary, foot-sore, and well-nigh
exhausted, yet with courage undaunted and spirit undismayed.  After
a few day devoted to rest and recuperation, he again resumed his
burden and took his departure for the Mariposa mines, where he
arrived early in 1850, bearing upon his stalwart shoulders a pack
weighing upwards of 100 pounds, after having performed a journey on
foot of over 700 miles.

Mr Bishop spent the summer of 1850 in mining on the Stainslaus
and Merced Rivers, building extensive dams in order to deflect
these rivers from their course, and reach the rich treasures
supposed to lie concealed in their beds.  The fates, however, were
unpropitious, for in the month of September, an unexpected storm
swelled the rivers to irresistible torrents, the dams were swept away,
much valuable time and labor was lost, and the enterprise was
abandoned.  Mr Bishop was not discouraged by this mishap, but
immediately moved his camp to Mariposa, and was about to re-commence
mining operations, when the hostile attitude of the Indians in that
section compelled the settlers to organize for defense and for the
punishment of the marauding redskins.

This resulted in the campaign, recorded in the history of our State
as the "Mariposa War".  A battalion was raised by James Burney, and
placed under the command of Major James D. Savage, a noted
mountaineer, and Indian fighter, and Mr. Bishop, impelled by his
love of adventure, was one of the first to enlist.  The corps
consisted of three companies, A, B, and C, which were commanded,
respectively, by Captains John J. Kirkendall, John Bowling, and
William Dill.  Mr. Bishop was elected Orderly Sergeant of Company
C, and was virtually in command nearly all the time that body
was under arms, owing to the absence of Captain Dill.  The entire
battalion at once moved in pursuit of the hostile Indians, overtook
and captured a band of them on the Merced River, and followed the
remainder into the Yo Semite Valley, where they took prisoner the
great chief Yo Semite himself, and captured or dispersed his forces,
which put an end to the war.  It may be well here to note, as matter
of historical interest, that the advent of this armed force into
the Yo Semite Valley was the first appearance of white men in that
now world-famed resort.  After the defeat and capture of Yo Semite's
band of savages, the various tribes of Indians in that region,
and in the San Joaquin Valley, were brought together in an oak grove
on the Mariposa River, and a grand pow-wow, or council, was held, at
which a treaty of peace and amity was concluded, and the Indians
were then permitted to depart for their respective hunting-grounds.
Outside tribes were afterwards brought in at intervals, and separate
treaties were made with them.  Peace being now restored, and there
being no further fear of molestation from the savages, the battalion
was mustered out of service, and thus ended the famous "Mariposa War".

The following is a copy of the discharge given to Mr. Bishop upon
his retirement from the service of the State:-

"State Of California,
  "Mariposa County.
  "This is to certify that Sergeant Samuel A. Bishop was mustered into
the service of the State of California as a volunteer, in Company C,
of California Battalion, commanded by Major James D. Savage, on the
tenth day of February, 1851, and has faithfully performed the duties
of First Sergeant of Company C, to this date, and that he is this
day honorably discharged.
  "Given under our hands this first day of July, 1851.
				"Wm. Dill, Captain Com. Co. C,
				M.B. Lewis, Mustering Officer."

After the events above narrated, Mr. Bishop engaged with Major
Savage, his former Commander, and L.D. Vincent Hailer, as a
mechanic and manager of their business.  In 1852 Major Savage was
killed in an altercation with Major Harvey, when Mr. Bishop
became a partner in the firm, together, with Dr. Lewis Leach, under
the name and style of Leach & Co., conducting the business of
Indian traders on the reservation established by the government on
the Fresno River.  Here Mr. Bishop had entire control of the
Indians until Gen. Edward F. Beale was appointed by President
Fillmore, Superintendent of Indian affairs in California.

In 1853 General Beale determined to remove the Indians to a point
on the San Joaquin River, where the Southern Pacific Railroad now
crosses that stream, and Mr. Bishop was employed to conduct them to
their new home.  While here an incident occurred that is worthy
of mention.  For some time portions of the State had been ravaged
by desperate band of robbers and murderers, under the command of
the notorious bandit, Joaquin Murietta, who had for his Lieutenant
a villainous desperado, known as Three-fingered Jack.  A considerable
reward was offered for the capture of these outlaws, dead or alive,
and they were finally killed while resisting arrest, by a party
under the command of Captain Harry Love.  Captain Burns and one
John Sylvester came one day to the bank of the river opposite
the Indian rancheria, and asked to be ferried across.  Mr. Bishop
took a boat and brought them over, when they exhibited to him
the heads of Joaquin and Three-fingered Jack, together with the
hand of the latter, which had been cut off for identification.
As it was feared that decomposition would rob them of their
ghastly trophies before they could reach Fort Miller, Mr. Bishop
gave them a ten-gallon keg of whisky to reserve them in.  The
head of Three-fingered Jack was buried at Fort Miller, but that
of Joaquin Murietta was saved and brought to San Francisco, where
it may now be seen at Dr. Jordan's Anatomical Museum, on Market
Street.

In the fall of 1853 Mr. Bishop was instructed by General Beale to
transfer the Indians from the San Joaquin to Fort Tejon, near the
pass in the mountains of that name, at which place they were
located in December of that year, and in the following year a large
crop was raised under his superintendence by Indian labor alone.
About this time he formed a co-partnership with General Beale,
for the purpose of conducting the business of stock-raising, buying
lands, etc., which partnership continued for several years under
the firm name of Bishop & Beale.  At Fort Tejon, Mr. Bishop held
the respective offices of Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, and
Judge of the Plains, at one and the same time-a weight of dignity
which required no little strength of character to bear successfully
in those rough and lawless times.  He, however, acquitted himself
with credit and satisfaction to the people, and was greatly esteemed
by the Indians, whom he always treated with kindness and consideration
so long as they were peaceful.  In 1854 he associated himself with
Alex. Godey, the mountaineer, scout, guide, and friend of General
John C. Fremont and Kit Carson, for the purpose of supplying
provisions, etc., to the troops stationed at Fort Tejon, and
this business connection continued, to their mutual benefit,
for about four years.  The Hon. Peter Dean, now President of the
Merchants Exchange Bank and Sierra Lumber Company, in San Francisco,
was also a partner with Godey in the stock-raising business, and
the time spent in company with these old pioneers, Beale, Godey,
and Dean, Mr. Bishop emphatically says was the happiest period of
his life.

In 1859 he contracted to construct a military road from the
Colorado River, at Beale's crossing, near Fort Mojave, through
Arizona Territory into New Mexico, an extremely hazardous
undertaking, when the topographical difficulties and the hostility
of the Indians are considered.  So determined was the enmity of
the aborigines along the line of the Colorado and within the
borders of Arizona, that the government dispatched a force of
1,000 troops to bring them to terms.  These were sent from San
Francisco by steamer, via the Gulf of California, to Fort Yuma, thence
by land and light-draft steamers to Beale's Crossing, where several
immigrants had been massacred during the previous year, and at
which place it was hoped the enemy would be met.  Knowing of
the expedition, Mr. Bishop completed his arrangements so that
he should arrive at the crossing at the same time as would the
soldiers, and have their protection in crossing the river;  but
unfortunately he reached there a month in advance of them, and
was forced to cross, unguarded, the swift-running stream, with
his party of forty-two men, besides twenty camels and trains of
wagons and pack-mules, loaded with the necessary supplies for the
suppoert of such an expedition.  While making their way across the
stream, the Indians attacked them and compelled them to retreat to
Beaver Lake, two miles distant, where they fortified themselves
by drawing up their wagons in line, thereby forming a breastwork
with the lake in their rear, and on either flank they were protected
by a ditch, four feet deep, forming an inclosure, within which
their supplies, animals, and other property were gathered in
comparative security.  Here they were vigorously attacked by some
fifteen hundred armed savages, who were received with a withering
fire which quickly sent them to cover, but so determined were
they that they renewed the attack daily for seventeen days, being
successfully repulsed on each occasion, when, despairing of overcoming
the gallant little party of brave men who were rapidly thinning their
numbers, they sent a flag of truce into Mr. Bishop's camp, requesting
that a counsel be held.  This was acceded to, and an armistice
was arranged, and the party permitted to proceed on its way.

At San Francisco Mountain, in Arizona, Mr. Bishop met his partner,
General Beale, and, after consultation, it was decided to return
to the crossing, where they met the troops, who found no fighting
to do, the Indians having had quite enough of that pasttime during
the previous month.  This expedition, so barren of glory to the army,
cost the nation $400,000, while the brunt of the battle was borne
by Mr. Bishop and his companions, who reaped all the glory of the
contest.

When Fort Tejon was first located, in 1854, its site was supposed
to be on government land, but it was subsequently found to be upon
the Castec Grant, which Mr. Bishop purchased of one Albert Packard,
of Santa Barbara, who bought it from the original grantee.  An
agreement was entered into with the government, the conditions of
which were, that Mr. Bishop should deed to the United States one
mile square of the land on which the post was situated, to be held
for military purposes, so long as it should be deemed necessary,
and when no longer required for such purposes, it was to revert
to the owner of the grant with all the improvements made thereon.
The title to this grant was confirmed by the government in 1859, and
upon the outbreak of the Rebellion, the troops at Fort Tejon were
ordered to the seat of war and the post abandoned.  The premises,
with the keys, etc., were turned over to Mr. Bishop in accordance
with the agreement, and he suddenly found himself the proprietor of a
ready-made village of fine houses with no one to occupy them.  With that
keen intelligence which has earned for him his high position among
business men, Mr. Bishop conceived the idea of forming a new county out
of the northern portion of Los Angeles, the eastern part of Santa
Barbara, and the southern section of Tulare, and by donating his
buildings for county purposes, such as Court House, hospital, jail,
etc., a county seat would be found complete in its chief requirements,
and at the same time confer a benefit upon himself.  He succeeded in
his enterprise, and in 1865 the Legislature created the new county, which
was called Kern.  In the meantime, however, a great mining excitement
broke out, and thousands of people were attracted to the mountains of
Kern River, and when the election for county officers took place, the
majority located the county seat at Havilah, and thus the fruits of Mr.
Bishop's enterprise and intelligence were reaped by others.  At this
election, Mr. Bishop was chosen one of the Supervisors of the new
county, but resigned the office in the fall of 1866, when he went on a
visit to the Atlantic States, and on his return to California, with his
family, established his residence in San Jose, in April, 1867, and his
subsequent career forms a portion of the history of Santa Clara County.

Mr. Bishop has been for many years, and still is, actively engaged in
many important enterprises calculated to promote the interests of the
county in which he resides.  In the month of February, 1868, he, with
others, obtained a franchise to construct the San Jose and Santa Clara
Horse Railroad.  Mr. Bishop was elected President of the company, and
work was commenced on the first day of August, and on the first day of
November following, cars were running between the two cities.  He is
President of this company, the road having since been greatly extended
and improved, and the cars are now run by electric motor.  In 1870 he
became interested in the San Jose Savings Bank, and for several years was
Vice-President of that institution.  In the same year he became the owner
of the San Jose Institute and Business College, having associated with
him Mr. and Mrs. Freeman Gates.  In 1871, in company with P.O. Minor and
Judge Rhodes, he obtained a franchise from the Mayor and Common Council
of the city of San Jose to lay the First Street Railroad.  He is also
President of the San Jose Homestead Association, and Director in the
Sierra Lumber Company, which has important industries established in
the Sierra Nevada, as well as in the counties of Butte, Plumas, Tehama,
and Shasta.  In 1876, with six others, he purchased the Stayton
Quicksilver and Antimony mines, situated in the mountains dividing
Fresno from San Benito County.  In 1883 the San Jose Agricultural Works
were established, an institution which now occupies a prominent place
in the manufacturing interests of California.  Mr. Bishop was elected
President and still holds that important office.  He is also a Director
in the Paul O. Burns Wine Company, established in 1885, and the largest
viticultural organization in Santa Clara County.

Few of the pioneers of California have led a more active and useful life,
or contributed more largely toward the advancement of this State to its
present proud position than Mr. bishop.  He is endowed with rare natural
abilities, and a genial, kindly disposition.  The burden of sixty-three
years sits lightly upon him, and his regular habits and systematic activity
have solidified and knit into a column of enduring life his whole organ-
ization.  Of fine presence and dignified manner, he moves among men a
perfect type of American manhood, commanding the respect and confidence of
all.  Mr. Bishop is a life-member of the Society of California Pioneers,
and of the Santa Clara County Pioneers, and is also a life-member of the
Santa Clara Agricultural Society.  He holds high rank in the Masonic
fraternity, being a Knight Templar and member of the Order of Nobles of the
Mystic Shrine.

In 1856 he married, in Los Angeles, Frances E., daughter of William and
Amanda Young, by whom he has two children, a daughter and son, who inherit
in an eminent degree the domestic virtues of their mother, and the energy
and perseverance of their father.

Samuel Addison and Frances Ella (Young) Bishop Family