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transcribed and compiled by Sue Dent, OPC for Lansallos



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PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 34 CORNWALL A short time since, orders were received at the Custom House at Scilly, for the measuring and registering of every boat belonging to the Islands; with a view (no doubt) to "the better prevention of smuggling;" and many old shells, which were not worth five shillings (being solely employed a few weeks of the year to carry ore weed) were subjected to the scrutiny of the surveyor! Still more recently new licenses have been required for all sea-going boats, and orders have been issued, regulating the distances at which they may proceed from the islands, and while some are permitted to go as many as eight leagues off, others are restricted to half that distance! The penalty for being found beyond those limits is the seizure of the boat. If this be according to any statute, and such a power be lodged in any board, the act must have been smuggled through Parliament, for a more tyrannical exaction we never heard of within British control.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 82 CORNWALL A memorial is about to be presented to Government for the removal of the dangerous banks of sand, the cause of so many melancholy disasters, from the entrance of Padstow Harbour, the signatures to which are numerous and respectable. A petition will be presented to the House of Commons for the erection of a breakwater, to protect the entrance of the harbour. It is a work of necessity and humanity, in which the Hon. House will no doubt willingly concur; and too much praise or encouragement cannot be given to those who have brought the matter forward. A late distressing shipwreck has added another catastrophe to the long list of melancholy events produced by the situation of that fatal sand, and is an unanswerable argument for its removal.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 130 CORNWALL The Liskeard and Looe Canal will be completed in a short time, at some thousand pounds less than the original estimate of £ 13,000, two-thirds of the work being completed, and only £6,200 expended. In the Antiquarian Repertory are various legends concerning the burial of Adam on Mount Calvary; but in an old play, written in the Cornish language some centuries ago, and translated in 1682, it is asserted that the wood of which the cross of Christ was made, grew from the apple that the Devil had presented to Eve. Upon the same principle that the woman was the author of human woe, the smith's wife is said to have made the nails for the crucifixion.

The ancient Cornishmen were most excellent archers; they would shoot an arrow twenty-four score yards; their arrow was a cloth yard long. wherewith they would pierce any ordinary armour. A person named ARUNDEL would shoot twelve score with his right hand, with his left hand, and behind his head; and one Robert BONE shot at a little bird upon a cow's back, and killed the bird without touching the cow.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 171 CORNWALL The Committee of the West of England Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb are about to open their establishment. The interest which this charity excites in the western district will ensure its ultimate success. At Truro a meeting has been held at which Lord FALMOUTH presided. Donations to the amount of £ 134l. were immediately collected. The annual subscriptions were £ ..27l. - At Liskeard Lord St. GERMAINS presided at a meeting, at which very liberal contributions were subscribed. District committees, composed of many of the leading gentlemen of Cornwall, were established. A meeting will, within a short period, be convened at Bridgwater; and at Bath and Taunton similar measures will be adopted.

A steam-boat will be shortly established at the ferry between Torpoint and Morris-town. The vessel, which is building will be flat-bootomed, and of sufficient capacity to receive the Cornish mail, coach, horses and passengers, which will then run direct from Fore-Street, Devonport, instead of from Torpoint as at present.




PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 267 CORNWALL The Enterprise Greek steam-vessel, propelled by her machinery within thirty miles of Falmouth, when it was deemed necessary to see how she would move under canvas. For this purpose, orders were given to have the paddle-blades of the wheels unshipped, to relieve her from any obstruction in sailing, as her machinery had been very successfully proved by a trial of five days. Every exertion was made with her sails that skilful seamanship could at the moment suggest; but in a heavy sea she was wholly unmanageable, and would not answer the helm, from her unprecedented sharpness of construction, both fore and aft. Her paddle wheels having been dismantled, she was put in imminent danger, as she became entirely unmanageable without her machinery. The sea ran so high that it was impossible to re-ship the paddle-wheel blades, and this placed the vessel in a most critical situation. Fortunately Captain SYMONS, with his Majesty's ship Columbine, appeared in sight, and assissted in conducting the Enterprize into Plymouth. A simple and obvious remedy has been recommended to remove her defects.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 315 CORNWALL A deputation, which was lately sent from this county, from the merchants and others interested in the pilchard fishery, had an audience of the President and Vice-President of the Board of Trade, accompanied and supported by the members for Devon and Cornwall, and several of the principal landowners in the two counties. Though the deputation received no encouragement as to the success of the principal point of their petition - the renewal of the bounty on fish, yet the President held out hopes of something being done next year towards its more gradual reduction. The 8th of May, the very ancient festival, called the Furry-day, was kept up with its usual gaiety and spirit at Helston. The ladies and gentlemen of the place commenced dancing through the streets and houses about one P.M., and they were succeeded by several other dancing parties in the course of the day. This is, perhaps, the only remnant of the ancient Flora-games at present observed in this island.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 355 CORNWALL It appears that the distress complained of among the Scilly Islands, for the last year or two, has arisen mainly from the following causes: - an excess of population, and a want of steady employment. The population has more than doubled within the last thirty years, and the excess is an evil which is visible in all their employments: whether as causing the subdivision of their bits of land, or in the piloting of their vessels, (formerly there were only four pilot boats, now there are at least twenty).- whether in the making of koef (there being only so much of the raw material to be gathered), - or in the lobster fishing. By excessive competition they impoverish each other. That portion of the people who might be removable, consists of those who are least in the way at present, and who make no complaints: of course the young men from eighteen to twenty-five or twenty-eight years are alluded to, though no doubt they partake of the island resources; and as they marry at an early age, and from the perilous nature of their employment in the boats it is calculated that not more than one-fourth of the males reach an advanced age, that one third are drowned, hence, of the number of families on the island of St. Agnes, one-third consists of widows and children.

This is extracted from an official paper, and no doubt correct.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 403 CORNWALL A very fine copper mine has lately been discovered and set to work, near Bude, on the north coast, which promises a rich harvest to the adventurers. Among the prizes awarded at the late fete at Chiswick, for the best exhibitions of fruit, was one of the Banksian medals to the Right Hon. R.P. CAREW, for citrons grown in the open air, at Antony-house, in this county. Consumptive Englishmen will very rarely find a situation equal to Penzance, and never one that is superioir to it. The South of Devon also has a mild climate, very suitable to such persons; it is about a degree and a half, or two degrees warmer than London. But "Penzance," says Dr. YOUNG, "may fairly be considered as having a temperature four degrees and a half higher than London, in the coldest months; and in equality of temperature also, it retains its superiority over even Devonshire." It is well known, that many persons far gone in consumption have perfectly recovered from a lengthened stay at Penzance, and it is much to be regretted that physicians do not more frequently send their patients thither.


PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 443 CORNWALL Captain JULYAN, R.N. has submitted to the Corporation of Truro a prospectus, with plans, &c. of a Canal from Mopus [transcribers note - this is probably Malpas] to Truro, which would obviate the difficulties that, from various causes, vessels have at present to encounter in approaching the latter place. By the proposed canal, vessels could come up to Truro quay at all times. The persons present expressed their approval of the plan, which Captain JULYAN conceives could be carried into effect for the sum of £ 5000, and which the owners and masters of vessels would gladly pay for being freed from the inconvenience and delay they at present experience, would amply repay the subscribers for the necessary outlay.




PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES Page 539 CORNWALL Mr. William JAMES has formed a plan to improve the port, market, and commerce of Truro, by opening internal as well as improving the maritime communications; and the Corporation and landed proprietors of the borough have directed him to proceed forthwith with the preparatory measures he has in view. When the surveys, &c. are completed, they will be laid before a General Meeting of the Corporation and landed proprietors, &c. who will decide on the expediency of carrying the whole or any part into effect.

A Danish silver coin, with the date of 1713, was found in the belly of a fish purchased at Falmouth.

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