|1 NOVEMBER 1850, Friday|
PENZANCE INSTITUTE. An instructive lecture was given on Monday evening last by Mr. BOYNS, on "eminent men from the humbler walks." The next lecturer will be delivered by Mr. ROWE, "on printing," with illustrations.
FALMOUTH MECHANICS INSTITUTE. On Monday evening last, Mr. John DENNIS gave a lecture on the "life and writings of Elihu BURRITT." Mr. Dennis is, like the great American philanthropist, a son of Vulcan. The lecture did him and the institution great credit and was followed by a discussion in which several of the members took part. On Monday evening next, the first lecture of the course on "General Physiology," will be given by A. McLEOD, Esq., M.R.C.S.
BOROUGH OF BODMIN. Pursuant to a public notice, a meeting of the burgesses was held in the Guildhall on Monday last, to take into consideration the approaching municipal election, and in connection therewith, the proposed introduction of the Health of Towns Act into the borough. Mr. Thomas MUDGE, ex-mayor, was in the chair. Resolutions were unanimously adopted expressive of the confidence felt by the burgesses in the following gentlemen, and a pledge was given by them to support them as candidates at the approaching municipal election, viz.: Messrs Thomas MUDGE, T. COMMINS jun., William SERJEANT, and William PASCOE. The meeting was fully attended, the Guildhall being crowded to excess, and a strong determination was expressed by most of the burgesses to prevent the Health of Towns Act from being introduced into the borough. A committee will sit on Friday, the day of election, from nine in the morning till four in the afternoon, at Mr. C.E. PEARSE's auction room, to afford every information with reference to the same. The outgoing gentlemen as town councillors are Mr. T. MUDGE, Mr. C.P. TONKIN, Mr. ELSON, and Mr. J.P. VARCOE.
SURGICAL OPERATION. On Monday last, Messrs. MOYLE and HARRIS, surgeons, amputated the leg above the knee, of a youth named Richard STEPHENS, son of William Stephens, of Baldhu district parish, near Chacewater. The operation was performed, for a chronic disease in the knee joint, and the patient is doing well.
SMALL POX. The small pox continues to prevail in Callington with great virulence. In some instances two or three of a family have died.
MINING &c. IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA. A letter has been forwarded to us, which has been lately received from a gentleman, formerly of Cornwall, who emigrated to South Australia. It is dated "Adelaide, 20th July, 1850," and contains some particulars of interest in regard to the mines of Australia, the climate and productions of the country, the social condition of the people, &c. We have made the following extracts. The writer remarks:- "Mining is certainly going ahead here, but I am convinced parties will burn their fingers with smelting, at least at present prices of fuel and labour; but in almost all the mines the want of capital is felt, and the gambling in shares by no means tends to their benefit, for parties after giving a high premium for shares by no means like to launch out money to work the mines, and hence the results that attend one half that are started, they are either stopped for want of funds, or merely worked in a manner (to use a Cornish expression) to pick the eyes out. I have scarcely seen a mine yet that will not want for two or ten thousand pounds expended, and this, with proper machinery, I am satisfied will make many produce profits fully equal to those now realising by the far famed Burra Mine. I have, since my last, been sent into the interior to visit and report on different mines, and my opinion has, in more than one instance, been of practical use. I have had to oppose the system pursued by agents calling themselves Cornish captains, and the results have proved that I was in the right. In reality there is a great amount of ignorance in mining matters amongst most of those at present engaged in them; to make money in the traffic of shares seems the chief aim. This by and bye will make its own cure, and the really good mines will fall into the hands of those who will expend capital in judiciously opening and working them. The Wheal Margaret silver lead mine is likely to turn out a splendid affair. We have a course of ore now standing. In our 13 fathom level from the surface, fourteen feet high and fifteen and a half feet wide, and how much deeper it goes we cannot of course tell, but there can be little doubt that it will hold down to a great depth. The assay of this ore averages 60 ounces silver to the ton, and forty-five percent lead. I have some beautiful specimens of gold and gold ore to send you in my next box, such as I think will astonish you, but we have not yet found enough to make it pay for working. Colonial speculators have not patience to follow anything out fully; it must be done immediately or in a hurry, otherwise, the matter is abandoned, and mining concerns will well repay the perseverance of the more steady seekers of wealth, that are now abandoned by the colonists. You will be surprised in England at the result of the last Government land sale here - some lots of eighty-acre sections fetched enormous prices. One sold for £10,500 1s. 0d; another £7,000; another £6,000, merely from their mineral indications. This is not amiss for a young colony. And here I might as well state that no importation of Cornish miners would be too great; they are greatly wanted, and if you know any that cannot get out here, if you send me their names, ages and residence, and that of their families, I will send home orders for a free passage for them; every purchased of land here being intitled to nominate persons under forty years of age. I would not induce any parties to come out here whom I was not quite sure would be benefited; but miners are much wanted, and would meet with instant employment, and liberal wages, and from six to ten experienced mining captains would get immediate situations at £3 3s. to £4 4s. per week. I think you might make the above public. But too much cannot be said of the insane attempt, the effect of morbid philanthropy of Mr. SIDNEY HERBERT and others to raise subscriptions to send out governesses, clerks, &c., whom distress at home prevents their getting a livelihood. The result must inevitably be their ruin here. They are not wanted in the avocations they are only fitted for; hard labour, and farm and household work would be much too hard, and what then? As for men, look at our road sides and scavengers, and stone-breakers - they are young doctors, lawyers' clerks, and that class, who are unfit even for the very work necessity has driven them to; first having tried the semi-barbarous life of bushmen and the monotony of hut-keeping, they are glad to take the Government work to save themselves from starving. Five hundred clerks are all that can be employed here, and not only is every ship that comes crowded with them, but men who ought to know better than lure them to destruction, or holding out in England false hopes, and actually raising money to assist in sending them. As an act of mercy and charity this should be exposed and prevented, and every publicity given to the folly and madness of sending to certain ruin and misery, as many who never otherwise have thought of taking such a step". The writer goes on to speak highly of the colonists, stating that every cause or object having in view either the temporal or spiritual interests of the people, is liberally supported. Respecting the country he says he has lately been to some beautiful parts, looking beautifully green, though the scenery is monotonous, either wide plains, or miles of scrub or high trees. "Animals, excepting bullocks and sheep, are very rare, I mean the kangaroo, opossum, wild dog, &c.; the progress of civilization is fast driving them from their haunts. There are parrots and cockatoos in great abundance - I have seen a newly-sown field covered with them like a large sheet spread over the field." He states that his garden is looking beautiful, with all our English vegetables and flowers growing in it most luxuriantly; that he is planting vines, but can buy a bunch of grapes weighing six pounds for a shilling, and get peaches large and ripe at from 1d. to 6d. each; figs also, he observed, grow very fine in that country.
FOWL STEALING. - On Wednesday night the 23rd ult., the premises of the Rev. R. BARNES, at Probus were entered, and several fowls and some reed were carried off. The rev. gentleman offered a reward of five pounds for the detection of the offender, and through the vigilance of policeman STAPLE, of Truro, the thief was apprehended. Our correspondent states that he has since been pardoned, because in the event of a prosecution his wife and family would fall on the poor's rate.
TRURO POLICE. - On the 24th ult., John JENKIN and John MERRIFIELD, were each fined £2, and 11s. 3d. costs, for inciting John FLINN to assault police-sergeant HARE, when in the execution of his duty. In default of payment, they were committed for fourteen days to hard labour.
On Friday last, John PERRYMAN, jun., was charged with breaking and entering the barn of John PLUMMER, at Kenwyn church-town, and stealing five bushels of wheat. It was stated in evidence that on Friday the 18th of October, Mr. Plummer locked his barn, leaving five bushels of wheat there in bags. On the following Tuesday, he found that the wheat had been stolen; but the barn was locked as when he left it, so that the thief must have entered by means of a false key. Mr. ABBOT, of the steam mills, Truro, deposed that on Saturday the 19th of October, the prisoner sold him five bushels of wheat at 15s. a bushel of 9 score and 6 lbs; prisoner then said his name was John WILLIAMS. The bags were afterwards found concealed between a hay-rick and the end of a straw-rick belonging to Mr. PLAYER, on the road from Truro to St. Erme. Prisoner lives at St. Erme, and was apprehended there by policeman Fitzsimmons. It further appears that the prisoner Perryman was suspected of breaking into the house of John COLLETT, a shoe-maker at Tresillian, about three weeks ago, on which occasion a number of boots and shoes were stolen. On Tuesday last, Henry JANE, constable, found a pair of boots at Mr. James's pawnbroker's shop, Truro, which Perryman had pawned there, and on the same day prisoner's wife brought to the constable two other pairs of boots which had been stolen from Collett's shop. There was also found in prisoner's house at Trispin, a lath knife which the constable states had been stolen from Mr. GATLEY's premises AT Tresillian, and was used the same night to break open Collett's house. He was committed for trial on the first charge above stated.
NARROW ESCAPE. - One day lately, while Edwrd STOCKER, of St. Austell, was incautiously trying with his walking stick the depth of a china clay pit belonging to the Cornwall Company, in St. Stephens parish, the clay suddenly gave way, and he fell into the pit. Had it not been for the prompt and timely assistance afforded by Messrs. OLVER and YELLAND, who fortunately were near at the time, he must have instantly perished. As accidents so frequently occur at this place in consequence of the incautious conduct of those who approach the pits, perhaps this narrow escape may serve as a warning to others.
ACCIDENT. - On Thursday evening, as Mr. E. GRIGG, of Stokeclimsland, was unloading some timber he slipped his foot, and fell over a piece, and broke his leg. Mr. HENDER was soon in attendance and set the bone, and it is hoped he is doing well.
CORONERS' INQUESTS. - The following inquests have been held before Mr. John CARLYON, County Coroner. On Thursday, the 24th instant, at Stithians, on the bodies of Wm. HOOPER, aged 21, and Wm. MARSHALL, aged 20. Both the deceased were miners, and were killed by an unfortunate accident in Poldice mine, in Gwennap, on the preceding day. On their way up from underground, when near the adit, the footway ladders by which they were ascending broke from the fastenings, and they were precipitated, with the ladders, down the shaft. Their two comrades, who were going up at the same time, had a narrow escape, having the moment before just stepped out of one of the ladders which gave way. In consequence of the falling of the men and ladders, there was an upward rush of air which put out the candles of the whole party; but the comrades who had escaped suspected what had happened, from feeling a jerk of the ladder on which they were proceeding, and from their not being able to get any "mouth-speech" from their comrades below. They, therefore, proceeded to grass as quickly as possible, and, after getting lights and reporting what had happened, they went down by another shaft, and with some difficulty got at the deceased, at the fifty fathom level. They found them quite dead among a lot of broken pieces of ladders, slaves, collars, and loose rubbish. No one had been down the shaft at the time of the inquest, and therefore it could not be stated positively how many ladders had given way, but it was supposed that all the ladders and collars from the adit to the fifty fathom level had fallen. The Coroner particularly examined the witnesses as to the nature and condition of the ladders, which they all agreed in saying were supposed to be perfectly secure and in good order. The jury, composed principally of working miners belonging to the mine, did not say any blame to the agents or to the timberman, whose duty it was to inspect the ladders. Verdict "accidental death".
On the 26th ult., an inquest was held before Mr. Gilbert HAMLEY, at Calstock on view of the body of William REED. It appeared from the evidence that the deceased was a sailor residing at Plymouth, and with his wife had been on a visit to his friends at Calstock. He left early on the preceding morning, apparently in his usual health, to go back to Plymouth. He had not gone far on his road when he complained of great pain in his chest. He sat down on a rock and his wife ran to fetch some people who resided near. On her return she found him dying, and he died almost immediately. It appeared that deceased, six weeks before he landed had fallen from the top-mast and injured himself very much. Verdict, "died from natural causes."
LAUNCESTON - A very spirited contest took place in this borough on Friday last, for the election of councillors. The final state of the pool was declared in the Subscription Room, on the evening of the day when the result was Mr. T. S. EYRE, 184 votes: Mr. J. SPETTIGUE, 117, Mr Wm. HENDER, 116, and Mr. W. SPETTIGUE, 114.
PENRYN - The following councillors of this borough went out of office on Friday last: Mr. William Paul WILLIAMS, Mr. John EUSTICE, Mr. William Paul WILLIAMS, jun., and Mr. Sampson STEPHENS; the three former were re-elected, and Mr. Richard R. RAPSON was elected in the place of Mr. Stephens.
FALMOUTH - On Friday last the election of town councillors for this borough took place, when Messrs. CUTTANCE, CLARKE, DOWNING, and ALLEN were to go out. Messrs. DOWNING and CLARKE issued handbills declining to come forward as candidates; the four parties whose names stood on the voters' papers at the opening of the poll were CUTTANCE, READ, TICKELL, and EDMONDS; about twelve o'clock some few papers were put in for two or three others, but at the conclusion of the poll it stood as follows: Mr. Eli Cuttance, grocer, (re-elected) 35; Mr. Edward Read, draper, 32; Mr. William Tickell, wine merchant, 30; and Mr. Stephen Edmonds, druggist, 30. These four were therefore declared elected.
HELSTON - On Friday the 1st instant, Messrs. John KENDALL, jun., W. PENBERTHY, W. CADDY, and R. MICHELL were re-elected town councillors of this borough without any opposition.
PENZANCE - The municipal elections for this borough took place on Friday last. In the west ward, there was a re-election of all the gentlemen who went out; and in the east ward, the last-mentioned two on the subjoined list, were also re-elections. West ward, Mr. Edmund DAVY, Mr. Samuel YORK, and Mr. George Hext BELLRINGER; east ward, Mr. James ROSEWALL, Mrs. John Blackney READ, and Mr. Richard Vinicombe DAVY.
WINDOW BREAKING - On the night of the 31st ult., about eleven o'clock, some mischievous scoundrels in Probus church-town, went through the village and broke the windows in different houses by throwing stones, to the great risk of the inmates' persons, and lives. We understand that the number of panes broken will amount to from twenty-five to thirty - we are sorry to state the offenders are still at large.
ST AUSTELL PETTY SESSIONS. - At these sessions held at the Town Hall, on Tuesday last, William KERGWIN was committed to Bodmin gaol for twenty-one days for refusing to maintain an illegitimate child. Mrs POAT, of Pentewan was fined £1 for drawing drink during divine service. Mr. HILL of Pentwen, was also fined £3 and 10s. costs for selling cider without licence.
8 NOVEMBER 1850
ATTEMPT ON THE LIFE OF A MINE CAPTAIN. On the night of Thursday last, an attempt was made upon the life of Captain TRAHAIR, while on his duty in the mine at Balleswidden; some cowardly villain having discharged a gun, heavily loaded with large shot, at him through the counting-house window. Captain Trahair was moving through the kitchen to another room, and had just entered the doorway, when a sudden crash of glass in the room he was leaving took place. The fellow must have watched his intended victim for some time previously, for two young men coming to the mine at about six o'clock, saw a man standing amidst the burrows commanding the tram road that leads through the mine, and through which Captain Trahair would require to pass several times during the night. One of the men who observed him attempted to ascertain who he was, but on his approach the fellow ran off, and took up his position behind the wall surrounding the counting-house, which was not more than twelve or fifteen yards from the window through which he must have watched the Captain's movements. The charge it appears dashed the window to pieces - the shot lodging in the table, and upon a door in the room which was right opposite. No clue has yet been procured to the offender, but a reward of twenty guineas has been offered for his discovery.
ACCIDENT - On Tuesday evening last, about seven o'clock, as Mr. Edward MICHELL, ( purser of East Wheal Rose), and Mr. James ROUSE were returning from that mine in a four-wheeled gig, with a horse belonging to Mr. TAPP, of the Barley Sheaf Inn, Truro, when they arrived at Buck's Head, about a mile from Truro, on descending the hill, the splinter bar it is supposed came against the horse, which immediately started off, and ran down the hill with great speed as far as the Rising Sun, at the entrance to Truro, where the gig came in contact with a wall, and both Mr. Michell and Mr. Rouse were thrown out. Mr Rouse escaped with a few slight bruises, but Mr. Michell was more seriously hurt; his knee was much cut and he received several scratches on the face, but nothing of a serious character. The horse continued his course with merely the shafts and a part of the gig after him down to the George and Dragon Inn, where he was secured; the gig being totally destroyed. Mr. Michell was first taken to a house by the side of the road, and afterwards conveyed in a fly to his residence at Feock.
BIBLE SOCIETY ANNIVERSARY - The anniversary of the Hayle branch of this society was held in the school-room, Hayle Foundry, on Friday evening last, Rev. J. PUNNETT,, Vicar of St. Erth in the chair. Excellent addressed were delivered by the chairman, the Revds. Messrs APPLEBY and KILLICK, Wesleyan ministers and Thomas SANGER, Esq., the deputation from the parent society.
ALTERNUN MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT SOCIETY. On Tuesday evening, Mr. Edward NICHOLLS delivered an interesting and instructive lecture on "Creation, its beauties, and order," after which a spirited discussion took place in which the lecturer displayed much information on the animal and vegetable economy. The next lecture is appointed for the 19th instant, by Mr. Edwin BURNARD, on the "Institute and conduct of life."
GULVAL INSTITUTE. On Wednesday se'night an interesting and instructive lecture, was delivered by Mr. C. CHARLESWORTH, to the members of this institution on "Hernan Cortes," Conqueror of Mexico. An animated discussion followed, at the close of which the thanks of the meeting were accorded to the lecturer. The chair was occupied by Mr. GOY, of Penzance, and it was announced at the close, that the next lecture will be delivered by Mr. G.P. MARRACK, on "The Progress of knowledge."
INQUESTS. The following inquests have been held before Mr. HAMLEY, county coroner:- On Catherine COCK, at St. Neot. She went to bed in her usual health, was taken ill in the night, her husband got up, and having called a neighbour, who found her in great pain, went to a druggist to get some medicine, but on his return, on going into her room, found her dead.
On John HOCKING, of St Mabyn. He was a labourer, and was working at Slade's Bridge, driving some dung in a wheelbarrow, was taken suddenly ill, and was removed to his home in a cart, but never recovered. Verdict, "visitation of God."
SHIP LAUNCH - On Tuesday last, a handsome cutter, intended for the fruit-trade, was launched from the building yard of Mr. R. C. SYMONS, Penzance, she went off in fine style, a large concourse of people being assembled to witness the sight. The name of her is the "Eaglet."
BE CAREFUL OF FIRE - On Saturday night last about ten o'clock, the sloop "Mary," Trembath, master, lying in Fowey harbour, was discovered to be on fire. None of the crew were at the time on board, and the fire was first discovered by Mr. P. RUNDLE, tailor, who immediately gave an alarm; the tide was low at the time, but some young men got on board and found that the flames were proceeding from the cabin. By the promptitude of their proceedings the fire was speedily extinguished, and the vessel saved. The damage done is inconsiderable.
VERY NARROW ESCAPE. On Thursday, the 31st ult., as a son of Capt. Thomas CHAMPION, of Newquay, aged eleven years, was amusing himself in a small boat sculling about the pier, the oar by some means slipped out of the score and he fell overboard. Mr. John CLEMENS, shipbuilder, being fortunately in his yard at the time and hearing cries of distress, perceived the little boy in the sea struggling for life; He immediately ran and plunged in the water and being a powerful swimmer, just reached the little fellow in time to grasp him before his sinking to a depth of fifteen feet. A boat being soon on the spot, both were taken on board much exhausted, the little boy so much so, that it was some time before any sign of life was perceptible. The proper remedies being quickly applied, he was by degrees restored and is now doing well. Too much praise cannot by given to Mr. Clemens for his speedy and praiseworthy exertions, and this being the third person he has been the means of rescuing from drowning, his conduct fully deserves the consideration of the Royal Humane Society.
TRURO POLICE. - On Monday last, before Mr. BASSETT, mayor, and Mr. PADDON and Mr. CHAPPEL, magistrates Captain KEMPE, a county and borough magistrate, charged Edwin COAD with assaulting him on the night of the 1st instant. The complainant stated that after the meeting at the Town-hall (it being the day of the municipal election) he was on his way to his residence in Lemon-street, when complaint was made to him by Mr. Charles ANDREW, grocer, that his wife and Mrs. CROWLE, both living at the bottom of Lemon-street, were ill, and that the noise made and the burning of tar-barrels outside their houses, would be likely to affect their illness. On this complainant went to stop the proceedings, when he was assaulted by several persons, and he swore positively that defendant kicked him. George PAINS, police inspector, deposed that a great number of persons were assembled at the spot, and that some of them used threatening expressions towards complainant. Richard OLIVE was called by defendant to depose that he did not kick Captain Kempe, but on cross-examination he admitted that he was driven two or three feet apart from defendant. Michael HANKINS was called to prove an alibi, but he could only state that he came with defendant as far as the corner of King-street, whereas the assault was alleged to have been committed at the corner of Lemon-street, outside the house of Messrs. HODSON and CROWLE, drapers. Mr. Smith, solicitor, said the defendant had been his second gardener for two years, and he gave him an excellent character, but said that of course if the present charge were proved, his opinion of him would be altered. The magistrates fined the defendant £1 and 14s. costs, on which Capt. Kempe said to show he had no animosity against the men, he would pay a sovereign of the sum imposed on him. The magistrates, however, and Mr. Smith, said there was no reason why he should set in this way towards the defendant, and in consideration of complainant's liberality, the magistrates mitigated the fine to 1s. which defendant paid, with the 14s. costs. William Hussey Blundell ? Kempe, son of Capt. Kempt, had also a charge against the same defendant for assault, but withdrew it on payment by defendant of the costs, 6s, 6d.
IMPROVEMENT IN CLOGS. - Mr. ROBARTS, surgeon-dentist, of Tavistock, had invented and taken out a patent for an improvement in clogs. Ladies have now to stoop to put on their clogs, or to get another person to fasten them. By Mr. Robarts's improvement in the construction, clogs may be put on or taken off by the wearer with the greatest ease and without stooping.
15 NOVEMBER 1850, Friday
REGISTRAR GENERAL'S REPORT. The report of the Registrar General for the quarter ending September 30, has just been published. The deaths registered have been 86,044, instead of 135,358, which they were in the quarter ending September 1849, when cholera ravaged the chief towns of the kingdom. The Registrar-General remarks that the decease of death implies necessarily the decrease of sickness and suffering; whilst the increase of marriages and births indicates improvement in the condition and prospects of the great body of the people. The public health he states, has never been so good since 1845, as in the past quarter ending in September. The excess of births registered over deaths in the quarter was 60,926, which if all the births were registered would be the natural increase of the population. In the same time 53,703 emigrants sailed from three ports of England - Plymouth, London and Liverpool. This leaves a narrow margin for the increase of population; but many of the emigrants entered at the English ports are from Ireland; which has been for many years diffusing a stream of natives over England as well as America. The progress of the whole fixed and moving population of the country can only be determined accurately from a comparison of the returns of births and deaths, of emigrants and immigrants, with periodical enumeration. The deaths registered in Cornwall in the quarter ending September last, were 1376; in the same quarter last year, the number was 2105. In the meteorological report, by Mr. GLAISHER, F.R.S., it is remarked that the mean temperature of the three months ending August, constituting the three summer months, was 61.1 being 1.2 above that of the average of seventy-nine previous summers. There are the usual meteorological returns from this county, by Dr. BARHAM, Truro, Mr. Lovell SQUIRE, Falmouth, and Mr. M.P. MOYLE, Helston. It appears the mean temperature of the air during the past quarter, was at Truro, 58.5; At Falmouth, 59.1; and at Helston, 58.7 degrees.
TYWARDREATH RINGERS - On Monday the 4th inst., the ringers of this parish held their second annual feast at Mr. POLKINGHORNE's New Inn, and with the Revd. Frederick PULLING and Charles LEMON, and the Churchwardens, sat down to an excellent supper, consisting of the good old English fare - roast and boiled joints, plum pudding, and ale.
ATTEMPTED BURGLARY. - Early on Tuesday morning last, an attempt was made to enter Riviere House, in the parish of Phillack, by means of breaking some panes of glass on the premises. Fortunately, however, a member of the family was awakened by the noise, and instantly rang the bell, which so alarmed the fellows that they immediately decamped, and effected their escape. An attempt was also made the preceding night on the premises of Mr. Thomas POOL, at Hayle, but without success.
COMMITTAL. - On Tuesday last a youth named Walter HICKS, was committed by Sir Joseph Sawle Graves SAWLE, Bart., to the house of correction, to be kept to hard labour for one calendar month, as a rogue and vagabond, for wandering abroad and lodging in the open air, not having any visible means of subsistence, and not giving a good account of himself.
MULLION FIRES. - On Saturday last, William BARTLE and John HODGE, of Cury, were apprehended on suspicion of having set fire to Priske in Mullion, occupied by Mr. John THOMAS, on the 26th of August last. They were examined on Monday, and were remanded for further examination till Monday next.
CORONER'S INQUESTS. - The following inquests have been held by Mr. John CARLYON, county coroner. On Monday, ast Cocks, in the parish of Perranzabuloe, on the body of Grace Tabb, widow, aged 65 years, who died on Sunday, from injuries she had received by falling down a bank by the side of the road leading from Cocks to Perran church. Verdict, "Accidental death."
On Tuesday, at Treworgans, in the parish of Cubert, on the body of Mr. William SEARLE, aged 78 of Traffel, in the parish of Newlyn. The deceased had ridden over to Treworgans on Monday morning, and had employed himself the greater part of the day in fitting up a cattle house for his tenant, Mrs. CARVOLTH. At about four o'clock in the afternoon, Mrs. Carvolth, on passing the house, saw him lying prostrate on the ground and called one of the far labourers to go to him; and it was then found that he was quite dead. Deceased had been remarkably well all the day, and up to within ten minutes of his being found as above stated. He had just given some directions about his horse. Verdict, "apoplexy." The deceased was a very charitable man, and was generally much esteemed in the neighbourhood.
ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS. - Mr. J. WILLIAMS, of Portloe, in this county, having undergone the necessary examinations was admitted a member of the college on the 6th instant.
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT TO THE REV. J.C. GROSE. - We have copied from the Royal Leamington Spa Courier and Warwickshire Standard, the following notice of a tribute of respect to the Rev. J.C. GROSE, son of Mr. J. C. Grose of Bodmin:- "On Monday last, a chaste and beautiful communion service, furnished by Messrs. BRIGHT of Leamington, together with a purse of gold, was presented to the Rev. J.C. Grose, on his expected removal from his present sphere of labour in Leamington, being the contributions of upwards of one hundred of the members of the parish church and Episcopal chapel congregations, in conjunction with other friends who highly esteem and value him, and in testimony of his faithful, devoted, and efficient services towards those amongst whom he has more especially ministered. The sum collected will, by his particular desire, be expended in tracts and books, suitable for the Lending Libraries with which he is connected, in which he is deeply interested, and which he has been mainly instrumental in establishing."
22 NOVEMBER 1850, Friday
THE GAME LAWS - At the Torpoint Petty Sessions on the 12th instant, before Mr. Coryton ROBERTS, and Mr. S.W. ROBERTS, W. RICHARDS, the son of a respectable farmer in the parish of St. Germans, was charged with trespassing in pursuit of game in the grounds belonging to Mr. GLANVILLE, at Burn Park. A man in the employ of Mr. Glanville, stated that on the 22nd of October, he saw the defendant in the lawn of Burn Park; he was then beating the hedge with his gun, and he also had a dog with him, presently he was joined by three other dogs, the man then came up and said he should report him, upon which he replied, "it is not worth while." This was all the evidence, and Mr. Richards said he acknowledged being in the grounds, but positively denied being in pursuit of game. The magistrates felt bound to convict, but would only enforce a mitigated penalty of 20s. and costs.
LAUNCESTON - On Sunday evening the 10th instant, three labourers who had been visiting the town of Launceston, were proceeding homewards in a state of riotous intoxication through Newport and St. Stephens, and on meeting Thomas STAPLETON, a blacksmith, of the latter place, committed a violent assault upon him. They were apprehended and in the following morning taken before Mr. PEARSE, and (the assault having been previously compromised) fined 5s. each and costs for drunkenness.
ESCAPE FROM THE POLICE. - On Monday last information was given to the police of Helston, that Edward MICHELL (a person for whom an apprehending warrant had been issued for stealing a part of a brass cock, the property of Mr. S.W. GEACH, in this town,) had returned. Accordingly three constables proceeded to his house to secure him, when they found the house closed; and after an hour's endeavour to gain an entrance, one of them managed to get in through one of the upper windows and after some time, secured the culprit with handcuffs; but on his coming to the outside of the house, he sprang away from them, and notwithstanding the inconvenience of the "Newgate Ruffles," he outstripped the constables who pursued him, and he has to the present time escaped detection.
COMMITTALS AT ST. AUSTELL - On Tuesday last an Irish woman, named Joanna Sullivan, was committed, by Sir Joseph Sawle Graves SAWLE, Bart., and Mr. Edward COODE, to the house of correction at Bodmin, to hard labour for fourteen days, for wilfully and maliciously breaking two panes of glass at the St. Austell Union Workhouse on the 18th instant. At the same time William Henry BARBERY of St. Austell, was committed for one calendar month, for disobeying a magistrate's order for the maintenance of the bastard child of Elizabeth Pearce HARRIS, of St Mewan.
ST JUST. - On Tuesday last, Thomas NEKERVIS and son, whilst engaged at their labour on the beach, in Levant mine, were carried away by the sea and have not since been seen. On Wednesday morning, two miners' shirts were picked up near Pendean, about a mile from the mine, and recognised as belonging to Nekervis and his son. Nekervis has left a wife and nine children to lament his loss.
CORONERS' INQUEST. - The following inquest has been held before Mr. John CARLYON, county coroner:- On Tuesday evening last, at the Fonntain Inn, Truro, on the body of William HOCKING, mason, aged 68 years. It appeared that deceased had eaten a hearty dinner on Tuesday, and afterwards went from his house in Factory lane to the High-cross, it being the day of the "Five weeks' cattle fair." Mr. TIPPET, auctioneer, was selling some horses, and the deceased with others was standing at the Assembly-room door looking on at the auction, when suddenly he fell from his legs against the other side of the passage leading to the Assembly-room. Some persons brought out a chair, and deceased was placed on it and Dr. BULLMORE immediately sent for, but when he arrived he found the man was. He then followed him to his house, and on examination discovered that the cause of death was apoplexy. Verdict, "died of apoplexy." [Definitely printed Fonntain, but possibly should be Fountain?]
On Wednesday, at East Wheal Rose mine, on the body of John HODGE, miner, aged 54 years. From evidence of Samuel TREMBEATH, it appeared that the deceased was his comrade, and on Tuesday, they were employed in driving a cross-cot between the great North Wheal Rose sump-shaft and the 110 fathoms level. John JORY and his comrade were driving against them. They had nearly effected communication, and in fact, had bored one hole through. Jory and his comrade had prepared another hole for blasting, and had given notice to the deceased and his comrade that they were about to fire it. Trembeath retired to the mouth of the level - a most insecure place, and the deceased passed him and went on about a fathom further, and stood behind a life in the shaft. As soon as the hole went off, a stone flew out and hit him in the calf of the leg, carrying away a great piece of the flesh. He was removed to the one hundred fathoms level, where his wound was dressed and he was placed in the kibble to be sent up; but he died almost immediately from loss of blood. Verdict, "accidental death."
The following inquests, have been held before Mr. HAMLEY, county coroner:- On the 11th instant, at St. Pinnock, on John LOBB. He went to bed in his usual health. About four o'clock in the morning, his wife spoke to him; he was then quite well. About six o'clock she spoke to him again, and receiving no answer thought there was something amiss. She made an alarm and on her son who lived next door coming in he found him dead. He had been clerk to the parish for many years. Verdict, "died from natural causes."
On the 15th instant, on Johnson CARPENTER, a patient at the Lunatic Asylum. He had been an inmate for about two years, was an epileptic patient. He was put to bed at the usual time, and on the night watch going around the gallery about ten o'clock, he looked into his room spoke to him but getting no answer went in and found him quite dead. Mr. TYERMAN, surgeon of the Asylum, satisfied the jury that he died in a fit. They returned a verdict accordingly.
On the 18th instant, on Mary BROKENSHIRE, at the parish of St. Columb. She was the wife of a small farmer, and had gone out on the previous evening to milk the cows. Not returning as soon as she was expected, her husband went to see for her, and on entering the cow house, found that she had fallen forward near the door way. He lifted her up, got assistance, and took her into the house. She never spoke again and died shortly after. Verdict, "died by the visitation of God."
The following inquests have been held before Mr. Gilremy (?) HAMLEY. On the 16th inst., at Fowey Consols mine, on view of the body of Richard MATTHEWS; it appeared that the deceased whilst in the act of endeavouring to get a heavy bit of timber into the 70-fathoms level, being obliged to stand on one of the ladders, which, being displaced by the weight of the timber, gave way, and deceased fell to the bottom of the shaft, and was killed on the spot. The witnesses underwent a long examination by the coroner and Captain PUCKEY, but the jury being perfectly satisfied that no blame was to be attributed to any one, but that the death was purely accidental, returned a verdict accordingly.
CHAPLAIN FOR THE PLYMOUTH GAOL. - On Tuesday last, the magistrates of the borough elected the Rev. W. HOCKER, (might be HECKER?) chaplain, and Mary HOLDGATE, female warder, to the borough gaol. There were several candidates for the latter office, but the claims of the person elected weighed with the magistrates, as it appeared she had lost her husband and daughter in the cholera; the latter having acted as nurse at Cawsand, and she herself having been prominently useful in tending the afflicted during the visitation of that dreadful calamity.
PRYNNE v. LATIMER. The plaintiff in this case made an abortive effort for a new trial on the 7th instant, in the Court of Queen's Bench.
COLLISION. - The fine barque, "Emperor," Captain GILPIN, belonging to Mr. Thomas RESTARICK, of Devonport, which arrived at Plymouth on the 14th instant, came in collision with a brig near the Scilly Islands, on the passage home. The brig's masts and bowsprit were damaged, and the barque's quarter piece was carried away. Capt. Gilpin stuck by the injured brig, until it became evident that she was in no immediate danger.
29 NOVEMBER 1850, Friday
HAYLE - This district is fast recovering from the commercial depression of the last two or three years. On Saturday last, the "Cornwall" steamer brought down eight fine horses for the use of the railway, which in a few days will be in course of formation from this place to Penzance.
With regard to mines in the district, Alfred Consols continues rapidly to progress. West Wheal Alfred (late Wheal Ann) will shortly be in full operation; and Great Wheal Alfred is to be set to work with an engine of 90-inch cylinder. Both factories are busy.
BAPTISMAL REGENERATION - A correspondent of St. Columb, who sends his name, states that the truth of the following may be relied on:- A poor man of this parish had a child died last week, a girl of six years old. The following day he called on the curate, to know when it would suit him to bury her. The curate asked him if she had been regenerated. The poor man not knowing the exact meaning of the term, said he did not know. The curate then asked, "has the child been baptized?" "No sir," answered the sorrowing father; "then," said the curate, "I will not attend at all to bury it." Consequently the poor man applied to the sexton to know if his child might be buried in the church yard; if so, he desired him to dig a grave. The sexton did so, and the parents and friends brought the corpse about seven o'clock at night and buried it without any kind of service. It is only a clergyman who holds "baptismal regeneration," that would be likely to make such an inquiry of parents, and needlessly afflict them by his refusal to bury their child. There should be a piece of ground set apart in every churchyard (which is public property) where dissenting ministers may bury if clergymen refuse.
FALMOUTH - Her Majesty's brig "Express," Lieut Lory, arrived at Falmouth on Saturday last, from Rio Janeiro, having sailed thence on October 11th. She brought on freight in gold and diamonds about £35,000.
SCILLY - On Tuesday and Wednesday the 20th inst., these islands were visited by a severe gale from the W. to N.N.W., by which the mail was detained at Penzance till Friday, at two o'clock pm., when the "Lionesse" arrived. This mail-packet left again with the mails after discharging her cargo on Saturday morning for Penzance, and returned again on Sunday morning early. For the last eight months the "Lionesse" has brought the mails from Penzance to Scilly, and vice versa with great regularity twice a week, never having failed in making two voyages per week; but these islands, from the great and increasing importance of the shipping interest belonging to them, and the advantages they hold out as a port of call for orders are much in want of steam communication with the mainland.
DISASTERS AT SEA - The recent gales have been productive of some fearful wrecks and other disasters at sea. In the vicinity of the entrance of the channel, more especially on the Cornish coast, the gale occasioned the most severe loses. The pilots state that rougher weather had not been experienced there for some time, and distressing as the accounts may seem, it is feared that there are others equally as painful to be added to the list. Off Falmouth, Padstow, and Penzance, much injury was done to the coasters. Numerous vessels were almost engulfed in the surf; their decks were swept and everything moveable carried away. The fine steamer called the "Severn," from Liverpool to Gibraltar, had a narrow escape. She lost her boats, bulwarks, and one of her wheels, and unfortunately one of her men was crushed by the falling debris. The steamer succeeded in running up channel, and putting in at Plymouth, where she remains. The following accounts have reached us of the shipwrecks that have occurred:-
FALMOUTH - Six vessels have sailed from Falmouth principally foreign vessels, from Limerick, none of which have been heard of.
BUDE - The brig "Briton," Lightfoot master, burthen about three hundred tons, with a cargo of timber from Quebec for Gloucester, came on shore on Wednesday morning the 20th instant, about nine o'clock, a.m. The vessel grounded near the breakwater, and soon after the crew (twelve in number) were taken off by a line thrown by the Coast Guard from Dennett's rocket. About five p.m., the vessel began to break up, and with a flowing tide brought most of the timber into the harbour forming a kind of floating breakwater.
GUNWALLOE - On Sunday morning, a little before daybreak, a vessel was seen off Gunwalloe, rapidly drifting towards the "Church Cove," near the entrance of which she soon after struck, and was at once shivered into a thousand fragments. An express was immediately sent to the Rev. Canon ROGERS, at Penrose, the lord of the manor and from thence on to Penzance to Mr. Richard PEARCE, the receiver of droits, and such measurers were taken, in conjunction with the coast guard from Mullion as the circumstances required. From a burgee cast on shore marked in black letters on a white ground, "Zillt," it was naturally supposed that this was the name of the unfortunate vessel; all the crew having perished, the cargo (raisins and lemons from Malaga) being totally lost, and nothing bur a few fragments of the vessel scattered along the beach. A sale of these latter took place on Monday afternoon, and just as the last lot was disposed of, a tin place case, containing the register, was thrown in on the rocks, from which it was discovered that the unfortunate vessel was the schooner "Windrush," of Falmouth, of fifty-one tones per register, built at Cowes in 1836, commanded by Capt. Peter Samuel BREWER, and belonging to Messrs. Thomas DASH and Thomas PAULL, both of Falmouth; fifty-one tons appeared also cut into a piece of the combing of the main hatchway, thus corresponding with the register, and leaving no doubt as to the name of the ill-fated vessel. The crew very probably consisted of four men and one boy, as the usual complement of such a vessel; none of their bodies have as yet been picked up. We are happy to learn that Mr. Pearce, the receiver of droits, reports that there was no plunder at the wreck. Is this improved state of things owing to the excellent precautions taken by the royalty, admiralty and coast guard authorities, all acting in such perfect harmony, or to a reform in the habits of the peasantry? - Perhaps both.
HAYLE - About two o'clock in the morning of the 21st instant, the schooner "Queen," of London, of about one hundred and sixty tons burthen, and bound from Liverpool to the Mediterranean, laden with iron, tin place, &c., became totally wrecked on the Phillack beach, near Hayle, and all on board perished. She was first discovered in her perilous situation about half an hour previously, by a man residing at Gwithian, but such was the violence of the gale, that there was not the least chance of rescuing the crew from their untimely fate. Parties were immediately on the spot to save as much as possible of the cargo, a portion of which has been landed, and an attempt will be made to save the remainder on the approach of the next spring tide. None of the bodies have yet been picked up.
LICENSE CONVICTION - In our paper of the 8th inst., it was stated that Mr. HILL, of Pentewan, was fined £3, and 10s. costs, for selling cider without a license. We are now informed that the person fined was not Mr. Hill of Pentewan, but Mr. James HILL, of Penwarne.
ROBBERY AT ST AUSTELL. - On Sunday last Mr. LONG, watchmaker, was robbed of a silver watch. He slept on Saturday night at the New Inn, in a double-bedded room. A stranger named John OLIVER occupied the other bed; on waking in the morning, Long found that his watch had been abstracted from his pocket, and that Oliver had risen early and left the house. A warrant was obtained, and the prisoner pursued to Plymouth, where he was captured on Tuesday, having the watch in his possession. On Wednesday, he was taken before Sir Joseph Sawle Graves SAWLE, Bart., and was committed to Bodmin for trial at the next quarter sessions.
DESTITUTE BRITISH EMIGRANTS - Two sermons were preached in St. Michael's church, Helston, on Sunday last, by the Rev. M. MARCUS, B.D., in aid of funds for erecting a Hospital or Asylum at New York for the use of destitute British emigrants arriving at that port. A collection was made in the evening which amounted to between four and five pounds.
THE PROPOSED NEW MUSEUM OF THE ROYAL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, PENZANCE. - We understand that the subscriptions for the promotion of this object are progressing satisfactorily. On Tuesday last several handsome donations were received for the purpose. Mr. PENDARVES is amongst the list of subscribers - having promised a donation of £50.
MULLION FIRES - The parties apprehended, William BARTLE and John HODGE, suspected of being the incendiaries, and who it will be recollected were remanded until Monday week last, were on Friday committed for sending threatening letters to Messrs. William THOMAS, Joseph THOMAS, and James RANDLE; for burning a dwelling house at Trembell, in Mullion, in July 1849; and for setting fire to some stacks of fuel at Priske, the property of Mr. John THOMAS, in August last, whereby the stack and several outhouses were destroyed. The examination of witnesses commenced on Monday, before the Revds. Canon ROGERS, John PETER, and William THOMAS, and Mr. POPHAM, and lasted nine hours a day for five days! A great mass of circumstantial evidence has been obtained, ranging over a period of several years, and the examinations are very voluminous. We are sorry we have not space to give an outline of the evidence, as it is very interesting; many circumstances apparently simple and trifling in themselves have led in a great measure to the detection of the parties. Mr. HILL very ably conducted the case on the part of the prosecution, and the greatest praise is due to the magistrates and Mr. Hill, for their unwearied exertions in bringing the guilty parties to justice. One of the prisoners has made a confession, and it is now to be hoped that the disgraceful proceedings which have taken place in the parish of Mullion for the last few years will be at an end.
MINE ACCIDENTS. - On Friday last, a miner named James GEORGE, by the explosion of a hole at North Roskear mine, had his leg so much fractured that it was thought amputation would be necessary, but by the skill of the medical man it is hoped the limb will be preserved.
On Wednesday last, at Holmbush mine, near Callington, whilst a man called James FRANCIS was tramming" with a wagon, his clothes got entangled in the carriage and both fell over to a depth of eighteen or twenty feet. He expired about three hours afterwards, and has left a wife and five children.
TRURO CHOLERA FUND. - The following statement of the accounts of this fund, has been published:- On the credit side, - expended in blankets, sheets, pecuniary relief, &c., £48 10s.; paid Mr. George HALL, for his services in attending on cholera cases,&c., £10; paid Mr. George PAINE, for ditto, £10; Mr. CHAPPEL's subscription not paid, £2. 2s.; error from some subscriber not having paid, name unknown, £1. 1s.; balance now at the Cornish Bank, £82 2s 6d. Total subscriptions, £153 15s. 5d.
FATAL ACCIDENT. - At Porth Mear, in Zennor, on Sunday last, two little girls, about eight years of age, belonging to the Wesleyan Sabbath School, were crossing a river on a plank; when one of them fell into the water and disappeared; the river having been swollen with the late great fall of rain, and the stream being very rapid, carried the child into the Porth at the entrance of the sea, where the body was found shortly afterwards. The child was the only daughter of Mr. William RICHARDS, of Zennor.
CORONER'S INQUESTS - The following inquests have been held before Mr. John CARLYON, county coroner. On Friday last, at Durgan in the parish of Mawnan on the body of Edward DOWNING, aged twenty-nine years. On the 4th instant, deceased and another young man called William JAMES, had engaged to race a small boat (about fourteen feet long) against another boat at Helford. They had got into their boat, and were sailing about preparatory to the race, when the wind laid her over on her side, and she filled and went down. The accident was seen from the shore, and as soon as possible parties put off in a small boat to their assistance; but before they could reach deceased, he after swimming about for eight or ten minutes, sunk; the other young man, it is believed, sunk immediately that the boat went down. It was blowing very hard at the time, and they were advised not to go; but persisted, and were certainly carrying too much sail at the time of the accident. Attempts were made to recover the bodies, but without effect until the 21st instant, when deceased was found floating on the water; the other body has not yet been picked up. Verdict, "accidentally drowned."
On Monday last, at Truro, on the body of Mr. John BAYNARD, aged seventy-four years. Adolphus COOMBES deposed that he was chapel-keeper at the Independent chapel, Truro, and that on the previous Sunday morning, after the commencement of the service, he was inside the porch of the chapel looking through the window, when he saw Mr. Baynard approaching the chapel. He was walking along, with a firm step, and on entering the porch approached witness and observed that the weather was very rough, to which witness replied that it was. He then appeared in his usual health, and after further remarks, he asked if the prayer was over, and immediately after this his countenance altered and he fell away. Witness caught him and tried to support him, but being a heavy man witness could not do so; he therefore let him down as easily as he could and called out persons from the chapel, who came to his assistance, and witness then went for medical aid. Mr. Charles WETHERED (Mr. SPRY's assistant) soon arrived, and found deceased in the passage of the chapel, surrounded by a number of persons; but had then ceased to exist. From the evidence of Mr. SPRY, surgeon, deceased's medical attendant, it further appeared that deceased had been labouring under disease of the heart for some time and he had no doubt that was the cause of his death. A verdict was then given to that effect.
On Tuesday last, at Cubert, on the body of a lad, apparently about fourteen years of age, whose body was washed ashore at Holywell Cove, in that parish, on the day before. The body was quite naked, and there were no means of identifying it, but it did not appear to have been in the water many days, and the lad was supposed to have been one of the crew of the "Queen" of London, which was last week wrecked on that coast. Verdict, "found drowned."
On Tuesday last, at St. Mawes, on the body of Thomas RIGEN, aged eighteen years. Deceased was one of the crew of the "Primrose," which at the time of the accident was lying at the mouth of Restronguet Creek. It appeared that on Saturday last, the mate and another of the crew left the vessel about ten o'clock, to purchase some ship's stores and the deceased remained on board alone. On returning about twelve o'clock, they missed the lad, and also observed that the ship's bucket was gone. They made inquiry to ascertain if any boat had been alongside, and then went to St. Mawes to ask the lad's parents if they had seen him. They found the parents had not, and the circumstance of the bucket being missing led them to suspect that in drawing up water by the side of the vessel he had fallen overboard. They therefore searched for him with spillers and hooks, and on Monday last they enclosed his body in a ground sean, near the spot where he must have gone down. Verdict - "feared drowned."
The following inquest has been held by Mr. HICHENS, county coroner:- At St. Just in Penwith, on Monday last, on the body of Thomas NANKERVIS, aged about forty-eight years. The deceased, who was a miner, on the 19th of the present month, was occupied in washing ten stuff on an estate called Trewellard, in which one of his sons a lad was assisting him, when being very near to the sea a wave broke on them and carried them both off. The occurrence was seen by a person who happened to be passing near to the spot, but the bodies disappeared from the moment the sea broke on them. On Sunday last the body of the deceased was found floating on the water at some distance from the spot where the accident happened, but nothing has been yet found of the lad. Verdict - "accidentally drowned".
CAUTION. - I John FRANCIS, of Chacewater, give notice that I will not be answerable for any Debt or Debts that my wife, Caroline FRANCIS may contract after this notice. Signed, the mark X of John Francis. Witness, Martin SKEWS. Chacewater, November 27th, 1850.
NOTICE> We hereby convene a meeting of the creditors of the Reverend Edward BUDGE of Bratton Clovelly, Devon, formerly of Manaccan, to be held at the Angel Inn, Helston, on Thursday the 5th of December next, at Twelve o'clock precisely, on important matters relating to the Estate. GRYLLS and HILL. Helston, November 27, 1850.
PURSUANT TO AN ORDER IN THE HIGH COURT OF CHANCERY, MADE IN A CAUSE - FERRIS against FERRIS. The Creditors of Hannah FERRIS, late of the borough of Truro, in the county of Cornwall, spinster, deceased, (who died in the month of May, 1848) are forthwith to come in and prove their debts before Richard RICHARDS, Esq., on of the Masters of the said Court, at his Chambers, in Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London: or in default thereof they will be excluded the benefit of the said order. GREGORY, FAULKNER and CO. Bedford Row, London. SMITH and ROBERTS, Truro
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