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This website was resurrected on July 17 2015 after being closed down since January 1, 2014.   Several of the old pages are being reworked as time allows.   When you revisit, please reload / refresh your browser to insure you are seeing the most recent updates.

Hau Koda Tanyan yahi (Hello Friend, it is good that you've come)

For a hundred years prior to 1862, three Dakota Chief's, all identified as Wapasha, with spelling variations of Wapasa, Wapahasha, Wahpashaw, Wabashaw, and Wabasha lead their small Mdewakanton band in a region on this continent that is now identified as southeastern Minnesota.   Early writers mainly of direct European descent, arriving in this upper Mississippi region, recorded names as the names sounded to them which resulted in these various spellings.   The name Wapasha is more of a title than a given name or surname and loosely means "red leaf" or "red standard."   Each of this three generations of Wapasha's had early personal names prior to attaining chieftainship.

The Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate (People) are often and improperly referred to as the Eastern or Woodland Sioux.   The unflattering name "Sioux" comes from a French variation "nadouesioux" of the Ojibwa (Chippewa) word for snake "naowa" which they used to describe their enemies. There are no recorded evidence of births, marriages and deaths of these early Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate because there was no established written language for the Oyate who lived, hunted and roamed now southeastern Minnesota in an earlier era.   Tradition or family lore that was orally handed down through the generations must be relied upon to tell their story.

A very good brief history of the three hereditary Chiefs was found in a Steve Kerns article written in the Winona Sunday Newspaper on November 14, 1976, entitled "Explorers found hills, valleys alive with Indians" which will be used here to detail the life of these three hereditary Chiefs.   In over 30 years of part-time Wapasha research, I found this to be the single source of this three generations of Mdewakanton Chiefs.   Other corroborative writings will also be included as well as writings that contradict the Kerns article.

Feel free to use any and all information collected on these pages.   I do not claim any to be of my origin.   If you see errors or ommissions, please let me know.

Yuhapi c'ante was'te (With a good heart) this website collection of Wapasha Dynasty stories begins.

Dale Ebersold AKA Mad Rock




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