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     Timeline 1725-1750

1725  Feb 20, New Hampshire militiamen partook in the first recorded scalping of Indians by whites in North America.

1727  Oct 11, George II of England crowned.

1727  Brazil planted its first coffee.

1729  Nov 28, Natchez Indians massacred most of the 300 French settlers and soldiers at Fort Rosalie, Louisiana

1730  Diamonds were discovered in Brazil, which became the leading supplier until the 1866 discovery in South Africa

1731  The first circulating library in America, the Library Company of Philadelphia, was founded by Benjamin Franklin

1730-1739  Parliament repeals Britain's witchcraft statutes.

1733  Feb 12, English colonists led by James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, Ga. Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe sailed up the Savannah River with 144 English men, women and children and in the name of King George II chartered the Georgia Crown Colony. He created the town of Savannah, to establish an ideal colony where silk and wine would be produced, based on a grid of streets around six large squares

1733  The Pennsylvania city of Reading became one of America's first producers of iron and was for nearly a century the foremost in the country. Settled in 1733 by the sons of William Penn, the city is situated on the Schuylkill River in the southeastern part of the state. The Reading foundries furnished cannon for the American forces in the Revolutionary War and the Union during the Civil War

1733  St. Croix island was purchased from the French by the Dutch West India and Guinea Company

1736  May 26, British and Chickasaw Indians defeated the French at the Battle of Ackia. In northwestern Mississippi the Chickasaw Indians, supported by the British, defeated a combined force of French soldiers and Chocktaw Indians, thus opening the region to English settlement.

1737  Richmond, Virginia was founded

1730-1739  Benjamin Franklin creates the first municipal police force in Philadelphia

1738  May 24, The Methodist Church was established

1739  Oct 19, England declared war on Spain over borderlines in Florida. The War is known as the War of Jenkins' Ear because the Spanish coast guards cut off the ear of British seaman Robert Jenkins

1739  A revolt by a slave named Cato took the lives of 30 white people in South Carolina. Three slave uprisings occurred in South Carolina in this year

1741  Feb 13, The first magazine in America was issued. Andrew Bradford introduced his American Magazine just days before Benjamin Franklin founded his periodical called General Magazine in Philadelphia

1741  A slave revolt in New York caused considerable property damage but left people unharmed. Rumors of a conspiracy among slaves and poor whites in New York City to seize control led to a panic that resulted in the conviction of 101 blacks, the hanging of 18 blacks and four whites, the burning alive of 13 blacks and the banishment from the city of 70.

1742  Apr 13, George Frideric Handel's "Messiah" was first performed publicly, in Dublin, Ireland

1742  Jul 7, A Spanish force invading Georgia ran headlong into the colony's British defenders. A handful of British and Spanish colonial troops faced each other on a Georgia coastal island and decided the fate of a colony

1743  Mar 14, The first recorded town meeting in America was held, at Faneuil Hall in Boston

1743  In France Louis XV had the first elevator installed at Versailles to see his mistress

1745  May 11, French forces defeated an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army at Fontenoy

1740-1749  Immigrants to Pennsylvania from Moravia bring with them traditional customs never before seen in the New World, including the introduction of Saint Nicholas as a staple of Christmas festivities

1745  Sep 21, A Scottish Jacobite army commanded by Lord George Murray routed the Royalist army of General Sir John Cope at Prestonpans.

1745   A ragtag army of New Englanders captured France's most imposing North American stronghold. Louisbourg, the French fortress on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia was captured by New Englanders

1746  Apr 27, King George II won the battle of Culloden. Bonnie Prince Charlie used English rifleman and virtually annihilated the sword-wielding, rebellious, Highlander clans of Scotland at Culloden. It was the last major land battle fought on British soil. The Battle of Culloden was a crushing defeat for Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Highlander clans that backed him

1746  The first lectures on electricity in the American colonies were given by John Winthrop IV at Harvard in 1746. Winthrop, born in 1714, was the professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at Harvard. Benjamin Franklin began his experiments in electricity in 1747

1749  May 19, George II granted a charter to the Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley

1750  By this year slavery was legal in all of the 13 colonies of America

1750  The US population was about 18 million people


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