Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   
Treaty of 1693 
This is a 1693 peace treaty between the British Crown (King William and Queen Mary) and the Indians of Massachusetts Bay. At this time, the Iroquois league was allies of the English. The treaty includes an exchange-release of hostages, trade and commerce regulation by Crown/governors, and the assumption of English jurisdiction and laws applied to the Indian nations.

The Submission and Agreement of the Eastern Indians at Fort William Henry in Pemmaguid, the 11th day of August, in the fifth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord and Lady, William and Mary, by the grace of God, of England, Scotland, French, and Ireland, King and Queen, Defenders of the Faith,? c.,
1693. WHEREAS a bloody war has for some years now past been made and carried on by the Indians within the eastern parts of the said province, against their Majesties' subjects the English, through the instigation and influences of the French; and being sensible of the miseries which we and our people are reduced unto, by adhering to their ill council: We, whose names are hereunto subscribed, being Sagamores and Chief Captains of all the Indians belonging to the several rivers of Penobscote and Kennebeck, Amarascogin and Saco, parts of the said province of the Massachusets Bay, within their said Majesties' sovereignty, having made application unto his Excellency Sir William Phips, Captain General and Governor in Chief in and over the said province, that the war may be put to an end, do lay down our arms, and cast our selves, upon their said Majesties' grace and favour.  And each of us respectively for our selves, and in the name and with the free
consent of all the Indians belonging unto the several rivers aforesaid, and of all other Indians within the said province, of and from Merrimack river unto the most easterly bounds of the said province: hereby acknowledging our hearty subjection and obedience unto the crown of England; and do solemnly covenant, promise and agree, to and with the said Sir William Phips, and his successors in the place of Captain General and Governour in Chief or the aforesaid province or territory, on their said Majesties' behalf in manner following, viz: That at all time and times for ever, from and after the date of these presents, we will cease and forbear all acts of hostility towards the subjects of the crown of England, and not offer the least hurt or violence to them, or any of them, in their persons or estate: But will henceforward hold and maintain a firm and constant amity and friendship with all the English.
Item - We abandon and forsake the French interest, and will not in any wise adhere to, join with, aid or assist them in their wars or designs against the English, nor countenance, succour or conceal any of the enemy Indians of Canada, or other places, that shall happen to come to any of our plantations within the English territory, but secure them, if in our power, and deliver them up unto the English. That all English captives in the hands or power of any of the Indians, within the limits aforesaid, shall with all possible speed be set at liberty, and returned home without any ransom or payment to be made or given for them, or any of them. That their Majesties' subjects the English shall and may peaceably and quietly enter upon, improve, and for ever enjoy all and singular their rights of lands,
and former settlements and possessions within the eastern parts of the said province of the Massachusets Bay, without any pretensions or claims by use, or any other Indians, and be in no wise molested, interrupted, or disturbed therein. That all trade and commerce, which may hereafter be allowed between the English and Indians, shall be under such management and regulation as may be stated by an act of the General Assembly, or as the governour of the said province, for the time being, with the advice and consent of the council, shall see cause to direct and limit. If any controversie or difference at any time hereafter happen to arise between any of the English and Indians, for any real or supposed wrong or injury done on one side or the other, no private revenge shall be taken by the Indians for the same, but proper application be made to their Majesties' government upon the place, for remedy thereof, in a due course of justice; we hereby submitting ourselves to be ruled and governed by their Majesties' laws, and desire to have the benefit of the same. For the full manifestation of our sincerity and integrity in all that which we have herein before covenanted and promised, we do deliver unto Sir William Phipps, their Majesties' governour as aforesaid, Ahassombamett, brother to Edgeremett, Wenongahewitt, cousin to Madockawando, and Edgeremett, and Bagatawawongon, alias Sheepscoat John, to abide and remain in the custody of the English, where the government shall direct, as hostages or pledges for our fidelity, and the true performance of all and every the foregoing articles, reserving liberty to exchange them in some reasonable time for a like number, to the acceptance of the governour and council of the said province, so they be persons of as good account and esteem amongst the Indians as those which are to be exchanged. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto set our several marks and seals, the day and year first above-written.

The above-written instrument was deliberately read over, and the several articles and clauses thereof interpreted unto the Indians, who said they well understand and consented thereunto, and was then signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of us. EDGEREMETT MADOCKAWANDO WASSAMBOMET of Mavidgwock WENOBSON of Tenconnet, in behalf of Penobscot BOMASEEN NITAMEMET  Webenes Awansomeck John Wing Nicholas Manning Benjamin Jackson Robin Doney Madaumbis Paquaharet, alias Nathaniel *John Hornybrook Phill, Ounsakis, Squaw (*Interpreters)


  Table of Contents



 


Back to Phipps Family Pages
 
 

A WORK IN PROGRESS!

If you have comments or suggestions, e-mail me at walkers@vaix.net


This page created with Netscape Navigator Gold