1626 Feb 6, Huguenot rebels and the French signed the Peace of La Rochelle.
1626 May 4, Dutch explorer Peter Minuit landed on what is now Manhattan island. Indians sold Manhattan Island for 60 guilders, $24 (1839 dollars) in cloth and buttons. The 1999 value would be $345. The site of the deal was later marked by Peter Minuit Plaza at South Street and Whitehall Street.
1626 Nov 15, The Pilgrim Fathers, who settled in New Plymouth, bought out their London investors
1628 Sep 8, John Endecott arrived with colonists at Salem, Massachusetts, where he would become the governor
1628 Oct 28, After a fifteen-month siege, the Huguenot town of La Rochelle surrendered to royal forces.
1628 The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church was established by settlers in New York. In 1867 it became the Reformed Church of America.
1629 Mar 10, England's King Charles I dissolved Parliament and did not call it back for 11 years
1630 Mar 22, The first American legislation prohibiting gambling was enacted in Boston.
1630-1639 The well-known soy sauce company Kikkoman starts near Edo, Japan
1634 Mar 25, Maryland was founded by English colonists sent by the second Lord Baltimore. Lord Baltimore founded the Catholic colony of Maryland
1635 May 19, Cardinal Richelieu of France intervened in the great conflict in Europe by declaring war on the Hapsburgs in Spain
1630-1639 Honeybees are brought by colonists to North America, where they begin to breed naturally
1635 Oct 9, Religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1636 Oct 28, Harvard College was founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States
1636 Henry Adams reached Massachusetts and settled on 40 acres of land in Braintree and fathered eight sons. He was the great-grandfather of John Adams, 2nd president of the US.
1636-1637 The Dutch tulip craze was known as the "tulipomania." Prices crashed 95% in the end.
1637 Jun 5, The English and their Mohegan allies slaughtered as many as 600 Pequot Indians [in the area of Connecticut]. The survivors were parceled out to other tribes. Those given to the Mohegans eventually became the Mashantucket Pequots. American settlers in New England massacred a Pequot Indian village.
1637 Jul 23, King Charles of England handed over the American colony of Massachusetts to Sir Fernando Gorges, one of the founders of the Council of New England.
1638 Mar 22, Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
1638 Mar 29, The first permanent white settlement was established in Delaware. Settlers from Sweden who came to Delaware were the first to build log cabins in America.
1638 Jun 1, The first earthquake was recorded in the U.S. at Plymouth, Mass.
1639 Jan 24, Representatives from three Connecticut towns banded together to write the Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World.
c1640 In Connecticut Roger Williams prepared the first primer of the Algonquian Indian language.
1641 Oct 23, Catholics in Ireland, under Phelim O'Neil, rose against the Protestants and cruelly massacred men, women and children to the number of 40,000 (some say 100,000).
1641 The Spanish warship Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion sank off of the coast of Florida.
1641 In Ireland a Catholic uprising in Ulster was suppressed. English Gen'l. Oliver Cromwell took away the land rights of 44,000 Catholics in Ulster and adjacent counties.
1642 Feb 25, Dutch settlers slaughtered lower Hudson Valley Indians in New Netherland, North America, who sought refuge from Mohawk attackers.
1642 Mar 1, York, Maine became the first American city to incorporate.
1642 Aug 22, Civil war in England began as Charles I declared war on Parliament at Nottingham. The Battle of Edgehill was the first major clash of armies of the English Civil War. Charles I went to the House of Commons to arrest some of its members and was refused entry. From this point on no monarch was allowed entry.
1643 Jul 13, In England, the Roundheads, led by Sir William Waller, were defeated by royalist troops under Lord Wilmot in the Battle of Roundway Down.
1640-1649 Violence between the natives of North America and the Dutch settlers continues when New Amsterdam's governor calls for a massacre of Wappinger Indians.
1643 In England the bloody battle of Chalgrove Field occurred. Royalist strategy meetings were held at the Horsenden Manor at Buckinghamshsire.
1644 Jul 2, Lord Cromwell crushed the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor near York, England.
1645 Jun 14, Oliver Cromwell's army routed the King's army at Naseby
1647 May 26, A new law banned Catholic priests from the colony of Massachusetts. The penalty was banishment or death for a second offense.
1647 May 27, The first recorded American execution of a "witch," Achsah Young, took place in Massachusetts.
1647 Jun 4, The English army seized King Charles I as a hostage.
1647 Jun 24, Margaret Brent, a niece of Lord Baltimore, was ejected from the Maryland Assembly after demanding a place and vote in the body.
1640-1649 The Quaker sect originates in Leicestershire, England, under the leadership of George Fox, who is heavily influenced by Anabaptist theology
1647 Nov 10, The all Dutch-held area of New York was returned to English control by the treaty of Westminster
1648 Oct 18, The "shoemakers of Boston"--the first labor organization in what would become the United States--was authorized by the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1648 Oct 24, The Peace of Westphalia ended the German Thirty Years War and effectively destroyed the Holy Roman Empire.
1649 Jan 30, King Charles I of England was beheaded at Banqueting House, Whitehall by the hangman Richard Brandon. Parliament became the supreme power under the rule of Oliver Cromwell, who ruled over Parliament as Lord Protector of the New Commonwealth from 1649-1658. He argued against his soldiers having a voice in government because they owned no property.
1649 Apr 21, The Maryland Toleration Act, which provided for freedom of worship for all Christians, was passed by the Maryland assembly.
1650 Sep 3, The English under Cromwell defeated a superior Scottish army under David Leslie at the Battle of Dunbar.
1650s In Massachusetts the Puritans ordered Obadiah Holmes to be "well whipped" for holding a Baptist service.
1651 Dec 25, The General Court of Boston levied a five shilling fine on anyone caught "observing any such day as Christmas."
1650-1659 Condoms made of sheep's gut are referred to for the first time in the Parisian publication L'ecole Des Filles and will gain some popularity in the upper class to protect against rampant venereal disease. Birth control remains virtually unknown.
1652 May 18, A law was passed in Rhode Island banning slavery in the colonies but it caused little stir and seemed unlikely to be enforced.
1652 Under the "Liberty Tree," a tulip poplar at St. John's College campus in Annapolis, Md., Virginia Puritans were welcomed as colonists by Lord Baltimore, and smoked peace pipes with the Susquehanna Indians.
1653 Nov 5, The Iroquois League signed a peace treaty with the French, vowing not to wage war with other tribes under French protection.
1653 Peter Stuyvesant, governor of New Netherland, ordered a wall built to protect the Dutch settlers from the Indians. The wall gave New York's Wall Street its name
1656 Mar 10, In the colony of Virginia, suffrage was extended to all free men regardless of their religion
1655 Mar 25, Puritans jailed Governor Stone after a military victory over Catholic forces in the colony of Maryland.
1656 Sep 22, In Patuxent, Md., the first colonial all-female jury heard the case of a woman accused of murdering her child. The jury voted for acquittal.
1657 Mar 23, France and England formed an alliance against Spain.
c1659 The British Parliament invoked law that made it a crime, punishable by burning at the stake, to forecast the weather.
1660 Mar 13, A statute was passed limiting the sale of slaves in the colony of Virginia.
1660 May 29, Charles II, who had fled to France, was restored to the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth.
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