The development of roads,
railways, canals, coaching services, steam powered manufacturing in industrial
cities, overseas migration etc. were all factors allowing or inducing easier
movement of people away from their historical roots during the 1800s.
In September 2002 the UK
Office of National Statistics released access to their database of surnames
) The following information, from that and the 1881
census, may be of interest to family historians:
1881 = ~35 million, 2001
of these names throughout the counties in the 1881 census is seen here
at these links, with speculation on their origins:
Concentrated in northern
Wiltshire and Gloucestershire since before 1600s, perhaps descended from
Anglo Saxons of north western part of kingdom of Wessex. Malmesbury,
where there was a large and influential abbey in the time of surname origins,
is central to the Wilts/Glos Vines of records and the present day; the
name might have arisen from association with the abbey and its vineyards.
There is also a lesser concentration
of Vines centred on Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire; these may be related
to the Wilts/Glos families, or perhaps descended from a separate immigrant
line during the reformation or earlier.
Sparse numbers only along
the English Channel coast may be a pointer to no connection with the Vine
Most of this name were distributed
along the south coast and up the east coast of England. The large number
in Sussex and the other channel counties point to their probable origin
in France. Possibly derived from Vigne or de Vigne. There are virtually
none in Wiltshire and Glos. and there is little overlap of areas with the
Vines name. Connection between the two names seems unlikely.
Somerset had the densest
population of Viners which extended through the south west counties towards
Surrey, and only a light sprinkling along the south coast. A very large
area north of Surrey and Middlesex to Linc and Notts had very sparse numbers.
This name was densest in
Hampshire and Wiltshire with lesser numbers in Somerset and Devon. The
dozen counties NE of and including Berkshire, to Notts/Linc, Norfolk and
Suffolk had very few. Origins may have been a) in the kingdom of Wessex,
b) from immigrants through the Bristol Channel coastline, or c) perhaps
from wool industry
immigrants heading to settle
in the plains of Wiltshire.
1880 = ~ 50 million, 1990
= ~ 250 million