This is a selection
of basic reading available on the internet, which extends a background
to our family genealogies: where did our ancestors come from, why are we
here in this place, what influenced our ever-changing culture. What caused
our antecedents to migrate, from the evolution of Modern Man in
These are works on specialist subjects and require dictionary explanations of words not in everyday use by the layman. It is highly recommended that readers down-load the free program GURUNET as an on-line reference which is quick and easy to use: hold the ALT key down while you click on a word for the desired meaning.
These web pages are
typical of a great amount available; there is a wide variety to be found
FARMING, PAST AND PRESENT
Scroll down to the
contents section and browse through the subjects of each chapter for material
of interest. Chapters 14, 15 and 16 contain much to explain the problems
of rural living in
Years of Poor Laws, 1349-1834
Dissertation on the Poor Laws
The history of groups of people from which our families arose has a bearing on our culture. By present day standards our ancestors endured much hardship and brutality in their survival. Where there was conflict there were atrocities, where men were murdered and women were raped; so was the human heritage perpetuated, and we discover now our ancient roots in our genes. Genghis Khan
The genetic heritage
left by the brutal hordes of Mongols across
The Romans were a literate
people and left much detail of their activities and time in
Aspects of life and events in the Roman army, much of which are in the words, translated, of Roman writers of the time.
How Ancient Humans Spread Across the Earth
Evolution gradually brought a development of the potential of the brain. Language and communication, logic and reasoning, imagination and invention, foresight and planning, control of the emotions and a thousand other things which civilised the instincts of survival.
Perhaps the most important contributor to Intelligence
Brief summary of the world climate over the last 100,000 years
Very big volcanic eruptions
have been seen in the past to affect the climate of the world. Mt Tambora
About 70,000 years ago this volcano erupted, throwing 2,800 cubic kilometres of rock and ash to tremendous heights and forming a dense dust veil around the earth. The resulting effect on the climate was devastating to all forms of life for many years after.
According to Rampino's research, Toba blasted a crater 100 kms long, sending 3 billion tonnes of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere and a dense cloud of volcanic dust around the globe. He also suspects that Toba's super-eruption was responsible for the population crash of 70,000 years ago, when the number of people fell to no more than 10,000.
Michael Rampino warned that this kind of super- eruption occurs every 50,000 years.Other research indicates that as the cooling of the earth had already commenced, Toba then was the indicating point for the commencement of the ice-age.
Sapiens Sapiens Events
A timeline for the Earth.