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Dominique GAREAU


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Dominique GAREAU

  • Christened: 28 Nov 1625, L'eglise St-Leger, Cognac, Angoumois, France
  • Marriage: Marie PINARD on 23 May 1645 in Teuleoron, La Rochelle, Aunis, France
  • Died: Ceveche de Saintes, Cognac, Angoimois, France

bullet  General Notes:

Info from Marriage Repertoire and Jette via e-mail from Norman Cazavan.

From Dictionnaire Genealogique des Gareau, posted by Jackie Hillier of the quebec-research list.

2062. Dominique GAREAU

Several branches of the Gareau Family came to Canada in the 17th and 18th Centuries. The ancestor of the Gareaus of Saskatchewan was Dominique Gareau, of the Cognac region in the province of Saintonge in France.

His father, Jean Gareau, was a master cooper in the city of Cognac, that is he built wooden barrels. Dominique's mother was Marie Doublet. (Source: René Jetté, Dictionnaire généalogique des familles du Québec, 1983.)

Dominique Gareau moved to La Rochelle where he became a tailor. (Source: Père Archange Godbout, Émigration rochelaise en Nouvelle-France, 1970.) On the 23rd day of May, 1645, Dominique Gareau married Marie Pinard, the daughter of Jean Pinard and Marguerite Gaigneur of Ste-Marguerite de La Rochelle. The marriage took place in Teuleron in the diocèse of La Rochelle. Dominique Gareau and Marie Pinard never came to Canada, but Marie Pinard's brother, Louis, came and eventually settled in Trois-Rivières.

Louis Pinard would have come to Canada at the age of 16 or 17 ans, circa 1650, as an apprentice to the Jesuits. Demonstrating a certain talent for medecine, the Jesuits sent him to study in France. After his studies, Louis returned to New France where he quickly established himself as one of the best surgeons in the colony. He settled in Trois-Rivières and like many other affluent members of the colony, he became the owner of a parcel of land (50 arpents). In the 1666 Census, Louis Pinard named as his servant his 20 year old nephew, Jean Gareau, dit Saintonge. (Source: Thomas J. Laforest, Our French-Canadian Ancestors, Vol IV.)

Dominique Gareau and Marie Pinard had five children: Jean, dit Saint-Onge ou Xintonge, Marguerite, Pierre, Marie and Jacques. Two of the sons (Jean Saintonge and Pierre) and a daughter (Marie) settled in Canada between 1665 and 1680. Marguerite and Jacques never came to Canada and it is possible that they died when very young.


5) Story of the GAREAU families of America
(Section in development)
The 5 stocks in America :

a) Jean Gareau also known as Saintonge
b) Pierre Gareau dit Saintonge
c) Jacques-Philippe Gareau dit Vadeboncoeur
d) René Gareau from Bretagne
e) Jean-Baptiste Gareau dit Tondu
a) Story of Jean Gareau dit Saintonge and Anne Tallebot (Talbot)

1646 Birth of Jean

Jean Gareau, son of Dominique Garrau and Marie Pinard and grandson of Jehan Garault and of Jehanne Doublet, was born in the parish of Ste-Marguerite de LaRochelle, in Aunis, toward 1646.


In May 1666, Louis Pinard was at LaRochelle, in France, on busines. But he had to return to New France where his wife, a baby and his nephew Jean Gareau waited for him. In fact, in the census of 1666 in New France, Jean Gareau (written by mistake Jean Barraud) is reported as ?hired? by his uncle at Three Rivers. Jean is then about 19 years old He had let himself be tempted by adventure and had decided to go establish himself in New France where living conditions at that time were better than they were in France. It was probably 1665 (maybe 1664) that he arrived because he was not mentioned among the colonists of 1663 (listed by Marcel Trudel, hitorian) although he appeared in the 1666 census.
He profited then from the help of his uncle which made the period of integration much easier, since it was at the latter?s home he would stay upon his arrival in New France. In all likelihood, he functioned according to the custom in force in the new colony. Actually a new arrival was hired to work for 2 or 3 years for a colonist already established, in exchange for which in turn he was granted some land with all that would supply his needs for the first year


Pierre Boucher, officiouslly designated lord of Boucherville and strongly anxious to see colonists settle in his domain, offered Jean Gareau two concessions in the seigneury of Boucherville. However, it was not until 3 years later, in 1673 that all this was officially sanctioned before a notary. It was the 3 November 1672 that Jean Talon, the Intendant of New France, signed the act of concession by which Pierre Boucher became officially the proprietor of a ?fief? and lord?s domain of one hundred fourteen acres of frontage by two leagues of depth, located on the St.Lawrence River with the islands named ?Percées?.


Jean did not wait for the legal confirmation of his deed of ownership to get married. In fact, the 2 November 1670, he married at the church Ste-Famille of Boucherville, Anne Talbot, daughter of Eustache Talbot, master brewer, and of Marie de Lalande, of the parish of St-Maclou, city of Rouen, France.

However, before marriage, it was necessary ti sign the marriage contract according to the tradition. So Anne and Jean presented themselves at the notary?s place for the official signature of the said contract, ten days before the marriage, that is to say the 23 October 1670. It was the notary Frérot who wrote the contract of which here the terms in the integral respect for the system of spelling.

A pleasant surprise turned out to happen for that fortunate event. On June 9th, 1670, Pierre Gareau, Jean's Brother, left LaRochelle to travel to Nouvelle-France. This trip lasted three months. Pierre arrived at Quebec on September 21st, 1670, just in time for Jean's wedding, without actually knowing that such an event was scheduled!


Dominique married Marie PINARD, daughter of Jean PINARD and Marguerite GAIGNEUR, on 23 May 1645 in Teuleoron, La Rochelle, Aunis, France. (Marie PINARD was born in La Rochelle, Aunis, France.)

bullet  Marriage Notes:

I'm told Touleron is likely the name of the notary who drew up the marriage contract.

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