- Born: 1589, Scotland
- Marriage (1): Marguerite Catherine LANGLOIS on 24 Oct 1621 in Quebec, Quebec
- Marriage (2): Jeanne D'Ailleboust COUILLARD in Champagne, France
- Died: 8 Sep 1664, Quebec, Quebec at age 75
He was called the Scotsman. He was a merchant in Metz, Lorraine, France. He was a ship's navigator and he did the first map of the St. Lawrence River. He was the onwer of the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City, Quebec.
Montpellier is today in Herault; It was in Langedoc.
Francogene says that a child of this couple was born in Dieppe, Normandy, in 1620, which makes sense if they were in contact with Scotland, though Francogene also says they married "before 1620", and that daughter Marguerite was baptized 1624-01-04 Québec (Qc). That means they got to Quebec between 1620 and 1624. Otherwise I 've got a specific marriage date in Quebec, which probalby IS them. The birth in Normandy in 1620 is probably not theirs.
350. Abraham Lecossais Martin, born 1589 in Scotland; died September 08, 1664 in Quebec, Quebec, Canada. He was the son of 700. Jean Martin and 701. D'Isabelle Cote. He married 351. Marguerite Langlois October 24, 1624 in France. 351. Marguerite Langlois, born in France; died December 17, 1665 in Quebec, Quebec, Canada. She was the daughter of 702. Guillaume Langlois and 703. Jeanne Millet.
Notes for Abraham Lecossais Martin: Arrived from Frances with his wife and daugther Anne, on sailboat "Sallemande". Received land forming plateau where Wolfe & Montcalm fought battle of Quebec know as Les Plaines de Abraham. He was a pilot on the St. Lawrence.
He also carried the title of Royal Pilot of the Saint Lawrence, he lost his life at the battle of the plains of Abraham. He arrived in Quebec in 1619, he passed time in France after the capture of Quebec by Kirke, July 24, 1629. He returned to Quebec in 1634 or 1634.
It is documented in several books, "la Fontaine d'Abrahma Martin et le site de son habitation" " the seige fo Quebec and the battle of the Plains of Abraham" "An historical journal of the campaigns In North American for the years 1757, 1757, 1759, and 1760"
Martin may have been of scottish descent or he may have been a member of an illegal organization; such names were used for deserted soldiers or in case of records of an illegal organization were seized. It is also possble that he acquired the name because he made several voyages to Scotland as a young man. When David Kirk captured Quebec in 1629 and left his brother Lewis as govenor until 1632, Martin and his family stayed on. In his later years Martin fell in the estimation of his fellow citizens when he was accused of improper conduct with regard to a young girl in quebec. He was imprisoned for this on February 15, 1649.
He was called the "Scotchman"
MARTIN, ABRAHAM (dit " L'ÉCOSSAIS " or " Maître Abraham "), pilot; b. 1589 in France or Scotland; d. 8 Sept. 1664 at Quebec. Abraham Martin surnamed the "Scotchman", arrived from France on the sailboat "Le Sallemande" at Tadoussac on Aug. 30, 1620.
Martin may have been of Scottish descent or he might have used the sobriquet if he had been enrolled in military service or had been a member of an illegal organization: such names were used for deserted soldiers or in case the records of an illegal organization were seized. It is also possible that he acquired the name because he had made several voyages to Scotland as a young man.One of the things that does seem very indicative of why and how it may be that he is called "l'ecossais"--which means "the Scot" (just remember that Scot is the person, Scotch is the drink) is that from before the time of Mary, Queen of Scots and for a century or more after her time Scots fled to France as their ally against England. Whole generations of Scots nobility and military men were forced to live out their lives on foreign soil. So, possibly our Martin was one of these exiles who had become more French than Scots before he went to Quebec. The French probably called him the Scot because he was likely born in Scotland. Most likely he was taken as a baby or young child to France. Given that he was perhaps born ca 1570-1590 that puts him square in the time frame to have been the son of a Scot who fled to France during the Protestant upsurge in Scotland. Certainly, he was of a Catholic family and that meant that his life might have been in danger at that time in Scotland. This seems a very possible explanation for his designation as "the Scot." It is said that his father was a supporter of Mary, Queen of Scots, and was involved in a plot to free her from the English. The plot failed and they had to leave Scotland and seek refuge in France There is some question as to whether Martin was really an official pilot or not, although he was referred to as "kings pilot" in his own day. However, he did fish well down into the Gulf of the St-Lawrence.
It is presumed that the Plains (or Heights) of Abraham are named after Martin. It is picturesquely said that the "Côte d'Abraham" was the path that Martin used to the St. Charles River to water his animals. His property amounted to 32 acres in all, 12 received from the Compagnie de la Nouvelle-France in 1635 and 20 as a gift from Sieur Adrien du Chesne, ship's surgeon to Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny in 1645. The Martin family sold this land to the Ursulines in 1667. It is possible that this is the same Martin who was employed by Jean De Biencourt and Du Gua de Monts as navigator on the coast of Acadia, although he would have been very young at that time. When David Kirk captured Quebec in 1629 and left his brother Lewis as governor until 1632, Martin and his family stayed on. In his later years Martin fell in the estimation of his fellow citizens when he was accused of improper conduct with regard to a young girl in Quebec. He was imprisoned for this on 15 Feb.1649. As far as can be found from the records, Abraham Martin and Maire Langlois had 9 or 10 children. Eustache, baptized 24 Oct. 1621 was the godson of Eustache Boullé. Marguerite, born 4 Jan. 1624 and Marie 22 May 1638 to Étienne Racine had many descendants, including the 2 bishops Racine. Hèléne, born 21 June 1627, was a god-child of Samuel de Champlain. She married first Claude Étienne in 1640 and on 3 Sep. 1647 Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers. Marie Martin, born 1632 and married 21 Jan. 1648 to Jean Cloutier.
Charles-Amador, born 7 March 1648, the godson of Charles de Saint-Étienne de La Tour, was the second Canadian-born priest. It is possible that Brother Dominque Scot, spoken of in the Jesuit Relations as having gone to the Huron country as a young man, was also a son. It is also possible that a young man who is mentioned as having been in the Huron country at the same time (1634-35) was Eustache Martin.
In the archives of "The Dames Ursulines", are the titles of two farms that he owned. The historical status of the two farms did not really take place until long after his death. On September 12th 1759, a young British General scaled the ramparts of Quebec City in an attempt to capture the city from the French. At dawn his troops lined up on the fields and awaited the attack of the french general, Moncalm. The ensuing battle in which both generals died, was fought on the lands that Abraham Martin once owned. To this day the battle won by the English is known as the battle of THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM
Abraham married Marguerite Catherine LANGLOIS, daughter of Guillaume LANGLOIS and Jeanne MILLETTE, on 24 Oct 1621 in Quebec, Quebec. (Marguerite Catherine LANGLOIS was born in 1592 in Montpellier, Languedoc, France and died on 17 Dec 1665 in Quebec, Quebec.)
Abraham next married Jeanne D'Ailleboust COUILLARD in Champagne, France. (Jeanne D'Ailleboust COUILLARD was born in 1592 in France.)