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Francois Noel VANASSE


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Francois Noel VANASSE

  • Born: 1642, St. Maclou, Rouen, Normandy, France
  • Marriage: Jeanne FOURRIER on 2 Aug 1671 in Cap de la Madeleine, Quebec
  • Died: betw 1708 and 1718, St. Francois du lac, Quebec

bullet  General Notes:

From (the owner, Bernard Vanasse, is my most important source of info on this family)

Francois Noel Vanasse was born around 1642 in the parish church of St Maclou in the city of Rouen , the capital of the French province of Normandy . Today this is in the French department of Seine Maritime . Francois was the son of Paul Vanasse and Barbe Monsel and it is believed that he immigrated to New France in 1665 .
The next year 1666 a census was held thoughout the colony and Francois "Vannart" was listed in the region of Trois Rivieres as being 24 years of age and an employee of Jean Cusson.

Francois Noel purchased a piece of land measuring 2 acres on January 1 , 1669 in the vicinity of Champlain . Jean Cusson , the man for whom Francois had been working was the local notary at Cap de la Madeleine so it should not surprise us that he would draw up the marriage contract between Francois Noel and Jeanne Fourrier on August 2 1671 . Jeanne , the daughter of Pierre Fourrier and Jeanne Busson , had already been married to Jean Baillon and was a 19 year old widow. This took place at Cap de la Madeleine across the river from Trois Rivieres .

In the 1681 census Francois and family are still living in the area of Champlain . As of this point the young Vanasse family had stayed on the north side of the Saint Lawrence River.Things however would change as it is believed that the Vanasses moved across to Baie St Antoine on the river's south side in 1683 .

In 1686 we find them in Trois Rivieres maybe because on March 10 of that year Joseph Petit dit Bruno , a local seigneur , gave Francois Noel the job of supervising his lands in the region of Trois Rivieres . This was a seven year contract so the family stayed at Trois Rivieres until 1690 .

The next that we hear from them is in the early 1700s when they are at Baie du Febvre on the south river in the region of Yamaska . From this homestead son Francois Vanasse dit Precourt would stay at Baie du Febvre , Nicolas was a voyageur to the West but when he returned he settled at Maskinonge , Etienne would move to Saint Francois du Lac which was nearby , Sebastien would cross the river north to Louiseville in Maskinonge . Francois Noel had passed into eternity by the time that Etienne married in 1717 . It is presumed that Francois Noel and Jeanne died at Baie du Febvre .
The Vanasse family then added different surnames to distinguish the branches . The descendants of Nicolas took Vertefeuille , those of Sebastien took Bastien and those of Francois took Precourt . The ancestors of Etienne kept Vanasse plain and simple . One of the descendants of Nicolas Vanasse dit Vertefeuille , Louis Amable in the late 1700s in turn became Louis Amable Vanasse dit Beauvais to distinguish himself from others in the Vertefeuille line .

From Jack Verney's Our French Canadian Ancestors series:

Francois Noel Vannasse began as the "humble servant of notary Jean Cusson". Within a few years, he became a successful sharecropper for Seigneur Joseph Petit dit Bruno. He thinned out the virgin forest, cleared the land and established a way of life to which his descendants have become committed.

Francois-Noel probably came to New France in 1665. On 2 Oct of that year, the Jesuits wrote in their Journal that a ship had just arrived from Normandy, with 82 girls and 130 workmen on baord, all in good health. Vanasse, originally from Rouen, must have been among them. About the end of winter in the following year, the first general census in the land was carried out. It tells us that the Trois-Riveres region numbered 455 people, among them was a 24 year old man named "Francois VAnnart", employed in the home of Jean Cusson.

In 1667, another general census was ordered by teh Intendant Talon. The work of the preceding year was redone from A to Z because the accounting of 1666 did not list the animal and land resources which the colonists had at their disposal. Francois Vanasse was still in the service of Cusson, who had on his own account seven animals and thirty arpents of land under cultivation. THe number of the livestock and arpents in use made thsi future notary a more comfortable property owner than the average colonist of the times. Already married for ten years, Cusson had a large family and his eldest daughter, Marie, was only nine years old. THere was no lack of work around the place and Jean could well use his two handymen, Francoise Vanasse and Jean Piton.

On 1 January 1669, in association with Pierre Arenault, VAnasse acquired a two arpent homestead from Jean Goupil in the Seigneury of Chaplain. Our young colonist was living there two years later ... he asked his patron from his years of apprenticeship to draw up his marriage contract. This document, dated 2 August 1671, mentions that Francois was the son of paul Vanasse and of Barbe Montel, from the parish of Saint-Maclou in Rouen. The future bride, Jeanne Fourier, was only 19 years old but she was already a widow. The daughter of Pierre Fournier and Jeaane Busson had married Jean Baillon about 1669, and there were no children from her first union. The nuptial ceremony must have taken place a few days or a few weeks later in teh humble chapel given by Pierre Boucher to the parish of Cap-de-la-Madeleine.

On 25 Aug 1671, Vanasse rented a two arpent place on teh Cap from Jacques Aubuchon. Less tahn six years later, on 13 January 1677, he bought a two arpent concession situated in teh seigneury of Villiers from Michel Dallaux. Then six more years pass before Francois acquired a three arpent concession from Michel Rochereau in the same seigneury, near Lake Saint-Paul. However, if we believe teh census of 1681 adn the baptismal records of his children, Francois Vanasse does not seem to have moved from the north bank of the Saint-Lawrence. That year, the VAnasse family was still living at Champlain. According to the census taker, Francois-Noel was now 42, and his wife 30 years old. Their children were Ncolas, 9 years; Marie-Madeleine, 7 years; Catherine, 5 yeras; Jeanne, 3 years; and Francoise, 2 years old. They had no land, property, nor livestock. It is probable, states Abbot Joseph-Elzear Bellemare, teh historian of Baie-du-Febvre, that our ancestor continued to rent out his labor in order to make ends meet providing for his family.

Abbot Bellemare is of the opinion that the Vanasse family could have setlled as early as 1683 at the Baie, thus they would have been the third family to settle there. , after those of Jean Laspron dit Lacharite adn Dominique Jutrat. This is only an assumption without solid proof to support it. It is possible that Francois-Noel had a pied-a-terre tehre, with the right to fish, but he really only ilved htere much later, probably not efore the end of the 17th century. Until 1683, the VAnasse family lived at Champlain or on the Cap, as witnessed by the birth certificates of five of the first six children. Etienne and Marguerite were bron in 1683 and 1685 respectively, but we are unaware of exactly which place. It is logical to assume that, for a brief period of three years teh family was brought to the concession at Lake Saint-Paul, probably within the present day limits of the parish of Sainte-Angele-de-Laval.

Beginning in 1686, Francois Vanasse and his family went to live at Trois-Riveres. On 10 March, ... Seigneur Joseph Petit dit Bruno entrusted to him, for seven years, the management of all the lands which had been ceded to him in the region of Trois-Riveres by the Jesuits. Thus Francois took over from Nicolas Petit dit Lapree and had, as his own task, the job of getting the best production possible out of the one hundred workable arpents. This supervisory status was tehrefore a sort of recognition of his know-how. After so many years of devotion to a few employers, he finally had the opportunity to put his vast experience to advantage in a domain which he knew perfectly well.

It appeasr, that for the duration of his agreement with Joseph Petit, Francois and his family lived at Trois-Riveres. The baptismal records of his last four children indicate this rather clearly. Meanwhile he had kept the property at the Cap, as indicated by an act of notary Cusson in 1690.

In the early seventeen hundreds, teh vanasse family, or rather those who were still at home, was ensconced at the Baie-du-Febvre. They had been there but a short time, three or four years at the most. The marriage contract between daugther Marguerite and Thomas Pinot (Pineau) dit Laperle confirms this fact. Having worked in New France for more than thirty-five years, colonist Vanasse built what seems to have been his last nest, in the middle of the woods far from all villages. Peace had been reached with the Iroquois and all danger from that source now seemed remote. Francois and his wife could pass the last years of their lives in relateive peace, while still bent on acquiring other lands on which to establish those sons who still lodged under teh paternal roof. Francois dit Precourt extended the line from Baie-du-Febvre, Etienne went to live at Saint-Francois-du-Lac adn Sebastien at Maskinonge.

We know neither the date nor the burial place of Francois-Noel Vanesse and Jean Fournie, bu we believe that they were buried at Baie-du-Febvre. On 31 October 1717 when Etienne Vanasse, 26 years old, had his marriage contract drawn up by Notary Daniel Normandin, he was said to be the son of the late Francois Vanasse. Our ancestor .. died sometime between 1708 and 1717.


Francois married Jeanne FOURRIER, daughter of Pierre FOURRIER OR FOURNIER and Jeanne CUSSON, on 2 Aug 1671 in Cap de la Madeleine, Quebec. (Jeanne FOURRIER was born in 1651 in France and died after 9 Feb 1718 in St. Francois du lac, Quebec.)

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