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Jacques HERTEL


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Jacques HERTEL

  • Born: LeHavre, Normandy, France
  • Marriage: Marie MARGUERIE on 23 Aug 1641 in Trois Rivieres, Maurice, Quebec
  • Died: 10 Aug 1651, Trois Rivieres, Maurice, Quebec

bullet  General Notes:

Hertel, was another legendary figure in early Canadian history. The 'Bible' of early Canadian genealogy, Dictionnnaire Geneaologique des Familles Canadiennes (Abbe Cyprien Tanguay, 1871) gives his birth date as 1630. But other accounts say he arrived in New France as early as 1615, making a birth in 1590-1595 more likely. He became a trapper and woodsman, familiar with the customs and languages of the First Nations.
An article published in 1836 in the newspaper Schenectady Reflector in New York states that he lived among the Hurons near Schenectady in the early 1620's and fathered two daughters there:
The last aboriginal proprietor of Van Slyck's island, was Shononsise, an Oron chief who had taken to wife the daughter of a French trader by the name of Jacques Hertel. This Hertel had take up his abode in Schenectady as early as 1623, or '4. Shononsise had by his French wife two beautiful daughters, "Otstock" and 'Kanudesha'. The first named and oldest, was of an imperious temper, the last of a mild and sweet temper; yet both were worthy women. Shononsise and his family resided during the summer seasons on the island; and there his remains lie buried.

The authenticity of this account, published over 200 years after the fact, has been questioned. However it is very likely that Jacques fathered these or other children among the First Nations during the many years he spent among them.


His name is first mentioned in Canadian records in 1626, when he accompanies Champlain to Quebec, already identified as an interpreter - indeed implying years of earlier experience in the area. In 1629 he and seven other diehards, including the Godefrys, Nicolet, and perhaps Marie's brother, went to live among the Algonquins for four years after the temporary British conquest of New France. They managed to dissuade the Indians from trading furs with the new English lords of Quebec.

The colony was restored to France by treaty in May 1632. Samuel Champlain returned with an expedition of soldiers, tradesman, and Jesuit missionaries to resettle Quebec under the effective control of Jesuits reporting to Cardinal Richelieu in May 1633. Hertel's fortitude in undermining British rule was rewarded on 16 December 1833. Richelieu's Company of the Hundred Associates in Paris deeded him 200 acres at Trois-Rivieres.

So Marie married a man that was a legend in his own time. Within a year she gave him a son, who was named Francois after Marie's brother. It seems that Jacques raised Francois in the languages and ways of the Indians, for Francois' fame in this regard would surpass even that of his father, being known to history as the 'Hero of Trois-Rivieres'. Meanwhile Francois Marguerie replaced Jacques Hertel as the official translator for the trading post in 1642. A daughter, Madeleine, was born to Marie and Jacques on 2 September 1645. Jacques was named the agent forthe Hundred Associates in Trois-Rivieres in 1647.

Died in an accident of an unknown nature.


Jacques married Marie MARGUERIE, daughter of MARGUERIE and Unknown, on 23 Aug 1641 in Trois Rivieres, Maurice, Quebec. (Marie MARGUERIE was born on 12 Sep 1620 in St Vincent Cathedral, Rouen, Normandy, France.)

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