- Born: 1641, Confolens, Poitou, France
- Marriage (1): Madeleine DOYON on 17 Jan 1676-17 Jan 1677 in Contrat Vachon, Quebec
- Marriage (2): Marie Angelique PELLETIER
- Died: 1707, Louiseville, Quebec at age 66
MY DUPUIS FAMILY ANCESTORFrançois Dupuis, dit Jolicoeurby Suzanne Boivin Sommerville
Shoemaker by profession at his marriage, François Banliac (Jetté’s spelling, also spelled Banhiac (standardized under this name on PRDH, Baillac, and at least six other ways), was the son of deceased Jean Banliac and deceased Françoise Petit, of Chantrezac, arrondissement Confolens, in the diocese of Angoulème, Angoumois (Charente). He used the dit name Lamontagne. In autumn of 1665, the twenty-four-year-old soldier went with the 36 troops in the Company of de La Fouille to prepare to spend the winter at Rivière-du-Loup.
After three years of military service, members of this Company decided to remain in Canada. The Rivière-du-Loup area had by then become the seigneurie of their ensign, the Vicomte de Manereuil, by whose name it was first known.
Soldier Becomes Habitant
François Banliac had lived for a time at Côte de Beaupré, where he was godfather on 8 September 1668 for Jacques Lesot, son of Jacques-François Lesot and Marthe Gagnon, widow of Jean Doyon. Marthe’s child from her first marriage, Marie-Madeleine Doyon, was then nine or ten years old. He traveled on to Cap-de-la-Madeleine and the Seigneurie Manereuil, where he acquired part of the land originally held by Maturin Normandin. An old comrade from the regiment, Joachim Germaneau, a voyageur, owned the neighboring land. (Another ancestor of mine, Germaneau married, in 1684, Isabelle Couc, Madame Montour. I have written about both of them.)
In 1677, François married Marie-Madeleine Doyon, then seventeen years old. François was thirty-six. Their first child, François, was baptized 21 August 1678, but the young mother died six or seven days later.
Remarriage into the Pelletier Family
Around 1680, in either Rivière-du-Loup or Sorel, François Banliac remarried to Marie-Angélique Pelletier, seventeen-year-old daughter of François Pelletier-Antaya and Marguerite Morrisseau. His father, Nicolas Pelletier, had worked as a carpenter on Champlain's Habitation around 1636-37. From St-Pierre de Galardon, arrondissement and diocese of Chartres, Beauce (Eure-et-Loir), Nicolas Pelletier and his wife, Jeanne de Vouzy or Voisy (Trudel says DeRoussy), arrived in New France with two sons and a daughter on-the-way. Their second son, François, first married an amerindiene in April 1660 at Tadoussac. After her death a year later, he married 26 September 1661, at Sillery, Marguerite-Madeleine Morrisseau (Julien and Anne Brelancour), an eighteen-year-old from St-Pierre, Roye, arrondissement Montdidier, diocese of Amiens, Picardie (Somme). Their first-born, Marie-Angélique, was baptized at Sillery on 14 October 1662.
Marie-Angélique Pelletier served as midwife during her years at Rivière-du-Loup, also giving birth to nine daughters of her own and one son. She may well have assisted in the birth of Isabelle Couc’s (Madame Montour’s) first child, if he was born there. Early records are missing.
The first Banliac child, Marguerite, who would grow up to marry François Dupuis, was born 17 April, 1681, but was not baptized until July 12 at Sorel because no priest resided at Rivière-du-Loup. In the census of 1681, only nine families, made up of twenty-nine individuals, are listed as residents, although several others owned land there while engaging in fur trading.
A 1682 inventory of François Banliac's possessions reveals he owned, among other things, “a pair of red oxen, six years old; two red cows, aged five and seven; two small brown and white (“caillé” = curdled or mixed color) bulls; a small 'caillé' bull, aged three months; five pigs; and six chickens.” Germain Lesage, the author of the history of Louiseville (Rivière-du-Loup), comments that François was one of the more prosperous inhabitants!
Iroquois Attack at Lachine
The “massacre” at Lachine in 1689 was one of the worst of the Iroquois attacks. W. J. Eccles reports:
Then, at dawn on August 5, the Iroquois came. Fifteen hundred of them fell on the settlement at Lachine, near Montréal. The settlers were startled awake by shrill war cries. Many of them were hacked down in their homes, others as they sought to flee. More were taken alive. Fifty-six of the seventy-seven habitations in the area were put to the torch. Surprise had been complete. Before nightfall the Iroquois horde retired across Lake St. Louis. The survivors, who had taken refuge in the garrisoned forts, were able to see the faint glow of their fires on the opposite shore. The Iroquois were celebrating their first victory of this war, which was to last to the end of the century, by burning a few of their prisoners slowly to death.
Parkman, writing in an earlier period, says about two hundred settlers (Governor Frontenac’s figure) were “killed on the spot” and that one hundred and twenty were led off to be tortured, but recent work by Hélène Lamarche has drastically reduced the numbers. She also cites the names of those who returned from captivity safely. It should be noted that Frontenac had not yet returned to the colony to again be governor when the attack occurred in August and may well have exaggerated in order to convince the metropolitan authorities that more soldiers were needed in New France. The prisoners included women and children.
In retaliation, Governor Frontenac led several excursions against the Iroquois, and even used their tactics when he ordered that Iroquois prisoners be burned alive. He also launched a terrible campaign against innocent English settlers whose leaders had, allegedly, encouraged the Iroquois against the French. This brutality caused the English to strike out at the French, in 1690, with an attempted attack on Québec City, in yet another war in the long history of their rivalry.
Francois married Madeleine DOYON, daughter of Jean DOYON and Marie Marthe GAGNON, on 17 Jan 1676-17 Jan 1677 in Contrat Vachon, Quebec. (Madeleine DOYON was born in 1659 in Cote-Saint-Luc, Quebec and died on 21 Aug 1678 in Louiseville, Quebec.)
Francois next married Marie Angelique PELLETIER, daughter of Francois PELLETIER and Margerite-Madeleine MORISSEAU. (Marie Angelique PELLETIER was born on 14 Oct 1662 in Sillery, Quebec, Quebec.)