Francois DUPUIS DIT JOLICOEUR (DUPUY)
- Born: 8 Dec 1670, St-Astier, Perigueux, Perigord, France
- Marriage: Marguerite BANHIAC-LAMONTAGNE on 10 Nov 1698 in Champlain, Quebec
Soldier of M. La Groix
Késsinnimek - Roots - Racines
MY DUPUIS FAMILY ANCESTORFrançois Dupuis, dit Jolicoeurby Suzanne Boivin Sommerville
François Dupuis, dit Jolicoeur (Pretty- or Good-Heart), was born 8 and baptized 14 December 1670, the son of deceased François Dupuis and Philippe David, at Saint-Astier in the arrondissement and diocèse of Périgord, Périgueux (Dordogne), France. Saint-Astier is located southwest of Périgueux at the edge of the Double Forest, which “long had a reputation as the haunt of wolves and fantasy creatures; the ponds spread malaria and even animals had rheumatism.”
Saint-Astier, Périgord, France
The massive church and bell tower of Saint-Astier, built in the fifteenth century, dominate the town and overlook the valley of the river Isle. Fifty kilometers to the west is Lascaux, the site of the famous Paleolithic cave drawings. From 1570 to 1590, the region experienced wars between protestants and Catholics with the Catholic Holy League located in Périgueux. Between 1635 and 1685, peasants rebelled against heavy taxation, landowners, and army levies, “attacking châteaux and attempting to organize general uprisings only to be crushed by the armed retainers of the landowners.” It is during this latter period that François Dupuis was born.
François Dupuis and Marguerite Banliac
Rivière-du-Loup, on the north shore of the Saint-Laurent, about 26 kilometers south of Trois-Rivières, is almost directly across Lac Saint-Pierre from the seigneurie of Saint-François du Lac on the south shore of the Saint-Laurent. Fort Saint-François was built on the largest of the islands opposite the seigneurie of Saint-François. And it is to this fort that Charles Henri Aloigny de LaGroye's detachment of troops was sent late in 1687 and again in September 1695 to surprise the Indians pillaging the harvests. On arrival in New France, François Dupuis was a soldier in the Company of LaGrois, according to his marriage contract. LaGrois is a varient spelling of LaGroye, and soldiers from his company may have been billeted at Rivière-du-Loup to protect the colonists there from renewed attacks by the Iroquois.
If François Dupuis was part of one of those contingents, probably the second, he would have served a function similar to the one performed some twenty-five or so years earlier by his future father-in-law, François Banliac. It may have been under these circumstances that he met Marguerite, the daughter of François Banliac and Marie-Angélique Pelletier.
Marguerite Banliac, seventeen years old, and François Dupuis, twenty-five, contracted to marry on 24 October 1698 before Notary Normandin. The bride’s douaire (dower’s portion, offered by the future husband) was 300 livres, and Marguerite’s parents promised to support the couple for the first year of their marriage. They also gave them a portion of their land at Rivière-du-Loup and “eight minots of wheat and four of peas and … a pair of cattle” so that the couple could begin working the land. They were married at Champlain 10 November 1698. Here is a translation of their marriage document:
On this day of the tenth of November of 1698 after the publication of three banns between François Dupuis dit Jolicoeur, soldier of Monsieur Lagrois, captain of a detachment of the Marines . . . who comes from the diocese of Périgueux on one part and Marg. Baillac [sic] of this parish on the other part I the parish priest of Nôtre-Dame de Champlain certify they have given their mutual consent according to the rules of our mother church in the presence of francois Baillac, father of the girl, of Philippe Montigny and of Louis Clouet, who said he could not sign except P Montigny signed with me on the day and year above.
L Geoffroy, ptre [photocopy]
Just five days before, bride Marguerite's new sister, Marie-Angélique Banliac, had been baptized in the same parish.
Then, eighteen days after the marriage, on 28 November 1698, Governor Frontenac died, but not before planning details of a treaty with the Iroquois, one that led to the Great Peace of Montréal of 1701. The newly-weds would begin their marriage and bear their first child in relative peace.
The baptismal act for the first of the Dupuis children reads:
This day the 31st of July of 1699 I the undersigned pastor certify to have performed the ceremonies of baptism for a male child who was baptized by necessity at home the son of François Dupuis and Marguerite Baillac of La Rivière-du-Loup of Lac St-Pierre, born the 30th of this month who had as godparents François Baillac and Marie-Magdelaine Baudouin of this parish, who signed with me, the godfather having declared he did not know how to sign who gave him the name of CHARLE. Done at Champlain on the above day and year.
[signatures] Marie Madeleine Baudouin
L Geoffroy, ptre cure
The spelling of the child’s name is truly “CHARLE,” not Charles.
François “Baillac” would not live long enough to see all of his many Dupuis grandchildren. He died sometime before his wife remarried to Antoine de Gerlaise, a neighbor, on 25 May 1709.
Francois married Marguerite BANHIAC-LAMONTAGNE, daughter of Francois BANLIAC-LAMONTAGNE and Marie Angelique PELLETIER, on 10 Nov 1698 in Champlain, Quebec. (Marguerite BANHIAC-LAMONTAGNE was born on 17 Apr 1681 in Sorel, Quebec and died on 18 Jan 1756 in Trois-Rivieres, St-Maurice, Quebec.)