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Francoise HORLAYS
(Abt 1590-)


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Marie Madeleine Du Buisson GUYON


  • Born: 7 Oct 1612, St Pierre, Sees, Perche, France
  • Marriage: Marie Madeleine Du Buisson GUYON on 12 Jul 1637 in Quebec, Quebec
  • Died: 1685-1687, L'Islet, Quebec at age 73

bullet  General Notes:

Sees is properly in Normandy, but people from there were part of the Percheron migration.

Francogene site has this comment:

Origin : BRH indicates a baptism record found in France. This is only a possibility and the family name is very common in Normandie. (Origine : BRH cite un acte de baptême trouvé en France. C'est seulement une possibilité et le nom est assez commun en Normandie.)
* married 1637-07-12 Québec (Qc)
So it sounds like he is satisfied that Francois Belanger is from Normandy, but not that the record found for him is his.

Sees, Normandy, is about 15 miles northeast of Mortagne, Perche, between the Hills of Perche and the Hills of Normandy.

Sieur de l"Islet, macon.

54 yars at census of 1666, 55 at census of 1667, at Beaupre, 60 years at census of 1681, at L'Islet. Cited June 21 1636 in Quebec, confirmed 2/2/1660 by the Bishop of Lisieux, Normandy. Captain of the militia 1663-7, concession of the seigneurie de Bonsecours (L'Islet) 01-07-0677; inherited by his son Charles.

Larry DESerre's database

Francois Belanger was baptized on October 7, 1612 at St. Pierre, Seez, Normandie, France. "On the seventh day of October (1612) was baptized Francois Belanger, son of Francois Bellanger and Francoise Horlays. he was named after the honorable Francoise Dumes-nil, Squire of St.-Teny, and by the honorable Nicholas Bougis, Sieur de Fosses, and demoiselle Loyse Gurou, wife of Squire Guillaume Lepaulnier, Sieurde la Chapell"
On June 26, 1636 he witnessed the marriage of Robert Drounin and the ten year old Ann Cloutier. His bold signature to the marriage contract denoted a degree of education superior to that of the average settler. On July 12, 1637 he took a thirteen year old Marie Guyon, dughter of Jean and Mathurine Robin. The marriage contract was blest by Father Charles Lallemant, actign as curator of Notre-Dame-de-Agnes. Francois Belanger was a mason, an active and resourceful, informed,and honest businessman. He was soughtafter as an expert appraiser. He was also authoritative, violent, and tenacious in his demands. He was better educated than his fellow citizens, and he sought to impose his will on them in a thousand and one ways.
From the time of his arrival in Canada, Francois Belanger worked for seigneur Robert Giffard. OnAugust 9, 1653 the Journal of Jesuits reports Francois Belanger was chosen for the important office of mayor of the citizens in the Quebec region near LonguePointe. This area would become the parish of St-Anne-de-Beaupre. Also elected to the town council were Thomas Hayot, Charles Legardeur de Tilly, christopheCrevier dit Lameslee, Guilaume Peltier, Peirre Picard, and Francois Bissot.
At this time Francois Belanger and Masse Gravel worked a concession together on theBeaupre coast. On March 24, 1655 Gravel sold his share of the business toBelanger for 100 livres per arpent, payable in three installments on St.-Jeans's Day. Francois Belanger secured the debt by pledging all his property as well asthe present and futre inheiritance of all his children. On March 23, 1660 thedebt was paid in full.
In 1662 Francois Belanger was named trustee of the affairs of the children of Olivier Le Tardiff, co-seigneir and Justice of the Peace of Beaupre. Francois Belanger sold two oxen to Romain de Grepagny for the sum of 300 livres, payable in silver, in beaver pelts, or in valid currency. In1667 Francois Belanger had 50 arpents under cultivation and thirteen animals which made him one of the richest men of that time. In 1669 he was named Captain of the Militia of the Beaupre coast. As Captain of the Militia his duties were "the heads of municipal organization in each village. he had to carry out the governor's ordinances, and supervise the construciton and maintainceof roads."
Francois Belanger earned a reputation as an honest man but a hardman to dobusiness with. He had lawsuits against his brother-in-law Simon Guyon that Belanger lost and had to pay damages. Earlier he lost another lawsuit to his former partner Masse Gravel over property boundaries. He fought with his son-in-law, Bertrand Chesnay de la Garenne over accounts. He interferred in the affairs of his daughter Mathurine Belanger, our relative, the widow of Jean Maheu, concerning a house that bordered the property of Eteinne Blanchon and his wife Anne Convent in the Lower Town of Quebec.
In July 1, 1677 Francois Bedlangerobtained a vast concession from Governor Frontenac, a league of frontage and two leagues of depth on the south bank of the river at Bonsecours. "The land israther level, sprinkled with plowed up stones, and marginally produces all sorts of grains, vegetables, and pasturage. The fruit trees produce abundantly."
The census of 1681 places the Belanger family in the seigneury of Bellechasse.Four servants worked for the family -- Jean de la Voye, Barthelemy Gobeil, Pierre Lafaye, and Pierre Mataule. On October 25, 1685 Francois Belanger willedall his property to his son Jacques, for "good an

Probably from St-Thomas de Touques, Pont-L'Eveque, Lisieux, Normandie, France based on his probable relationship to Nicolas Belanger dit Catherine who is from that place.

died between 10/25/1685 and 4/25/1687 Captain of the militia of Beaupre 1663-1677 Granted the Seigneurie of Bonsecours at L'Islet 7/1/1677
he came to Quebec in 1636 (1634?) MARRIED in 1637 and spelled his name Bellanger.

The expedition from France to the New France happened in 1634 when many families came over togethor to settle. In 1627 the population of New France was about one hundred of which 10 were woman.

In 1634 recruiters were promising large farms to all who immigrated to New France. François probably signed a three year contract with Robert Giffard, Lord of the Beauport Seigneurie, in Mortagne. On 27 june 1636 François signs his marriage contract with Marie Guion, daughter of Jean Guyon and Mathurine Robin, who was 12 years of age at the time. Born in the parish of Saint-Jean of Mortagne, and the fourth child of ten, she made the crossing in 1634 or 1636. They married the following year on 12 July 1637 in the church of Our Lady of Recouvrance. François and Marie had twelve children and all except those born after 1658, the year a new church was built, were baptised at Québec.

Our ancestor was equally suited to present his ideas and defend them, to the notaries of the day, and before the Sovereign Council, the supreme court of law in matters of justice. As a matter of fact, his numerous encounters with his neighbors and many encounters with other aspects of law resulted in his being a legendary character: François Bellenger was rarely without a good argument or reply. The years 1670 and 1674 are full of many such occurances. In 1670, he reconciled accounts with his associate and brother in law, Simon Guyon, before the Sovereign Council who ordered him to pay his brother in law.
His dealings with Masse Gravel on the subject of his land boundaries (1674) shows him as a staunch defender of his rights but respectful of authority. He was a determined man who followed his convictions to the end, no matter the results. As a punishment for his audacity, the Sovereign Council, in 1670, ordered him to apologize to Masse Gravel in another dispute which was settled by litigation. In addition, the high court ordered him to pay court costs and pay three livres (money of the day) to the hospital.

This picture of our ancestor would be incomplete unless we mentioned his social demeanor which is revealed by the godparents at baptisms and witnesses at weddings. This trait of his social being crosses all sectors of society including political, economic, religious, business and even includes Amerindian culture. On 18 september 1674, it is Sir Louis de Buade of Frontenac, Governor, who signs as witness on the marriage contract for his daughter Mathurine with Jean Maheu. Numerous others signed; Jacques de Chambly, notary and scribe Paul Vachon. The most affluencial merchant of the period, Charles Aubert de la Chesnaye, shows confidence in him and lends him monetary advances to embellish his home. His credit, as we would say today, was excellent.

We can't know our ancestor without questioning his fortune and his way of life. The census of 1666, 1667 and 1681 record his goods and show him as a very financially secure person, given the criteria of the day. In 1666 he pays his daughter Mathurine's tuition at the Ursulines of Québec, and he hires two domestic servants. In 1667, he owns 13 bovines and land equal in value to 50 acres. In 1681, at the establishment of his Seigneurie at Bonsecours given to him in 1667, the census lists three servants, five guns, three cows, and four acres of land value. To evaluate his fortune, we must also consider his accounts payable and receivable in money or goods. Such an accounting must also consider the doweries of his six girls. This accounting would require a more detailed report. Would we say that, after 53 years of hard labor on North American soil, he had attained his dream of being rich in 1634? Was it worth the pain of immigration? We must say, Yes.

Francois arrived in Canada in the spring of 1634, after a long 2 month voyage landing at the tiny hamlet that the colony of Quebec was at the time. There were 35 people in that party that departed France, incl. Robert Giffard, Jean Guyon, Zacharie Cloutier and himself from the small community of Perche, France. On July 27, 1636 Francois Belanger put his signature on the 1st marriage contract to be drawn up in Canada. It was drawn up by Jean Guyon, notary royal of Canada for Robert Drouin & Anne Cloutier and is the oldest marriage contract preserved in the original in Canada. Francois Belanger & Marie Guyon were married on July 12, 1637 in a ceremony along with Robert Drouin & Anne Cloutier. This would be the first double marriage ceremony celebrated in Canada, as well as the first signed contract of marriage. Others had not been signed by the participants, as most could not write. Francois countersigned this contract as a witness & friend of Robert Drouin.

Where Francois originated from in France is not exactly known, but a baptismal record was found in the parish register of St. Pierre de Sayez, Orne, France and reads as follows : "On October 7, 1612, was baptised Francois Belanger, son of Francois Belanger and Francoise Horlays. He was named by the Hon. Francois Dumesnil, lord notrary, Lord of St. Teny. Present were the Hon. Nicolas Bougis, Lord of Fosses, and controler and Lady Loyse Gurou, wife of the noble Guillaume Lepaulnier, notary, Lord of the Chapel." There is nothing to verify that this is the baptismal record of Francois Belanger that came to Canada.

Francois was not long in Canada when he met & courted Marie Guyon, daughter of Jean Guyon & Mathurine Robin. They had 12 children, of which 10 had children of their own. Francois was Captain de Milice de Beaupre, 1663-1677 and later Seigneur de Bonsecours(a L'Islet). In 1677 Francois accepted a concession of land & a position as Seigneur de Bonsecours, which would later become L'Islet. The Company of New France granted Francois with a "Seigneury" consisting of 1000 arpents of land (equal to 1250 acres) which was later passed down to his son Charles Belanger. While there is much history written about this property, we know that Francois & Marie would give up their farm & buildings at L'Ange- Gardien to their son Charles as their new grant was located on the south side of the river. It should be noted here that the property at L'Ange-Gardien is still owned by a descendant of Charles Belanger. The property at Bonsecours, now L'Islet would eventually come under the hand of Louis Belanger, he would be the first Seigneur of L'Islet. As the result of the split up of land among his brothers & sisters, he was also a part owner of the Seigneurie of Bonsecours, which belonged to his father Francois. It is not hard to find documentation on Louis as he is responsible for the deeding of land where the church of Notre Dame de Bonsecours now stands, as well as the property for the cemetery across the street from the
Church. This farm as well, is still in the posession of a direct descendant of Louis Belanger who married Marguerite Lefrancois.

A stained glass window in the Cathedral in Tourouvre, France is dedicated to that departure in March of 1634, as well as supportive documents & historical evidence, that can be found in the Museum in Tourouvre honouring the immigrants from the Perche district of France who pioneered Canada. (taken from the book "Champlain" Univ. of Toronto Press, by NE Dionne).
More About Francois Belanger: Military service: Bet. 1663 - 1677, Captain of the militia of Beaupre
Notes for Marie Guyon:
L'Abbe C. Tanguay lists Marie Guyon as being christened in 1618 and buried on Sept. 1, 1696 at Cap St. Ignace. This would make her 16 when she landed in New France and 19 when she married.l
Children of Francois Belanger and Marie Guyon are:

From LaForest:

Francois Belanger

Archange Godbout has compiled notes on several hundred Canadian pioneers - Nos ancetres au XVII siecle, RAPD, 1955-1957, p 385. On Francois Belanger:

``He was active and resourceful and the notaries of the time in their contracts, sometimes show us the businessman; informed, upright, and honest, sometimes as a man much sought after as an expert appraiser… In order to be fair, it is necessary to add that Francois Belanger was authoritative, violent, and tenacious in his demands. He wanted above all, that his ideas be those of others… which made him a few enemies… because he was not infallible, even when he appealed to the Bishop and to the Governor of New France.``

The Belanger family also has its own historian - Leonidas Belanger, who in 1967, took over from Msgr Victor Trembaly as President of the Historical Society of Saguenay. He has a library of 15,000 volumes of important archival content.

Francois is said by historians Thwaites and Sulte as well as genealogist Tanguay to be originally from Touqes in Normandy. But Abbot Gaulin and Pierre Montagne say he was from Perche or Orne (adjacent and strongly overlapping territories on the southeastern border of Normandy).

From the registry of Saint-Pierre-de-Seez, Orne ``On the seventh day of October (1612) was baptized Francois Bellanger, son of Francois Bellaner and Francoise Horlays and was named after the honorable Francois Dumesnil, Squire of St-Tney, and by the honorable Nicolas Bougis, Sieur de Fosses, and demoiselle Loyse Gurou, wife of Squire Guillaume Lepaunier, Sieur de la Chapelle`` (I think that means these were his godparents.)

Francois` bold signature shows a degree of eduation superior to that of the average settler in New France.

Francois was a mason by trade, according to his marriage record. The church wedding and the marriage ceremony, which was performed by a priest, were four hears apart on account of the fact that on her marriage she was only ten years old. This was called ``the first double marriage ceremony in Canada``. But I guess not the last.

When he first arrived in New France, Francois apparently worked for Seigneur Robert Giffard.

In 1947, he made a notarized agreemetn to pay Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny 100 livres for the purchase of some wheat. To guarantee the loan he put up all his property as security.

In August 1653, the Journal of the Jesuits reported that Francois was chosen for the important office of mayor of the citizens of the Quebec region who lived at the Longue Pointe, which would become the future pareish of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupre. Also elected to the town council were Thomas Hayot, Charles Legardeur de Tilly, Christophe Crevier dit Lamslee, Guillaume Peltier, Pierre Picard, and Francoise Bissot. ***********

At this time Francois Belanger and masse Gravel worked a concession together on the Beaupre coast. In 1655 Gravel sold his half to Belanger on an installment plan. Francois secured the debt by pledging all his property as well as the present and future inheritance of his children. In 1660 Gravel declared that Belanger had paid up and owed nothing more.

In 1660, Belanger and Gravel both became church wardens in the parish of Chateau-Richer.

In 1662, Francois Belanger was named trustee of the affairs and guardian of the children of the late Olivier Le Tardif, co-seigneur and justice of the peace at Beaupre.

In 1662, Belanger sold two oxen to Romain de Trepagny for 300 livres payable in silver, beaver pelts, or valid currency.

He may have served on the Sovereign Council in 1663. Plainly he did have the confidence of authorities and colonists.

The death of Marie`s father, Jean Guyon, led to a family quarrel over the settling of the estate that lasted for five years. The Sovereign Council finally had to step in to decide this affair and resolve the details.

In 1667 the census notes that Francois Belanger had fifty arpents under cultivation and thirteen animals, which made him on eof the richest property owners of that time.

In 1669, the year the militia was established in the colony, Francois was named captain of the Beaupre coast. According to J. Edmond Roy, the captains ``were , so to speak, the heads of the municipal organization in each village. They had to carry out the governors` ordinances, as well as supervise the construction and maintenance of the roads.``

``Francois Belanger earned a reputation as an honest but hard man with whom to do buisness. He had an argument with his brother in law Simon Guyon and had to resort to the Sovereign Council for recourse. This litigation lated until 21 April 1670, at which time Francois was forced to loosen his purse strings. A little earlier he had lost another lawsuit to his former partner Masse Gravel. The councilors undoubtedly exasperated by his penchant for suits, begged him to make his apologies to the Intendant.

`` `As we have seen`, writes Leonides Belanger, `our man did not have any luck with his suit and it was certainly not willingly that he must have made his apology. This proves also that he was stubbornly set in his own ideas a little too much. Better educated perhaps than the majority of his fellow citizens, he sought to impose his will on them in a thousand and one ways.` ``

Nor did Francois get along with his osn in law, Bertrand Chesny de la Garenne, on the subject of their accounts. Not content to act for himself, he interefered in the affairs of his daughter Mathurine, widow of Jean Maheu, oncerning a house situated in the Lower Town of Quebec, and bordering the one belonging to defendants Etienne Blanchon and Anne Convent, his wife. In 1674, Belanger once again had trouble with his neighbor Masse Gravel concerning a boundary between their properties established by the surveyor Jean Guyon dit Dubuisson. Quite simply put, Masse wanted Francois to stop bothering him about the exact placement of the line. Again, the matter ended up on the agenda of the Sovereign Council, which gave him another opportunity to lose a lawsuit, his last.

In July 1677, Francois Belanger obtained a vast concession from Governor Frontenac; a league in frontage by two leagues in depth from the soth bank of the river. After forty years of struggle and constant work, he suddenly became the Seigneur of Bonsecours (L`Islet).

The 1681 census places the Belanger family in the seigneury of Bellechasse, of which the fief of Bonsecours was a part. Four servants wrked for the new seigneur. The move had been made but recently because Francois had only cleared five arpents.

In Oct 1685, he bequeathed all his remaining property to his son Jacques, in return for good and loyal service. This bequest included his lands at Bonsecours, a house, a barn, a mill, a mare, three oxen, three cows, wagons, etc. Marie Guyon ratified this act in 1687, a document that indicated she had become a widow. Francis must have died before them. Marie lived another ten years.


Francois married Marie Madeleine Du Buisson GUYON, daughter of Jean Marsolet GUYON and Mathurine Madeleine Boule ROBIN, on 12 Jul 1637 in Quebec, Quebec. (Marie Madeleine Du Buisson GUYON was born on 18 Mar 1624 in St Jean, Mortagne-au-Perche, Perche, France.)

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