- Born: Abt 1791
- Marriage: Emmanuel GOUIN on 26 Oct 1807 in St-Ours, Richelieu, Quebec
My chief source for her ancestry is Vinnie's tree, by Rombert Lombardi, firstname.lastname@example.org. at Rootsweb Genconnect project.
Her ancestry is entirely Acadian.
Most rootsweb worldconnect pages list most of these Acadians as from three villages in Poitou, south of Loudun. That is just one theory of the Acadians' origins. Good records evidently were not kept. I don't know if these particular Acadians' origins have been traced or not but I rather doubt it.
Here is a discussion of theories of the Acadians' origins.
Acadian Colonists' Origins
Origins | Acadia | The Exile | Resettlement | Canadian Acadians | Cajun History
So, from what part of France did the majority of the early settlers of Acadia originate?
Good question. Since Charles Menou d'Aulnay was in charge of Acadia during the 1640's ... when many of the early Acadian settlers arrived, it is thought that they were recruited by his men. Since d'Aulnay's family owned property south of Loudun in France, it has long been assumed that the colonists were common folk from near his home. The exact origins have been the subject of several studies. Cassini's Map from the 1700's
Click on image for a larger view.
LaTour was also known to have brought workers to Acadia. Except for LaTour, the earliest Acadian names probably date back to Razilly's group in 1632 ... though we don't have a list. Since Mathieu Martin was considered the first born in Acadia (1636), the business of settling down and raising a family might not have really begun until after Razilly's death in 1635.
Church at La Chaussee One of the most famous is Genevieve Massignon's work, Les Parlers Français D'Acadie. In this work (done in French), she seeks to establish Acadian origins based on linguistics. She makes the argument that many of the Acadians come from the Poitou region, south of Loudun. To put it simply, the words that the Acadians used were found to be in the Poitou area of France at the time. She also found a number of records in that area that bore surnames found in early Acadia. Some of the villages in the area include Martaize, Aulnay, and La Chaussee.
Another work is Les Origines Francaises des Premieres Familles Acadiennes by Nicole T. Bujold & Maurice Caillebeau. Also in French, it looks into the possible origin of the Acadians. This work also identifies Loudunais as the source for a number of the Acadians. Maurice's son Philippe has a website on the subject. I believe that the Centre d'etudes acadiennes plans to do some research on Acadian origins as one of their future projects.
Benjamin Sulte, in “Origin of the French Canadians” (1906), p. 99, says that their the Acadian dialect would place their origin around the Bay of Biscay and at the mouth of the Loire River. Massignon (in Les Parlers Francais) suggests that they came from the Loudunais area in NE Poitou (northern section of today’s Vienne dept.).
The map below is of the Poitou area in 1633. This is the area that is thought to be a source of many Acadian families. Click on the map for a larger view, big enough to read the words.
Another idea of the origins of the Acadians has recently been presented by Michel Poirier. He says that they might have come from Baie de Bourgneuf (about 40 km W of Nantes). His ideas are presented (in French) at the St. Pierre & Miquelon website. Some details that he cites to support his theory include:
- the location of the monastery of the Assumption (on the island Chauvet), which was regularly attended by Richelieu and was the property of his brother, Alphonse.
- Port-Royal and the church of St Jean-Baptiste
- salt-water marshes in the area were drained ... much like the dyke system utilized in Acadia
- it was a zone surrounded by Protestants and enclosing Catholics.
Origins from Other Areas
Of the pre-1632 Acadians, the only one that seems to have left descendants in the area is LaTour. Over the years, people from other countries made a home in Acadia. Some, such as the Grangers, may have come with the English. We don't know exactly how most of them arrived, due to the lack of ship lists. The core of the settlers in the 1650s may have come from Razilly’s 1632 group, who were mainly from Britanny and Touraine. [Lauvriere, La Tragedie, 1, 63]. In addition, both d'Aulnay and LaTour had also brought people to Acadia from 1635 to 1654.
Scottish names may be Peselet (from Paisley), Coleson, Caissy (from Casey), Pitre (from Peters), and Melanson (Lauvriere, La Tragedie, 1, p. 63). Current scholars say that perhaps only Caissy was English (actually Irish). [Clark, p. 101]
One family that has been surrounded by confusion has been the Melancon/Melanson family. Melancon is an English name, so early researchers believe they were English or Scottish. Further research has found that the Acadian Melancons were sons of Pierre La Verdure. He married Priscilla Mellanson around 1630 in England or Scotland. He and his family arrived in Acadia with Sir Thomas Temple on the Satisfaction in 1657. One son is thought to have stayed in New England. One son, Pierre, a stonemason, was born in 1632 and married Marguerite Mius d'Entremont around 1664 in Port Royal. One son, Charles, was born in 1642 and married Marie Dugas in 1663 at Port Royal. The Melancons were some of the first settlers of the Grand Pre region.
While the name is English (or Scottish), it is now thought that their father was a French Huguenot. The 2 Melancons who settled in Acadia took their mother's surname. Check out Mike Melanson's website for more information on the Melancons. NOTE: Archaeologists in Nova Scotia having been working on excavating the Melanson Settlement in recent years.
The table below lists some of the other surnames and their nationalities.
Channel Islands SEMER
Ireland CASSY (CAISSY)
Scottish JOHNSON (JEANSON)
Source: Patronymes acadiens by Stephen White
Post to Acadia-Cajun list at Rootsweb, 9/24/2006
Unfortunately, most of the Acadians have _not_ been traced to particular villages. Because of the speculations of a few early researchers, especially Genevieve Massignon, people have now put into print that the majority of Acadians came from Martaize, LaChaussee, La Haye-Descartes, and other Poitevin villages nearby, but there is no primary documentary evidence of that. The really unfortunate part is that once it ended up in print, it became "fact" and has been copied countless times, so much so that many people consider it to be the truth.Basically, you can consider any Acadian ancestry traced to the three villages I mentioned as being an error (or at least an undocumented hypothesis). Likewise, Michel Richard's ancestry in Saintonge, which is another such speculation.It's a pity, but most of our ancestry is, at this point, traceable to... "France." Pure & simple. It'd be wonderful to know the village names, or even the regions, but at this point we simply don't.cheers,Gordon BonnetTrumansburg NY
Posts to Acadian-Cajun list 9/26/06ORIGIN OF THE ACADIANS Although the Acadians, a group of people who settled eastern Canada in the late 1700's, have been researched extensively over the years, many questions still remain as to their origins. A few have been traced to France and elsewhere, but the majority of Acadian settl;ers still have no link to the old world. Most AScadians were probably farmers of western France. "According to the genealogical research of Geneviéve Massigon ("Les Parles Français d'Acadie", 1962, vol 1, p. 55), "the progeitors of at least sixteen families of different surnames (including LANDRY) came from three small villages - LaChaussée, Martaizé and Aulnay - south of the town of Loudon, provinceof Poitou). In these villages, during the early seventeenth century, lived the ancestors of Babin, Breaux (Brault), Gautreau, Hebert, LeBlanc, Landry, Savoie, and other families, whose descendants comprise a large portion of the Acadian and Louisiana French today" These villages formed a part of the estate of Charles de Menou, Sieur d'Aulnay, who was governor of Acadia from 1635 to 1650. During this time, his chief colonial recruiter, notary Vincent LANDRY, was stationed at the Poitevin town of LaChausée, where he recuited a number of his workers in France to colonize Acadia, and many families from the Loudun continued to migrate to the colony of Acadia. Geneviéve Massigon ("Les Parles Français d'Acadie", 1962, vol 1, p. 55) is quoted by many researchers, including Robert C. West and Carl Brasseau. In his book, THE FOUNDING OF A NEW ACADIA, Carl Brasseau states "The rugged individualism of the early settlers was tempered by a strong sense of group identity and loyality, particularly within the Aulnay faction. Many of the families brought to Acadia by Razilly in 1632 were bound together by blood and cultural ties. Establishing themselves in the Port Royal area after the deportation of the Scotish invaders, these related families effectively constituted a clan; the boundaries of the sociological units, however, were quite fluid, and the Loundunaise group quickly absorbed through intermarriage most of the bachelors who subsequently entered the colony as engages, or endentured servants".
"The assimilation of the French immigrants did not compromise the integrity of the mother culture. On the contrary, because Aulnay’s chief colonial recruiter, notary Vincent Landry, was stationed at the Poitevin town of LaChauseee, approximately 55 percent of Acadia’s "first families" were drawn from France’s Centre-Ouest provinces of the Loire River valley and coastal area between LaRochelle and Rochefort while at least 47 percent of the early seventeeenth-century immigrants were former residents of the LaChausse area of Poitou alone. In addition, it is apparent that throughout the early seventeenth century, the engages were drawn consistently from a particular stratum of rural French society-the peasant class-and were destined to serve as laborers in the New World. Most early French settlers in Acadia thus shared, not only the same subregional culture and language, but also the same agrarian background and non-materialistic values."
And Robert C. West, "The cradle of a large number of Acadian colonists migrated to Acadia from west-central France, in particular the Loire River Valley and the coastal area between LaRochelle and Rochefort (provinces of Aunis and Saintonge)".
Many of the French colonists came from western France, a region that is environmentally similar to Acadia, so it is not surprising that their traditional agricultural methods were useful in the new land. For example, dike making, a farming technique that had been used successfully to reclaim salt marshes in Holland and France, was equally effective in Acadia.
No vehicle has survived from early Acadia, but historians believe Acadian carts resembled those found in France. Constructed with either four wheels or two (like the replica at right), they would have been drawn by oxen or horses. As mentioned above, Charles de Menou, Sieur d'Aulnay's chief colonial recruiter, notary Vincent LANDRY, who recuited a number of his workers in France to colonize Acadia, was stationed at the Poitevin town of LaChausée. Does anyone know anything about this notary. Has his Notorial records ever been discovered?
, where he , and many families from the Loudun continued to migrate to the colony of Acadia. -------------------------------
Genevieve married Emmanuel GOUIN, son of Pierre Amable GOUIN and Marie Celeste DERAINVILLE, on 26 Oct 1807 in St-Ours, Richelieu, Quebec. (Emmanuel GOUIN was born about 1785 in Ile Dupas, Quebec.)