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Plympton St. Maurice.

Transcribed from - Morris and Co.'s Commercial Directory and Gazetteer. 1870

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Transcribed by Val HENDERSON

 Checked by Robert ROWLAND


Pages 849 - 850

  PLYMPTON ST. MAURICE ( otherwise PLYMPTON EARL, or ERLE) is a parish and small market town in Plympton St. Mary union, containing by the census of 1861, 900 inhabitants, and 373 acres; in the deanery and hundred of Plympton, archdeaconry of Totnes, diocese of Exeter, South Devonshire; 5 1\2 miles east of Plymouth, 39 south-west from Exeter, 210 from London, and about half-a-mile from the Plympton St. Mary Station, on the South Devon Railway. It was formerly one of the Stannery towns, a borough by prescription, and returned two members to Parliament from the time of Edward I.; it was also a municipal borough, and a charter was granted in the fourth William and Mary, incorporating it under the name of " the Mayor, Bailiff, and Burgesses of the Borough of Plympton-Earl," and appointed a mayor, nine capital burgesses or aldermen, with recorder, town clerk, &c. It was disfranchised by the Reform Act of 1832.

  The TOWN HALL, which was erected in 1696, has been sold by the old corporation to a Joint Stock Company, and is now used for lectures, concerts, &c.

  This place is noted as being the birthplace of the celebrated painter, Sir Joshua Reynolds, whose father was the head master of the Grammar School here. A portrait of Sir Joshua, painted by himself, formerly hung in the Town Hall.

  The CHURCH, which was originally dedicated to St. Thomas of Canterbury, was a chantry attached to Plympton St. Mary, and was rebuilt in 1440. On the dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII., it was re-dedicated to St. Maurice, and now consists of nave, chancel, north and south aisles, and tower containing six bells. The vicarage, in the incumbency of the Rev. Roger Smith, M.A., is valued at £100 per annum, without residence, and is in the patronage of the Dean and Canons of Windsor. The Independents have a place of worship here.

  The GRAMMAR SCHOOL is a fine building, which was erected in 1664, under the trusts of the will of Mrs. Elizabeth Hele*, who bequeathed £1800 for its erection and endowment. There is a great market on the first Monday of each month, and cattle fairs are held on the 26th February, 6th April, 13th August, and 29th October.

Clergy and Gentry.

Arscott John Strode, Esq.

Buller Chas. Reginald, Esq.,J.P., Earl hall

Crook Rev. Cornelius H., B.A.

Elford Mr. Thomas

Ellery Richard, Esq.

Erskine Mrs. Elizabeth

Forster Miss Harriet

Jones Miss Maria

Julian Mr. John

Knight Miss

Langworthy Southmead, Esq.

Lavers Mr. William

Lowcay Mr. William George

Martin Mrs.

Miles George, Esq.

Miners William H., Esq.

Moysey Mrs. Elizabeth

Pode The Misses, Castle cottage

Pode Stephen Henry, Esq.

Radcliffe Mrs., Sydney house

Reparth Mr. William

Revell Miss

Rowe Joshua, Esq.

Rowe Mrs. William

Rummin George, Esq.

Rustan Capt. William

Smith Rev. Roger, M.A., rector, Plympton lodge

Treeby Mrs.

Veale Mr. George

Watt Mrs., Ridgway house

Woollcombe William John, Esq.

Trades and Professions.

Andrew John, auctioneer and surveyor

Andrew Robert, parish clerk and gardener

Arscott John Strode, solicitor

Brown Thomas, tanner and farmer

Chaffe Richard, carpenter

Cole William James, purser, P. and O. Co.

Condy Mrs. William, lodginghouse

Creber Thomas, grocer

Crews Henry, brewer

Crooke Rev. Cornelius H., B.A., head master of Grammar School

Ellery Dr. Richard, surgeon


Folley William, shopkeeper

Foxworthy Richard, tailor

Goss William, carrier

Haddy John, grocer and baker

Hambly Samuel, cowkeeper

Heal John, miller, Priory mills

Hellings William, carpenter

Hicks Thomas, sergeant of police

Jerman Samuel, postmaster, collector of assessed taxes, stamp distributor, and agent for the Albion Life Office

Jones George, academy

Kenting Joseph, lodgings

Kingsland William, "London" inn

Langmaid Christopher, blacksmith

Langworthy Southmead, surgeon, and proprietor of Lunatic Asylum

Lavers James, blacksmith

MADDOCK BENJAMIN, shoeing and general smith, bellhanger, plumber, and stove grate manufacturer

MARTIN JOHN, pharmaceutical chemist and druggist, grocer and tea dealer

Miles and Scobell, surgeons

Newt John, commercial traveller

Parish Henry, builder

Pearse Joseph, farmer and butcher

Pinches Miss Barbara, seminary

Pode Stephen H., surgeon

Soper Henry, lodgings

Soper William John, "Castle" inn

Soper William, shoemaker

Stephens Josias, farmer

Stephens William, cattle dealer

Tolman Abraham, twinemaker

Turner Thomas, shopkeeper

Warren William, grocer

Webber Henry, carpenter

Webber Richard, carpenter


Post Office - Samuel Jerman, sub-postmaster.

Letters through Ridgway delivered at 7.30 a.m.; dispatched at 11.25 a.m. and 6.10 p.m.; on Sundays at 10.40 a.m. only. Ridgway is the nearest money order office.


St. Maurice Church - Rev. Roger Smith, M.A., rector


Grammar School - Rev. Cornelius H. Crooke, B.A., head master


Police Station - Thomas Hicks, sergeant.

Transcript Notes.

* It should read Mr. Elizaeus Hele or Heale. He was a very wealthy man who died without children and left his fortune for good works around the County. (Information from Robert ROWLAND)





Updated 8/12/01

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© 2001 Transcriber and Checker as named above.