Malborough and Salcombe.
Morris and Co.'s Commercial Directory and Gazetteer. 1870
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Transcribed by Peter RUTHERFORD
Checked by Val HENDERSON
Pages 836 - 839
MALBOROUGH is a village and parish in Kingsbridge union, including the small seaport of SALCOMBE, containing, by the census of 1861, 2388 inhabitants, and 5310 acres; in the deanery of Woodleigh, archdeaconry of Totnes, hundred of Stanborough, East Devonshire; 2 miles north-west from Salcombe Haven, and 4 south-west from Kingsbridge, situate on an eminence commanding beautiful views, both inland and across the English Channel, between the points called Bolt Head and Bolt Tail. The living is a chapelry attached to the vicarage of West Alvington, in the incumbency of the Rev. Alfred Earle, M.A., and the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Salisbury. The church is a large ancient edifice, in the Perpendicular style, consisting of nave, chancel, north and south aisles and tower, surmounted by a spire, and containing six bells; it has been thoroughly restored at a cost of upwards of £2000, and was re-opened for divine service on the 26th April, 1870. In the interior is a monument of white marble to the memory of the late Lord Kinsale. The Baptists have a place of worship here, and there is a National School for children of both sexes. Mrs. Alice Bayning, in the 16th century, and Richard Dyer, in 1730, devised certain lands and tenements which now produce £30 per annum, out of which £10 is paid to the schoolmaster, and the remainder expended in the repairs of the church and the relief of the poor.
BATSON, BOLBURY, COLLATON, COMBE, HORNECOMBE, REW, and SHADYCOMBE are hamlets forming part of this parish.
SALCOMBE is a hamlet of the above parish, which was created a separate ecclesiastical district in 1844, containing, by the census of 1861, 1658 inhabitants, 2 miles south-east from Malborough, and forms a small seaport, pleasantly situated on the west side of the estuary which runs up to Kingsbridge. It is a sub port to Dartmouth, and possesses safe anchorage for about 200 vessels of moderate tonnage, although vessels of a large tonnage can also anchor there, but in consequence of the difficulties of the navigation at the entrance between Bolt Head and Prawle Point, it is not frequently used by the large craft. There is a Custom House and Coast Guard Station, and it has its own registration of shipping.
During the Civil Wars between Charles I. and his Parliament, Salcombe Castle, of which there are some remains, was a fort of some importance, and was garrisoned on behalf of the King, and Sir Edward Fortescue appointed governor; but after a siege of nearly four months' duration, on being summoned by General Fairfax, it surrendered on the 23rd January 1645, to Colonel Weldon, Parliamentary governor of Plymouth.
The climate of this place is amongst the warmest and most salubrious on the coast of Devon; and oranges, lemons, and citrons are grown, and the American aloe blooms, in the open air. The waters produce plaice and other fish, also the scallop, which is a scarce fish in most other places.
The vicarage, in the incumbency of the Rev. Frederick Williamson, M.A., is valued at £200 per annum, with residence, and is in the patronage of the Earl of Devon. The church, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, is a handsome modern edifice, which was erected in 1843. The Wesleyans and Plymouth Brethren have places of worship here, and there is a National School for children of both sexes.
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