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Buckfastleigh

Transcribed from - Morris and Co.'s Commercial Directory and Gazetteer. 1870

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Transcribed by Val HENDERSON

Checked by John HONEYWELL

 

Pages 473 - 475

  BUCKFASTLEIGH is a large parish and village in Totnas union, containing, by the census of 1861, 2544 inhabitants, and 5928 acres; in the deanery and archdeaconry of Totnes, diocese of Exeter, hundred of Stanborough, East Devonshire; 6 miles north-west from Totnes, 22 south-west from Exeter, and the same distance north-east from Plymouth, on the main road between those places, pleasantly situated on the west bank of the river Dart, amidst some beautiful scenery on the borders of Dartmoor Forest. The vicarage, in the patronage and incumbency of the Rev. Matthew Lowndes, B.A., had the tithes commuted, in 1832, at £198 per annum, with residence and 23 acres of glebe land. The rectorial tithes were also commuted at £232 per annum, of which £159 belonged to the Earl of Macclesfield, and £73 to the rector of Ermington and Jeffery Edwards, Esq. The church is an ancient edifice, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, consisting of nave, chancel, transepts, north and south aisles, and tower containing six bells, surmounted by a lofty spire. The independents and Wesleyans have places of worship here.There are British and National Schools for children of both sexes, and some charitable bequests for thr benefit of the poor. This place has long been noted for its manufacture of woollens, particularly serges and blankets, which gives employment to a great number of hands; wool combing, paper making, and tanning are also carried on here. The railway, which is now in course of construction from Totnes to Ashburton, passes through this parish, and when opened will, no doubt, give an impetus to the trade.

BUCKFAST ABBEY, a portion of the ruins of which still remain, is in the valley of the Dart, about one mile north; it was founded in 1137 by Ethelwerd, son of William de Pomeroy, as an establishment for Cistercian monks; part of the ruins were taken down in 1806. The Earl of Macclesfield is lord of the manor, and chief owner of the soil.

Clergy and Gentry.

Barnes Mr. Charles, Springfield

Barnes Miss Susan, Higher town

Bosanquet J.B., Esq., Colson cottage

Bovey Miss Mary, Bilberry Hill house

Butchers Mrs. Harriet, Fore street

Callard Mr. John, Lower town

Churchward Mr. Samuel, Plymouth road

Coulton William, Esq., Rockville

Davies Henry, Esq., Black Rock house

Ellis Mrs., Millbrook house

Fezzy Mr. Thomas, Lower town

Fleming John, Esq., Bigden

Furneaux Samuel, Esq., Hapstead house

 

Hamlyn Mrs. Mary, Market street

Hawkings Stewart, Esq., Hayford hall

Holditch Robert, Esq., Toll Marsh house

Kierman Owen, Esq., Rockfield house

Lowndes Mrs. Edward, Bridge Brook house

Lowndes Mrs. Eliza, Woodview cottage

Lowndes Rev. Matthew, B.A., The Vicarage

Maughan Rev. George H.(Wesleyan)

Philipps David, Esq., Lower town

Phillips John Robert, Esq., Croppings Park house

Tucker Miss Mary, Bell house

Ubsdell Henry, Esq., Chapel street

Warren Mr. Andrew, Abbey cottage, Buckfast

Windsor Miss Mary Jane, Plymouth road

Trades and Professions.

Abbott John, farmer, Coldstone

Arscott Philip C., baker and grocer, Higher town

Ball John, dairyman, lodginghouse, Dartbridge house

Barnes John, paper manufacturer, Kilbury

Barrett James, boot and shoemaker, Fore street

Barter John, farmer, Runnaford Combe

Bastow John Cole, baker, Fore street

Beard Enos, farmer, Button

Berry John and Sons, serge and blanket manufacturers, Buckfast

Berry William, farmer, Grange

Bishop Thomas, "Waterman's Arms," Higher town

Bovey John, registrar of births and deaths, and insurance agant, Bridge cottage

Bradridge Miss Mary, butcher, Fore street

Bunclark John, woolstapler, Lower town

Butchers Mrs. Jane B., grocer, Higher town

Callard Henry, farmer, West Mill house

Callard John, corn and flour merchant, West Mill house

CHURCHWARD JOHN, "King's Arms" family and commercial hotel and posting house, Fore street

CHURCHWARD JOHN & SONS, blanket and serge manufacturers, Sharrell's mill; and at Harberton ford

Chaff Robert, baker, Higher town

Chaff Wm., shoemaker, Higher town

Coombes James, grocer, Runnaford Coombe

Crannaford John, thatcher, Toll Marsh

Creber James and Son, wheelwrights, Lower town

East John, grocer, Higher town

Easterbrook James, harness maker, Fore street

Easterbrook John, blacksmith, Higher town

Ezekiel Lionel, grocer and draper, The Cross

Foss The Misses Mary and Phillis, day school, Plymouth road

Foster John, "Valiant Soldier," Fore st

French John, manager at Hamlyn Brothers' flour mill; h.St. Hill cottage

Furneaux John, grocer and draper, Higher town

Furneaux John Mudge, tanner, Laurel house, Higher town

Furneaux Miss Margaret, shopkeeper, Fore street

Furneaux Thomas, farmer and tanner, Higher town

Gill Robert, butcher and cowkeeper, Plymouth road

Hamlyn Brothers, tanners, woolstaplers, serge and blanket manufacturers

Hamlyn James (firm of Hamlyn Brothers); h. Marldon house, Higher town

Hamlyn John (firm of Hamlyn Brothers); h. Park View house

Hayman Richard, tailor, Fore street

Heath Thomas Angel, farmer, Scorraton

Hoare Charles, butcher, Fore street

Hoare John, painter and glazier, Lower town

Hoare John Heath, tailor and draper, Fore street

Hoare Robert, "Half-Moon," Plymouth rd

Hoare Stephen, carpenter, Fore street

Hollick James, baker, Fore street

Howard Wm., beer retailer, Elliott plain

Hunt John, cider retailer, Higher town

Jackson Robert, joiner, Jordan street, Higher town

Lee Edward, shoemaker, Fore street

Lee James, tailor, Fore street

Lidstone Richard, baker, Higher town

Lock John, grocer, Fore street

Luckraft Thomas, blacksmith

MITCHELL WILLIAM, plumber, gasfitter, tinplate-worker, general ironmonger, and emigration agent, Post Office and Telegraph Office, Fore street

Palk Richard, boot and shoemaker, Fore street

Parker William, British schoolmaster, Chapel street

Pearce Henry, farmer, Merrifield

Pearse John, dairyman, Kilbury

Pearse Robert, farmer, Runnaford Coombe

Pearse Wm., boot and shoemaker, Fore street

Petherbridge Jas., dairyman, Plymouth rd

Petherbridge James, "White Hart" and wool agent, Plymouth road

PETHERBRIDGE JAS. ROGER, ironmonger, smith, and grocer, Fore st

Petherbridge William, tailor, Lower town

Penny Samuel, woolstapler, "Globe," Lower town

Philips David, surgeon, Lower town

Preston William, farmer, Bowden

Rice William, baker, Fore street

Rowland George, farmer, Abbey farm

Rowland Jacob, farmer, New Parks

Salter Savery Cyrus, chemist and druggist, Fore street

Searle John, draper, stationer, and teadealer, Fore street

Shute Henry, baker, Fore street

Sitters James, shopkeeper, Fore street

Symons John, cider retailer, Elliott

Symons John, jun., cider merchant, Road View house

Tape William, cooper, Plymouth road

Tozer Samuel, boot and shoemaker, Higher town

Treleaven Henry J., registrar of marriages, Plymouth road

Ubsdell Henry, surgeon, Chapel street

Voce John, road contractor, collector of poor's rates, income and land taxes, Fore street

Wakeham Aaron, carpenter, Plymouth rd

Wakeham Samuel, "Royal Oak," Higher town

Warren Andrew, farmer, Lover's Combe

Warren Miss Ann, shopkeeper, Fore street

Warren Christopher, grocer and draper, Fore street

Warren John, saddler and harness maker, Fore street

WATTS, WHIDBORNE, & MOIR, bankers, Ashburton Bank (branch of) open on Tuesdays and Fair days — Wm. Creber, manager

Waycott William, farmer, Brook

Weatherdon Thomas, farmer, Wallaford

Weeks Mrs. Harriet, shopkeeper, Fore st

Weeks John, "Golden Lion," Chapel street

White John, thatcher and basket maker, "Prince of Wales," Plymouth road

Willcocks James and Son, millwrights and ironfounders, Lower town

Willcocks John, grocer and draper, Fore s

Willcocks Mrs. Mary, "Town Arms," Higher town

Willcocks Richard (firm of Willcocks and Son); Fore street

Williams Henry Thomas, "Sun" inn, Higher town

Winsor Miss Elizabeth, haberdasher, Fore street

~

Post Office and Postal Telegraph Office, Fore street — William Mitchell, postmaster. Mails arrive at 6.26 a.m.; delivery commences at 6.45 a.m. Letters dispatched at 6.24 p.m. Box closes at 6.10 p.m. On Sunday, letters are dispatched at 2.14 p.m. Box closes at 2 p.m.

Money orders granted and paid and Savings Bank and Annuity business transacted from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. On Saturdays until 8 p.m.

~

National School —Thomas Fuller, master; Mrs. Mary Fuller, mistress

British School

~

Carriers—Ashburton, Preston, Tuesday and Friday; Plymouth, Hill, Monday and Thursday; Totnes, Hayman, daily; Hill, Wednesday and Saturday

 

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