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John USHER of Toftfield
(1710-1777)
Janet WHITE
(-Between 1738/1745)
Hugh GRIEVE
(1704-1780)
Margaret DARLING
(Cir 1707-1775)
James USHER of Toftfield
(1738-1816)
Margaret GRIEVE
(1739-1825)

Andrew USHER
(Cir 1782-1855)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
Margaret BALMER

Andrew USHER 2 3

  • Born: Cir 1 Apr 1782, Toftfield, Darnick, Roxburgh
  • Christened: 7 Apr 1782, Darnick, Roxburgh 4 5 6
  • Marriage: Margaret BALMER on 31 Dec 1806 in Edinburgh 1
  • Died: 17 Aug 1855, Edinburgh aged about 73 7 8 9
  • Buried: East Preston Cemetery, Edinburgh 8

   Cause of his death was Diseased Prostate Bladder for 2 years; but in a severe form for 2 months as certified by Alexander ?, Physician who saw deceased 16th August..10

  Research Notes:

Andrew notes in his narrative (p. 48 The Usher Family in Scotland) - ... I commenced on my own account with my brother-in-law, Mr James Fairburn.

http://www.scotchwhisky.com/english/about/blended/blenearl.htm
Old Vatted Glenlivet
The first commercial blend - in the sense that it was offered for sale to a wider market, and thus had to be consistent - was made by Andrew Usher in 1853. Usher was the Edinburgh agent for Glenlivet, and he named his creation Old Vatted Glenlivet. By 1860 it was being advertised in London, and in 1864 he was selling it overseas, especially in India.

http://www.themacallan.com/eng/guide/blended/
The first commercial blend, one that was offered for sale to a wider market and had to be consistent, was made by Andrew Usher in 1853 and first sold in The Pear Tree, Edinburgh. Usher was the agent for Glenlivet, and he named his creation Old Vatted Glenlivet. By the year 1860 it was being advertised in London and in 1864 he was selling it overseas

http://www.smws.com/archives/alphabet/b.html
Remember that before the Spirits Act of 1860 allowed blending in bond (i.e. prior to payment of duty) blending was only done on a very small scale and little attempt was made to produce whiskies of consistent quality. The man credited with producing the first blended whisky made to a fixed and repeatable formula was Andrew Usher of Edinburgh, who began offering Old Vatted Glenlivet in London as early as 1844. His son, Andrew Usher II, developed this business massively, purchasing Glen Sciennes (malt) Distillery in 1860, and founding the North British (grain) distillery in 1885.

It is likely that Andrew II - and possibly even Andrew I - was offering his whiskies by the bottle as well as in larger containers, but it is traditionally held that John Dewar was the first to sell his whiskies in branded bottles, in the late 1860s. This has been disputed by, among others, the Mackinlay family (as in The Original Mackinlay), who maintain that they were the first. In all likelihood many of the early large-scale blenders - Johnnie Walker, George Ballantine, John Haig, Arthur Bell and so on - began putting their whiskies in branded bottles about the same time.

.

  Noted events in his life were:

• Census, 30-31 Mar 1851, West Nicholson St., Edinburgh. 11

• Occupation, Cir 1800. Employed by brother Hugh in London. Brief spell in a merchant's office - didn't retain very long.

• Occupation, 1800, Leith, Midlothian. With brother George, sold corn at Leith being sent from London by brothers Hugh & John.

• Occupation, Cir 1801, Greenock, Renfrewshire. Situation as an accountant at a general agent's in Greenock, unable to retain.

Uncle at Courthill procured employment in a retail shop in Hawick belonging to Mr John Nixon, where he served an apprenticeship for one year. Mr Nixon was an extensive manufacturer of hosiery.

• Occupation, Cir 1803, Edinburgh. When about 21 years old, Andrew opened a Hosiery shop in Edinburgh with a loan of £500 from his uncle at Courthill. He took a shop opposite the college at £70 per annum. After a year or two he set out with samples for the wholesale trade, and subsequently started a wholesale trade from new premises on the South Bridge. He added gloves to the hosiery trade.

Formed partnership with Mr Hardwick a manufacturer in Worcester and took premises in, and removed to London with family.

Andrew needed partners and admitted a young gentleman named Boutcher and the firm changed to Usher, Boutcher and Company. Mr Boutcher handled London while Andrew travelled in Scotland. In his abscence, Mr Boutcher incurred losses. The firm was dissolutioned but Mr Boutchers share transferred to a Mr Perrin and the name changed to Usher, Hardwick and Perrin.

This was also not a great success. Andrew was offered a share of Mr Dunlop's business in Edinburgh - Mr Dunlop being prominent in the spirit trade. After five years the partnership was dissolved.

Andrew then set up on his own account with brother-in-law Mr James Fairburn. James died and Andrew admitted Mr Ralph Brown as a partner and later Mr Martin as a salesman. Mr Martin sacrificed his life and Mr Brown later removed to London on account of his family.

Mr George Home was then admitted as a partner along with a young gentleman called Moubray to take charge of the newley opened branch in London. The partnership was dissolved at the end of the stipulated contract.

Since 1847, his sons Andrew and John have taked the firm to new heights.

• Business, 1811. 12 Usher, Boucher & Co., glovers, 70, Aldermanbury

• Business, 1818. 13 Usher, Hardwicke & Perrin, whol.glovers, 70, Aldermanbury

There is a notice in "The Times", 30 Oct 1816, p.2 Col a.
Partnerships dissolved.
A. Usher, S. Hardwicke, and W. Perrin, London.

• Occupation: Merchant, 1819, , Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, 9 Wharton place. 14

• Census, 1841, Cottage, Crammond, Edinburgh. 15 USHERANDREWM57Wine MerchtMidlothian, Scotland
USHERMARGARETF55Midlothian, Scotland
USHERAGNESF31Midlothian, Scotland
USHERMARGARETF30Midlothian, Scotland
USHERMARYF15Midlothian, Scotland
GRAHAMJOHNM1Midlothian, Scotland

• Firm: Edinburgh. 16 He was the founder of the world famous Whisky Distilling and Blending Company of Andrew Usher and Co in 1813 and the famous Usher Brewery of Edinburgh.

• Residence: 26 West Nicolson St., Edinburgh.

• Tombstone: East Preston Cemetery, Edinburgh. 17

• Death Inventory, 27 Jul 1855, Edinburgh. 18

• Death Settlement, 27 Jul 1855, Edinburgh. 19


Andrew married Margaret BALMER, daughter of Thomas BALMER and Agnes MATHER, on 31 Dec 1806 in Edinburgh.1 (Margaret BALMER was born on 3 Oct 1785 in Makerstoun, Roxburgh, died on 24 Feb 1860 at 11 Sylvan Place, Edinburgh 8 20 21 and was buried in East Preston Cemetery, Edinburgh 8.). The cause of her death was Exhaustion from long continued Gastro.ilation, several years..10


Sources


1 General Register Office for Scotland, "Banns & Marriages 1538-1854," database / digital images, brightsolid, Scotlands People (http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/), 685/1/53; MARGARET BALMER/FR2444

2 William Neville Usher, "Family Tree Book" (MS, cir 1900), p. p. 91 / 91a / 106; privately held by Leslie Usher, [ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE,] Edinburgh, 2010;
This is a notebook written by William Neville Usher. It was passed at some point to Charles Howard Usher who seems to have used it to form the base of his research. There is both William Neville Usher's formal and informal handwriting with some additional notes by Charles.

3 General Register Office for Scotland, "Marriages 1855-2006," database / digital images, Scotlands People (http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk : accessed 24 Jun 2000), entry no. 467, for Andrew Usher and Marion B Murray; citing Statutory Marriages no. 685/5/467;
page 234, 1879 Marriages in the District of Newington in the City of Edinburgh
No. 467
1879 on the Twentythird day of December
at 16 Rillbank Terrace, Edinburgh
After Banns according to the Forms of the Church of Scotland

Name: [signed] Andrew Usher
Age: 53
Usual Residence: Blackford Park, Oswald Road, Edinburgh
Rank or Profession and Condition: Wine Merchant, Widower
Name, Surname and Rank of Profession of Father: Andrew Usher, Wine Merchant (deceased)
Name, and Maiden Surname of Mother: Margaret Usher, M.S. Balmer (deceased)

Name: [signed] Marion B Murray
Age: 32
Residence: 16 Rillbank Terrace, Edinburgh
Rank or Profession and Condition: Spinster
Name, Surname and Rank of Profession of Father: Thomas Blackwood Murray, Landed Proprietor (deceased)
Name, and Maiden Surname of Mother: Mary Murray, M.S. Gray

[signed] W. Lyon Riach, Minister of Parish of Grange
[signed] St. Clair Cunningham, Witness
Isabel M. Smith, Witness

Registered 1879, December 24th, at Edinburgh, D. B. Palott, Asst. Registrar;
Image

4 Charles S. Romanes C.A., Melrose parish registers of baptisms, marriages, proclamations of marriages, session minutes (1723-1741) and mortuary rolls: 1642-1820 (Edinburgh: Scottish Record Society, 1913), p. 316;
1782 April 7: James Usher and Peggy Grieve in Toftfield, a.s.n. Andrew; w. Robert Grierson, Andrew Murray.

5 William Neville Usher, "Family Tree Book" (MS, cir 1900), p. p. 91a; privately held by Leslie Usher, [ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE,] Edinburgh, 2010;
This is a notebook written by William Neville Usher. It was passed at some point to Charles Howard Usher who seems to have used it to form the base of his research. There is both William Neville Usher's formal and informal handwriting with some additional notes by Charles.

6 General Register Office for Scotland, "Births 1538-1854," database / digital images, brightsolid, Scotlands People (http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/), 799; JAMES USHER/PEGGY GRIEVE FR631.

7 "Deaths," (Edinburgh) The Scotsman, 18 August 1855, p. 3, col. 8; At Edinburgh, on the 17th inst., Andrew Usher, Esq., aged 73.

8 Family Tombstone Andrew Usher (1782-1855).
ANDREW USHER,
DIED 17th AUGUST 1855, AGED 73 YEARS.
MARGARET BALMER,
HIS SPOUSE DIED 24th FEBRUARY 1860.,
AGED 74 YEARS.
MARY USHER,
DIED 26th FEBRUARY 1821, AGED 8 YEARS.
WILHELMINA D. USHER,
DIED 27th NOVEMBER 1840. AGED 21 YEARS.
JESSIE USHER
DIED 2ND JULY 1842. AGED 28 YEARS.
MARGARET USHER,
DIED 11th NOVEMBER 1867. AGED 58 YEARS.
AGNES USHER,
DIED 29th MAY 1873 AGED 66 YEARS.
HELEN USHER,
WHO DIED 1st DECEMBER 1893. AGED 76 YEARS.
WIDOW OF Dr GEORGE GRAHAM,
ALSO OF DAVID CROLL, ESQ. GLASGOW.

GEORGE GRAHAM. M.D.
SON IN LAW, DIED 8th APRIL 1841. AGED 80 YEARS.

9 General Register Office for Scotland, "Deaths 1855-2006," database / digital images, Scotlands People (http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk), 685/2/329.

10 Death Certificate; Andrew Usher (1855).
Year: 1855 District: Newington & Grange (Edinburgh) Entry: 329

Death of Andrew Usher, Wine Merchant
(married to Margaret Balmer, issue:
1. Agnes, 48
2. Margaret, 46
3. James, 43
4. Mary dec. at 9 yrs in 1821
5. Jessie dec. at 28 in 1842
6. Jane, 38
7. Helen, 38
8. Wilhelmina Dunlop dec. at 21 in 1840
9. Thomas, 34
10.Mary, 32
11.Andrew, 29
12.John,27)

Died 17/8/1855, 5.30am at 26 West Nicholson Street, Edinburgh aged 73 years

Parents:
James Usher, Gentleman Farmer (deceased)
Margaret Usher Maiden Name Grieve (deceased)

Cause of death:
Diseased Prostate Bladder for 2 years;
but in a severe form for 2 months
as certified by Alexander ?, Physician who saw deceased 16th August.

Informant: John Usher, son, present

Burial Place: Preston Street, Newington, Edinburgh as certified by Thomas Ellis, undertaker

Where Born: Darnick; in this county upwards of 30 years

Registered: 1855 August 18th at Edinburgh

11 1851 Scotland Census, Edinburgh St Cuthbert, enumeration district (ED) 77, page 9, schedule no. 73; database on-line, Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 Apr 2010); USHERANDREWMHead68Wine & Spint MerchantMelrose, Roxburghspouse: Margaret
USHERMARGARETFWife65Berwick, Bukspouse: Andrew
USHERAGNESFDaughter40Edinr, GreyficarsAndrewMargaret
USHERMARGARETFDaughter35Edinburgh St CuthbertsAndrewMargaret
USHERJOHNMSon23St Cuth, EdinrAndrewMargaret.

;
Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

12 Holden's Annual London and County Directory, 3 vols. (London: W. Holden, 1811), vol. 1.

13 Kent's London Directory (London: Henry-Kent Causton, 1818), p. 337.

14 Great Britain. Post Office, Post Office Annual Directory, Edinburgh 1819-1820 p. 328; digital images, National Library of Scotland http://www.nls.uk : accessed 31 Dec 2012;
Usher, Andrew merchant, 9. Wharton place

15 Ancestry.com, "1841 Scotland Census," database on-line, Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 14 Apr 2010), Parish: Cramond; ED: 3; Page: 3; Line: 1525;
Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.

16 George Tancred of Weens, Rulewater and its People An account of the Valley of the Rule and its Inhabitants (Edinburgh: University Press by T. and A. Constable, 1907), page 210.

17 Grave Marker, East Preston Street Cemetery, Edinburgh, Midlothian:

ANDREW USHER
DIED 17TH AUGUST 1855, AGED 73 YEARS
MARGARET BALMER
HIS SPOUSE DIED 24TH FEBRUARY 1860,
AGED 74 YEARS
MARY USHER
DIED 26TH FEBRUARY 1821, AGED 8 YEARS
WILHELMINA D. USHER
DIED 27TH NOVEMBER 1840, AGED 21 YEARS
JESSIE USHER,
DIED 2ND JULY 1842 AGED 28 YEARS
MARGARET USHER,
DIED 11TH NOVEMBER 1867, AGED 58 YEARS
AGNES USHER
DIED 29TH MAY 1873, AGED 66 YEARS
HELEN USHER,
WHO DIED 1ST DECEMBER 1893, AGED 76 YEARS
WIDOW OF DR GEORGE GRAHAM,
ALSO OF DAVID CROLL, ESQ. GLASGOW
GEORGE GRAHAM, M.D.
SON IN LAW, DIED 8TH APRIL 1841 AGED 30 YEARS
.

18 Edinburgh Sheriff Court, Andrew Usher residing in West Nicholson Street, Inventory (Edinburgh Sheriff Court Inventories, 1855).

19 Edinburgh Sheriff Court, Andrew Usher, Merchant in Edinburgh (Edinburgh Sheriff Court Wills, 1855).

20 Death Certificate; Margaret Balmer (1860).

21 "Deaths," (Edinburgh) The Scotsman, (Saturday) 25 February 1860, p. 4, col. 6; At Sylvan Place, on the 24th inst., Mrs Usher, aged 74, relict of the late Andrew Usher, Esq., merchant, Edinburgh.


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