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The Upper St. John River Valley

Northern Aroostook County, Maine and
Madawaska & Victoria Counties, New Brunswick

A history of the communities and people

This website covers communities in the valleys of the Allagash and the Fish Rivers in northern Aroostook County, and the valleys of the Green and Madawaska Rivers in Madawaska County

The upper St.John River valley was originally inhabited by members of the Maliseet nation, who called the region Wulustuk. Early settlers from Quebec, Acadia and Maine referred to the region as The Madawaska Settlement

This website also includes information on the rest of Aroostook County, Maine and on Victoria County, New Brunswick

This page is the starting point for history and genealogy links for the communities in the valley of the upper St. John River, or Wulustuk, in Aroostook County, Maine, USA and in Madawaska & Victoria Counties, New Brunswick, Canada.

In the early days the community spanned both banks of the St. John River, known to the original population of the valley as Wulustuk. Many of the documents transcribed here, especially from the first half of the 1800s, therefore include communities on both sides of the river.

Documents and Transcriptions

Censuses  1900 census, Frenchville



Church Records

Land Grants and Surveys

Other Records  

Historical Maps   

Brief Histories of the Region's Towns and early settlers

Madawaska County:
Baker Brook | Clair | Connors | Edmundston | Rivière-Verte | Saint-André | Sainte-Anne | Saint-Basile | Saint-François | Saint-Hilaire | Saint-Jacques | Saint-Léonard |

Information on Victoria County:

  • Military Settlement Survey Instructions from July 1817 for a survey of lots along the St.John between Bristol and Grand Falls from Norm DeMerchant; and 1822 list of settlers on the military lots, from Carleton County GenWeb site.

Aroostook County:
Upper St.John Valley:
Allagash | Castonia Settlement (Twp.16, R.12) | Cyr Plantation | Daigle | EagleLake | Fort Kent | Frenchville | Grand Isle | Hamlin | Madawaska | New Canada Plantation | Portage Lake | St.Agatha | St. Francis | St. John Plantation | VanBuren | Wallagrass |

Information on the rest of Aroostook County:

History of the Madawaska Region

Family Histories  

  • Gagnon families of Frenchville
  • Some of my other Upper St.John River Valley lines (with year of arrival in valley)
    • Jalbert Ancestors and descendants of Édouard Jalbert and Luce Vaillancourt (about 1839)
    • Chamberland Ancestors and descendants of Léandre Chamberland and Éléonore Alexandre (between 1831 and 1840)
    • Daigle Ancestors and descendants of Hilarion Daigle and Madeleine Ayotte (Acadians, from Madawaska)
    • Dionne Ancestors and descendants of Antoine Dionne and Salomée Miville dit Deschênes (never left La Pocatière; children and grandchildren moved to Madawaska in 1840s-1850s)
      New: Reunion of the Dionne families of the upper St.John River valley: June 2005!
    • St. Jean/St.John Ancestors and desendants of Théodule Anctil dit St-Jean and Sophie-Rose Marquis (never left Île-Verte; their son Nyzaire moved to Madawaska about 1860)
    • Russell Ancestors and descendants of Samuel Russell and Ellen Baldwin (about 1855)
    • Tardif Ancestors and descendants of Antoine Tardif and Suzanne Cayouette (never left Kamouraska; their children Louis and Artémise moved to Madawaska about 1844)
    • Ouellette Ancestors and descendants of Amable Ouellette and Esther Gardner (about 1844)
  • Other people Information on other early settlers in the Madawaska Territory and in Aroostook County, Maine

Documents from other regions

In the course of researching my own ancestors I've transcribed documents from some of the regions from which they came before moving to the Upper St.John River valley.

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Last revised 15 Jun 2007
© 2000-2007 C. Gagnon