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     The earliest known ancestor of this family line is Jeronimus Trico who was born about 1580 in an area of western Europe that is now within the French Department of Nord. Nord is located in the far north of France. It was created from the western halves of the historical counties of Flanders and Hainaut (the eastern halves being in Belgium), and the Bishopric of Cambrai.  Jeronimus married Michele Sauvagie around 1600.   Jeronimus died in 1606 at the age of about 26 years.  It is probable that the place of his death was the village of Prisches*, located within the aforementioned Department of Nord, France.

     Catalyntje Trico, the daughter of Jeronimus and Michele Trico, is our 8th great-grandmother.  We believe the she was born 1605 at Prisches*.   She married Joris Jansen Rapalje, [1604-1662], a native of Valenciennes in the Department of Nord.  This event took place in Amsterdam, Holland, on January 21, 1624, just prior to their departure for the New World.  Catalyntje and Joris were part of the Huguenot refugee colony that came over from Holland to New Netherland, in 1624, on the ship to bring the first immigrants to this new colonial province.  The ship was the “Eendracht

 ”, also known by its translated name of “Unity’ or “Concord”.  Upon their arrival in New Netherland they were deposited at Fort Orange, a place that would eventually become Beverwyck, and later Albany, New York.  Their daughter Sarah Rapalje born July 9, 1625 is reported to have been the first white female child born in New Netherland.  Over the next twenty-five years the couple would produce another twelve offspring.  Catalyntje and Joris with family removed to New Amsterdam in 1626, where they purchased a lot and built a house on Pearl Street just outside of Fort Amsterdam on Manhattan Island.  This event was eventually confirmed to him by deed March 13, 1647, which also notes that he kept a tavern at that location.  In 1637 Joris purchased 335 acres on Long Island along with "some merchandise" from the local Native-Americans. This transaction was confirmed by deed from Governor Willem Kieft on June 17, 1643. He later moved to this plantation named "Rinnegacknock" located on Wallabout Bay.  He was appointed Magistrate of Breuckelen, now called Brooklyn, on April 13, 1655.  Joris Jansen Rapalje died in 1662.  Catalyntje Trico lived on until 1689 when she died at "Rinnegacknock".

     This lineage continues through our 9th great-grandmother Marretje Joris (Maria) Rapalje, born 1627.  Maria was the second of Joris and Catalyntje Rapalje’s eleven children, and first of their children born at New Amsterdam.

*The utilization of Priches is based upon the marriage record of Joris Janssen Rapalje and Catalynie Trico which states that Catalynie Trico’s place of birth as Pris, Waesland. The Waasland is a region in Flanders, Belgium. It is part of the provinces of East Flanders and Antwerp.  In the north, it borders with the Netherlands. The other borders of the Waasland are with the Scheldt and Durme rivers.  Research shows that the aforementioned area does border on, and in some locales includes, what was the old County of Hainaut.  Unfortunately the Waasland is not at all associated with the Walloonian culture.  As such it is very possible that the either the person writing the record or the person providing the information considered Waasland as synonymous with the area known as “French Flanders.”  French Flanders is a part of the historical County of Flanders in present-day France. The region today lies in the modern-day region of Nord-Pas de Calais, the department of Nord.  The region now called French Flanders was ceded to the Kingdom of France, and became part of the province of Flanders and Hainaut.  That Catalynie’s place of birth was at a place called Pris, in a region much larger that the Waasland of today.  Research shows that there is not a populated place in present day Belgium, France, Netherlands, or Luxembourg with the name of Pris.  The most promising place for of birth for Catalynie is Prisches a village in the Nord department in northern France located only 25 miles from Valenciennes.  The following brings to this conclusion: (1) the first four letters in the  spelling are “Pris”, The place is located near where  Joris Janssen Rapalje was born, and the place is well within the the old County of Hainaut.


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Direct ancestors


Ancestral Lineage

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Descendant Register

Generation 1

JERONIMUS1 TRICO was born in 1580 in Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France. He died on 23 Feb 1606 in Prisches, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France,??. He married Michele Sauvagie in 1600 in France. She was born in 1585 in France. She died in 1632.


Jeronimus Trico and Michele Sauvagie had the following child:


i.     CATALYNIE2 TRICO was born in 1605 in Prisches, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France,

She died on 11 Sep 1689 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA. She married Joris Janssen Rapalje, son of Jean Raparelliet and Elizabeth Baudoin on 21 Jan 1621/22 in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. He was born on 28 Apr 1604 in Valenciennes, Nord, France. He died on 21 Feb 1662 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA.

Generation 2

CATALYNIE2 TRICO (Jeronimus1) was born in 1605 in Prisches, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France,??. She died on 11 Sep 1689 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA. She married Joris Janssen Rapalje, son of Jean Raparelliet and Elizabeth Baudoin on 21 Jan 1621/22 in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. He was born on 28 Apr 1604 in Valenciennes, Nord, France. He died on 21 Feb 1662 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA.


Joris Janssen Rapalje and Catalynie Trico had the following children:


i.        SARA RAPALJE was born on 09 Jun 1625 in Ft. Orange, (Albany), New York. She died on 04 Nov 1687 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA.


ii.      MARIA RAPALJE was born on 11 Mar 1626 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. She died about 1690 in Talbot County, Maryland. She married Michael Paul Vanderford on 18 Nov 1640 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. He was born about 1615 in Dermonde, Flanders. He died on 20 Sep 1692 in Talbot County, Maryland.


iii.     JANNETJE JORISE RAPALJE was born on 18 Aug 1629 in New Amsterdam, New York, USA. She died on 29 May 1699 in Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York.


iv.     JUDITH JORIS DE RAPPALJE was born on 05 Jul 1635. Judith Joris died on 06 Jun 1726 in Somerset County, New Jersey.


v.      JAN JORISZEN RAPALJE was born on 25 Aug 1637 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. He died on 25 Jan 1663 in Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York.


vi.     JACOB JORISE RAPALJE was born on 28 May 1639 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York.


vii.   CATALYNTJE JORISE DE RAPALIE was born on 28 Mar 1641 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. She died in 1664 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York, USA.


viii.  JERONIMUS JORISZEN RAPALJE was born about Jun 1643. He died in 1690 in Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York.


ix.     ANNETJE JORISE RAPELJE was born on 08 Feb 1646 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. She died on 07 Mar 1681 in Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York. She married Martin Ryerson on 14 May 1663.


x.      ELISABETH JORIS RAPALJE was born on 27 Mar 1648 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. She died in 1712.


xi.     DANIEL JORISEN RAPALJE was born on 29 Dec 1650 in New Amsterdam, (NYC), New York. He died on 26 Dec 1725 in Brooklyn, Kings Co., New York.


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Origins of the surname


Origins of the Surname

An Introduction

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An Introduction to the Surname

The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.     With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription. 

Research into the record of this Trico family line indicates that the meaning and history of this surname is most likely linked to that area of Europe where the Walloon and French languages are commonly spoken.


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Source(s) & Meaning(s) of the Surname

As in other European countries French surnames developed from four major sources: (1) Occupational Surnames are also very common among French surnames, these last names are based on the person’s job or trade for instance Jean Tailleur i.e.  John the tailor. (2) Patronymic & Matronymic Surnames that are based on a parent’s name, these are the most common origins of French surnames. The greater part of French patronymic and matronymic surnames are derived directly from the parent's given name like Michel Adolphe, i.e. Micheal son of Adolf.   In some cases prefixes and suffixes are attached to a given name to create a patronymic surname such as Jacques de Edmé which means James the son of Edmond. (3) Geographical Surnames are those surnames based on a the place where person came from like Claude from the city of Lyon, becomes Claude Lyon.  This type of name may also describe the location where the person resides within a village or town such as Jacques Jardin lives near a garden.  (4) Descriptive Surnames are usually based upon a “nickname” (i.e., Moody, Wise, Armstrong); status (i.e. Freeman, Bond, Knight); and acquired ornamental names that were simply made up, for example Charles Leblanc come from Charles the white.

The surname of Trico is most likely a variant of a Walloonian surname.  Walloon is a Romance language which was spoken as a primary language in 70% of the Walloon Region of Belgium.  It is also spoken a small part of Northern France, near Givet, in northern Ardennes, and several villages in the Nord département, making it one of the regional languages of France.

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History of the Surname

     Coming from the medieval French word 'surnom' translating as "above-or-over name," surnames or descriptive names trace their use back to 11th century France, when it first became necessary to add a second name to distinguish between individuals with the same given name. The custom of using surnames did not become common for several centuries, however.

     The Trico surname probably originated in the cultural area encompassed by the Walloonian language. Today Wallonia is the predominantly French-speaking southern region of Belgium.  Historically this cultural area also included the population of the Burgundian Netherlands speaking Romance languages. In Middle Dutch (and French), the term Walloons also included the French-speaking population of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège or the whole population of the Romanic sprachraum within the medieval Low Countries.

     Some notable persons having Trico or a variant surname are: Nicolas Trigault (1577–1628) was a Flemish Jesuit , and a missionary to China; Dominique Tricaud (b, 1955 in Paris, France) is a lawyer whose fame in the United States derives from his being the defense attorney in Paris, France, of Ira Einhorn, the famous environmentalist, convicted in absentia of murder; and Georges Tricaud a fighter ace in World War II from France.

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More About Surname Meanings & Origins

French Surnames

Suffixes & Prefixes - While not in common use as in Italy or Sweden, some French surnames are formed by the addition of various prefixes and suffixes. A variety of French suffixes including -eau, -elet, -elin, -elle, and -elot, mean "little son of" and can be found attached to a given name to form a patronym. Prefixes of French surnames also have specific origins. The prefixes "de," "des," "du," and "le" each translate as "of" and may be found used in patronymic and geographical French surnames. Some French-Norman patronymic surnames will have the prefix "fritz," from the Old French for "son of" (Fitzgerald - son of Gerald). 

Alias Surnames or Dit Names - In some areas of France, a second surname may have been adopted in order to distinguish between different branches of the same family, especially when the families remained in the same town for generations. These alias surnames can often be found preceded by the word "dit." Sometimes an individual even adopted the dit name as the family name, and dropped the original surname. This practice was most common in France among soldiers and sailors.

Germanic Origins of French Names - As so many French surnames are derived from first names, it is important to know that many common French first names have Germanic origins, coming into fashion during German invasions into France. Therefore, having a name with Germanic origins does not necessarily mean that you have German ancestors!

Official Name Changes in France - Beginning in 1474, anyone who wished to change his name was required to get permission from the King. These official name changes can be found indexed in: Jérôme, archiviste. Dictionnaire des changements de noms de 1803 à 1956 (Dictionary of changed names from 1803 to 1956). Paris: Librairie Française, 1974.


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Variations of the surname


Variations of
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Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Tricault, Tricart, Trickart, Trigault, Trie, Tricaud, and many others.   


The complexity of researching records is compounded by the fact that in many cases an ancestors surname may also have been misspelled.  This is especially true when searching census documents.   The Soundex Indexing System was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname.  Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research. 

The Soundex Code for Trico is T620. Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code:  TARASI | TERESI | THRASH | THRUSH | TORRES | TORRICO | TOWERS | TRACEY | TRACY | TRASK | TRAWEEK | TREECE | TRICE | TRICKEY | TRICO | TRIGG | TRUAX | TURK |.

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Amorial bearings, symcbols and mottoes


Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols


In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armored warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.  In the British Isles the College of Arms, (founded in 1483), is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.


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Gallery of Images

Tricart (Hainaut).png

Fig. 1

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Fig. 2

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Fig. 3

Trie (Ile-de-France).jpg

Fig. 4

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Fig. 5

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Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

The associated armorial bearings for this surname and close variant spellings are recorded in Burke’s General Armorie and Reitstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above:

FIGURE 1: These arms were bestowed upon a Tricart of the County of Hainaut.  On a blue shield are three white roses that signify love and faith.

FIGURE 3: The arms of a Tricart or Trickart of Hainaut.  The gold shield displays three pierced stars (mullets) on a blue chief.  The five pointed mullet indicates divine quality from above or mark of the third son.

FIGURE 4: These arms were bestowed upon a Trie of Ile-de-France.  The gold shield has a blue bend containing three annulets.  Use of the color gold implies generosity and elevation of the mind.

FIGURE 2: The arms that were granted to a Tricard of Beaujolais an historical province located within the French region of  Burgundy.  The blue shield contains a gold chevron with at gold star in the upper left corner. The use of blue on the arms signifies truth and loyalty. 

FIGURE 5: These interesting arms belong to a Trie dit le Grand* of Picardy.  The gold shield holds a red saltire with a rampant black lion within each quarter.  The lion signifies dauntless courage.

*see alias surnames or dit names

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Motto(es) of this Surname

French heraldry is fond of mottoes, and some families even have two: the motto (devise) and the "cri d'arme" a war-cry. The motto can be personal or familial. It can be in French, medieval French, Latin or even Greek.

The following listed mottoes and their translations are attributed to Trico or variant surnames:  NONE FOUND.   For a listing of French family mottoes go to: French phrases used in heraldry and family mottos.

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Heraldic bearings

More about Heraldic Bearings

The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or TorseThe torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

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of a wide variety of arms, crests, and badges.  They may also feature additional heraldry resources as noted in the accompanying descriptions.

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Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill-in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

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Locations of Our Direct Ancestors


The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.







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Locational Distribution of This Surname

     Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist.

          The information presented below shows where the TRICO surname is distributed within the United States as well as in France and Belguim, the country of origin of this family.      Statistics show that there are approximately 1.0 person per million of population with this surname, within France and Belguim, and only .06 persons per million within the U.S.A.  Italy is found to be the country in the world where this surname is also highly clustered having almost 2.0 persons per million of population.  The top region of the world where this surname is the most highly clustered is the Calabria, Italy, and Cosenza , Calabria , Italy is the top city where this surname is found.

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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and  other  helpful   resources 

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that will assist in discovering Ancestral Locations.  These web sites comprise only a small portion of what is available for researchers interested in learning more about where their ancestors lived.

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Migration routes


Migrations of the
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       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.


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The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

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Source documents




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The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.



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You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE:  Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing  Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

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During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a particular family.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.


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·             Our Surname Locator And Resources web page contains the following: (1) links that will take you to an updated listing of all surnames as posted in our three databases at the Rootsweb WorldConnect Project; (2) the Surname List Finder a tool that finds sound-alike matches for a given surname from among RootsWeb's thousands of surname lists; (3) the Soundex Converter that can be used to find the soundex code for a surname, plus other surnames/spellings sharing the same soundex code;  (4) Surname Message Boards the world's largest online genealogy community with over 17 Million posts on more than 161,000 boards; (5) Surname Mailing Lists of all surnames having mailing lists at RootsWeb, as well as topics that include (6) Surname Heraldy, and  (7) Mapping a Surname. 

·              Your genealogy research of this surname can be facilitated by use of Surname Web. This website links to the majority of the surname data on the web, as well as to individual family trees, origin and surname meaning if known, and many other related genealogy resources. 

·              Surname Finder provides easy access to free and commercial resources for 1,731,359 surnames. On each surname specific "finder" page, you can search a variety of online databases all pre-programmed with your surname.

·             Use All Surnames Genealogy to get access to find your surname resources .  There are almost 1300 links in this directory.

·             SurnameDB Free database of surname meanings - This site SurnameDB.Com contains a large FREE to access database (almost 50,000 surnames) on the history and meaning of family last names.

·             Public Profiler / World Names - Search for a Surname to view its Map and Statistics.

·             Linkpendium Surnames - Web sites, obituaries, biographies, and other material specific to a surname.

·              Cyndi's List - Surnames, Family Associations & Family Newsletters Index - Sites or resources dedicated to specific, individual family surnames.  

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Free Records & Databases

FREE Records
 & Databases

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All of the records and databases we’ve collected are FREE and can be accessed and searched online without having to pay for a subscription.   We have divided our collected into 14 record types as follows: Biographical; Birth; Cemetery; Census & City Directories; Church; Court; Death; Immigration & Naturalization; Land; Marriage; Military; Newspapers; Occupational; and Tax Records.    We try not to list any sites that have only a few records for the purpose of getting you to a website that will charge a fee to actually see the record beyond just a name.  

This Link will take you to our

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collections of FREE Records.  



Our Genealogy 
Reference Library

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The following Link will take you to our library of genealogy reference books.   Here you will find bibliographies, family histories and books about names.  In addition, there are texts that pertain to ethnic and religion groups, history, geography as well as other books that will assist you with your research.

This Link will take you to our

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collections of reference books.  

Click on these links to visit some of the websites we really like!!

Surname Web (logo)

Surname Finder (Logo)

All Surnames Genealogy (logo)

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About this webpage

About This Webpage



Mail1B0-- Email us with your comments or questions. 

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-- This webpage was last updated on --

01 April 2012

Diggin for Roots (2 shovels)

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Diggin for Roots (2 shovels)