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     Our Neuvillers family line has been traced back to our 10th great-grandfather Joseph Neuvillers.  Joseph was probably born in the Swiss canton of Berne during the final decade of the 16th century.  It is probable that his surname was originally spelled in the German form of Neuweiler and then changed to the French spelling when he migrated to the Ban de la Roche area of Alsace, France between 1642-52.  Joseph married Anne Ringuelsbach in Switzerland circa 1625.  To this union at least four children are known to have been born between 1625 and 1641.  Joseph died before 1655 in the village of Bellefosse located within the Bas-Rhin department in Alsace in northeastern France.

     Our line of descent continues through Jean Neuvillers son of the aforementioned Joseph and Anne.  Jean was born in canton Berne in 1625.  He was probably a young adult when his family migrated to France.   After his arrival in France he married Marie Thon, a native of Fouday,  at the local church in nearby Waldersbach. During their marriage Jean and Marie produced at least five off-spring between 1653 and 1663.  After Marie died in 1679 Jean married a second time to Catherine BanzetJean lived the remainder of his years at Bellefosse where he passed away circa 1707.

     Margueritte Neuvillers, daughter of Jean and Marie (Thon) Neuvillers is our 8th great-grandmother.  Margueritte was born at Bellefosse in 1663 and lived there until she married Johann Werli, (aka. Jean Verly) a native of Wahlern, in canton Berne, Switzerland.   Five known children were born to this union between 1691 and 1707.  We are descended through their eldest daughter Odille Verly born in 1691.  Margueritte lived most of her married life in the village of Belmont  where she died in 1708 at the age of 45 years.

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DESCENDANT REGISTER

Generation 1

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JOSEPH1 NEUVILLERS1 was born before 1600 in Canton Berne, Switzerland1. He died before 1655 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France1. He married Anne Ringuelsbach about 1625 in Canton Berne, Switzerland1. She was born about 1602 in Canton Berne, Switzerland1. She died after 1655 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France1.

 

Joseph Neuvillers and Anne Ringuelsbach had the following children:

 

·           JEAN2 NEUVILLERS2 was born in 1625 in Canton Berne, Switzerland2. He died about 1707 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. He married (1) MARIE THON, daughter of Jean Thon about 1652 in Waldersbach, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France3, 4. She was born about 1620 in Fouday, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France2. She died on 21 May 1679 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. He married (2) CATHERINE BANZET on 23 Nov 1682 in Waldersbach, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France2.

 

·            MARIE NEUVILLERS1 was born about 1627 in Switzerland1. She married Jacques Kreiguer about 16471.

 

·            CHRISTIAN NEUVILLERS1 was born about 1639 in Switzerland1. He died on 20 Jan 1674 in Belmont, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France1. He married Jeanne Mareschal about 16631.

 

·            CATHERINE NEUVILLERS5 was born about 1641 in Switzerland5. She died on 18 Jan 1710 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France5. She married Thomas Muller on 11 Feb 1668 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France5.

 

Generation 2

JEAN2 NEUVILLERS (Joseph1)2 was born in 1625 in Canton Berne, Switzerland2. He died about 1707 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. He married (1) MARIE THON, daughter of Jean Thon about 1652 in Waldersbach, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France3, 4. She was born about 1620 in Fouday, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France2. She died on 21 May 1679 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. He married (2) CATHERINE BANZET on 23 Nov 1682 in Waldersbach, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France2.

 

Jean Neuvillers and Marie Thon had the following children:

 

i.        DIMANCHETTE "MOUGEATTE"3 NEUVILLERS2 was born in 1653 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. She died on 19 Nov 1704 in Belmont, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France2. She married Claude Claude on 14 May 1679 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2.

 

ii.      CATHERINE NEUVILLERS2 was born on 19 Aug 1655 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. She died on 03 Jan 1721 in Haute Goutte, France2. She married Balthazar Kommer before 16902.

 

iii.     JEANNE NEUVILLERS2 was born on 08 Sep 1657 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. She died on 03 Oct 1710 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2. She married Christophe Banzet on 31 May 16812.

 

iv.     MARIE NEUVILLERS6 was born on 14 Jul 1661 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6. She died on 24 Dec 1712 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6. She married Pierre Kommer on 31 May 16926.

 

v.    MARGUERITTE NEUVILLERS7 was born in 1663 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. She died on 18 Mar 1708 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. She married JOHANN WERLI (AKA. JEAN VERLY). He was born in 1655 in Wahlern, Schwarzenburg, Berne, Switzerland8, 9. He died on 02 Jan 1721 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7.

Generation 3

MARGUERITTE3 NEUVILLERS (Jean2, Joseph1)7 was born in 1663 in Bellefosse, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. She died on 18 Mar 1708 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. She married JOHANN WERLI (AKA. JEAN VERLY). He was born in 1655 in Wahlern, Schwarzenburg, Berne, Switzerland8, 9. He died on 02 Jan 1721 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7.

 

Johann Werli (aka. Jean Verly) also went by the name of Jean Verly.

 

Johann Werli (aka. Jean Verly) and Margueritte Neuvillers had the following children:

 

i.        ODILLE4 VERLY10 was born on 01 Apr 1691 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France10. She died in Pennsylvania ?11. She married (1) JEAN JACQUES CHRISTMAN, son of Nicolas Christman and Eve Loux on 01 Aug 1719 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He was born on 04 Aug 1693 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France10. He died on 15 Jan 1721 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France10. She married (2) JEAN MICHAEL GAGNIER on 16 Aug 1712 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France10. He was born in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. She married (3) PIERRE BRULLHARD on 12 Feb 1726 in Neuviller la Roche, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France10. He was born in Berne, Switzerland7.

 

ii.      CHRISTOPHE VERLY7 was born in Aug 1693 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. He died on 22 Oct 1701 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7.

 

iii.     DIDIER VERLY7 was born on 29 Jul 1695 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. He married Elisabeth Ropp on 02 Jun 1721 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7.

 

iv.     MARIE SALOME VERLY7 was born on 28 Oct 1704 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. She married Pierre Pinkele in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7.

 

v.      JEAN VERLY7 was born on 17 May 1707 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7. He died on 26 May 1707 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France7.

 

Source Citations

 

1  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 14.

2  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 12.

3  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 12. [This source only cites approximate year only.].

4  RootsWeb.com Databases (Name: MyFamily.com Inc., Internet website <http://www.rootsweb.com/>;), World Connect Project, information submitted March 18, 2009 by SaraTarpley, <sarabtarpley@gmail,com>.. [Author cites the following as the source of this information: AlainDorbath, Neuvillers descendant and researcher, Gedcom received 2/21/2004.].

5  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 15.

6  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 13.

7  RootsWeb.com Databases (Name: MyFamily.com Inc., Internet website <http://www.rootsweb.com/>;), World Connect Project, information submitted 21 Nov 2004, by J. Shore,searcher3@mindspring.com. [Author does not cite original source of this information.].

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The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.

 

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You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE: Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

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Migrations of the
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       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.

Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of NEUVILLERS, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.  Some of these immigrants were: Margaret Neuweiler of Baden, Germany who arrived at New York in 1855, Erhard Neuweiler a native of Switzerland who arrived in New York in 1885, as well as Sophie and Henry Neuviller who arrived at New York in 1900.

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Ancestry.com Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at OliveTreeGenealogy.com

 

The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

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Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

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Locations of Our Direct Ancestors

 

The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.

COUNTRY

STATE

COUNTY / SUBDIVISION

SWITZERLAND

BERNE

 

FRANCE

BAS-RHIN

Molsheim (Solbach)

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Locational distribution of Surname

Locational Distribution of This Surname

Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist. 

The information presented herein shows where the NEUVILLER surname is distributed within North America as well as in France the probable country of origin of this family. Statistics show that there are approximately 0.84 persons per million of population with this surname, within France, and 0.01 persons per million of population within the United States.  The top region in the World where this surname is the most highly clustered is Lorraine, France with  6.95 persons per million. The second top region in the World where this surname is the most highly clustered is Alsace, France with  5.31 persons per million Blenod Les Pont a

NORTH AMERICA

FRANCE

Neuviller - NA

Neuviller - France

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Mousson,Lorraine, France is the top city where this surname is found.

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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and  other  helpful   resources 

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that will assist in discovering Ancestral Locations.  These web sites comprise only a small portion of what is available for researchers interested in learning more about where their ancestors lived.

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Origins of the Surname

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More About

Surnames

 

An Introduction to the Surname

     The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.   Surnames were first utilized in the Germanic region of central Europe during the second half of the 12th century.  The custom of taking on surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northward during the Middle Ages.  It took about three hundred years for this tradition to apply to most families and become a constant part of one’s identity.        With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription. 

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Research into the record of this NEUVILLERS family line indicates that the variations, meanings and history of this surname are most likely linked to that area of Europe where French  linguistic traditions are commonly found. 

 

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Source(s) & Meaning(s) of the Surname

     As in other European countries French surnames developed from four major sources: (1) Occupational Surnames are also very common among French surnames, these last names are based on the person’s job or trade for instance Jean Tailleur i.e.  John the tailor. (2) Patronymic & Matronymic Surnames that are based on a parent’s name, these are the most common origins of French surnames. The greater part of French patronymic and matronymic surnames are derived directly from the parent's given name like Michel Adolphe, i.e. Micheal son of Adolf.   In some cases prefixes and suffixes are attached to a given name to create a patronymic surname such as Jacques de Edmé which means James the son of Edmond. (3) Geographical Surnames are those surnames based on a the place where person came from like Claude from the city of Lyon, becomes Claude Lyon.  This type of name may also describe the location where the person resides within a village or town such as Jacques Jardin lives near a garden.  (4) Descriptive Surnames are usually based upon a “nickname” (i.e., Moody, Wise, Armstrong); status (i.e. Freeman, Bond, Knight); and acquired ornamental names that were simply made up, for example Charles Leblanc come from Charles the white.

The surname of Neuvillers is most likely a locational name 'of Neuville', a place name in the Alsace region of France.  Names derived from a place-name, indicate where the man held land, or the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived.  Neuviller or Neuweyler means the new hamlet.  The specific place for which this Neuvillers family was named is a village now known as Neuviller la Roche.  This location was originally called Nuwilr or Newilr up to about 1450.  Later documents show that it was referred to as Neuweyler in 1581 and Newwiller in 1632. 

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History of the Surname

Coming from the Medieval French word 'surnom' translating as "above-or-over name," surnames or descriptive names trace their use back to 11th century France, when it first became necessary to add a second name to distinguish between individuals with the same given name. The custom of using surnames did not become common for several centuries, however.

 

      The French surname Neuviller, and its variant spellings, have traveled widely in many forms throughout Europe.  Our Neuvillers lineage dates back to at least the 16th century at Canton Berne in SwitzerlandIt is probable that his surname was originally spelled in the German form of Neuweiler and then changed to the French spelling when our Neuvillers ancestor migrated to the Ban de la Roche area of Alsace in north-eastern France between 1642-52.

 

     The Neuville spelling variant is found in both France and England.  The French Neuville was most likely first found within the province of Île-de-France.    Others with this surname are found in Brittany, Normandy, and Auvergne.  The English Neuville name was first found in Durham, England where the Norman Neuville family, that supported William the Conqueror in his successful invasion of England in 1066, held seat from early times.

 

     Historically the Neufville variant was primarily found in the north and north west provinces of France, as well as Belgium and Holland.  In France, the province of Île-de-France was the ancient seat of the Neufville de Villeroy, a significant French noble family.  Other places in France where the Nuefville surname is found in early records is Artois, Brittany, Picardy aas well as Burgundy where the 11th century knight Gaspard de Neufville was located.   In Holland the Neufville surname was found in the cities of Amsterdam, LeidenNeufville is also an old surname in Liège the easternmost province of Wallonia and Belgium.  This surname was also evident in southwestern German places like the city of Frankfurt and in the old Duchy of Bavaria.

    

     Notable persons who share this surname or close variant spellings are: Nicolas V de Neufville de Villeroy (1597–1685), 1st duke of Villeroy. Marshal of France, named governor by Louis XIV in 1646; François de Neufville de Villeroy (1644–1730), 2nd duke of Villeroy, son of the former, marshal, governor under Louis XV;   Camille de Neufville de Villeroy (1606–1698), archbishop of Lyon;    Alphonse-Marie-Adolphe de Neuville (1835 –1885) was a French Academic painter who studied under Eugène Delacroix, and Oliver Patric Neuville (born 1 May 1973) is a retired German footballer who played as a striker

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­ More About Surname Meanings & Origins

French Surnames

Coming from the medieval French word 'surnom' translating as "above-or-over name," surnames or descriptive names trace their use back to 11th century France, when it first became necessary to add a second name to distinguish between individuals with the same given name. The custom of using surnames did not become common for several centuries, however.

Origins of French Last Names -  French surnames developed from four major sources:

Patronymic & Matronymic Surnames - Based on a parent’s name, this is the most common category of French last names. French language prefixes and suffixes are sometimes found attached to a given name to form a patronymic surname (Jean de Gaulle - John son of Gaulle). The majority of French patronymic and matronymic surnames have no identifying prefix, however, being direct derivations of the parent's given name (August Landry - August son of Landri).

Occupational Surnames - Also very common among French surnames, these last names are based on the person’s job or trade (Pierre Boulanger [baker] - Pierre the baker)

Descriptive Surnames - Based on a unique quality of the individual, these surnames often developed from nicknames or pet names (Jacques Legrand - Jacques the big)

Geographical Surnames - These surnames are based on a person’s residence, usually a former residence (Yvonne Marseille - Yvonne from the village of Marseille). They may also describe the individual's specific location within a village or town (Michel Léglise [church] lives next to the church).

Suffixes & Prefixes - While not in common use as in Italy or Sweden, some French surnames are formed by the addition of various prefixes and suffixes. A variety of French suffixes including -eau, -elet, -elin, -elle, and -elot, mean "little son of" and can be found attached to a given name to form a patronym. Prefixes of French surnames also have specific origins. The prefixes "de," "des," "du," and "le" each translate as "of" and may be found used in patronymic and geographical French surnames. Some French-Norman patronymic surnames will have the prefix "fritz," from the Old French for "son of" (Fitzgerald - son of Gerald).

Alias Surnames or Dit Names - In some areas of France, a second surname may have been adopted in order to distinguish between different branches of the same family, especially when the families remained in the same town for generations. These alias surnames can often be found preceded by the word "dit." Sometimes an individual even adopted the dit name as the family name, and dropped the original surname. This practice was most common in France among soldiers and sailors.

Germanic Origins of French Names - As so many French surnames are derived from first names, it is important to know that many common French first names have Germanic origins, coming into fashion during German invasions into France. Therefore, having a name with Germanic origins does not necessarily mean that you have German ancestors!

Official Name Changes in France - Beginning in 1474, anyone who wished to change his name was required to get permission from the King. These official name changes can be found indexed in: Jérôme, archiviste. Dictionnaire des changements de noms de 1803 à 1956 (Dictionary of changed names from 1803 to 1956). Paris: Librairie Française, 1974.

Source: French Surname Meanings & Origins

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Variations of the surname

Variations of
the Surname

 

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Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families.

Spelling variations of this family name include Neuville, Nouviller; Nuefville; Neuweiler, Neuweyler, Newiller, Nuwilr, Newilr, Newwiller and others.

Click on the button to find the variants of this or any other surname by utilizing The Name Thesaurus a ground-breaking technology for finding Surname and Forename variants. 

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This useful genealogy research tool has identified 385 million variants for 5,929,000 Surnames and 26 million variants for 1,246,000 Forenames, as well as gender identification for more than 220,000 Forenames.

NameX matched 21 spelling variations of this family name. The top 10 are:

Surname

Match Score

Neuvilers

99

Neuviller

99

Nouvillers

99

Nouvilers

97

Neuvillier

97

Neuviler

96

Neuvilier

94

Neufliers

82

Neviller

81

Nevillier

79

The Soundex system was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname. Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research.   Soundex Code for Neuvillers = N146. Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code: NIEBLER |

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Armorial bearings, symbols and mottoes

Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols

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French heraldry is the use of heraldic symbols in France.  Although it had a considerable history, like England, existing from the eleventh century, such formality has largely died out in France. The role of the herald (héraut) in France declined in the seventeenth century.  Many of the terms in international heraldry come from French.

Gallery of Images

Descriptions of the

Armorial Bearings

Motto(es) of

this Surname

More About Heraldic Bearings

Image gallery

Gallery of Images

Our galleries contain full-sized images of Coats-of Arms that pertain to the surnames of our direct ancestral lineage.   As most surnames have many variant spellings we suggest that you also view the galleries of our other two sub-sites as they make have a surname that is similar or has a slightly different spelling that the one you are researching.

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variety of surnames many of them not found anywhere else on the internet.

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Neuviller - Lorraine

Figure 1

Neuville Grée - Ile de France

Figure 2

Duke Neufville de Villeroy

Figure 3

Neuville of Brittany

Figure 4

Neufville (of) on the Meuse

Figure 5

Neufville Magnac - Limousin, Angoumois

Figure 6

Neufville - Picardy

Figure 7

Nouviller - Ponthieu

Figure 8

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ARMORIAL BEARINGS

Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

The associated armorial bearings for this surname and close variant spellings are recorded in Burke’s General Armoire and Rietstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above:

 

 

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FIGURE 1: NEUVILLER of Lorraine

These arms have been attributed to a Neuviller of the Lorraine region of France.  The shield is gold and contains a red castle* with three towers.  

*The heraldic symbolism of a castle, tower or chateau is safety and protection.  That this one is red  signifies military strength and magnanimity.

 

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FIGURE 2: NEUVILLE de la Greé

These arms belonged to Neuville de la Greé from the French province of Île-de-France.  The shield is gold with a black chief.* *A chief is the top one-third of the shield. It signifies dominion and authority; often granted as a special reward for prudence and wisdom or successful command in war.  

 

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FIGURE 3: NEUFVILLE de Villeroi

These armorial bearings were bestowed upon Nicolas V de Neufville de Villeroy (1597–1685), 1st duke of Villeroy. Marshal of France, named governor by Louis XIV in 1646.  The arms feature a blue shield with a gold chevron and two gold crosses* (anchory)  in the chief and one of the same in the base. 

*The cross anchory is so named because the ends are drawn like the flukes of an anchor. It symbolizes faith; Christianity or service in the Crusades.

 

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FIGURE 4: NEUVILLE of Brittany

These arms were granted to a Neuville of Brittany a region in the northwest of France.  These arms are comprised of a white shield that contains three black chevrons.* 

*The chevron symbolizes builders or others who have accomplished some work of faithful service.

 

 

 

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FIGURE 5: NEUFVILLE on the Meuse

These armorial bearings were bestowed upon a Neufville of Liège, the easternmost province of Wallonia and Belgium. Meuse refers to the river that rises in France and flows through Belgium and the Netherlands.  The blue shield is covered with golden fleur-de-lis*.  *The utilization of the fleur-de-lis signifies purity, or light. That they are gold probably refers to generosity and elevation of the mind.

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FIGURE 6: NEUFVILLE  de Magnac

These arms probably belonged to Baron Antoine de Neufville of Magnac who possessed lands in both Limosin and Angoumois.  The Magnac associated with Limosin probably refers the Magnac-Bourg and Magnac-Laval  located in the Haute-Vienne department.  The Magnac associated with Angoumois most likely Magnac-Lavalette-Villars and Magnac-sur-Touvre in the Charente department of southwestern France.  The red shield has a white cross filled with blue*.   *The white cross is similar to the symbol utilized during the Crusades.  The blue symbolizes truth and loyalty.   

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FIGURE 7: NEUFVILLE of  Picardy

These arms have been attributed to a  Neufville of Picardy, a region  located in the northern part of France.   The shield is ermine (black with white spots)*  that contains a green chevron and three red roundels two in chief one in the base.  *The heraldic utilization of ermine is usually represented by the fur coat of the weasel.  A shield or crest that contains furs suggests a mark of dignity.

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FIGURE 8: NOUVILLERS of Ponthieu

This coat-of-arms probably belonged to either Reginald de Nouvillers of Abbeville or one of his descendents.  Ponthieu was a feudal county that eventually merged to become part of the Province of Picardy, in northern France.  The arms show a red shield charged with a silver eagle* (displayed).  *An eagle with its wings displayed signifies protection.

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MOTTO(ES)  

Motto(es) of this Surname

     A motto is a word or sentence usually written upon a scroll and generally placed below the shield, but sometimes, especially in Scotland, above the crest.    Many ancient mottoes were war-cries such as the Douglas motto of “Forward.”    Many mottoes refer to the name of the bearer, for example “cole regem” for Coleridge.   In general most mottoes convey a sentiment, hope, or determination, such as the Cotter motto “Dum spiro spero” where the meaning is “While I have breath I hope“.     Mottoes are often used by several successive generations, but may be changed at any time by the grantee. The languages most in use are Latin, French, and English.  Exceptions are seen in Scotland where they are often in the old Lowland dialect, and in Wales, often in the language of the principality.   

There are no known mottoes attributed to the French surname of NEUVILLERS, or its variant spellings.    For more information about mottoes associated with French surnames see the LINKS below.

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Heraldic bearings

More about Heraldic Bearings

The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or Torse – The torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

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of a wide variety of arms, crests, and badges.  They may also feature additional heraldry resources as noted in the accompanying descriptions.

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