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Family History

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Our Mougenat lineage has been traced back to Claude Mougenat, our 10th great-grandfather.  Claude was probably born around 1600 in the Ban de la Roche area of western France.    He died in 1670 at the village of Solbach located within the French canton of SchirmeckWe are descended through his daughter Marguerite Mougenat born at Neuviller la Roche also located in Schirmeck.   In 1663, Marguerite married Christian Christman in the local church at nearby Waldersbach.   Between 1666 and 1680 at least six known off-spring were produced of this union.   Our descendancy continued through Marguerite’s son Nicholas Christman born at Solbach in 1666.  Marguerite Mougenat lived for over 62 years until she passed away at Solbach in 1705.

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DESCENDANT REGISTER

Generation 1

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CLAUDE1 MOUGENAT1 was born before 16001. He died on 28 Oct 1670 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France1. He married MARGUERITE MOUGENAT (NEE?). He married CLAUDETTE MOUGENAT (NEE?).

 

Claude Mougenat and Marguerite Mougenat (nee?) had the following children:

 

                                 i.    CLAUDETTE2 MOUGENAT1 was born before 16401.

 

                               ii.    ESTHER MOUGENAT2 was born about 16402. She married George Vouliat on 27 Jun 1663 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France2.

 

iii. MARGUERITE MOUGENAT3 was born on 03 Apr 1643 in Neuviller la Roche, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. She died on 09 Jul 1705 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. She married Christian Christman, son of Christian Nicholas Christman and Catherine Cloue on 01 Nov 1664 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. He was born on 14 May 1637 in Barr, Bas-Rhin, France3. He died on 12 Nov 1699 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3.

Generation 2

 

MARGUERITE2 MOUGENAT (Claude1)3 was born on 03 Apr 1643 in Neuviller la Roche, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. She died on 09 Jul 1705 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. She married Christian Christman, son of Christian Nicholas Christman and Catherine Cloue on 01 Nov 1664 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. He was born on 14 May 1637 in Barr, Bas-Rhin, France3. He died on 12 Nov 1699 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3.

 

Christian Christman and Marguerite Mougenat had the following children:

 

i.        NICOLAS3 CHRISTMAN4 was born on 04 Feb 1666 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France4. He died on 22 Oct 1749 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France4. He married Eve Loux, daughter of Nicholas Loux and Claudette Loux (nee?) about 1692 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France4, 5. She was born on 24 Feb 1666 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France4. She died on 02 Dec 1741 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France4.

 

ii.      MARGUERITE CHRISTMAN6 was born on 13 Oct 1667 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6.

 

iii.     JEAN CHRISTMAN6 was born on 18 Sep 1670 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6. He died on 21 Mar 1737 in Neuviller la Roche, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6. He married (1) MARGURITE MOREL on 27 Apr 1694 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France3. He married (2) ANNE BARBE MOREL on 21 Aug 1728 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6.

 

iv.     CHRISTIAN CHRISTMAN6 was born on 28 Sep 1673 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6. He married Marie Parmentier on 19 Apr 1701 in Fouday, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6.

 

v.      CATHERINE CHRISTMAN6 was born on 13 Dec 1677 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6.

 

vi.      JEANNE CHRISTMAN6 was born on 29 Feb 1680 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6. She died between 1712-17166. She married Benoit Loux on 02 Nov 1700 in Fouday, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France6.

Source Citations

1   Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 13.

2  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 14.

3  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 10.

4  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 9.

5  Siler, Frederick G., Footnote (Name: 889 Dante Court, Mantua, NJ 08051;), Location of marriage event is most likely Solbach because researchshows that both Eve and Nicolas were born and died there.

6  Christman, Charles and Neva, The Christmann Heritage (Name: 102 Lawrence 2075, LaRussell, Mo. 64848;), p. 11.

 

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Source documents

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The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.

 

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You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE: Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

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Migration routes

Migrations of the
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       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.

Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of MOUGENAT, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.  Some of these immigrants were:  Jules Mougenot who arrived New Orleans, Louisiana in 1855, Augustin Mougenot who arrived at New York, New York, in 1865, and Emile Mougenot who sailed from Le Havre, France to New York, New York in 1896

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Ancestry.com Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at OliveTreeGenealogy.com

 

The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

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Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

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Locations of Our Direct Ancestors

 

The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.

COUNTRY

STATE

COUNTY / SUBDIVISION

FRANCE

BAS-RHIN

Molshiem

(Neuviller la Roche, Solbach)

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Locational distribution of Surname

Locational Distribution of This Surname

Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist. 

The information presented herein shows where the MOUGENOT surname is distributed within North America as well as in France the probable country of origin of this family.      Statistics show that there are approximately 44.82 persons per million of population with this surname, within France, and 0.02 persons per million of population within the United States.  The Luxembourg is found to be the country in the world where this surname is the second most highly clustered having approximately 8.5 persons per million of population.  The top region in the World where this surname is the most highly clustered is   the   French-Comté, France with  437.26 persons per million, and

NORTH AMERICA

FRANCE

Mougenot - NA

Mougenot - France

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Le Val-d'Ajol, Lorraine, France is the top city where this surname is found.

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Origins of the Surname

An Introduction

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More About

Surnames

 

An Introduction to the Surname

     The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.   Surnames were first utilized in the Germanic region of central Europe during the second half of the 12th century.  The custom of taking on surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northward during the Middle Ages.  It took about three hundred years for this tradition to apply to most families and become a constant part of one’s identity.        With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription. 

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Map of European Languages

 

Research into the record of this MOUGENAT family line indicates that the variations, meanings and history of this surname are most likely linked to that area of Europe where French  linguistic traditions are commonly found. 

 

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Source(s) & Meaning(s) of the Surname

     As in other European countries French surnames developed from four major sources: (1) Occupational Surnames are also very common among French surnames, these last names are based on the person’s job or trade for instance Jean Tailleur i.e.  John the tailor. (2) Patronymic & Matronymic Surnames that are based on a parent’s name, these are the most common origins of French surnames. The greater part of French patronymic and matronymic surnames are derived directly from the parent's given name like Michel Adolphe, i.e. Micheal son of Adolf.   In some cases prefixes and suffixes are attached to a given name to create a patronymic surname such as Jacques de Edmé which means James the son of Edmond. (3) Geographical Surnames are those surnames based on a the place where person came from like Claude from the city of Lyon, becomes Claude Lyon.  This type of name may also describe the location where the person resides within a village or town such as Jacques Jardin lives near a garden.  (4) Descriptive Surnames are usually based upon a “nickname” (i.e., Moody, Wise, Armstrong); status (i.e. Freeman, Bond, Knight); and acquired ornamental names that were simply made up, for example Charles Leblanc come from Charles the white.

Mougenat, Mougenot and various other spellings of this surname was originally from a medieval given name, from the Latin DOMINICUS meaning 'of the Lord'. The name was borne by a Spanish saint (1170-1221) who founded the Dominican order of monks, and whose fame gave an added boost to the popularity of the name, already well established because of its symbolic value. In 1212 St. Dominic founded the Order of Friars Preachers. 

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History of the Surname

Coming from the Medieval French word 'surnom' translating as "above-or-over name," surnames or descriptive names trace their use back to 11th century France, when it first became necessary to add a second name to distinguish between individuals with the same given name. The custom of using surnames did not become common for several centuries, however.

 

      The French surname Mougenat, and its variant spellings, have traveled widely in many forms throughout France.  Our Mougenat lineage dates back to at least the 16th century to Claude Mougenat, of he Ban de la Roche area of the Alsace region of western France.     The Mougenot family of the Lorraine region of France held seat in the former Duchy of Lorraine.  Up until 1870 the Lorraine region incorporated the aforementioned Ban de la Roche locale.  As such it is most probable that these two almost exact spelling variants extended to the same or closely linked families.  Another variant surname associated with northwestern France is Moignat which is also found in the Alsace.

     The Moisant spelling variant was first found in the Burgundy region of France.  This are approximates most closely with the ancient Duchy of Burgundy wherein this family held seat.  The Mognait surname spelling is found in the east-central part France in the Rhône-Alpes region. 

     Notable persons who share this surname or close variant spellings are: John Bevins Moisant (1868-1910), United States aviator; Matilde E. Moisant (1878 –1964) was an American pioneer aviator. She was the second woman in the United States to get a pilot's license;   Jacques Mougenot a French author and actor; and Céleste Boursier-Mougenot a musical and the visual artist.

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French Surnames

Coming from the medieval French word 'surnom' translating as "above-or-over name," surnames or descriptive names trace their use back to 11th century France, when it first became necessary to add a second name to distinguish between individuals with the same given name. The custom of using surnames did not become common for several centuries, however.

Origins of French Last Names -  French surnames developed from four major sources:

Patronymic & Matronymic Surnames - Based on a parent’s name, this is the most common category of French last names. French language prefixes and suffixes are sometimes found attached to a given name to form a patronymic surname (Jean de Gaulle - John son of Gaulle). The majority of French patronymic and matronymic surnames have no identifying prefix, however, being direct derivations of the parent's given name (August Landry - August son of Landri).

Occupational Surnames - Also very common among French surnames, these last names are based on the person’s job or trade (Pierre Boulanger [baker] - Pierre the baker)

Descriptive Surnames - Based on a unique quality of the individual, these surnames often developed from nicknames or pet names (Jacques Legrand - Jacques the big)

Geographical Surnames - These surnames are based on a person’s residence, usually a former residence (Yvonne Marseille - Yvonne from the village of Marseille). They may also describe the individual's specific location within a village or town (Michel Léglise [church] lives next to the church).

Suffixes & Prefixes - While not in common use as in Italy or Sweden, some French surnames are formed by the addition of various prefixes and suffixes. A variety of French suffixes including -eau, -elet, -elin, -elle, and -elot, mean "little son of" and can be found attached to a given name to form a patronym. Prefixes of French surnames also have specific origins. The prefixes "de," "des," "du," and "le" each translate as "of" and may be found used in patronymic and geographical French surnames. Some French-Norman patronymic surnames will have the prefix "fritz," from the Old French for "son of" (Fitzgerald - son of Gerald).

Alias Surnames or Dit Names - In some areas of France, a second surname may have been adopted in order to distinguish between different branches of the same family, especially when the families remained in the same town for generations. These alias surnames can often be found preceded by the word "dit." Sometimes an individual even adopted the dit name as the family name, and dropped the original surname. This practice was most common in France among soldiers and sailors.

Germanic Origins of French Names - As so many French surnames are derived from first names, it is important to know that many common French first names have Germanic origins, coming into fashion during German invasions into France. Therefore, having a name with Germanic origins does not necessarily mean that you have German ancestors!

Official Name Changes in France - Beginning in 1474, anyone who wished to change his name was required to get permission from the King. These official name changes can be found indexed in: Jérôme, archiviste. Dictionnaire des changements de noms de 1803 à 1956 (Dictionary of changed names from 1803 to 1956). Paris: Librairie Française, 1974.

Source: French Surname Meanings & Origins

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Variations of the surname

Variations of
the Surname

 

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Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Mougenat, Mogenot, and Mougenot.

Click on the button to find the variants of this or any other surname by utilizing The Name Thesaurus a ground-breaking technology for finding Surname and Forename variants. 

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This useful genealogy research tool has identified 385 million variants for 5,929,000 Surnames and 26 million variants for 1,246,000 Forenames, as well as gender identification for more than 220,000 Forenames.

NameX matched 15 spelling variations of this family name. The top 15 are:

Surname

Match Score

Meugenot

98

Mouginot

98

Mogenot

84

Muoginot

83

Mougenet

81

Moujinot

80

Meugent

79

Surname

Match Score

Moginot

78

Mougeot

78

Magenot

78

Mouginet

78

Mugent

76

Mougeote

75

Mouginat

75

The Soundex system was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname. Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research.   Soundex Code for Mougenat = M253. Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code: MACINTOSH | MAZZANTI | MCANDREW | MCANDREWS | MCCANDLESS | MCCANDLISH | MCENTEE | MCENTIRE | MCENTURFF | MCENTYRE | MCGINTY | MCINTIRE | MCINTOSH | MCINTYRE | MCKENDREE | MCMATH | MCNATT | MCNUTT |

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Armorial bearings, symbols and mottoes

Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols

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In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armored warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.  In the British Isles the College of Arms, (founded in 1483), is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings

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Mougenot - Lorraine

Figure 1

Mogniat - Lyon

Figure 2

Moignat - Alsace

Figure 3

Moisant - Touraine 2

Figure 4

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ARMORIAL BEARINGS

Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

The associated armorial bearings for this surname and close variant spellings are recorded in Burke’s General Armoire and Rietstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above:

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FIGURE 1: MOUGENOT of Lorraine

This coat-of-arms belonged to a Mougenot of the Lorraine region of France.  The shield is silver and contains three black fox* heads.  * The fox signifies one who will use all that he/she may possess of wisdom and wit in his/her own defense.

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FIGURE 2: MOGNIAT of Lyon

These armorial bearings were bestowed upon Ennemond Mogniat in 1738. This Mognait was an alderman (échevin) of Lyon, France.  These rather complex arms are described as having a blue shield with a gold chevron. There are two gold stars flanking the top of the chevron and a silver crescent at the bottom.  A silver chief is charged with three natural white roses* with stems and leaves (slipped proper).  *The roses are prominent in the arms and as such may signify the owner as the seventh son; that they are white conveys love and faith.

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FIGURE 7: MOIGNAT of Alsace

These arms have been attributed to Maurice Moignat, Esquire of the Alsace region in France.  The rather simple design of the gold shield incorporates three blue escutcheons* placed 2 and 1.  * An escutcheon is a small shield, alone, with no charges.  The heraldic meaning of this device is  “defense.”

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FIGURE 8: Moisant of Tour of France

This coat-of-arms was granted, in 1867, by Pope Pius IX to Pèdre-Michel-Charles Moisant, a Comte Romain  of Touraine one of the traditional provinces of France.  The shield is blue with a gold crosslet* in the center, two pierced silver stars in the chief and one in the base.  * The utilization of the crosslet type of cross signifies the fourfold mystery of the cross.

 

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MOTTO(ES)  

Motto(es) of this Surname

     A motto is a word or sentence usually written upon a scroll and generally placed below the shield, but sometimes, especially in Scotland, above the crest.    Many ancient mottoes were war-cries such as the Douglas motto of “Forward.”    Many mottoes refer to the name of the bearer, for example “cole regem” for Coleridge.   In general most mottoes convey a sentiment, hope, or determination, such as the Cotter motto “Dum spiro spero” where the meaning is “While I have breath I hope“.     Mottoes are often used by several successive generations, but may be changed at any time by the grantee. The languages most in use are Latin, French, and English.  Exceptions are seen in Scotland where they are often in the old Lowland dialect, and in Wales, often in the language of the principality.   

There are no known mottoes attributed to the French surname of Mougenat, or its variant spellings.    For more information about mottoes associated with French surnames see the LINKS below.

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Heraldic bearings

More about Heraldic Bearings

The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or Torse – The torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

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Searching for more information about heraldry? Click on the button at the  right to look at our webpage featuring links   to   websites   having   images

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of a wide variety of arms, crests, and badges.  They may also feature additional heraldry resources as noted in the accompanying descriptions.

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-- This webpage was last updated on --

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