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 History Research

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Origins of

the Surname

Variations of

the Surname

Armorial Bearings,

 Symbols and Mottoes

Locations of

the Surname

Internet Resources

Our Family History



Origins of the Surname

Origins of the Surname

An Introduction

to the Surname


of the Surname

History of

the Surname

More About


An Introduction to the Surname

An Introduction to the Surname

The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.   Surnames were first utilized in the Germanic region of central Europe during the second half of the 12th century.  The custom of taking on surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northward during the Middle Ages.  It took about three hundred years for this tradition to apply to most families and become a constant part of one’s identity.        With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription. 


Map of European Languages

Research into the record of this LOUX family line indicates that the variations, meanings and history of this surname are most likely linked to that area of Europe where French, or German linguistic traditions are commonly found. 

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Sources and Meanings of the Surname

Source(s) and Meaning(s) of the Surname


Most modern Germanic family names are a means conveying lineage.  For the most part, German surnames were developed from four major sources: (1) Patronymic & Matronymic surnames most common in northern Germany are based on a parent’s first name, such as Niklas Albrecht (Niklas son of Albrecht);  (2) occupational surnames are last names based on the person’s job or trade for example Lukas Fischer (Lukas the Fisherman);  (3) descriptive surnames are based on a unique quality or physical feature of the individual like Karl Braun (Karl with brown hair); (4) geographical surnames are derived from the location of the homestead from which the first bearer and his family lived such as Leon Meer (Leon from by the sea), or derived from the state, region, or   village of the first bearer's origin for example Paul Cullen (Paul from Koeln/Cologne).

The Loux surname of this family is most likely a variant of Laux which is  a South German surname that most likely originated from a vernacular form of the personal name Lucas which comes from the Latin personal name Lucas (Greek Loukas) ‘man from Lucania’. Lucania is a region of southern Italy thought to have been named in ancient times with a word meaning ‘bright’ or ‘shining’ and compares to Lucio. The Christian name owed its enormous popularity throughout Europe in the Middle Ages to St. Luke the Evangelist, hence the development of this surname and many vernacular derivatives in most of the languages of Europe.


The Loux surname is also a variant spelling of the Dutch names of Loucks and Loock.  Loock comes from look ‘leek’ or (knof)look ‘garlic’, hence a metonymic nickname for a grower or seller of leeks or garlic. 


Loux and many of its variants are also a patronymic name from a pet form of the personal name Lodewijk or LudwigLudwig German and Dutch: from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements hlod ‘fame’ + wig ‘war’. This was the name of the founder of the Frankish dynasty, recorded in Latin chronicles as Chlodovechus, and Ludovicus, which became German Ludwig. This became a hereditary name in the Wittelsbach family, the royal family of Bavaria.

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History of the Surname

History of the Surname


Most German names have their roots in the Germanic Middle Ages.  The process of forming family names in what is present day Germany began during Middle High German period in the history of the German language from the early 12th Century to the 16th century The nobility and wealthy land owners were the first to begin using surnames.  Merchants and townspeople then adopted the custom, as did the rural population.  This process took two or three centuries.  In most of the Germanic States of the Holy Roman Empire, the practice of using surnames was well established by the 1500s.

This surname is a very early Germanic name and is one of the very first recorded where German linguistic traditions are commonly found in Europe.   The name spread throughout the German cultural region of Swabia during the 16th and 17th centuries and its variant spellings, have traveled widely in many forms throughout Europe.


In Germany the name variations such as Luasek and Kasek are 12th century surnames of 'Crusader' origins.    Crusader names are those associated with the various expeditions in the 11th and 12th centuries to free the Holy land from the Muslim grip.  All failed, but returning warriors often gave their children names associated with the biblical region. This was one of them. The name may however also be locational, from the town of Luick, aka Liège,  in Flanders.  There are early recordings of this name in Germany, such as Ulrich der Luk being recorded in Dorfzaum in 1310 and Johannes Lucker in Ehenhem in 1422.  The Laux surname is first found in the village of Geislingen*, located in the current German state of Baden-Württemberg, where Hans Lux, the first recorded bearer of the name, was living in 1484.


    This German surname appeared quite early into the former British colonies of North America, especially William Penn’s Province of Pennsylvania.   One reason for this was that after the prince of the Electorate of Hanover, in Germany also became king of England in 1715, and German emigration to America was greatly encouraged.   Thus the German name does tend to be confused with the English versions due to the fact that name from both countries is often in the same spelling, which is perhaps not surprising as they share similar pre 7th century "Anglo-Saxon" roots.   Many of these German immigrants, particularly those with easy English equivalents, were encouraged and in some case required to change to an English spelling.   Also many German surnames were re-spelled in America because of the close relationship between the English and German languages.     This was the case with many sea captains or their agents who, when making up the ships passenger lists, found it easier to use a more familiar English spelling.   Also after the start of World War One, Germans in the United States, in great numbers, Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism.


*There are two places in Baden-Württemberg with this name.  They are Geislingen an der Steige, and Geislingen, Zollernalbkreis.

Some Notable Persons or Places Having This Surname

Some of the best known bearers of the LOUX name or its close variants are:  Arthur W. Loux, politician;  Claire Loux, songwriter;  Matthew Loux, writer;  Ryan Le Loux, Australian cricketer;  Shane Loux, baseball player;   Constance Laux, American writer of romance novels;  Dorianne Laux (born 1952), American poet;  France Laux (1897–1978), the first full-time radio voice of baseball in St. Louis;  and Philipp Laux (born 1973), German former footballer, now sports psychologist

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More About Surname Meanings & Origins

More About Surname Meanings & Origins


Many German names have their roots in the Germanic Middle Ages. The process of forming family names began early in the 12th Century and extended through the 16th century. All social classes and demographic strata aided in the development of names. First Names (Rufnamen) identified specific persons. Over time the first name began to be applied to the bearer's whole family.  At first through verbal usage, family names (Familiennamen) were later fixed through writing.  Until the 17th century, first names played a more important role. The earliest family names derived from the first name of the first bearer (Patronym). Later names derived from the place of dwelling and location of the homestead.  If a person of family migrated from one place to another they were identified by the place they came from.  Of more recent origin are names derived from the vocation of profession of the first bearer. These names comprise the largest group and the most easily recognizable, for they tell what the first bearer did for a living.  Another group are names derived from a physical or other characteristic of the first bearer.  Finally, there are names that tell you the state or region a first bearer and his family came from; the age old division in tribes and regions (Low German, Middle German and Upper German) is often reflected in names.

Use this LINK to find the ethnic origin and meaning of last

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genealogy helps include names of Irish, German, English, French, Italian, and Jewish descent.

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Variations of the Surname

Variations of
the Surname

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Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families. The complexity of researching records is compounded by the fact that in many cases an ancestors surname may have been misspelled.  This is especially true when searching census documents.  Spelling variations of this family name include: Laux, Lux, Loux, Luchs, Luch, Lauck, Lukart and many more, (as noted below).

Spelling variations of this family name may be ascertained through the utilization of several systems developed over the years.  The most prominently known are Soundex, Metaphone, and the NameX systems.  Of the three we recommend NameX as the most accurate for family historians.

Click on the button to find the variants of this or any other surname by utilizing The Name Thesaurus a ground-breaking technology for finding Surname and Forename variants.

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This useful genealogy research tool has identified 385 million variants for 5,929,000 Surnames and 26 million variants for 1,246,000 Forenames, as well as gender identification for more than 220,000 Forenames.

NameX matched 74 spelling variations of the LOUX surname. The top 22 are:

Metaphone is a phonetic algorithm, first published in 1990, for indexing words by their English pronunciation.  It fundamentally improves on the Soundex algorithm by using information about variations and inconsistencies in English spelling and pronunciation to produce a more accurate encoding. Later a new version of the algorithm named Double Metaphone was created to take into account spelling peculiarities of a number of other languages. In 2009 a third version, called Metaphone 3, achieves an accuracy of approximately 99% for English words, non-English words familiar to Americans, and first names and family names commonly found in the U.S.  The Metaphone Code for LOUX is LKS.  There are 1,267 other surnames sharing this code.


Match Score


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The Soundex System was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname. Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research.  The Soundex Code for LOUX is L200.  There are 7,049 other surnames sharing this Code. 

If The Name Thesaurus doesn’t adequately address the name you are looking for check out the following link:

Top 10 Tips for Finding Alternative Surname Spellings & Variations

Searching for more Information about this and other surnames?

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Locations of the Surname

Locations of
the Surname

Locational Distribution of this Surname

Historical Distribution of this Surname


Locational Distribution of This Surname

Locational Distribution of This Surname

Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist. 

The information presented herein shows where the LOUX surname is distributed within North America as well as in France the probable country of origin of this family.      Statistics show that there are approximately 12.72 persons per million of population with this surname, within France, and 6.55 persons per million of population within the United States.   The Netherlands is found to be the third highest country in the world where this surname is the most highly clustered having approximately 3.75 persons per million of population.  The top region in the World where this surname is the most highly clustered is Alsace, France with  229.89 persons per million, and Strasbourg, Alsace, France is the top city where this surname is found.

North America

Country of Origin

Loux Surname Dist NA copy

Loux Surname Dist Europe copy

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Click on the LINK to the right to see more information about the World distribution of a surname.  You can

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get greater detail for any of the following maps by clicking on the area, i.e state, county that you are interested in.

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LINKS to more websites that compute distribution maps for any surname.

·        Database of Surnames in the Netherlands

·        Database of Surnames in Belgium

·        Names Distribution in France

·        Map of the surname: Austria

·        Distribution of Surnames in Spain

·        Map of the Surname: Switzerland

·        Distribution of Surnames in Italy

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Historical Distribution of this Surname

Historical Distribution of This Surname

The main value in historical surname distribution databases and maps is that they enable genealogists to pinpoint the predominant location of a surname. This can quickly narrow down your search for a BDM certificate.  Knowing where to look is half the battle to finding ancestry records; if you can narrow down the search field it can save you a lot of time and trouble.  The core of historical surname distribution is that most people stayed within a fairly close locale.  Concentrations of surnames are clearly visible on Surname Distribution Maps, and name distribution tables (along with an atlas) make it quite likely that the origin of that name is from the area of its highest concentration.

The following “historical locations” for the LOUX and some of its close variant spellings have been extracted from Rietstap’s Armorial General.  Most of these locations are on the continent of Europe such as Germany, France, Switzerland, etc.   Riestap’s resource book was first published in the 1860’s and revised over the next two decades.  The information therein is relevant to that period as well as earlier times as far back as 1500.    (2) = the frequency with which this place occurs.










Luxenstein, Germany






Denmark;  Nuremberg



Middlebourg;  Holland;  Amsterdam








The locations noted above are listed according to their French names or abbreviations as cited within Riestap’s  resource book.    In an effort to further assist you with these place names we have developed a Gazetteer of Continental European Historical Locations.  Within the gazetteer you will find the English names for the above locations as well as brief definitions of the historical locale and the present locations of places noted above.   We also recommend that you utilize our Tools for Finding Ancestral LocationsIf you have an elementary knowledge of heraldry you may wish to use this practice to trace your founding forefather.  For more information about this approach to seeking out your ancestral locations see our Using Heraldry as a Family History Research Tool.  

LINKS to various websites that compute surname distribution maps within an historical context.

·        Great Britain Family Names - 1881 Census

·        England and Wales: 1891 Census

·        Scotland: 1891 Census

·        Distribution of surnames in Ireland in 1890

·        Family Name Distribution in Germany: 1942

·        Nom de famille en France: 1891-1915; 1916-40; 1941-65; 1966-90

·        United States: 1920

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Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols

Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols


An Introduction to

 European Heraldry

Gallery of Images

Descriptions of the

Armorial Bearings

Motto(es) of this Surname

Heraldry as a Family

History Research Tool

More About

Armorial Bearings


An Introduction To European Heraldry

An Introduction to European Heraldry

The seeds of heraldic structure in personal identification can be detected in the account in a contemporary chronicle of Henry I of England, on the occasion of his knighting his son-in-law Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou, in 1127. He placed to hang around his neck a shield painted with golden lions. The funerary enamel of Geoffrey (died 1151), dressed in blue and gold and bearing his blue shield emblazoned with gold lions, is the first recorded depiction of a coat of arms.

       By the middle of the 12th century,  coats of arms were being inherited by the children of armigers (persons entitled to use a coat of arms) across Europe. Between 1135 and 1155, seals representing the generalized figure of the owner attest to the general adoption of heraldic devices in England, France, Germany, Spain, and Italy.  By the end of the century, heraldry appears as the sole device on seals.  In England, the practice of using marks of cadency arose to distinguish one son from another: the conventions became standardized in about 1500, and are traditionally supposed to have been devised by John Writhe.

     In the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, heraldry became a highly developed discipline, regulated by professional officers of arms. As its use in jousting became obsolete, coats of arms remained popular for visually identifying a person in other ways – impressed in sealing wax on documents, carved on family tombs, and flown as a banner on country homes. The first work of heraldic jurisprudence, De Insigniis et Armis, was written in the 1350s by Bartolus de Saxoferrato, a professor of law at the University of Padua.

    In the Germanic areas of Central Europe heraldry spread to the German burgher class in the 13th century, and even some peasants used arms in the 14th century.  A German coat of arms is usually referred to by any of the following terms; Wappen, Familienwappen, Blasonierung, Heraldik, or Wappenschablonen.

     In the British Isles the College of Arms, (founded in 1483), is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.  In Scottish heraldry, the Lord Lyon King of Arms in the Act of 1672 is empowered to grant arms to "vertuous [virtuous] and well deserving persons."

     Although heraldry in France and the lowlands of Belguim and Holland had a considerable history, like England, existing from the eleventh century, such formality has largely died out in these locations. The role of the herald (héraut) in France declined in the seventeenth century.  Many of the terms in international heraldry come from French.

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Gallery of Images

Gallery of Images

Click on image for full-size

Laux of Angoumois

Figure 1

Loix of Brabant

Figure 2

Lux of Nuremberg

Figure 3

Luchs of Brandenburg copy

Figure 4

Lux of Denmark (COA)

Figure 5

Luycx of Zeeland 

Figure 6

Luycx of Holland

Figure 7

Leux of Luxenstein

Figure 8

Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

Heraldry symbols such as the colors, lines and shapes found on coats-of-arms are generally referred to as charges.  Although there is some debate over whether or not the charges have any universal symbolism many persons do believe they may represent an idea or skill of the person who originally had the armorial bearings created.  If this assumption has any validity charges may provide clues to early family history of that person.  The associated armorial bearings for this surname and close variant spellings are recorded in Burke’s General Armoire and Rietstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above.

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Figure 1: Laux of Angoumois

These arms are believed to have been granted to Jean du Laux, Esquire, Lord of Brangerie Salette (Sellette). This Laux family was one of the most ancient and honorable of France, and for many centuries was seated in Angoumois and Béarn. The family was mainly Protestant and ranged itself under the standard of the House of Navarre in the civil and religious struggles of the Huguenots.  After the Edict of Fontainebleau several branches were compelled to flee to the adjoining Protestant countries from whence a number came to Pennsylvania. According to Crozier, one these John Jacob Laux a French Huguenot who had come to the Province of Pennsylvania from Angoumois during the early decades of the 18th century, also held these armorial bearings.       The white shield is sown with blue bezants.  Over that field is an escutcheon of gold that contains an oak tree* with a red lion at its base.  * In heraldry the oak tree has several connotations such as: great age and strength; or heroism and victory. When acorns are also present they signify continuous growth and fertility.

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Figure 3: Lux of Nuremberg

This coat-of-arms has been ascribed to a Lux of Nuremberg a city located within the former Kingdom of Bavaria.       The shield is gold and contains the head of a black bull*.  The crest features a natural peacock tail. * A bull in a coat of arms, on a crest or a shield, represents valor and magnanimity, or bravery and generosity. The horns represent strength and fortitude.

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Figure 5: Lux of Denmark

These armorial bearings were granted to a Lux who was seated in the Kingdom of Denmark. The field of the shield is sliced with a solid blue* on one side and a series of black and white bands on the other.   The crest is made up of two proboscides one blue the other with black and white bands. *In heraldry the color blue Symbolizes the qualities of fidelity, steadfastness, strength, and loyalty.

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Figure 7: Luycx of Holland

This coat-of-arms belonged to a Luycx of Holland a region in the western part of the Netherlands.  The arms feature a golden shield containing three black trefoils*. The crest shows the same black trefoil.  *A trefoil, or a symbol of a three-leafed clover, represents the past, present and future. It is also often used as a symbol of fertility and abundance. The trefoil is derived from the shamrock, which, according to legend, was chosen as the emblem of Ireland because it was used by St. Patrick to illustrate the concept of the Holy Trinity.

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Figure 2: Loix of Brabant

These arms have been attributed to a Loix (aka Luykx) that was seated within the former Duchy of Brabant.  These arms are described having a silver shield that contains a tree* on a green mound. * The tree is a symbol of antiquity and strength. Trees allude to home or property, and they are also generally considered a symbol of life and strength.

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Figure 4: Luchs of Brandenburg

These armorial bearings were granted to a Luchs, (aka Luck or Lucks) who held lands in the Prussian  Province of Brandenburg      The red shield holds a naturally colored lynx* sitting on a green mound.  The crest shows the same lynx.  *The lynx is an ancient heraldic symbol indicating that its bearer was possessed of particularly keen sight. It does not occur very often in heraldry except as a supporter, but is does occur in certain families on a crest.

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Figure 6: Luycx of Zeeland

These arms belonged to a Luycx seated at the city of Middleburg in the south-western Netherlands and the capital of the province of Zeeland.  The black shield contains a wavy fesse of white.  Within the fesse are three eight-pointed gold stars*.  *The star is also referred to as an estoile or mullet.  It represents divine quality bestowed by God.  It symbolizes honor, achievement and hope. It also symbolizes the third son as well as   celestial goodness and one who is noble.

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Figure 8: Leux of Luxenstein

These types of rather intricate armorial bearings are not uncommon among the Prussian nobility of the German Empire. According to Rietstap they were granted to a Leux of Luxenstein.  The shield is divided quarterly.  The 1st and 4th quarters are gold and contain half of a crowned black eagle*.  The 2nd and 3rd quarters are red and hold an armored arm holding a sword.  Surmounting the center of the shield is a red escutcheon with the faces of three silver leopards.  Two crest designs suggest different branches of the same family. One shows a lynx holding a sword, the other (as shown) three ostrich feathers, two red and one silver.  *The eagle was a symbol born by men of action, occupied with high and weighty affairs. It was given to those of lofty spirit, ingenuity, speed in comprehension, and discrimination in matters of ambiguity.  The wings signify protection, and the gripping talons symbolize ruin to evildoers. The eagle is held to represent a noble nature from its strength and aristocratic appearance, as well as its association with the ancient kings of Persia, Babylon and the Roman legions, having been the official ensign of those empires.

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Mottoes of this Surname

Motto(es) of this Surname

A motto is a word or sentence usually written upon a scroll and generally placed below the shield, but sometimes, especially in Scotland, above the crest.    Many ancient mottoes were war-cries such as the Douglas motto of “Forward.”    Many mottoes refer to the name of the bearer, for example “cole regem” for Coleridge.   In general most mottoes convey a sentiment, hope, or determination, such as the Cotter motto “Dum spiro spero” where the meaning is “While I have breath I hope“.     Mottoes are often used by several successive generations, but may be changed at any time by the grantee. The languages most in use are Latin, French, and English.  Exceptions are seen in Scotland where they are often in the old Lowland dialect, and in Wales, often in the language of the principality.   

There are no known mottoes associated with the LOUX surname or its close variant spellings. It is unusual to find a motto associated with the coat-of-arms of a noble of the European continent especially a German family.  This does not necessarily mean that the Germanic culture is devoid of mottos.  For example, the national motto of Germany is “Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit”, meaning Unity and Justice and Freedom.  The German word for motto is “Wahlspruch.”   Some of the more well known German mottoes are as follows: Alte Wunden bluten leicht – Old wounds readily bleed anew;    Blut und Eisen – Blood and iron;  Das beste is gut genug – The best is good enough;  Ein’ feste Burg is unser Gott – Our God is a strong tower of defense;  Ewigkeit – Eternity;  Für Gott und Iht – All for God and her;  Gott is überall – God is over all;  Gott mit uns – God is with us;  Ich dien – I serve;  Krieg – War;  Mehr Licht! – More light!;  Nichts zoviel – Nothing in excess;  Prosit! – Good luck!;    Vaterland – Fatherland;  Vertrau’ auf Gott – Put your trust in God;  Vorwärts! – Forward!;        Zu dienen – At your service.

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Heraldry as a Family History Research Tool

Using Heraldry as a Family History  Research Tool

Wondering whether you are descended of the nobility*?  Are you aware of an ancestor who held a prominent political position or had a title such as Sir, or Esquire?  If so you just might be descended from royalty.   If you are of European descent, you are probably a descendant of Charlemagne.  Once you are able to prove your line of descent from him, you will then find thousands of links to other royalty in your list of relatives.  It is rare indeed that the genealogy of a person of European descent, when traceable, doesn’t hit nobility somewhere.  And once it hits one European noble, whether you like it or not, hundreds of new names will become a part of your family.

*The nobility is a class of people who had special political and social status. Nobility is inherited or granted by the Crown as a reward to people who perform a heroic deed, achieve greatness in some endeavor, or hold a prominent government position.


    If you have an elementary knowledge of heraldry you may wish to use this practice to trace your founding forefather.  If you know the geographical place (country, county, city) where the family coat-of-arms was first identified, you may well search its history for the family name in question in order to find your direct ancestor.  Remember that most noble European family pedigrees have been thoroughly researched and published.   By putting together the family surname with the known location you may find a treasure trove of valuable information about your ancestors.  Upon pursing your research you should be aware of the possibility of variant spellings of the surname.  See Variations of the Surname for more information about variant spellings of the surname.


Many family historians who have not connected with a noble ancestor may just want to know what their family coat-of-arms looks like.  If this is the situation you must know that except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  As a result you are advised to seek out a coat-of-arms for the locale where your ancestor resided.

For example: we have an Arnold ancestor who is known to have emigrated to America from the town of Erlangen, in Bavaria, Germany.  Current research shows Erlangen is located in the area of Bavaria known as Middle Franconia.  Upon review of the historic locations for Arnold as noted in one source of armorial bearings we find places in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, The Netherlands and others.   One coat-of-arms is listed as belonging to an Arnold of Franconia, Bavaria.  As such we may conclude that this is the coat-of-arms having some relevance to our ancestor.  He may well be a blood relative of the aforementioned noble Arnold.   He or his ancestor may have been employed by or a serf of the noble Arnold family of that locale.  In some cases the name of the noble family becomes the name of the locale resulting in the ancestor appropriating it a as surname, see Sources and Meanings of the Surname to ascertain whether the surname you are interested in is a locational name.

If you are interested in the armorial bearings of a particular surname we strongly advise that you utilize the resources provided within this area of our web page.  If you have any questions or need any assistance with regard to using heraldry as a means to further or widen your family history research you are welcome to contact us, see About This Webpage.

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More About Heraldic bearings

More About Armorial Bearings

The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or Torse – The torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

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Searching for more information about heraldry? Click on the button at the  right to look at our webpage featuring links   to   websites   with  

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a wide variety of arms, crests, and badges.  They may also feature additional heraldry resources as noted in the accompanying descriptions.

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General Surname Resources

·             Our Surname Locator And Resources web page contains the following: (1) links that will take you to an updated listing of all surnames as posted in our three databases at the Rootsweb WorldConnect Project; (2) the Surname List Finder a tool that finds sound-alike matches for a given surname from among RootsWeb's thousands of surname lists; (3) the Soundex Converter that can be used to find the soundex code for a surname, plus other surnames/spellings sharing the same soundex code;  (4) Surname Message Boards the world's largest online genealogy community with over 17 Million posts on more than 161,000 boards; (5) Surname Mailing Lists of all surnames having mailing lists at RootsWeb, as well as topics that include (6) Surname Heraldry, and  (7) Mapping a Surname. 

·              Your genealogy research of this surname can be facilitated by use of Surname Web. This website links to the majority of the surname data on the web, as well as to individual family trees, origin and surname meaning if known, and many other related genealogy resources. 

·              Surname Finder provides easy access to free and commercial resources for 1,731,359 surnames. On each surname specific "finder" page, you can search a variety of online databases all pre-programmed with your surname.

·             Use All Surnames Genealogy to get access to find your surname resources .  There are almost 1300 links in this directory.

·             SurnameDB Free database of surname meanings - This site SurnameDB.Com contains a large FREE to access database (almost 50,000 surnames) on the history and meaning of family last names.

·             Public Profiler / World Names - Search for a Surname to view its Map and Statistics.

·             Linkpendium Surnames - Web sites, obituaries, biographies, and other material specific to a surname.

·              Cyndi's List - Surnames, Family Associations & Family Newsletters Index - Sites or resources dedicated to specific, individual family surnames.  

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Family History

       Our Loux family originated in the Ban de la Roche area of western France.   Le Ban de la Roche (German: Steintal) is the name of an ancient seigneurie and later a county.  It is situated in Alsace, France, Département du Bas-Rhin.  One continues referring to this small region under the Ancien-régime name, because of its strong identity and it being relatively different from its neighbors (French-speaking although in Alsace; Lutheran surrounded by Catholic villages). The seigneurie included eight villages: Rothau (seigneurie-seat), Wildersbach, Neuviller (with the hamlets la Haute Goutte and Riangoutte), Waldersbach, Bellefosse, Belmont, Fouday (with the hamlet Trouchy) and Solbach.

     Our 9th great-grandfather Nicholas Loux was born in 1617.  Nicholas is shown in the 1650 census as a citizen of the village of Solbach located today within the Bas-Rhin Department of France. Records show that he was married three times during his life.  In 1658, at the nearby village of Waldersbach, Nicholas  married  for a third and final time to a woman named Claudette.  This union produced our 8th great-grandmother Eve Loux born 1666 at Solbach.  Nicholas Loux passed away in 1669 at Solbach.

     Around 1692 Eve Loux married Nicholas Christman a native of Solbach.   To this union at least five known off-spring were produced between 1693 and 1708. Our family line continues through their son Jean Jacques Christman born in 1693.  Eve (Loux) Christman lived her entire life in the small village of Solbach where she died in 1741.

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Additional information about the persons in our database  as   well  as   a   complete  listing   of

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Generation 1

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NICHOLAS1 LOUX was born in 1617 in Ban de la Roche, France. He died in 1669 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married (1) CLAUDETTE LOUX (NEE?) on 07 Dec 1658 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She was born about 1618 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She died after 1661 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married (2) JEANNE HERRIATTE in 1649. She died about 1658 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married CHRETIENNE CHRISTMAN. She died about 1648 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


Nicholas Loux and Claudette Loux (nee?) had the following children:


2.              i. EVE2 LOUX was born on 24 Feb 1666 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She died on 02 Dec 1741 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She married (1) NICOLAS CHRISTMAN, son of Christian Christman and Marguerite Mougenat about 1692 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He was born on 04 Feb 1666 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 22 Oct 1749 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She married (2) JEAN GEORGE GRANDGEORGE in 1682 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


ii.      BENOIT LOUX was born about 1660 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 24 Sep 1735 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married (1) CATHERINE NEUVILLERS about 1685. He married (2) JEANNE CHRISTMAN on 02 Nov 1700 in Fouday, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France. He married (3) MADELINE MARMET on 21 Apr 1716 in Rothau, Molshiem, Bas-Rhin, France.

Generation 2

EVE2 LOUX (Nicholas1) was born on 24 Feb 1666 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She died on 02 Dec 1741 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She married (1) NICOLAS CHRISTMAN, son of Christian Christman and Marguerite Mougenat about 1692 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He was born on 04 Feb 1666 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 22 Oct 1749 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She married (2) JEAN GEORGE GRANDGEORGE in 1682 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


Nicolas Christman and Eve Loux had the following children:


i.        JEAN JACQUES3 CHRISTMAN was born on 04 Aug 1693 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 15 Jan 1721 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married Odille Verly, daughter of Johann Werli (aka. Jean Verly) and Margueritte Neuvillers on 01 Aug 1719 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She was born on 01 Apr 1691 in Belmont, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She died in Pennsylvania ?.


ii.      NICOLAS CHRISTMAN was born on 20 Oct 1696 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 29 Jul 1781 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married Jeanne Muller on 03 Aug 1728 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


iii.     MARIE JEANNE CHRISTMAN was born on 22 Jan 1700 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She died on 08 Apr 1766 in Wildersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. She married Jean Muller on 12 Nov 1737 in Rothau, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


iv.     DIDIER CHRISTMAN was born on 29 Apr 1703 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 07 Jun 1768 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married Catherine Vonie on 16 Feb 1734 in Neuviller la Roche, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


v.         JEAN MICHAEL CHRISTMAN was born on 23 May 1708 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He died on 27 Dec 1781 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married (1) MARGUERITE MALAISE on 15 Nov 1735 in Neuviller la Roche, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France. He married (2) JEANNE CLAUDE on 08 May 1753 in Waldersbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


Jean George Grandgeorge and Eve Loux had the following children:


i.        JEAN3 GRANDGEORGE was born in 1683 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.


ii.      SALOME GRANDGEORGE was born in 1685 in Solbach, Molsheim, Bas-Rhin, France.

Source Citations

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The WorldConnect Project is a set of tools, which allow users to upload, modify, link, and display their family trees as a means to share their genealogy with other researchers.

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The WorldConnect Project continues to grow, as it now contains several hundred million records thus it offers researchers the single largest collection of family trees on the Internet.

Use this free genealogy site to help you get the best genealogy searches from Google™ by using your family tree, for your research. It will create a series of different searches using tips or "tricks"

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that will likely improve your results. The different searches will give you many different ways of using Google and the Internet to find ancestry information about this or any other Surname. 

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Source documents



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The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.

·         Lux (Loux) – 1650 Solbach Census

This Link will take you to our

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archive of source documents.  

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE: Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

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Migration routes

Migrations of the
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       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.

Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of LOUX, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.  Some of these immigrants were: Johann Peter Loux, born 1726 in Munster, Germany  died 1799 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Johann immigrated on 16 Sep 1748 to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on ship "Paliena".  Anna Eva Laux, who emigrated from the Palatinate to New York in 1710; Abraham Laux and his wife Anna Catherine Becker, who were among the early German settlers of Tulpehocken, Pennsylvania in the early eighteenth century, Georg C. Lux, who settled in Philadelphia in 1791.

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at


The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

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Ancestral locations



Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

Locations of Our Direct Ancestors

The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.






Molsheim (Solbach)

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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and  other  helpful   resources 

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that will assist in discovering Ancestral Locations.  These web sites comprise only a small portion of what is available for researchers interested in learning more about where their ancestors lived.

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Images gallery

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During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a particular family.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.  We have images related to the following persons within our database with this surname.


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searching in the box and click “Search Images”. At the “Images” display page you will see the image, as well as the website of which it is associated.

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About this webpage

About This Webpage



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-- This webpage was last updated on --

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