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     We have traced this family line back to our 9th great-grandfather Thomas Eubank (Ubanck) born around 1610.  Records show that, in 1635, he married Margaret Walker at Penrith, Cumbria, England. Thomas and his family may have lived in that area of England where the present-day counties of Lancashire and North Yorkshire border with Cumbria.  Thomas and Margaret may have produced at least five offspring during their marriage.  It is possible that Thomas Ubanck‘s life ended in Lancashire, England, but it is not known exactly when or where.

     Thomas and Richard Eubank (Ubanck), sons of Thomas and Margaret, are credited as being the credited as the progenitors of this Eubanks family here in America.  They were transported to the Province of Maryland in 1675, and probably served time as indentured servants as payment for their passage.  They may have chosen to come to Maryland because it was it was a place where they would be free to practice their Quaker religion.  Subsequent to satisfying their indenture the brothers purchased property from Simon and Rebecca Wilmer on January 1, 1685. This piece of land was called “Poplar Hill” and located on the Chester River in Talbot County, Maryland.

     We are descended through Richard Eubank who is believed to have been born c. 1644 in the aforementioned Lancashire.  It appears that Richard did not marry until later in his life. About 1695 he married a native of Talbot County named Naomy (nee?).  To this union only one child William was born in 1697.  Richard passed way the next year at the age of 54 years.  After his death Naomy married a William Swift in 1699.

     It is assumed that Richard’s son William was brought up in the household of William Swift.  Around 1728 William Eubanks married a native of Talbot County named Mary (nee?). William and Mary produced at least five known off-spring between 1730 and 1744.  In 1739 William bought 140 acres of property in Queen Anne's County, Maryland, called “Ratcliffe”.  William died in December, 1750 at the age of 52 years. William Eubanks’s Last Will was written December 11, 1750, and probated January 10, 1751.  In it he names his wife as Mary.  John the oldest son was to receive the plantation should mother Mary remarry or upon her death.

     Our Eubanks lineage continues through our 6th great-grandfather John Eubanks, Sr.   John, the eldest son, was born 1735 in Queen Anne’s County.  Around 1757 he married Sarah Vanderford (Vandiford) who was also a native of Queen Anne’s County. According to the book, History of Lower Scioto Valley, they had eight children between 1757 and 1779. James, born 1771, is added to this list although he may be a nephew or an orphan raised as a son. Records show that he moved west with the family all the way to Scott County, Indiana.  John eventually inherited “Ratcliffe” after the death of his mother.  In 1773 the area of Queen Anne’s County where “Ratcliffe” was located fell into the newly formed Caroline County.  In a 1778 census John is listed as residing in the Upper Choptank District* of Caroline County along with his sons George and James as well as his brother William Hughbank.  That same year he purchased land within the Choptank Hundred and  took  the  Maryland “Oath of Fidelity and Support”.   John Eubanks and some his children

Eubanks Homesites (Talbot QA, Caroline)

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Map showing the boundaries of Talbot County in 1685, and the approximate locations of known Eubanks properties.  Queen Anne’s County was established in 1707 and Caroline County in 1774.

 also show up in the 1790 U.S. Census of Caroline,County.   As per the aforementioned will of his father John eventually inherited Ratcliffe as documented in a 1783 census of property wherein Ratcliffe is listed as being in John's possession. He owns no slaves but has four horses, seven black cattle and a house. The total is valued at 143 pounds for tax purposes.  John is listed in the 1790 census of Caroline County as John Hubancks.  On April 18, 1797 John Hewbanks sold “Ratcliffe” to Henry Council for 535 pounds and 5 shillings.  Soon after John and Sarah along their son Richard and the families of sons John, Jr. and George removed from Caroline County to Fleming County, Kentucky around the time of its formation in 1798.  John, Sr. bought 500 acres of land in Kentucky, but the title being what is called a “work title” in Kentucky was illegal, and he lost his land.  On November 9, 1799, John,Jr., Richard and George Hughbanks bought land in Fleming County, Kentucky from a John Edwards. John, Jr. bought 200 acres on Fleming Creek bounded on one side by George's 100 acres. 1802 land records show various transactions between the brothers regarding their property.  Nearly each one was involved in a title dispute within a few years. Apparently John and William won their suites but George was unable to prevail in his dispute.  In 1804 George Eubanks lost the title to part of his land in Fleming County where the tax records show that in 1804 he had only 34 acres of his original property remaining.  As a result, George and his father John Eubanks, Sr. left Fleming County then moved to Mifflin Township, Ross County, Ohio (now Perry Township in Pike County).  It was here that, in 1807, John Eubanks Sr. passed away at the age of about 71 years.   He was laid to rest at Cynthiana Cemetery, located in Perry Township, Pike County, Ohio. It is believed that Sarah also died at this same time and place. 

     Richard Eubanks, John and Sarah’s second son, is our 5th great-grandfather.  Richard was born around 1764 in Talbot County, Maryland.   Richard Eubanks served his country during the American Revolution.  He enlisted in the 5th Maryland Regiment of the Continental Line but stayed less than two months before he deserted.  Richard later served honorably as a Marine on the Maryland Navy Barge “Fearnought.”   In 1794 Richard married a Jane Davis of Maryland and produced four children between that time and 1800.   It is most probable that he accompanied his father on the 1798 migration to Fleming County, Kentucky  as he is listed in the 1790 U.S. Census as living in Caroline County, Maryland and in the Fleming County, Kentucky Tax list of 1800.     In 1802 Richard married Alice Peachee of nearby Mason County. To this union three known children were born in Fleming County between 1803 and 1809, they being Anna, Absalom, and Sarah "Sally" Eubanks.  Richard Eubanks probably died in Fleming County around 1810**.  Subsequent to this event Alice married Richard’s nephew Henry H. Eubanks, Sr. with who she produced six more children between 1816 and 1827.

     The eldest of these Richard’s children by Alice Peachee is our 4th great-grandmother Anna Eubanks.  Anna was born in 1803 most likely in Fleming County, Kentucky.  She accompanied her parents when the Eubanks family moved to Ross County, Ohio.  The Eubanks family settled near the present day community of Cynthiana. This area became a part of Pike County in 1815.   The site of the original homestead is along Ohio Route 41 in Perry Township.  Between 1835 and 1840 David Eubanks, who is Anna’s first cousin, laid out the town of Cynthiana, and named it in honor of his wife Anna and daughter Cynthia.    In 1821 Anna married James Ross in nearby Highland County, Ohio.  Of this union eight known offspring were born between 1823 and 1842.  Anna Eubanks Ross passed away in Ross County, Ohio in 1842.  She was only 38 years old at the time.  Our lineage continues on through Anna’s daughter Elizabeth Ross born about 1824.


* The “Upper Choptank Hundred” formerly known as the “Choptank Hundred” was located at the northern end of Caroline County.

** Richard Eubanks is not listed in the 1810 census for Fleming County, Kentucky although several of his kinsmen are listed at that location.  His brother Thomas is listed as having 15 persons living within his household.  Therefore it is possible that if Richard passed away prior to the census his family was being provided for by Thomas Hughbanks.    


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Descendant Register

Generation 1

THOMAS1 EUBANK was born in 1610 in England. He died after 1650 in England. He married Margaret Walker on 30 Jun 1635 in Penrith, Cumberland, England.


Thomas Eubank and Margaret Walker had the following children:


·         RICHARD2 EUBANK was born in 1644 in Lancashire, England. He died in 1698 in Talbot County, Maryland.


·         THOMAS EUBANK was born in 1650 in England. He died on 09 Feb 1732 in Talbot County, Maryland. He married Martha Harrison in 1681 in England. She was born about 1654 in Talbot County, Maryland.

Generation 2


RICHARD2 EUBANK (Thomas1) was born in 1644 in Lancashire, England. He died in 1698 in Talbot County, Maryland.


Richard Eubank had the following child:


·         WILLIAM3 EUBANKS was born on 06 Oct 1697 in Talbot County, Maryland. He died on 10 Jan 1750 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He married Mary Eubanks (nee?) about 1728 in Maryland. She was born about 1701 in Talbot County, Maryland.

Generation 3

WILLIAM3 EUBANKS (Richard2 Eubank, Thomas1 Eubank) was born on 06 Oct 1697 in Talbot County, Maryland. He died on 10 Jan 1750 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He married Mary Eubanks (nee ?) about 1728 in Maryland. She was born about 1701 in Talbot County, Maryland.


William Eubanks and Mary Eubanks (nee ?) had the following children:


·         JOHN4 EUBANKS SR. was born on 12 Oct 1735 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He died about 1807 in Ross County, Ohio. He married Sarah Vanderford, daughter of Thomas Vanderford ? and Rosanna Ashbury about 1758 in Maryland. She was born about 1737 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. She died about 1807 in Ross County, Ohio.


·      WILLIAM EUBANKS was born on 09 Jul 1738 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland.


·      THOMAS EUBANKS was born on 16 Nov 1744 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland.


·      PHILLIS EUBANKS was born in 1730 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland.


·      MARY EUBANKS was born in 1733 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland.

Generation 4


JOHN4 EUBANKS SR. (William3, Richard2 Eubank, Thomas1 Eubank) was born on 12 Oct 1735 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He died about 1807 in Ross County, Ohio. He married Sarah Vanderford, daughter of Thomas Vanderford ? and Rosanna Ashbury about 1758 in Maryland. She was born about 1737 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. She died about 1807 in Ross County, Ohio.


John Eubanks Sr. and Sarah Vanderford had the following children:


·         REBECCA5 EUBANKS was born about 1757 in Talbot County, Maryland. She died on 06 Jul 1853.


·         GEORGE EUBANKS was born on 20 May 1759 in Talbot County, Maryland. He died on 30 Sep 1838 in Pike County, Ohio.


·         MARY EUBANKS was born about 1756 in Talbot County, Maryland. She died about 1761 in Talbot County, Maryland.


·         RICHARD EUBANKS was born about 1764 in Talbot County, Maryland. He died about 1810 in Fleming County, Kentucky. He married (1) JANE DAVIS on 20 Oct 1794 in Talbot County, Maryland. She was born in 1775 in Maryland. She died about 1802 in Fleming County, Kentucky. He married (2) ALICE "ELCY" PEACHEE, daughter of Benjamin Franklin Peachee I and Anna Abbott on 05 Jul 1802 in Mason County, Kentucky. She was born in 1786 in Cumberland County, New Jersey?. She died in 1854 in Cynthiana, Pike Co., Ohio.


·         THOMAS EUBANKS was born in 1766 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He died on 16 Jul 1843 in Scioto Township, Delaware Co., Ohio.


·         WILLIAM EUBANKS was born about 1767 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He died in 1845 in Ohio. He married Elizabeth Balmer on 07 Dec 1802. She was born about 1782.


·         JOHN EUBANKS JR. was born about 1770 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. He died in 1839 in Daviess Co., Indiana. He married Esther Ridgeway on 20 Aug 1795 in Caroline County, Maryland.


·         JAMES EUBANKS was born in 1771 in Talbot County, Maryland. He died on 03 Sep 1831 in Ashmore, Coles, Illinois, USA.


·         SOPHIA EUBANKS was born about 1772 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. She died after 1790.

Generation 5

RICHARD5 EUBANKS (John4 Sr., William3, Richard2 Eubank, Thomas1 Eubank) was born about 1764 in Talbot County, Maryland. He died about 1810 in Ross County, Ohio. He married (1) JANE DAVIS on 20 Oct 1794 in Talbot County, Maryland. She was born in 1775 in Maryland. She died about 1802 in Fleming County, Kentucky. He married (2) ALICE "ELCY" PEACHEE, daughter of Benjamin Franklin Peachee I and Anna Abbott on 05 Jul 1802 in Mason County, Kentucky. She was born in 1786 in Cumberland County, New Jersey ?. She died in 1854 in Cynthiana, Pike Co., Ohio.


Richard Eubanks and Jane Davis had the following children:


    • WILLIAM6 EUBANKS was born about 1795 in Maryland.


    • FOSTER EUBANKS was born in 1795 in Maryland.


    • JAMES EUBANKS was born in 1799 in Maryland.


    • MARY EUBANKS was born about 1800 in Kentucky.


Richard Eubanks and Alice "Elcy" Peachee had the following children:


·            ANNA EUBANKS was born on 05 Sep 1803 in Fleming County, Kentucky. She died in 1842 in Ross County, Ohio. She married Joseph Ross, son of Joshua Ross and Jane Ross (nee ?) on 12 Jul 1821 in Highland County, Ohio. He was born on 16 Apr 1798 in Pennsylvania. He died on 18 Sep 1854 in Ross County, Ohio.


·            SARAH "SALLY" EUBANKS was born in 1806 in Fleming County, Kentucky. She married Samuel Tarr on 29 Jan 1824.


·            ABSALOM EUBANKS was born on 09 Apr 1809 in Ross County, Ohio. He died on 22 Dec 1894 in Cynthiana, Pike County, Ohio. He married Nancy Martin on 16 Nov 1831.


Generation 6

ANNA6 EUBANKS (Richard5, John4  Sr., William3, Richard2 Eubank, Thomas1 Eubank) was born on

5   Sep 1803 in Mason County, Kentucky ?. She died in 1842 in Ross County, Ohio. She married Joseph Ross, son of Joshua Ross and Jane Ross (nee ?) on 12 Jul 1821 in Highland County, Ohio. He was born on 16 Apr 1798 in Pennsylvania. He died on 18 Sep 1854 in Ross County, Ohio.


Joseph Ross and Anna Eubanks had the following children:


·         RICHARD WILLIAM7 ROSS was born on 03 Jun 1823 in Paint Twp., Ross Co., Ohio. He died on 25 Feb 1888 in New Albany, Wilson Co., Kansas. He married Susan Mariah Lease on 25 Dec 1845 in Ross County, Ohio.


§  ELIZABETH ROSS was born about 1824 in Ross County, Ohio. She died after 1880. She married (1) JAMES MCVICKER, son of Dennis McVicker and Catherine McVicker (nee?) on 06 Apr 1843 in Hocking County, Ohio. He was born between 1813-1815 in Monroe Twp. Muskingum Co., Ohio. He died on 01 Jul 1864 in Larkinsville, Jackson Co., Alabama. She married (2) SMITH RILEY on 29 Jun 1873 in Sedgwick County, Kansas. He was born about 1820. He died after 1880.


§  JOSEPH ROSS JR. was born between 1826-1830 in Ross County, Ohio. He married HANNAH ROSS (NEE?).


§  JAMES H. ROSS was born about 1826 in Ross County, Ohio. He died between 1880-1900 in Indiana. He married Lurena Davis on 08 Feb 1847 in Clinton County, Indiana. She was born in May 1826 in Ohio. She died after 1900 in Union Jasper, Indiana.


§  DANIEL ROSS was born about 1831 in Ross County, Ohio. He died on 15 May 1864 in Ross County, Ohio. He married Sarah Callahan about 1843 in Ross County, Ohio ?.


·         JOSHUA C. ROSS was born about 1834 in Ross County, Ohio. He died on 27 Mar 1862 in Clarksburg, West Virginia. He married Rebecca Anna Boggs in 1855 in Ross County, Ohio.


·         JANE D. ROSS was born about 1840 in Ross County, Ohio. She married Allen Sommers on 03 Sep 1861 in Ross County, Ohio.


·         GEORGE E. ROSS was born about 15 Apr 1842 in Ross County, Ohio. She died on 29 Jul 1842 in Ross County, Ohio.

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Origins of the surname


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An Introduction to the Surname

The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.     With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription. 

Research into the record of this Eubanks family line indicates that the variations, meanings and history of this surname is most likely linked to that area of Europe where English traditions are commonly found. 


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Source(s) & Meaning(s) of the Surname

Most of the modern family names throughout Europe have originated from with of the following circumstances: patronym or matronym, names based on the name of one's father, mother or ancestor, (Johnson, Wilson). Each is a means of conveying lineage; occupation (i.e., Carpenter, Cooper, Brewer, Mason); habitational (Middleton, Sidney, or Ireland) or topographical (i.e. Hill, Brook, Forrest, Dale); nicknames (i.e., Moody Freeholder, Wise, Armstrong); status (i.e. Freeman, Bond, Knight); and acquired ornamental names that were simply made up.

Although no one knows the exact origins of the Eubanks surname, it is very ancient having maintained its pronunciation since the Middle Ages (possibly since the 12th Century).  According to the Dictionary of American Family Names   Eubanks is an English topographic name for someone who lived by a bank of yew trees, Old English iw, + bank.

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History of the Surname

Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th century. They were not in use in England or Scotland, before the Norman Conquest of 1066, and were first found in the Domesday Book of 1086. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans who had adopted the custom just prior to this time.    Soon thereafter it became a mark of a generally higher socio-economic status and thus seen as disgraceful for a well-bred man to have only one name.  It was not until the middle of the 14th century that surnames became general practice among all people in the British Isles.

     The ancient seat of this family appears to have been located in that area of northern western England that encompassed the historic counties of Durham, Cumberland and Westmoreland.  Cumberland and Westmoreland are now a part of the present day county Cumbria.  In Cumberland county there is a highpoint (678 ft.) located in a moor named Woodland Fell that is called Yew Bank.   Also a small hamlet known as High Ubanck, and later High Ewbank was located in Westmoreland County most likely near the present day town of Stainmore.

     Notable persons or places having the Eubank surname or variant spellings are: Wilbur "Weeb" Ewbank (May 6, 1907 – November 17, 1998) was an American professional football coach;  John Ewbank (born 6 December 1968, Eastleigh, Hampshire) is a British-Dutch composer, lyricist and record producer; John W. Ewbank (1799?–1847), was an English painter;  and Thomas Ewbank (11 March 1792 – 16 September 1870) was an English writer on practical mechanics, who was United States Commissioner of Patents from 1849 to 1852.

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More About Surname Meanings & Origins

English Surnames

Although the Domesday Book compiled by William the Conqueror required surnames, the use of them in the British Isles did not become fixed until the time period between 1250 and 1450.  The broad range of ethnic and linguistic roots for British surnames reflects the history of Britain as an oft-invaded land. These roots include, but are not limited to, Old English, Middle English, Old French, Old Norse, Irish, Gaelic, Celtic, Pictish, Welsh, Gaulish, Germanic, Latin, Greek and Hebrew.  Throughout the British Isles, there are basically five types of native surnames. Some surnames were derived from a man's occupation (Carpenter, Taylor, Brewer, Mason), a practice that was commonplace by the end of the 14th century.  Place names reflected a location of residence and were also commonly used (Hill, Brook, Forrest, Dale) as a basis for the surname, for reasons that can be easily understood.  Nicknames that stuck also became surnames.  About one-third of all surnames in the United Kingdom are patronymic in origin, and identified the first bearer of the name by his father (or grandfather in the case of some Irish names). When the coast of England was invaded by William The Conqueror in the year 1066, the Normans brought with them a store of French personal names, which soon, more or less, entirely replaced the traditional more varied Old English personal names, at least among the upper and middle classes. A century of so later, given names of the principal saints of the Christian church began to be used. It is from these two types of given name that the majority of the English patronymic surnames are derived and used to this day.  Acquired ornamental names were simply made up, and had no specific reflection on the first who bore the name. They simply sounded nice, or were made up as a means of identification, generally much later than most surnames were adopted. 


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Variations of the surname


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Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families.

     Almost eighty variations of the spelling of the Eubanks family name have been found in early English records, some of the more exotic begin with J, O or H, but all were pronounced almost the same as the modern American name Eubank(s).  The following names are some of the different known spellings of the Eubank and Eubanks name: Ewbanke, Eubanke, Ubancke, Uwbank, Hughbank, Hewbank, Hewbancke.

     By far the most common modern spelling of the family name in England is Ewbank, as it is most other British Commonwealth countries today outside of Canada.  In America the Common spellings are Eubank and Eubanks, the latter being used by almost 75% of the family. The families in the United States who maintained the Ewbank spelling are a distinct minority of less than 5% of the American family. This group is descended from later emigrants who did not arrive until the 1800's and 1900's.  The “S” suffix is a relatively recent Americanization, and primarily occurred in the South.  This is illustrated by the fact that well over 2,000 records of the family from England between the mid 1500's and the mid 1800's show only about 3% with the “S” suffix, and in American Colonial records before the 1800's the “S” spelling was very uncommon.  After the Revolutionary War some families in South Carolina and Georgia had the “S” added to their name. This was probably not by design, but by common usage and spelling in southern communities who preferred the more euphoric sound of Eubanks. As members of the family moved to Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas and northern Louisiana in the early and mid 1800's the “S” spelling became the accepted norm for the family there, and the Eubank spelling became uncommon. This practice extended westward as family members migrated to Texas and Oklahoma. Family members who migrated westward along a more northerly route from Virginia to Kentucky and from there to Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, have more frequently maintained the Eubank spelling.

The complexity of researching records is compounded by the fact that in many cases an ancestors surname may also have been misspelled.  This is especially true when searching census documents.   The Soundex Indexing System was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname.  Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research. 

The Soundex Code for Eubanks is E125. Other surnames sharing this code are : EBANKS | EBINGER | EFFINGER | EPPING | EUBANK | EUBANKS | EVANS | EVENSON |

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Amorial bearings, symcbols and mottoes


Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols


In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armored warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.  In the British Isles the College of Arms, (founded in 1483), is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.


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Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

The associated armorial bearings for this surname and close variant spellings are recorded in Burke’s General Armorie and Reitstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above:

FIGURE 1: This coat-of-arms is accredited by Burke to Ewbank (Ewbancke) of the following locations in England: Durhamshire, Kirton Drive in Lincolnshire, and Everton, Lancashire. The shield is black with three interlaced chevrons in the base.  On a gold chief are three black pellets or annulets.  The crest features a golden dragon’s head coming out of a red ducal coronet. 

FIGURE 2: This coat-of-arms is also attributed by Burke to a Ewbank, of an unknown locality in England. The arms or shield is the same as in figure 1.    The crest is different in that it presents a dexter and a sinister hand each holding an ostrich feather arising from a ducal coronet.


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Motto(es) of this Surname

     A motto is a word or sentence usually written upon a scroll and generally placed below the shield, but sometimes, especially in Scotland, above the crest.    Many ancient mottoes were war-cries such as the Douglas motto of “Forward.”    Many mottoes refer to the name of the bearer, for example “cole regem” for Coleridge.   In general most mottoes convey a sentiment, hope, or determination, such as the Cotter motto “Dum spiro spero” where the meaning is “While I have breath I hope“.     Mottoes are often used by several successive generations, but may be changed at any time by the grantee. The languages most in use are Latin, French, and English.  Exceptions are seen in Scotland where they are often in the old Lowland dialect, and in Wales, often in the language of the principality.   

The following listed mottoes and their translations are attributed to Eubanks or variant spellings:  NONE

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The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or TorseThe torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

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Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill-in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

Locations of

Direct Ancestors

Locational Distribution

of  this Surname

Where In the World

are my Ancestors?


Locatiof Direct Ancestors

Locations of Our Direct Ancestors


The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.









Caroline;  Queen Anne’s;  Talbot



Mason;  Fleming



Highland;  Pike;  Ross

Use this LINK to find out more


about the locations listed above.

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Locational distributionstors

Locational Distribution of This Surname

     Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist.

          The information presented below shows where the Eubanks surname is distributed within the United States as well as in the British Isles, the country of origin of this family.      Statistics show that there are approximately 0.83 persons per million of population with this surname, within the British Isles, and 1.06 persons per million within the U.S.A.  Sweden is found to be the country in the world where this surname is the most highly clustered having almost 1.26 persons per million of population.  The top region of the world where this surname is the most highly clustered is Wyoming, USA, and Birmingham, UK is the top city where this surname is found.

United States of America


European Country of Origin

Eubanks (USA Surname Distribution) copy

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Germany (name distribution) high - low

Eubanks (UK Surname Distribution) copy

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Click on the LINK to the right to see more information about the World distribution of a surname.  You can get

Public Profiler World Names (logo)

greater detail for any of the following maps by clicking on the area, i.e state, county that you are interested in.

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Wjere are my ancestors Ancestors

Where in the World
are My Ancestors?

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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and  other  helpful   resources 




that will assist in discovering Ancestral Locations.  These web sites comprise only a small portion of what is available for researchers interested in learning more about where their ancestors lived.

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Migration routes


Migrations of the
American Family

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       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.

 Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of Eubanks, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.   Most of these immigrants came from the British Isles.  Some of these immigrants were:  Mary Ewbank who arrived at New York with her husband and child in 1820; Thomas Ewbank who arrived at New York in 1826; John and Rebecah Eubanks are found in 1776 Maryland records; and Stephan Eubanks who came to Louisiana in 1781.

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at

EUBANKS Migrations c.1675 – c.1813

Around 1797 John Eubanks, Sr. and his family removed from Caroline County Maryland to Mason County, Kentucky.  It is most probable that they began their journey by ferry across the Chesapeake Bay to Baltimore, Maryland.  Here they would follow a series of roads connecting Frederick, and Hagerstown with Cumberland, Maryland where the National Road would begin.  The National Road would then take them to Zanesville, Ohio where they would connect with the route known as Zane’s Trace.  This road would take them in a southerly direction to the Ohio River and the town of Maysville located  in Mason County, Kentucky.  From this point it would be a short distance to where they would settle at what would become Fleming County in 1798.  The entire trip of about 325 miles would take at least a month or more depending on conditions.

Eubanks Migrations 1797-1824

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Map of Eubanks Migration along the National Road and Zane’s Trace to Fleming County, Kentucky Later move into Ohio also noted.

The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

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Resources 22

Source documents




Resources 22

The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.


·      Absalom Eubanks – Headstone

·      Anna EUBANKS Ross – headstone

·      Anthony Eubanks - Headstone

·      Eubanks - Extracts from, History of Lower Scioto Valley

·      Eubanks - Maryland Archives, Vol. 18, pp. 203, 408, 683

·      Richard Eubanks - 5th MD Regt., Rev. War Record

·      Richard Eubanks - 1779 Rev. War bounty payment

·      Richard Eubanks - Barge Fearnought, Rev. War Record

·      Thomas Eubanks - Rev. War Muster List 611

·      Thomas Eubanks - Rev. War Muster List 613


This Link will take you to our

Source Docs Archives (230x71)

archive of source documents.  

You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE:  Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing  Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

Documents 1a

If you have any source 
documents relating to this 
family, we would greatly 
appreciate hearing from you.

Documents 1a

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Family Collage grad 3 framed copy

Images gallery


Family Images

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During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a particular family.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.


If you have any photographs or other images relating to 
this topic, we would greatly appreciate hearing from you.

This Link will take you to our

Family Images grandmom

collection of family photographs.  

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Free Image Search
help from Google

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Use the power of Google™ to find more interesting images about this topic. This button will link you to the Google Images Search   page.   Enter   the   topic   you   are

Google Image Search Search

searching in the box and click “Search Images”. At the “Images” display page you will see the image, as well as the website of which it is associated.

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Web resources




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This search engine may

provide you with additional

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information to assist with

your research about this topic.

General Surname Resources

·             Our Surname Locator And Resources web page contains the following: (1) links that will take you to an updated listing of all surnames as posted in our three databases at the Rootsweb WorldConnect Project; (2) the Surname List Finder a tool that finds sound-alike matches for a given surname from among RootsWeb's thousands of surname lists; (3) the Soundex Converter that can be used to find the soundex code for a surname, plus other surnames/spellings sharing the same soundex code;  (4) Surname Message Boards the world's largest online genealogy community with over 17 Million posts on more than 161,000 boards; (5) Surname Mailing Lists of all surnames having mailing lists at RootsWeb, as well as topics that include (6) Surname Heraldy, and  (7) Mapping a Surname. 

·              Your genealogy research of this surname can be facilitated by use of Surname Web. This website links to the majority of the surname data on the web, as well as to individual family trees, origin and surname meaning if known, and many other related genealogy resources. 

·              Surname Finder provides easy access to free and commercial resources for 1,731,359 surnames. On each surname specific "finder" page, you can search a variety of online databases all pre-programmed with your surname.

·             Use All Surnames Genealogy to get access to find your surname resources .  There are almost 1300 links in this directory.

·             SurnameDB Free database of surname meanings - This site SurnameDB.Com contains a large FREE to access database (almost 50,000 surnames) on the history and meaning of family last names.

·             Public Profiler / World Names - Search for a Surname to view its Map and Statistics.

·             Linkpendium Surnames - Web sites, obituaries, biographies, and other material specific to a surname.

·              Cyndi's List - Surnames, Family Associations & Family Newsletters Index - Sites or resources dedicated to specific, individual family surnames.  

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Free Records & Databases

FREE Records
 & Databases

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All of the records and databases we’ve collected are FREE and can be accessed and searched online without having to pay for a subscription.   We have divided our collected into 14 record types as follows: Biographical; Birth; Cemetery; Census & City Directories; Church; Court; Death; Immigration & Naturalization; Land; Marriage; Military; Newspapers; Occupational; and Tax Records.    We try not to list any sites that have only a few records for the purpose of getting you to a website that will charge a fee to actually see the record beyond just a name.  

This Link will take you to our

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collections of FREE Records.  



Our Genealogy 
Reference Library

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The following Link will take you to our library of genealogy reference books.   Here you will find bibliographies, family histories and books about names.  In addition, there are texts that pertain to ethnic and religion groups, history, geography as well as other books that will assist you with your research.

This Link will take you to our

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collections of reference books.  

Click on these links to visit some of the websites we really like!!

Surname Web (logo)

Surname Finder (Logo)

All Surnames Genealogy (logo)

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About this webpage

About This Webpage


CONTACT INFORMATION Email us with your comments or questions. 

We do like to hear from others who are researching the same people and surnames.

We need your help to keep growing!  So please Email coolmailus your

photos, stories, and other appropriate information about this topic.


You are welcome to download any information on this page that does not cite a copyright. 

We only ask that if you have a personal website please create a link to our Home Page.

-- This webpage was last updated on --

01 April 2013

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Diggin for Roots (2 shovels)