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schuster

 

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Family history

schuster

 

Family History

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     The only person known of this ancestral line is Joseph Schuster, who would be our 7th great-grandfather.  According to the Schall family history Joseph was a soldier and that he is the father of Joseph Schall, whose mother is Anna Schall.  It is most probable that Joseph Schuster was born sometime between 1675-85 in Germany.  His relationship with Anna Schall apparently occurred in 1719 at Bonlanden, Baden-Wurrtemberg.  Other than the fact that Joseph’s son carried his first name and his mother’s surname the circumstances as to whether Joseph Schuster and Anna Schall were ever formally married or whether there were other offspring of the relationship has not yet been identified. 

 

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Direct ancestors

schuster

Ancestral Lineage

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Additional information about the persons in our database  as   well  as   a   complete

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listing of individuals with this surname may be reviewed by clicking on this LINK.

DESCENDENT REGISTER

Generation 1

JOSEPH1 SCHUSTER . He married ANNA SCHALL. She was born about 1683 in Bonlanden, Esslingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She died after 1719 in Bonlanden, Esslingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

 

Joseph Schuster and Anna Schall had the following child:

 

·            JOSEPH2 SHAUL was born in 1719 in Bonlanden, Esslingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died on 05 Oct 1785 in Baltimore County, Maryland. He married Barbara Schaul (Nee ?) about 1754. She died after 1785 in Maryland.

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that will likely improve your results. The different searches will give you many different ways of using Google and the Internet to find ancestry information about this or any other Surname. 

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Resources 22

Source documents

schuster

Source
Documents

 

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The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.

·        

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archive of source documents.  

You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE: Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

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Migration routes

schuster

Migrations of the
American Family

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       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.

Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of SCHUSTER, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.  Some of these immigrants were: Peter Schuster, who arrived in England and America as early as 1709. Johan Georg followed, arriving in Philadelphia in 1733. Numerous Schusters came to Philadelphia throughout the 1740s and 50s, including Jacob Schuster (1740), Johann Nikol Schuster (1741), and Johann Georg Schuster (1744).

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Ancestry.com Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at OliveTreeGenealogy.com

 

The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

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Family Images
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During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a particular family.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.

 

If you have any photographs or other images relating to 
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Ancestral locations

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Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

Locations of

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Locational Distribution

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Locations of Our Direct Ancestors

 

The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.

COUNTRY

STATE

COUNTY / SUBDIVISION

Germany

Baden-Württemberg ?

Esslingen /  Bonlanden ??

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Locational Distribution of This Surname

Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist. 

The information presented below shows where the SCHUSTER surname is distributed within North America as well as in the British Isles, the probable country of origin of this family.      Statistics show that there are approximately 99 persons per million of population with this surname, within the British Isles, and 20 persons per million within the United States.  Canada is found to be the country in the world where this surname is the second most highly clustered having approximately 78 persons per million of population.  The top region of the world where this surname is the most highly clustered is the Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and Birmingham, England, UK is the top city where this surname is found.

NORTH AMERICA

 COUNTRY OF ORIGIN

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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and  other  helpful   resources 

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that will assist in discovering Ancestral Locations.  These web sites comprise only a small portion of what is available for researchers interested in learning more about where their ancestors lived.

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Origins of the surname

schuster

Origins of the Surname

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More About

Surnames

 

Source(s) & Meaning(s) of the Surname

     Most modern German family names are a means conveying lineage.  For the most part, German surnames were developed from four major sources: (1) Patronymic & Matronymic surnames most common in northern Germany are based on a parent’s first name, such as Niklas Albrecht (Niklas son of Albrecht);  (2) occupational surnames are last names based on the person’s job or trade for example Lukas Fischer (Lukas the Fisherman);  (3) descriptive surnames are based on a unique quality or physical feature of the individual like Karl Braun (Karl with brown hair); (4) geographical surnames are derived from the location of the homestead from which the first bearer and his family lived such as Leon Meer (Leon from by the sea), or derived from the state, region, or village of the first bearer's origin for example Paul Cullen (Paul from Koeln/Cologne).

SCHUSTER is a German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) occupational name for a maker or repairer or maker of shoes.  It originally comes from the Middle High German schuochsutære (a compound of schuoch ‘shoe’ + sutære ‘one who sews’) plus the various suffixes such as 'wurte' or 'macher' or 'mann'.  The  German spelling is Schuster, while the Yiddish spell the name as Shuster.

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History of the Surname

    Most German names have their roots in the Germanic Middle Ages. The process of forming family names in what is present day Germany began early in the 12th Century and extended through the 16th century.   

     SCHUSTER is a very old Germanic name and is one of the early names recorded in that region of Europe.   Due to its popularity and duration this name, and its variant spellings, have traveled widely in many forms throughout the continent.  First found in Bohemia, where the name came from humble beginnings but gained a significant reputation for its contribution in the development of the mediaeval society.  The use of Schuster as a name had modest beginnings but in the highly skilled guilds of the medieval period, shoe making was considered both essential and only available as a trade to those prepared to serve a long apprenticeship of at least seven years. Occupational surnames such as Schuster were probably the first to be created in about the 12th century, but they were not originally hereditary as they are today.

     Some early example of the recorded Schuster surname include Richardus Schumacher of Konstanz in 1276, Haunold Schuheler of Nierderneusiedel in 1339, and Apel Schuwurt, a burger of Wurzberg in 1435.  Later recordings are those of Gregor Schubert of Striegau in 1552, and Christian Schubart of Nurnberg (1739 - 1791).

     This Germanic surname appeared quite early into the former British colonies of North America, especially William Penn’s Province of Pennsylvania.  One reason for this was that after the prince of the Electorate of Hanover, in Germany also became King of England in 1715, as a result German emigration to America was greatly encouraged from that time on to about 1777.  A resulting factor of this great migration is that this German name tends to be confused with the English versions due to the fact that the name from both countries is often in the same or similar spelling, which is perhaps not surprising as they share pre 7th century "Anglo-Saxon" roots.  As a result many German surnames were re-spelled in America because of the close relationship between the English and German languages.  Many of these German immigrants, particularly those with easy English equivalents, were encouraged and in some cases required to change to an English spelling.  Many persons with the Schuster surname changed the spelling of the name to a name that had the same or similar sound when pronounced in English.  This was the case with many sea captains or their agents who, when making up the ships passenger lists, found it easier to use a more familiar English spelling.   As the general level of education in America increased after the American Civil War many formerly illiterate immigrants and their descendents began to standardize the spelling of their surname.   For example Schuster could have changed the English name Shoemaker. Also after the start of World War One, Germans in the United States, in great numbers, Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism.  

     Notable persons and places having the SCHUSTER surname or a close variant are: Alexander Schuster (born 1987), German ski mountaineer;  Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster, an Italian cardinal and Archbishop of Milan;  Arthur Schuster, physicist;  Benjamin and Marian Schuster Performing Arts Center;  Bernd Schuster, German footballer and former manager of Real Madrid;  Sir Claud Schuster, British civil servant;  Hans-Emil Schuster, German astronomer;  Jérôme Schuster, French rugby union player;  Joseph Schuster, musician;  Leon Schuster, South African film maker, singer and radio presenter;  Leo Frank Schuster, British patron of the arts;  Michael L. Schuster, Published author

Norman Schuster, German boxer;  Rudolf Schuster, Slovakian president;  Werner Schuster (politician), German politician;  and Werner Schuster (sportsman).

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More About Surname Meanings & Origins

German Surnames

 First Names (Rufnamen) identified specific persons. Over time the first name began to be applied to the bearer's whole family.  At first through verbal usage, family names (Familiennamen) were later fixed through writing.  Until the 17th century, first names played a more important role. The earliest family names derived from the first name of the first bearer (Patronym). Later names derived from the place of dwelling and location of the homestead.  If a person of family migrated from one place to another they were identified by the place they came from.  Of more recent origin are names derived from the vocation of profession of the first bearer. These names comprise the largest group and the most easily recognizable, for they tell what the first bearer did for a living.  Another group are names derived from a physical or other characteristic of the first bearer.  Finally, there are names that tell you the state or region a first bearer and his family came from; the age old division in tribes and regions (Low German, Middle German and Upper German) is often reflected in names.

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Variations of the surname

schuster

Variations of
the Surname

 

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Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families. 

Spelling variations of this family name include: Schustern, Schustel, Shuster, Shustern, Shustel,  Schuoch, Schbuser, Schubart, Schubert, Schubbert, Schubort, Schuckert, Schuhose, Schukraft, Schuhler, Schumann, Schumeier, Szubert (Polish), Subrt (Czech) and many more. 

 

The complexity of researching records is compounded by the fact that in many cases an ancestors surname may also have been misspelled.  This is especially true when searching census documents.   The Soundex Indexing System was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname.  Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research. 

The Soundex Code for SCHUSTER is S236. Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code are:  SCHUSTER | SHUSTER | SISTERS | SOUSTER |.

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Amorial bearings, symcbols and mottoes

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Armorial Bearings, Mottoes & Symbols

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In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. The word heraldry is derived from the German word heer, meaning (a host, an army) and held, (champion). Heraldry originated in the devices used to distinguish the armored warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity.  The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.  As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.  Heraldry spread to the German burgher class in the 13th century, and even some peasants used arms in the 14th century.  A German coat of arms is usually referred to by any of the following terms; Wappen, Familienwappen, Blasonierung, Heraldik, or Wappenschablonen.

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Motto(es) of

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Gallery of Images

Schuster of Austria copy

Figure 1

Schuchart of Nuremberg 2

Figure 2

Schubert (Edle von) Schusterstein  - Bohemia 3 copy

Figure 3

Shubert - Saxony

Figure 4

Schuster copy

Figure 5

Schumann de Mausegg copy

Figure 6

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ARMORIAL BEARINGS

Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

The associated armorial bearings for this surname, and close variant spellings, are recorded in Burke’s General Armorie and/or Rietstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above:

FIGURE 1:  These arms were granted to a Schuster of Austria.  They show a shield that has a silver fess at the top containing a bow with three red feathered arrows. The base is black and contains a golden bugle horn. The heraldic usage of a bow signifies a “readiness for battle.”

FIGURE 2: This coat-of-arms belonged to a Schuchart of Nuremberg, Germany.  The blue shield is charged with a sun in the upper left and a black eagle standing on a golden mound. The Crest is a black dexter (right) wing of a bird. The utilization of a sun in the arms means “glory and splendour.”

FIGURE 3: This coat-of-arms was bestowed upon a nobleman (edle) named Schubert from Schusterstein of Bohemia. Schusterstein may be an uninhabited place now located in the German municipality of Taura.  The Arms feature a blue shield with a gold fesse separating a balance scale in the top and three green trees in a row on a terrace of green at the base.  The Crest displays a helmet crowned with three ostrich feathers of a gold and blue.  The three trees indicate, “great age and strength.”

FIGURE 4: This coat-of-arms was granted, in 1878, to a Schubert from the Kingdom of Saxony.  The silver side of the Arms shows half of a four leaf rose. The red side holds half of a silver fleur-de-lis.  The Crest is of a man issuant wearing a surcoat of white and red.  In his dexter hand he is holding a sword and in his left hand a wreath of myrtle.   The fleur-de-lis has several meanings among them are; “purity, light, or the sixth son.”

FIGURE 5: These armorial bearings belonged to a Schuster of Nuremberg.  The Arms present a golden shield that contains a black boot holding three stalked red roses.  The Crest has two elephant trunks of red and gold that are decorated with a red rose in each.  A heraldic rose is the “mark of the seventh son.”

FIGURE 6: These armorial bearings were bestowed upon a Schumann of Mausegg, a village in the Austrian municipality of Marhof.  The Arms comprise a blue shield holding a red boot with a golden crown all supported by a green terrace.  The Crest features an armed man issuant posed in profile holding in the dexter hand a sword, the sinister hand resting on his hip. The sword indicates, “justice and military honour.”

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MOTTO(ES)  

Motto(es) of this Surname

     A motto is a word or sentence usually written upon a scroll and generally placed below the shield, but sometimes, especially in Scotland, above the crest.    Many ancient mottoes were war-cries such as the Douglas motto of “Forward.”    Many mottoes refer to the name of the bearer, for example “cole regem” for Coleridge.   In general most mottoes convey a sentiment, hope, or determination, such as the Cotter motto “Dum spiro spero” where the meaning is “While I have breath I hope“.     Mottoes are often used by several successive generations, but may be changed at any time by the grantee. The languages most in use are Latin, French, and English.  Exceptions are seen in Scotland where they are often in the old Lowland dialect, and in Wales, often in the language of the principality.   

It is unusual to find a motto associated with the coat-of-arms of a noble German family but in this case two mottoes have been located that is associated with the Schuster surname and its close variant spellings.  They are: Schubert of Livonie, and Estonia - QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT;  Schubert of Saxony DILIGENTER ET FIDELITER

The lack of mottoes does not necessarily mean that the Germanic culture is devoid of mottos.  For example, the national motto of Germany is “Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit”, meaning Unity and Justice and Freedom.  The German word for motto is “Wahlspruch.” 

     Some of the more well known German mottoes are as follows: Alte Wunden bluten leichtOld wounds readily bleed anew;    Blut und EisenBlood and iron;  Das beste is gut genugThe best is good enough;  Einfeste Burg is unser GottOur God is a strong tower of defense;  EwigkeitEternity;  Für Gott und IhtAll for God and her;  Gott is überallGod is over all;  Gott mit unsGod is with us;  Ich dienI serve;  Krieg – War;  Mehr Licht! – More light!;  Nichts zovielNothing in excess;  Prosit! – Good luck!;    VaterlandFatherland;  Vertrau’ auf GottPut your trust in God;  Vorwärts! – Forward!;   Zu dienenAt your service.

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Heraldic bearings

More about Heraldic Bearings

The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or Torse The torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

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