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Family Ancestors

Family History

Origins of

the Surname

Variations of

the Surname

Armorial Bearings

and Motto(es)

Ancestral Lineage


by Location

Migrations of the

American Family

Source Documents


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Family history



Family History


     The earliest known direct ancestor of my Hauer family line is Hans Johannes Hauer, my 8th great-grandfather, born around 1648 in the village of Neureuth located in the old historic Margraviate of Baden. Today this area is known as Neureut and is now a municipality located in the city of Karlsruhe, Germany. 

     Christoph Hauer II (6th great-grandfather), a grandson of the aforementioned Hans Johannes, is the progenitor of this family line in America.  He was born at the village of Blankenloch in 1701 where he spent the first 50 years of his life.  During that time he worked as a wagon maker (wagner) and married Eva Müller with whom he produced nine children between 1729 and 1747.    In 1751 Christoph emigrated to America with his family and brother Bernhard Hauer.  The crossing was made aboard the ship “Brothers” which originated in Rotterdam and arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in September 1751.  Soon after Christoph may have moved to York County with his brother and lived there up to when his wife Eva and brother Bernhard passed away in 1765.  Following this he moved to nearby to the area of Bethel Township then in Lancaster County.  Christoph stayed there until his death in 1780.

    Anthony Hauer was born about 1738 at Blankenloch.  He was a boy of about age 13 when he accompanied his parents of the ocean voyage to the Province of Pennsylvania.    In his early adulthood Anthony removed along with his father from York County to Bethel Township.  It was here in 1766 that Anthony married  Maria Barbara Kuffer also a resident of  the town of Bethel.    Upon his marriage he and Maria Barbara settled in or around the village of Fredericksburg, then located in Lancaster County up to 1813, now located in Bethel Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania.  It is quite probable that while living here they attended the Tulpehocken Reformed Church located in the easternmost part of Lebanon County in near Millardsville in Jackson Township.  After the American Revolution (around 1785) Anthony and his family moved to Chanceford Township in York County.  Here they were members of Stehle's Church that today is known as St. Luke’s Lutheran Church.   Anthony and Maria Barbara resided there until they died he in 1803 and she around 1804. 

     Elizabeth Hauer, my 4th great-grandmother, was born to Anthony and Maria Barbara near the aforementioned Fredericksburg in 1769. She married John Arnold, in Chanceford Township, York County, around 1790.  At least eight children were produced of this union between 1792 and 1809.  Elizabeth Hauer Arnold.  Census records show that Elizabeth passed away around 1815 in Chanceford Township.  My ancestral lineage continues through her son Adam Arnold born in 1799.  


Origins of the surname


Origins of the Surname

An Introduction

to the Surname


of the Surname

History of

the Surname

More About Surnames


An Introduction to the Surname

The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.   Surnames were first utilized in the Germanic region of central Europe during the second half of the 12th century.  The custom of taking on surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northward during the Middle Ages.  It took about three hundred years for this tradition to apply to most families and become a constant part of one’s identity. 

     With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription.  Research into the record of this Hauer family line indicates that the variations, meanings and history of this surname are most likely linked to that area of Europe where German linguistic traditions are commonly found



Source(s) & Meaning(s) of the Surname

Most modern German family names are a means conveying lineage.  For the most part, German surnames were developed from four major sources: (1) Patronymic & Matronymic surnames most common in northern Germany are based on a parent’s first name, such as Niklas Albrecht (Niklas son of Albrecht);  (2) occupational surnames are last names based on the person’s job or trade for example Lukas Fischer (Lukas the Fisherman);  (3) descriptive surnames are based on a unique quality or physical feature of the individual like Karl Braun (Karl with brown hair); (4) geographical surnames are derived from the location of the homestead from which the first bearer and his family lived such as Leon Meer (Leon from by the sea), or derived from the state, region, or village of the first bearer's origin for example Paul Cullen (Paul from Koeln/Cologne).

     Hauer in German literally means ‘cutter’ or ‘chopper’.  This surname originated from the Middle High German word houwer (an agent derivative of houwen ‘to chop’).  Hauer is an occupational name for a woodcutter, a butcher, or a stonemason.



History of the Surname

Hauer is a very early Germanic name and is one of the very first recorded in that region of Europe.  Due to its popularity and duration this name, and its variant spellings, have traveled widely in many forms throughout the continent. 

     This name was first found in that area of Central Europe now in the countries of Germany, Austria and Switzerland.   It is here that the earliest mentions of the name are found in local records.  They include Cunrat der Hewer in Württemberg in 1329, Heu in Konstanz, Hauwemenger in Frankfurt in 1387, and Heurechen in Zurich in 1400. 

     The Hauer German name does tend to be confused with the English versions due to the fact that name from both countries is often in the same spelling, which is perhaps not surprising as they share similar pre 7th century "Anglo-Saxon" roots.   Many of these German immigrants, particularly those with easy English equivalents, were encouraged and in some cases required to change to an English spelling.   Also many German surnames were re-spelled in America because of the close relationship between the English and German languages.     This was the case with many sea captains or their agents who, when making up the ships passenger lists, found it easier to use a more familiar English spelling.   Also after the start of World War One, Germans in the United States, in great numbers, Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism.

     Notable persons having this surname are: Joseph Matthias Hauer, Austrian composer and music theorist Rutger Hauer, an actor;  Jakob Wilhelm Hauer, (1881-1962); Erwin Hauer; and Franz Ritter von Hauer  

     Today about 14 persons per million in the United States have the Hauer surname.  The heaviest concentration of the name is found in the north-central states from Minnesota in the east to Montana in the west.  In Germany almost 71 persons per million have the Hauer surname.    There is not any significant clustering of the name in Germany as it is found in like amounts in all German states.



More About Surname Meanings & Origins

German Surnames

 Many German names have their roots in the Germanic Middle Ages. The process of forming family names began early in the 12th Century and extended through the 16th century. All social classes and demographic strata aided in the development of names. First Names (Rufnamen) identified specific persons. Over time the first name began to be applied to the bearer's whole family.  At first through verbal usage, family names (Familiennamen) were later fixed through writing.  Until the 17th century, first names played a more important role. The earliest family names derived from the first name of the first bearer (Patronym). Later names derived from the place of dwelling and location of the homestead.  If a person of family migrated from one place to another they were identified by the place they came from.  Of more recent origin are names derived from the vocation of profession of the first bearer. These names comprise the largest group and the most easily recognizable, for they tell what the first bearer did for a living.  Another group are names derived from a physical or other characteristic of the first bearer.  Finally, there are names that tell you the state or region a first bearer and his family came from; the age old division in tribes and regions (Low German, Middle German and Upper German) is often reflected in names.

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Variations of the surname


Variations of
the Surname


Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to unfold and expand often leading to an overwhelming number of variants.  As such one can encounter great variation in the spelling of surnames because in early times, spelling in general and thus the spelling of names was not yet standardized.  Later on spellings would change with the branching and movement of families.  Spelling variations of this family name include:  Heu, Heuer, Hewer, Heyer, Heiermann, Hauer, Heumann, and many others.   


The complexity of researching records is compounded by the fact that in many cases an ancestors surname may also have been misspelled.  This is especially true when searching census documents.   The Soundex Indexing System was developed in an effort to assist with identifying spelling variations for a given surname.  Soundex is a method of indexing names in the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 US Census, and can aid genealogists in their research.  The Soundex Code for Hauer is H600.  Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code: HAAR | HAIR | HAIRE | HARE | HARR | HARRAH | HARRY | HAUER | HEER | HERR | HEWER | HOAR | HOARE | HOWER | HOWERY | HOYER |


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Coat of arms


Armorial Bearings & Motto(es)

In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armored warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.  Heraldry spread to the German burgher class in the 13th century, and even some peasants used arms in the 14th century.

Coat-of Arms

Image Gallery

Descriptions of the

Armorial Bearings

Motto(es) of

this Surname

More About Hearldic Bearings

Image gallery

Coat-of-Arms Image Gallery

Fig. 1

Fig. 2

Fig. 3


Descriptions of the Armorial Bearings

The associated armorial bearings for this surname and close variant spellings are recorded in Burke’s General Armorie and Reitstap’s Armorial General.  The additional information, presented below, is offered with regard to the armorial bearings depicted above:

FIGURE 1: This coat-of-arms was granted to a Hauer of Nuremburg a city in the German state of Bavaria,

FIGURE 2: These armorial bearings belong a Heuerr of Germany who was granted a noble title in 1510. 

FIGURE 3: This coa-of-arms has been attributed to a Hauer of Germany. 


Motto(es) of this Surname

     A motto is a word or sentence usually written upon a scroll and generally placed below the shield, but sometimes, especially in Scotland, above the crest.    Many ancient mottoes were war-cries such as the Douglas motto of “Forward.”    Many mottoes refer to the name of the bearer, for example “cole regem” for Coleridge.   In general most mottoes convey a sentiment, hope, or determination, such as the Cotter motto “Dum spiro spero” where the meaning is “While I have breath I hope“.     Mottoes are often used by several successive generations, but may be changed at any time by the grantee. The languages most in use are Latin, French, and English.  Exceptions are seen in Scotland where they are often in the old Lowland dialect, and in Wales, often in the language of the principality.    

It is unusual to find a motto associated with the coat-of-arms of a noble German family.  As in this case no motto has been located that is associated with the HAUER surname.  This does not necessarily mean that the Germanic culture is devoid of mottos.  For example, the national motto of Germany is “Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit”, meaning Unity and Justice and Freedom.  The German word for motto is “Wahlspruch.”

Some of the more well known German mottoes are as follows: Ach, die Weld is Sterbenden so süss – Ah, the world is so sweet to the dying! (Schiller);  Ach, wie glücklich sind die Todten – Ah, how happy are the dead! (Schiller);  Affen bleiben Affen, wenn man sie auch in Sammet kleidet – Apes are still apes, though you clothe them in velvet;  Alle Länder gute Menschen tragen – Every land produces good men;  Alles zu seiner Zeit – Everything in its proper time;  Allwissend bin ich nicht; doch viel ist mir bewusst – I do not know everything; still many things I understand;  Alte Wunden bluten leicht – Old wounds readily bleed anew;  Am Ende – After all;  Am Herzen liegen – To be near one’s heart;  Arbeit macht frei – Work sets one free;  Armut schändet nicht – Poverty is no shame;  Auch das Schöne muss sterben – Even the beautiful must die (Schiller);  Beim wunderbaren Gott! Das Weib is schön – By the wonderful God! How fair the woman is! (Schiller);  Besser ist besset – Better is better;  Blut und Eisen – Blood and iron;  Das beste is gut genug – The best is good enough;  Das Ewig-Weibliche – The eternal feminine (Goethe);  Das ist Recht – That is right;  Das Leben is das einzige Gut des Schlechten – Life is the only blessing that wickedness possesses (Schiller);  Das Leben ist die Liebe – Life is Love (Goethe);  Der beste Prediger ist die Zeit – Time is the best preacher;  Der Mensch liebt nur einmal – Man loves but once;  Die Baukunst ist eine erstarrte Musik – Architecture is frozen music (Goethe);  Doppel-gänger – A second self, alter ego;  Ein’ feste Burg is unser Gott – Our God is a strong tower of defense;  Es bleibe dabai – Agreed!;  Es ist Schade – That is a pity;  Ewigkeit – Eternity;  Für einen Kammerdiener giebt es keinen Held – No man is a hero to his own valet;  Für Gott und Iht – All for God and her;  Geflügelte Worte – Winged words;  Gott is überall – God is over all;  Gott ist tot – God is dead;  Gott mit uns – God is with us;  Himmel – Heavens;  Ich dien – I serve;  Kalte Hände, warme Liebe – Cold hands, and a loving heart;  Krieg – War;  Kulturkampf – Culture-struggle;  Leben Sie wohl! – Farewell;  Leben und leben lassen – To live and let live (Schiller);  Liebchen – Beloved;  Liebe wintert nicht – Love knows no winter (Tieck);  Lied – A song;  Mehr Licht! – More light!;  Nachricht – News;  Nichts zoviel – Nothing in excess; Pfaffen und Weiber vergessen nie – Priests and women never forget;  Prosit! – Good luck!;  So geht es in der Welt – That’s the way of the world;  Unter vier Augen – Between ourselves;  Vaterland – Fatherland;  Vertrau’ auf Gott – Put your trust in God;  Vorwärts! – Forward!;  Wenn ich dich lieb habe, was geht’s dich an? – If I love you, what is that to you? (Goethe);  Wie gewöhnlich – In the customary way;  Zu dienen – At your service;  Zwei Herzen und ein Schlag! – Two heards that beat as one! (Halm)

Heraldic bearings

More about Heraldic Bearings

The art of designing, displaying, describing, and recording arms is called heraldry. The use of coats of arms by countries, states, provinces, towns and villages is called civic heraldry.   A Coat of Arms is defined as a group of emblems and figures (heraldic bearings) usually arranged on and around a shield and serving as the special insignia of some person, family, or institution.  Except for a few cases, there is really no such thing as a standard "coat of arms" for a surname.  A coat of arms, more properly called an armorial achievement, armorial bearings or often just arms for short, is a design usually granted only to a single person not to an entire family or to a particular surname.  Coats of arms are inheritable property, and they generally descend to male lineal descendents of the original arms grantee.  The rules and traditions regarding Coats of Arms vary from country to country. Therefore a Coat of Arms for an English family would differ from that of a German family even when the surname is the same. 

Some of the more prominent elements incorporated into a  coat of arms are :

Crest - The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a coat of arms.  The crest was a later development arising from the love of pageantry.  Initially the crest consisted of charges painted onto a ridge on top of the helmet.

Wreath or TorseThe torse is a twist of cloth or wreath underneath and part of a crest. Always shown as six twists, the first tincture being the tincture of the field, the second the tincture of the metal, and so on.

Mantling – The mantling is a drapery tied to the helmet above the shield. It forms a backdrop for the shield.

Helm or Helmet - The helmet or helm is situated above the shield and bears the torse and crest. The style of helmet displayed varies according to rank and social status, and these styles developed over time, in step with the development of actual military helmets.

Shield or Arms - The basis of all coats of arms.  At their simplest, arms consist of a shield with a plain field on which appears a geometrical shape or object.  The items appearing on the shield are known as charges.

Motto - The motto was originally a war cry, but later mottoes often expressed some worthy sentiment. It may appear at the top or bottom of a family coat of arms.

Direct ancestors


Ancestral Lineage

Descendant Register

Generation 1


Hans Hauer-1 was born on Abt. 1648 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.  He died on Bef. 1681 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He married Margarethe Hauer (nee?) on 1673 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.  She was born on Abt. 1652 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She died on 14 Oct 1681 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


Child of Hans Hauer and Margarethe Hauer (nee?) is: Christoph Hauer I, B: 10 Oct 1674 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1724 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, M: 16 Jan 1700 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


Generation 2

Christoph Hauer I-2(Hans Hauer-1) was born on 10 Oct 1674 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died on Abt. 1724 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg,  Germany. He married Catharina Margareta Cammerer on 16 Jan 1700 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe,  Baden-Württemberg, Germany, daughter of Hans Claus Cammerer and  Anna Margaretha Nagel. She was born on 30 Jul 1682 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She died on 13 Aug 1722 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe,  Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He married Anna Barbara Muller on 16 May 1694 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. , daughter of Peter Samuel Muller. She was born on 1673 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She died on 07 Oct 1698 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


Children of Christoph Hauer I and Catharina Margareta Cammerer are:


i.    Christoph Hauer II, B: 04 Apr 1701 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 1780 in Fredericksburg,

            Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, M: 08 Sep 1729 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


ii.                  Hans Jakob Hauer, B: 1703 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 15 Mar 1763 in Germany.


iii.   Hans Bernard Hauer, B: Abt. 1715 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1765 in Pennsylvania, M: 19 Feb 1737 in  Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


iv.               Anna Katharina Hauer, B: Abt. 1707 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 28 Jul 1707 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe,  Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


v.                 Margareta Barbara Hauer, B: Abt. 1709 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 25 Jul 1710 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


Children of Christoph Hauer I and Anna Barbara Muller are:


i.                   Hans Georg Hauer, B: 24 Jun 1695 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 04 Sep 1696 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe,  Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


ii.                 Anna Barbara Hauer, B: Abt. 1696 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1747.


iii.               Peter Hauer, B: 07 Oct 1698 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 13 Oct 1698 in Neureut, Stadt Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg,  Germany.


Generation 3


Christoph Hauer II-3(Christoph Hauer I-2, Hans Hauer-1) was born on 04 Apr 1701 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died on 1780 in Fredericksburg, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania. He married Eva Muller on 08 Sep 1729 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, daughter of Antonius Muller and Anna Margaretha Gamer. She was born on 28 Sep 1710 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She died on Abt. 1765 in York County, Pennsylvania.


Children of Christoph Hauer II and Eva Muller are:


 i.       Christoph Hauer III, B: 1729 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 1806 in Rockingham County, Virginia.


ii.      Jacob Hauer, B: 06 Oct 1730 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg,  Germany, D: 06

         Apr 1793 in Fredericksburg , Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, M: Abt.  1773 in Fredericksburg,

         Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania.


iii.               Anna Eva Hauer, B: 1733 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: 27 Sep 1733 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg,   Germany.


iv.      Anthony Hauer, B: Abt. 1738 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg,  Germany, D: 25 Mar 1803 in Chanceford Twp, York Co., Pennsylvania, M: 17 Jun  1766 in Hill Church, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania.


v.                 Sebastian Hauer, B: 1740 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1795.


vi.               Bernhard Hauer, B: 1742 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1797 in Bethel Twp., Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania.


vii.             Johannes Hauer, B: 1744 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1746 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


viii.           Eva Catharina Hauer, B: 1747 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, D: Abt. 1749.


ix.               Anna Maria Hauer, B: 1734 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.


Generation 4

Anthony Hauer-4(Christoph Hauer II-3, Christoph Hauer I-2, Hans Hauer-1) was born on Abt.  1738 in Blankenloch, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died on 25 Mar 1803 in  Chanceford Twp, York Co., Pennsylvania. He married Maria Barbara Kuffer on 17 Jun 1766 in Hill  Church, Lebanon  Co., Pennsylvania, daughter of Valentin Kieffer Jr. and Barbara Kieffer (Nee ?).  She was born on 18 Feb 1748 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania ?. She died on Abt. 1804 in  Chanceford Twp, York Co., Pennsylvania.


Children of Anthony Hauer and Maria Barbara Kuffer are:


i.                   Unknown Hauer.


ii.       Peter Hauer, B: 1768 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, D: 28 Feb 1863 in Brush  Valley, Indiana Co., Pennsylvania, M: Abt. 1795 in Chanceford Twp., York Co.,  Pennsylvania.


iii.     Elizabeth Hauer, B: 1769 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania ?, D: Aft. 1809 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania?, M: Abt. 1790 in Chanceford Twp.,  York Co., Pennsylvania.


iv.               Jacob Hauer, B: 1769 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, D: Indiana County, Pennsylvania.


v.                 Henry Hauer, B: Abt. 1770 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, D: 03 Nov 1824 in Chanceford Twp, York Co., Pennsylvania.


vi.      Anna Maria Hauer, B: 29 Mar 1778 in Fredericksburg , Lebanon Co.,  Pennsylvania, D: 08 Sep 1852 in Liverpool, Perry Co., Pennsylvania, M: 13 Dec  1808 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania.


vii.             John Hauer, B: 17 May 1787 in Chanceford Twp, York Co., Pennsylvania, D: Abt.  1842.


viii.           Anthony Hauer Jr., B: 22 Dec 1790 in Windsor Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania, D:  Abt. 1845.


Generation 5

Elizabeth Hauer-5(Anthony Hauer-4, Christoph Hauer II-3, Christoph Hauer I-2, Hans Hauer-1) was born on 1769 in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania ?. She died on Aft. 1809 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania ?. She married John Arnold I on Abt. 1790 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania, son of Johannes Arnold I and Elizabeth Ulrich. He was born on Aft. 1761 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He died on 1845 in Chanceford Twp, York Co., Pennsylvania. 


Children of Elizabeth Hauer and John Arnold I are:


i.                   John Arnold II, B: 04 Sep 1792 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania, D:  1861 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


ii.                 Maria Catherina Arnold, B: 1795 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


iii.               Michael S. Arnold Sr., B: 18 Mar 1797 in Chanceford Twp., York Co.,  Pennsylvania, D: 03 Oct 1871 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


More About Michael S. Arnold Sr.:  b: 18 Mar 1797


iv.               Adam Arnold, B: 03 Mar 1799 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania, D:  1851 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


v.                 Elizabeth Arnold, B: 23 May 1801 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


vi.               Eva Arnold, B: 12 Mar 1803 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


vii.             Anna Maria Arnold, B: 28 Jul 1806 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


viii.           Jacob Arnold, B: 17 Jun 1809 in Chanceford Twp., York Co., Pennsylvania.


ix.               Margaret Rebecca Arnold.


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Ancestral locations



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Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill-in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

Locations of

Direct Ancestors

Locational Distribution

of  this Surname

Where In the World

are my Ancestors?


Locatiof Direct Ancestors

Locations of Our Direct Ancestors


The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.






Blankenloch; Karlsruh (Neuret)



Lebanon Co.;   York Co.

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Locational distributionstors

Locational Distribution of This Surname

     Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist.

          The information presented below shows where the HAUER surname is distributed within the United States as well as in the Germany, the country of origin of this family.   Austria is found to be the country in the world where this surname is the most highly clustered having almost 503 persons per million of population.  

United States of America


European Country of Origin

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Where in the World
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Migration routes


Migrations of the
American Family

       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.  Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of Hauer, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.  Some of these immigrants were:  August Heuer, who settled in Canada in 1783 after serving as a mercenary soldier with the British during the American Revolution, and Jacob Heuer who landed in Philadelphia in 1817. Carl Heuer arrived in New York in 1848.

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at

Migrations of the HAUER Family 1751 – c.1785

     Christoph Hauer II, the progenitor of this American family, emigrated from that area of modern Germany now found in the State of Baden-Württemberg to the Province of Pennsylvania.   He arrived during the third great wave of German immigrants between 1727 and 1776.  After landing at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1751 it is most probable that Christoph and his brother Bernhard moved west to out of Philadelphia along the route known as the Philadelphia Wagon Road.  Today this route follows U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania.   The road passed through the towns of Lancaster and on to York in southeastern Pennsylvania.   Eventually they would cross the Susquehanna River and settle at Chanceford Township in newly formed York County. This place would be about 90 miles from Philadelphia.   Christoph’s wife Eva and his brother Bernhard both passed away in 1765.  As a  result  the Hauer family moved back across the Susquehanna to the area of Bethel Township then in Lancaster County. 

     The route taken from Chanceford to Bethel would most likely take them along the Paxtang Path north to Paxtang now Harrisburg.  From here the Hauer party would take the “Allegheny Path” on to where the present day city of Lebanon is located.  After about 8 miles they would arrive near the present site of Fredericksburg, then located in Lancaster County up to 1813, now located in Bethel Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania.      This entire trip would have been about 70 miles in length, and would take the better part of a week to travel.   Christoph Hauer II continued to reside here until his death in 1780.

     After the American Revolution, (around 1785), Anthony Hauer and his family moved back to Chanceford Township in York County.  Anthony here until he died 1803.         Elizabeth Hauer, my 4th great-grandmother, continued to live at this location until she passed away around 1815.  

The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

Source documents




The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   Use the LINKS below to view our collection.

·      Anthony Hower (1804 Will Abstract)

·      Hauer (1751 Passenger List, The Brothers)

·      More Howers - Veronica Hower Berkley, pp. 134-142

·      More Howers - manuscript pgs. 1-10, published 1979

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archive of source documents.  

You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE:  Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing  Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

If you have any source 
documents relating to this 
family, we would greatly 
appreciate hearing from you.

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Snail Mail:

889 Dante Ct.
Mantua, NJ 08051


Updated 01 April 2011


Snail Mail:

889 Dante Ct.
Mantua, NJ 08051