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Family history

 

          Our Abel family lineage has been traced back to Johan Michael Abel (1639-1723).  His son is Peter Abel (1664-1740), and his grandson Stephan Abel (1700-unk.).  It is quite possible that they may have lived in that area of Germany that currently lies within the state of Hesse. It is probable that this specific locale was in the district of Bergstrasse and the village of Nieder Liebersbach

    It is Stephan (Steffan) Abel who is credited as being the progenitor of this family line in America.  Steffan made the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean along with his wife Anna Margaretha Attig, eldest son George, and probably several children, aboard the ship “John and Elizabeth”.  They arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on November 7, 1754. 

     Johan George Abel, (our 6th great-grandfather), born 1737 in Germany, was 17 years old when he accompanied his family to the Province of Pennsylvania.  By 1769 George was married to Maria Catherine Boyer, and had settled in a section of York County, Pennsylvania that now lies in Lower Windsor Township.  George was a patriot of the American Revolutionary War having served his country as a soldier in the 1st Battalion, York County Pennsylvania Militia. 

     Our direct Abel family line carries on through George’s eldest son George Abel (1769-1828) who married Anna Margaretta Jacobs, a native of Lower Windsor Township.  This descendancy continues through their daughter Elisabeth Abel, our 4th great-grandmother.  Elisabeth was born in 1803 and married Johann George Lieberknecht in 1822.  She died 1850 in York County.

Direct ancestors

Additional information about the persons in our database  as   well  as   a   complete  listing   of

individuals with this surname may be reviewed by clicking on this LINK.

 

 

 

JOHANN MICHAEL1 ABEL was born about 1639 in Nieder Liebersbach, Bergstrasse, Hessen, Germany. He died on 17 Jul 1723 in Germany. He married ANNA BARBARA BEISSEL. She was born in Apr 1642 in Eberbach, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. She died on 17 Nov 1674 in Germany.

 

Johann Michael Abel and Anna Barbara Beissel had the following child:

 

                                      I.        JOHANN PETER2 ABEL was born in Jul 1664 in Germany. He died on 18 Apr 1740 in Germany. He married MARGARETHA WAGNER. She was born on 16 Aug 1670 in Germany. She died on 05 May 1736 in Germany.

JOHANN PETER2 ABEL (Johann Michael1) was born in Jul 1664 in Germany. He died on 18 Apr 1740 in Germany. He married MARGARETHA WAGNER. She was born on 16 Aug 1670 in Germany. She died on 05 May 1736 in Germany.

 

Johann Peter Abel and Margaretha Wagner had the following child:

 

i.      JOHAN STEPHAN3 ABEL was born on 08 Feb 1701 in Germany. He died after 1754 in York County, Pennsylvania ?. He married Anna Margaretha Attig in Germany. She was born on 24 Feb 1710 in Germany. She died after 1757 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

JOHAN STEPHAN3 ABEL (Johann Peter2, Johann Michael1) was born on 08 Feb 1701 in Germany. He died after 1754 in York County, Pennsylvania ?. He married Anna Margaretha Attig in Germany. She was born on 24 Feb 1710 in Germany. She died after 1757 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

Johan Stephan Abel and Anna Margaretha Attig had the following children:

 

                                         i.    JOHAN GEORGE4 ABEL was born in 1737 in Germany. He died on 30 Dec 1785 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Maria Catherine Boyer, daughter of First Nm. Unk.? Boyer and Mary Margaret Boyer (Nee ?) on 17 Jul 1765 in York County, Pennsylvania. She was born on 11 May 1734 in Germany. She died on 15 Oct 1829 in Easton, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania.

 

                                       ii.    JOHN ABEL.

 

                                      iii.    ANNA MARGARETHA ABEL was born before 1738 in Germany. She married Johann Nicholas Deh about 1754 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                      iv.    MARIA MARGARETHA ABEL. She married Balthasar Schonberger on 17 Aug 1756 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838).

 

                                       v.    CATHERINE ELISABETHA ABEL. She married John Melchior Loray on 25 Nov 1757 in Canadochly Church, Lower Windsor Twp., York Co., PA.

 

                                                        vi.      ANNA CHRISTINA ABEL was born after 1725. She died in 1791. She married Christopher Helzel on 24 Feb 1756 in Canadochly Church, Lower Windsor Twp.,

                                                      vii.      York Co., PA. He was born in 1729 in York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 26 Apr 1772 in Franklin, Ohio, USA.

 

                                                      viii.      ANNA BARBARA ABEL.

JOHAN GEORGE4 ABEL (Johan Stephan3, Johann Peter2, Johann Michael1) was born in 1737 in Germany. He died on 30 Dec 1785 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Maria Catherine Boyer, daughter of First Nm. Unk.? Boyer and Mary Margaret Boyer (Nee ?) on 17 Jul 1765 in York County, Pennsylvania. She was born on 11 May 1734 in Germany. She died on 15 Oct 1829 in Easton, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania.

 

Johan George Abel and Maria Catherine Boyer had the following children:

 

                                         i.    GEORGE5 ABEL was born on 16 Nov 1769 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 06 Mar 1828 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Anna Margaretta Jacobs, daughter of Philip Jacobs Sr. and Mary Gartner about 1788 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She was born on 17 Dec 1769 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 04 Apr 1852 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                       ii.    CATHERINE ABEL was born in 1772 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married Abraham Sharer before 1793 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He was born about 1770.

 

                                      iii.    PETER ABEL was born in 1774 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died in 1827 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married MARIA CATHERINE DELLINGER. She was born on 26 Mar 1770 in Hellam, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 30 Jun 1827 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                      iv.    MARY ABEL was born about 1775 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                       v.    ELIZABETH ABEL was born about 1777 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                      vi.    JOHAN STEPHAN ABEL was born on 28 Feb 1778 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                    vii.    NANCY ABEL was born about 1779 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                  viii.    ANNA MARGARETHA ABEL was born about 1780 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married FREDERICK PFAFF. He was born about 1778.

 

                                     ix.    REBECCA ABEL was born about 1781 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                       x.    JOHANNES ABEL was born on 14 Feb 1783 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died in 1815 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                       xi.    JACOB ABEL was born in 1785 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 11 Apr 1861 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, USA.

GEORGE5 ABEL (Johan George4, Johan Stephan3, Johann Peter2, Johann Michael1) was born on 16 Nov 1769 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 06 Mar 1828 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Anna Margaretta Jacobs, daughter of Philip Jacobs Sr. and Mary Gartner about 1788 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She was born on 17 Dec 1769 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 04 Apr 1852 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

George Abel and Anna Margaretta Jacobs had the following children:

 

                                     I.        HEINRICH6 ABEL was born on 26 Nov 1789 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                                   II.            JOHAN GEORGE ABEL was born on 28 Mar 1791 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838). He died in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Catherine Imschweiler, daughter of Peter Imschweiler and Catharine Schaffer in Christ Lutheran Church, York, (York Co.), Pennsylvania. She was born on 18 Oct 1790 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                  III.        CATHARINA ABEL was born on 27 May 1793 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 27 Apr 1874 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married Johann Heinrich Dellinger, son of Johannes "John" Dellinger and Maria Barbara Schaffer on 27 Oct 1812 in York, York Co., Pennsylvania, USA (Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church). He was born on 14 Jan 1793 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                 IV.        PETER ABEL was born on 05 Nov 1795 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838). He died on 21 Oct 1869 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Elisabeth Keller on 17 Sep 1820 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838). She was born on 19 Dec 1800 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 08 Jan 1881 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                   V.        SARA ABEL was born on 23 Feb 1798 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838). She died in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married Wilhelm Henry Rupp on 30 Oct 1817 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He was born on 01 Nov 1792 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 16 May 1858 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                 VI.        JOHANNES ABEL was born on 19 Sep 1800 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 15 Aug 1865 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married Maria Magdalena Keller in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She was born on Aug 1805 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 31 Jan 1891 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                               VII.        ELISABETH ABEL was born on 15 Apr 1803 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 07 Dec 1850 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married Johann George Lieberknecht, son of Johann Georg Lieberknecht and Catherine Elizabeth Keller on 18 Apr 1822 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He was born on 02 Nov 1797 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 08 Oct 1863 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                              VIII.        MARY ABEL was born on 29 Dec 1805 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838). She married Samuel Hamaker in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA (Lower Windsor Twp. est.1838). He was born in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                 IX.        JACOB ABEL was born on 03 Feb 1807 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married (1) NANCY SHARER on Sep 1832 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married (2) SARAH WALCK on 13 Dec 1827 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

                                    X.        ANNA MARIA ABEL was born on 27 Jan 1811 in Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

ELISABETH6 ABEL (George5, Johan George4, Johan Stephan3, Johann Peter2, Johann Michael1) was born on 15 Apr 1803 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 07 Dec 1850 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married Johann George Lieberknecht, son of Johann Georg Lieberknecht and Catherine Elizabeth Keller on 18 Apr 1822 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He was born on 02 Nov 1797 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 08 Oct 1863 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

Johann George Lieberknecht and Elisabeth Abel had the following children:

 

i.       JOHAN7 LIEBERKNECHT was born on 01 Feb 1823 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died in 1824 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He married ELIZA LIEBERKNECHT (NEE ?). She was born about 1826 in Pennsylvania, USA.

 

ii.      LYDIA LIEBERKNECHT was born on 27 Feb 1825 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died on 04 Jan 1899 in Lower Windsor, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She married Johan George Dellinger, son of Jacob Dellinger and Christina Schaffer about 1841 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He was born on 18 Aug 1797 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 25 Nov 1862 in Hellam, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

iii.    CASANDRIA LIEBERKNECHT was born on 14 Nov 1827 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died in 1828 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

iv.    GEORGE LIEBERKNECHT was born on 31 Jul 1830 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died in 1831 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

v.      MARY LIEBERKNECHT was born about 1831 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died in 1832 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

vi.    HENRY LIEBERKNECHT was born on 07 Apr 1833 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. He died on 05 Dec 1891 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

vii.  SARA LIEBERKNECHT was born on 16 Jul 1836 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died in 1837 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

 

viii. LEAH LIEBERKNECHT was born on 01 Sep 1839 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA. She died in 1840 in Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania, USA.

The WorldConnect Project is a set of tools, which allow users to upload, modify, link, and display their family trees as a means to share their genealogy with other researchers.

The WorldConnect Project continues to grow, as it now contains several hundred million records thus it offers researchers the single largest collection of family trees on the Internet.

Use this free genealogy site to help you get the best genealogy searches from Google™ by using your family tree, for your research. It will create a series of different searches using tips or "tricks"

that will likely improve your results. The different searches will give you many different ways of using Google and the Internet to find ancestry information about this or any other Surname. 

Source documents

 

The documents contained within this “Source Documents Archives” have been located during our research of this family, and used as evidence to prove many of the facts contained within the database of this family’s record.   We have source documents related to the following persons within our database with this surname.

·      Abel - 1776 Muster List

·      Abel - 1781 Muster Roll

·      Abel - John & Elizabeth, 1754 Passenger List

·      Elizabeth Abel - 1803 Baptism Record

·      George Abel - 1765 Land Warrant Application

·      George Abel - 1800 U.S. Census

·      George Abel - 1810 U.S. Census

·      George Abel - Rev. War Militia Records

·      Jacob Abel - 1840 U.S. Census

·      John Abel - 1810 U.S. Census

This Link will take you to our

archive of source documents.  

You are welcome to download any of the documents contained within this archive that does not cite a copyright.  Should you encounter a problem obtaining a copy you may get in touch with us via the contact information found at the end of this web-page.

     Most of these documents can be considered as primary or secondary evidence.  Primary evidence is usually defined as the best available to prove the fact in question, usually in an original document or record.  Secondary evidence is in essence all that evidence which is inferior in its origin to primary evidence. That does not mean secondary evidence is always in error, but there is a greater chance of error.  Examples of this type of evidence would be a copy of an original record, or oral testimony of a record’s contents.  Published genealogies and family histories are also secondary evidence.

     Classifying evidence as either primary or secondary does not tell anything about its accuracy or ultimate value.  This is especially true of secondary evidence.  Thus it is always a good idea to ask the following questions: (1) How far removed from the original is it, (when it is a copy)?; (2) What was the reason for the creation of the source which contains this evidence?; and (3) Who was responsible for creating this secondary evidence and what interest did they have in its accuracy?

SOURCE: Greenwood, Val D., The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 2nd edition, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 21202, 1990, pgs. 62-63

Migration routes

       Tracing our own family’s paths of migration can prove crucial in identifying previous generations and eventually, figuring out where and how they arrived in the “New World” as well as where they eventually settled.  Knowing the network of trails American pioneers traveled can help you guess where to start looking.  The trail map(s) provided below may assist you in understanding the routes that our direct ancestors of this family may have taken to find new homes and opportunities in the vast area now encompassed by the United States.

      During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries hundreds of thousands of Europeans made the perilous ocean voyage to America.  For many it was an escape from economic hardship and religious persecution.  For most it was an opportunity to start over, own their own land, and make a better future for their descendents.

Immigration records show a number of people bearing the name of ABEL, or one of its variants, as arriving in North America between the 17th and 20th centuries.  Some of these immigrants were: Archibald Abel settled in Philadelphia in 1813; Charles Abel settled in Philadelphia in 1854; Christopher Abel, age 36; settled in Philadelphia in 1820.

Use the following links to find more early immigrants with this surname:

$ Search Ancestry.com Immigration Records; or Free Ship’s Passenger lists at OliveTreeGenealogy.com

     Stephan (Steffan) Abel his wife Anna Margaretha Attig and family emigrated from southwestern Germany to the Province of Pennsylvania and arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1754.  They were among the great wave of German immigrants who came to America between 1727 and 1776.

      Soon after their arrival they would move west out of Philadelphia along the route known as the Philadelphia Wagon Road. This route would take them across the Susquehanna River  into York County, Pennsylvania.  Today this route follows U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania.  The road passed through the  towns  of  Lancaster and  York  in

click on image to enlarge

southeastern Pennsylvania on its way further west to Pittsburgh.   Eventually the Abel family would settle into the township of Windsor located in the eastern part of York County.   

The Development of an Historical Migration Route

It is understood that in many if not all cases we do not know exactly what routes our ancestors took as they migrated throughout the United States.   As such certain assumptions have been utilized to re-create the migration path presented above.  With regard to 18th and 19th century land routes we assume that they travelled along few trails and roads that were in existence at the time.  Research shows that a great many of these old paths and trails are today designated as U.S. Highway Routes.  For example, a major east-west route of migration known as the National Road is now U.S. Route 40, and a primary north-south migration route of the 18th century followed the Great Indian War and Trading Path is now U.S. Route 11.  In some situations the re-created migration route may travel along state routes that connect or run through the seat of a county as that populated place is probably the oldest settlement in the area. The use of water as a migration route is also likely.  For example, during the late 18th and early 19th centuries many families travelled west on the Ohio River as they moved on the new lands in Missouri or the Old Northwest Territory.  As such when applicable water routes have been included as the possible migration route.   

Images gallery

During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a particular family.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.

 

This Link will take you to our

collection of family photographs.  

Use the power of Google™ to find more interesting images about this topic. This button will link you to the Google Images Search   page.   Enter   the   topic   you   are

searching in the box and click “Search Images”. At the “Images” display page you will see the image, as well as the website of which it is associated.

Ancestral locations

 

Researching the locations where our ancestors lived has provided us with valuable evidence needed to fill in the gaps in our family trees.  It has also led us to many interesting facts that enhance the overall picture of each family group.

Locations of

Direct Ancestors

Locational Distribution

of  this Surname

Where In the World

are my Ancestors?

 

Locatiof Direct Ancestors

 

The names of states and counties on the following list were derived from the known places where the Direct Ancestors in the “Ancestral Lineage” (see above) were born, married, and / or died.

GERMANY

HESSEN

BERGSTRASSE: Nieder Liebersbach ?

UNITED STATES

PENNSYLVANIA

York County

 

 

 

Use this LINK to find out more about this

ancestral family and the locations listed above.

Locational distributionstors

Knowing the geographical areas where the surname you are researching is clustered and distributed is an indispensable tool in deciding where to focus your research.  We believe that the “Public Profiler” website will open up to you a wide range of solutions which implement current research in spatial analysis.  This site provides an array of local spatial information tools useful to the genealogist. 

The information presented herein shows where the ABEL surname is distributed within North America as well as in Germany, the probable country of origin of this family.      Statistics show that there are approximately 158 persons per million of population with this surname, within Germany, and 81 persons per million of population within the United States.  Canada is found to be the country in the world where this surname is the second most highly clustered having approximately 150 persons per million of population.  The top region in Germany where this surname is the most highly clustered is the Saarland with 569 persons per million, and Stuttgart, Baden Württemberg is the top German city where this surname is found.

NORTH AMERICA

GERMANY

click on thumbnail for larger image

Click on the LINK to the right to see more information about the World distribution of a surname.  You can get

greater detail for any of the following maps by clicking on the area, i.e state, county that you are interested in.

Wjere are my ancestors Ancestors

Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and  other  helpful    

resources that will assist in discovering Ancestral Locations.  These web sites comprise only a small portion of what is available for researchers interested in learning more about where their ancestors lived.

Origins of the surname

An Introduction

to the Surname

Source/Meaning

of the Surname

History of

the Surname

More About

Surnames

 

An Introduction to the Surname

     The practice of inherited family surnames began in England and France during the late part of the 11th century.   Surnames were first utilized in the Germanic region of central Europe during the second half of the 12th century.  The custom of taking on surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northward during the Middle Ages.  It took about three hundred years for this tradition to apply to most families and become a constant part of one’s identity.        With the passing of generations and the movement of families from place to place many of the original identifying names were altered into some of the versions that we are familiar with today.  Over the centuries, most of our European ancestors accepted their surname as an unchangeable part of their lives.  Thus people rarely changed their surname.  Variations of most surnames were usually the result of an involuntary act such as when a government official wrote a name phonetically or made an error in transcription.