Search billions of records on


This website best viewed with Internet Explorer Browser




Home (bscript) plain 135x60

Pennsylvania Militia
of York County

York Co

Back 2 (bcript) 135x60 plain

In Memoriam

History of the

York County Militia

Engagements and Encampments

Archive of Documents

Image Gallery

Information Websites



Patriot-BW invert right

In Memoriam

in memoriam


Patriot-BW invert

This web page is dedicated to the memory of my great- grandfathers who served the cause for liberty in the York County, Pennsylvania Militia.  


George Abel was born 1737 probably in that part of Germany that lies within the modern day state of Hesse.  He left Germany and came to America on the ship “John & Elizabeth” and arrived at Philadelphia on 7 Nov 1753.  By 1766 he had married Maria Catherine Boyer. Of this union eleven children were born between 1769 and 1785.  George eventually moved to York County, Pennsylvania sometime before 1769.  He was a patriot of the American Revolution having served in the Pennsylvania Militia; of York Co., 1st Battalion, Capt. Michael Kauffelt’s Company (1781).  George passed away at his farm in Windsor Township in 1785.


Johannes Arnold was born 1735 was a native of Erlangen, Bavaria, Gerrmany.  He arrived at Philadelphia on the ship "Two Brothers" on September 28, 1753.  After his arrival in the "New World" Johannes moved west into Lancaster County.  Here he married Elizabeth Ulrich on January26, 1761 at Trinity Lutheran Church in Lancaster. He and Elizabeth began a family and produced at least three known children between 1761 and 1770.   In 1771 Johannes Arnold, along with Nicholas and John Olerick, purchased a tract of 158 acres in Chanceford Township, York County, Pennsylvania called "Stoney Bottom."  John Arnold was a patriot of the American Revolution having served in the Pennsylvania Militia; 6th Battalion of York Co. Captain Thomas McNerry's Company (1777), as a Private soldier.


Jacob Dellinger was born in 1751 at Hellman Township, York County.  Around 1777 he married Christina Schaffer.   He and Christina had nine children whose baptisms are recorded in the registers of Canadochly Church.  Jacob was a patriot of the American Revolution having served in the Pennsylvania Militia, of York Co., 3rd Battalion Capt. Jacob Bieber’s 1st Company (1777); 1st Battalion, Capt. Michael Kauffelt’s Company (1781).  He spent his life as a farmer in York county, Pennsylvania.       Jacob died in 1824 at the age of 72 years.  He is buried in Canadochly Lutheran Church Cemetery, Lower Windsor Twp., York County, Pennsylvania.


Andrew Gilbert, son of Georg Martin Gilbert and Maria Dorothea Precht, was born 1728 at Hoffenheim, now located in the German state of Baden-Wurttemberg.   Andrew most likely immigrated to Pennsylvania around 1755.  He probably married after his arrival in Pennsylvania.  Andrew and his wife Magdalena had five known children between 1760 and 1776. 

     After coming to America Andrew moved on to Lancaster County and lived in Leacock Township from at least 1758 to 1768.  In 1767, Andrew purchased 123 acres of land in Windsor Township, York County, Pennsylvania and most likely moved there at that time.        During the American Revolution Andrew served as a Private in the Pennsylvania Militia, of York Co., 3rd Battalion Capt. Jacob Bieber’s 1st Company (1777).   Andrew Gilbert lived the remainder of his days in York County and left this earth sometime around 1817.  


Georg Ilges was born in 1745 at the town of Thaleischweiler, now located within the modern German state of Rheinland-Pfalz. In 1750 he came to America with his parents on the ship "St. Andrew".  The family arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 18 August 1750.   Soon after they moved west to Lancaster County.  It is believed that upon the death of his father, Paul, in 1761 George Ilges, then sixteen years old, removed from Lancaster County to York County.   Here he was apprenticed to Paul Trout of Windsor Township, to be taught the art of a “cordwainer

”, until he became twenty-one years of age.  George was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, serving seven years as a private in the Pennsylvania Militia, 6th Battalion of York Co. Captain Thomas McNerry's Company.  His rifle has been preserved by his descendents.  By 1780 George was married to his wife Anna Margaret and settled in Chanceford Township as a farmer.      George was an early member and a deacon of Stehli's (St. Luke's) Church.  He died at his farm in 1801 and is buried in the cemetery at St. Luke's Church.

Anthony Keller II, son of Anthony Keller I and Anna Maria Schatto, was born about 1744 in Tulpehocken Township, Berks Co., Pennsylvania.  In those days  the Tulpehocken area covered parts of Lancaster, Lebanon, and Berks counties.  Anthony married Maria Kohler around 1769. Together they had at least eight children of which six were daughters.   During the Revolutionary War Anthony served in the  Pennsylvania Militia; of York County in 1777 he was in the  3rd Battalion Capt. Jacob Bieber’s 1st Company (1777), in 1781 he was a member of the 1st Battalion, Capt. Michael Kauffelt’s Company (1781).    Anthony was an active member of the Canadochly Evangelical and Reformed Church.  During his lifetime the original church was formed in 1763 and the original building was opened in 1764 when he was 20 years old.  In 1801 he and Michael Kauffett represented the Lutherans on the committee to build a new church.       Anthony passed away in January 1817 at the age of about 73.  He is buried in the Canadochly Cemetery, Lower Windsor Township, York County.

Johann Friedrich Lieberknecht emigrated to America from the Palatinate area of Germany.  In 1761 he boarded the ship "Snow Squirrel", captained by John Benn, at Rotterdam. After a stop at Portsmouth, England the ship crossed the Atlantic ocean and arrived in the port of Philadelphia in October of that year. Frederick took an oath to the Government at the courthouse of in Philadelphia on October 21, 1761. Although he could not sign his name he did make his mark of a +.   By 1766 he had married and was living in York county, Pennsylvania.  Friederich is a patriot of the American Revolution having Pennsylvania Militia of York County, 3rd Battalion Capt. Jacob Bieber’s 1st Company (1777). His also appears along with his neighbors on the roster of  the Fifth Battalion of Associators.        Frederick and his wife Catharina produced at least five known offspring.  Frederick died in 1979 and is buried in the Canadochly Cemetery, Lower Windsor Township, York County, Pennsylvania.

arrow up lt blue 30x30

Regimental History

History of the York County Militia

         As early as December, 1774 a company of “minutemen” was formed in the town of York, the object of which was to make soldiers who would be well disciplined for battle in case the disaffection then existing toward England, should proceed to open hostilities.  The officers of this first company were James Smith, Captain; Thomas Hartley, First Lieutenant; David Green, Second Lieutenant; and Henry Miller, Ensign.  Each of these officers thus early on was attached to the cause of liberty.  Subsequently they would distinguish themselves in the history of our country.  The first was a signer of the Declaration of Independence; the second was a Colonel in the Revolution, and for eleven years a member of congress; and the third and fourth were each distinguished officers during the War for Independence.  

      At the outbreak of hostilities between the Crown and the colonies in 1775 the Pennsylvania Assembly opposed any form of mandatory military service. During this period, activist elements among York County’s population organized local volunteer "associations".  A second company was formed at York in February, 1775, the officers of which were Hartman Deustche, Captain; Mr. Grubb, 1st Lieutenant; Phillip Entlet, 2nd Lieutenant; and Luke Rause, Ensign.   

     On July 28th and 29th, 1775 a meeting of the Committee of Safety and officers of the militia companies of York County was conducted in York.  The committee and officers divided the county into five districts or divisions and formed five battalions.  The committee and officers then appointed judges and proceeded to vote by ballot for field officers to be commissioned.  James Smith was chosen as Colonel of the First Battalion along with Thomas Hartley, Esq., Lieutenant Colonel, and Joseph Donaldson and Michael Swopes Esq., were chosen as Majors.  Robert McPherson, Esq., was chosen as Colonel of the Second Battalion along with David Kennedy, Lt. Colonel, Moses McClean and Hugh Dunwoodie as Majors.  Field Officers of the Third Battalion were Richard McAllister, Esq., Colonel, Henry Slazel, Esq., Lt. Colonel, John Andrews and Joseph Jefferies were chosen as Majors.   The senior officers of the Fourth Battalion were William Smith Esq., Colonel, Francis Holton Lieutenant-Colonel, Jacob Gibson and John Finley were chosen as Majors.  William Rankin, Esq., was chosen as the Colonel in command of the Fifth Battalion, along with Matthew Dill, Esq., as Lieutenant Colonel, Robert Stephenson and Gerhard Graeff as Majors.

     In December, 1775, a third company was formed and was entitled, “The Independent Light Infantry Company belonging to the first battalion of York County.“   George Irwin was the Captain of this company; John Hay, 1st Lt.; William Baily, 2nd Lt.; Christop Lauman, Ensign; Paul Metzgar, Henry Walter, Jacob Gardner, and John Shultz were the Sergeants. The unit initially contained 122 private soldiers.  

     The fourth company was formed in the spring of 1776, and its officers were Michael Hahn, Captain; Baltzer Spengler, 1st Lt.; Micheal Billmeyer, 2nd Lt.; and George Michael Spengler, Ensign.  The fifth company was also formed during the spring of 1776.  Charles Lukens was named as Captain; Christian Stake, 1st Lt.; Cornelius Sheriff, 2nd Lt..  The Sixth Company was formed, at York, in May of the same year and was commanded by Captain Rudolph Spangler.           

     The York County Associators were originally volunteers.  In 1776 Congress recommended the organization of companies of militia.  Thus the association became a compulsory militia, divided into classes, and then drafted by the county Lieutenants.  Early in 1776 the York County was required to raise four companies for the forming of a regiment with Cumberland county.   Of this regiment William Irwine was its first Colonel.  These companies were enlisted for fifteen months and left the county at the end of March.  In 1777 this unit formed the 11th Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line.  In May 1776, a rifle company was formed and enlisted to serve fifteen months.  It marched from York County to Philadelphia where it was attached to Col. Miles Rifle Regiment.  The Captain of the company was William McPherson.   In July 1776 five battalions of militia marched from York County to New Jersey.  Six weeks later two battalions of the Flying Camp were formed from these units.  The first battalion was commanded by Col. Michael Swope, the second by Col. Richard McAllister. Each battalion consisted of eight companies.   Whereupon the remainder of this force returned home to York County. 

     As a result of the aforementioned action by Congress the York County Militia was organized into eight battalions, each with seven or eight companies.  The First Battalion was commanded by Col. James Thompson.  The company Captains were as follows: 1st Co., William Dodd; 2nd Co., Daniel Williams; 3rd Co., John Shaver; 4th Co., Daniel May; 5th Co., James Parkinson; 6th Co., Benjamin Heable; 7th Co., Francis Boner; 8th Co., John O’Blainess.  The Second Battalion was commanded by Colonel William Rankin.   The company Captains were: 1st Co., William Ashton;  2nd Co., John Rankin; 3rd Co., Simon Copenhaver; 4th Co., Jacob Hiar (Hyar); 5th Co., Emanuel Haman; 6th Co., John Masberger; 7th Co., William Walls; 8th Co., Yost Harbaugh.   The Third Battalion was commanded by Colonel David Jameson.  Captains of the companies were: 1st. Co., Jacob Beaver; 2nd Co., Gotfried Fry; 3rd Co., Peter Frote; 4th Co., Christ. Lauman;  5th Co., Alexander Liggett;  6th Co., George Long;  7th Co., Michael Halm.  The Fourth Battalion was Commanded by Colonel John Andrew.  Captains of the companies were: 1st Co. unknown;  2nd Co., John King;  3rd Co., William Gilland;  4th Co., Samuel Morrison;  5th Co., John McElvain;  6th Co., John Stockton;  7th Co., Samuel Erwin;  8th Co., Thomas Stockton.  The Fifth Battalion was commanded by Colonel Joseph Jefferies.   The company Captains were: 1st Co.,  John Maye;  2nd Co., Adam Black;  3rd Co., William McCleary;  4th Co., David Wilson;  5th Co., Joseph Morrison;  6th Co., William Miller;  7th Co., Thomas Orbi;  8th Co., John Paxton.   The Sixth Battalion was commanded by Colonel William Ross.  Captains of the companies were: 1st. Co., Capt. Laird; 2nd Co., Casper Reineka;  3rd Co., unknown;  4th Co., Frederick Hurtz;  5th Co., Peter Iekes;  6th Co., Leonard Zenew;  8th Co., Abraham Sell.   The Seventh Battalion was commanded by Colonel David Kennedy.   The company Captains were; 1st Co., Thomas Latta;  2nd Co., Thomas White;  3rd Co., John Miller;  4th Co., Peter Aldinger;  5th Co., John Arman;  6th Co., George Geiselman;  7th Co., Jacob Ament;  8th Co., John Sherer.  The Eighth Battalion was commanded by Henry Slagle.  The company Captain were: 1st Co., Nicholas Gelwix;  2nd Co., Joh Reed;  3rd Co., unknown;  4th Co., William Gray;  5th Co., unknown; 6th Co., John Reppey;  7th Co., Joseph Reed;  8th Co. Thomas McNery.   By April of 1778 the total of men in these battalions was 4,621. 

arrow up lt blue 30x30

Patriot Flag (Rev)


Campaigns and 

British Ensign (1777)





arrow up lt blue 30x30

Regimental Records (left)


Archive of 


The following is a listing of the documentation we’ve collected  regarding

the wartime record of this military unit, and the persons who served therein. 

·        1st Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1775-83)

·        2nd Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1775-84)

·        3rd Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1776-80)

·        4th Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1778-80)

·        5th Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1778-82)

·        6th Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1779-80)

·        7th Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1778-80)

·        8th Battalion, York Co., PA Militia (1778-80)

·        Battalions 1-9, York Co, PA Militia (1783-84)

·        Battalions Not Stated, York Co., PA Militia (1775-76)

·        Camp Security, York Co., Militia Records

·        Capt. Jacob Beiber's (Beaver) Company, 1776

·        Capt. Michael Kauffelt's Company, 1781

·        Capt. Thomas McNeery's, 8th Co., 6th Batt., (1777)

·        York Committee of Observation 1774 (Militia Officers 1776-80)

Click on this LINK to view our  entire

collection of documents for this military unit.

We welcome the submission of documentation pertaining to this 
 military unit, as well as the biographies of persons who served therein.

arrow up lt blue 30x30

Image Gallery

Image Gallery

During our research we have collected and images and photographs that may be of interest to the history of this military unit.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives and war experiences.

Camp Security 3

Artist’s rendering of Camp Security, York County, PA

Use this LINK to see the picture gallery

Military Image Galleries

 that pertains to this military unit.

If you have any photographs or other images relating to 
this topic, we would greatly appreciate hearing from you.

searching the web (Purple)

Free Image Search
help from Google

searching the web (Purple)

Use the power of Google™ to find more interesting images about this topic. A Click on this button will link you to the Google Images Search page. 

Google Image Search Search

Enter the topic you are searching in the box and click “Search Images”. At the “Images” display page you will see the image, as well as the website of which it is associated.

arrow up lt blue 30x30

WWW (tan left)



WWW (tan right)

This search engine may

provide you with additional

Google Search (yellow)

information to assist with

your research about this topic.

The following are links to websites that will provide you with

specific information to assist with your research this topic.

·         York County in the American Revolution

·         Historical Background of Pennsylvania Militia

·         List of Pennsylvania Militia Units

·         John Hays Collection 1775-1827 York Co. Militia

·         York Co. PA USGenWeb Archives Military Records

·         York County Associators

·         York Town Square: American Revolution Archives


Our Genealogy 
Reference Library

library_clipart1 right

Within our Genealogy Reference Library (U.S.A.) page where you will find U.S. military histories from the American Revolution to World War One at the following link.   If you are looking for the history of a specific state or local U.S. military unit take a look in the Genealogy Reference Library U.S.A. Locations pages.   In addition, we have general military reference texts as well as other books that will assist you with your research.

This Link will take you to our

Research Library - button 1

collections of military reference books.  

Free Records (Blue) lt orange

Our FREE Military
Records & Databases