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110th Infantry Regt.
28th Div., U.S. Army
World War One

 

The “Keystone” Division

 

 

In Memoriam

in memoriam

This webpage is dedicated to the memory of Sherman R. Silar, and the

men he served with in the 110th Infantry Regiment during World War One

At Philadelphia, on June 26, 1917 Sherman R. Silar, age 19, joined the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the  Pennsylvania National Guard as a Private in Company A.  Whereupon he was sent to join the company then headquartered at Johnstown, Pennsylvania.  During the next six weeks he participated in patrolling bridges and tunnels on the Pennsylvania Railroad Line in that part of the State.   On August 14th the Regiment was relieved of duty and arrived back in Philadelphia on August 15th.  Here they went into camp near 69th & Market Streets at a site called Camp A. Merritt Taylor, remaining there until September 12th, 1917.  

The 3rd Infantry Regiment arrived at Camp Hancock, near Augusta Georgia, on September 15th.   While at Camp Hancock the Sherman was transferred into the Supply Company.  He remained in this unit for the duration of the War.  Over the next several months Sherman trained for the upcoming warfare.  He made the sea voyage to France as a member of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF).   Sherman  along with his fellow soldiers entered the battle lines in July, 1918.  In September he was wounded, and on March 5, 1919 Sherman was honorably discharged from this service to his country.

UNIT HISTORY

Unit History

 

PRE- WORLD WAR ONE (1879-1917)

3rd Regiment Pennsylvania National  Guard

    The 3rd Regiment was organized in 1879 by the consolidation of the Washington Grays Battalion and the Weccacoe Legion Battalion.  Sylvester Bonnaffon, Jr., who commanded the Washington Grays, a veteran of the Civil War, entering as a private in 1861 and mustered out as Brevet Lieutenant Colonel in 1865, was the first Colonel and John P. Denney of the Weccacoe Legion, Lieutenant Colonel.  They held office ten years.  Nearly all officers were veterans of the Civil War but companies were scattered in halls in various parts of the Philadelphia.  Shortly after organization the Washington Grays withdrew, so that much time was required to perfect the organization.  The first armory, located at 12th and Reed Streets, was completed in 1882.  This was found too small thus a second armory was built on South Broad Street above Wharton, and occupied in 1888.

     In 1892, under the command of Lieut. Colonel Thomas H. Maginniss, the Regiment took part in quelling the riots created by the  Homestead Strike.

     In 1895, Robert Ralston was elected fourth Colonel.  Under his command this military unit entered the Spanish-American War as the 3rd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry.  During this war the 3rd Pennsylvania was stationed at various locations in Georgia, Florida, and Alabama.  The organization was mustered out of service on October 22, 1898. 

     In 1901 the Regiment, under the command of William G. Price, Jr., took part in quelling the industrial troubles in the Pennsylvania coal fields that would lead to the Coal Strike of 1902.  During his command the armory in Philadelphia was rebuilt and enlarged in 1904. 

     Charles T. Creswell became the eighth Colonel in 1915.  He commanded the Regiment when it assembled at Mount Gretna for muster into service for duty in the Mexican Border Expedition.  In July 1916, George F. Kemp was appointed ninth Colonel, commanding the Regiment on the Mexican Border.

 

 

WORLD WAR ONE (1917-1919)

110th Infantry Regiment, 28th Division

     With the onset of America’s involvement on World War One several of Pennsylvania's National Guard (P.N.
G) Divisions were ordered to active duty. 
     The 3rd Pennsylvania Infantry enter the United States service in the First World War on March 28th, 1917.  It was then assign the duty of safeguarding the bridges, tunnels and canal locks west of the Susquehanna River. 
By September, 1917 the unit had arrived at Camp Hancock in Georgia for training.     On September 22, 1917, Division Orders No. 14 were issued reorganizing the 7th Division into the 28th Division.  On October 11, 1917 the 3rd P.N.G became one of the base regiments of the 28th Division, designated as the 110th Infantry Regiment.  

     Following training at Camp Hancock, the 110th sailed for Europe as part of the 28th Division, and arrived in France on May 18, 1918.  In Europe the Regiment was assigned to the British Northumberland Fusiliers for additional training.  It was first committed to battle on July 14.  Soldiers of the Division participated in the following  major campaigns of World War I:

     Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, Oise-Aisne,

 Meuse-Argonne, Champagne 1918, Lorraine 1918.   During those campaigns, over 14,000 battle casualties were suffered by the 28th Division. Its fierce combat abilities earned it the title "Iron Division" from General of the Armies John J. Pershing.
The cost of these six campaigns to the 110th Infantry Regiment was 4,183 casualties including 760 dead. The Six-Fleur-de-lis on the Regimental insignia commemorates World War I service. 

     The various Division Commanders during World War I were:  Maj. Gen. C. M. Clement (17 July 1917), Brig. Gen. W. G. Price, Jr. (18 September 1917), Brig. Gen. F. W. Stilwell (28 October 1917), Maj. Gen. C. M. Clement (4 December 1917), Brig. Gen. F. W. Stilwell (11 December 1917), Maj. Gen. C. H. Muir (15 December 1917), Brig. Gen. F. H. Albright (23 October 1918), Maj. Gen. William H. Hay (25 October 1918).
     
The Division remained in France and Germany for five months following the Armistice, but by late May 1919 the men of the 28th had returned to the United States. Upon arrival in Pennsylvania and a triumphant homecoming parade in Philadelphia on May 15, 1919 the Division was placed on an inactive list.

 

Unit Ribbons and Medals

Unit Ribbons and Medals

 

World War I VICTORY Medal & Ribbon

W W I OCCUPATION Medal & Ribbon

Awarded to any member of the U.S. military serving in the armed forces between the following dates in the following locations: April 6, 1917 to November 11, 1918 for any military service; November 12, 1918, to August 5, 1919 for service in European Russia; November 23, 1918, to April 1, 1920 for service with the American Expeditionary Force Siberia.

 

Awarded to any service member who performed occupation garrison duty in either Germany, or the former Austria-Hungary, between the dates of November 12, 1918 and July 11, 1923.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS

By direction of the President, under the provisions of the Act of Congress approved July 9, 1918, the Distinguished Service Cross, (D.S.C), was awarded by the commanding General, American Expeditionary Forces, for extraordinary heroism in France, to the following named officers and enlisted men of the 110th Infantry Regiment :

·       = see more about this person at our “Image Gallery

* = died of battle wounds

ANDERSON, Thomas B.,  Major, Latrobe, PA

BELKO, John G.,  (1239395), PFC, Co. A, Braddock, PA

BOYLE, John E.,  Captain, Machine Gun Co., Beaver Falls, PA

CASSIDY, Eugene B.,  (1241866), Sergeant, Co. M, Pittsburgh, PA

DEAN, John J.  (1240919), Sergeant, Co. H, Philadelphia, PA

FERGUSON, Joseph S.,  1st Lieutenant, Co. H, Philadelphia, PA

FIORENTINO, Anthony,  (1241719) Pvt., Co. L, Rankin, PA

GARCIA, Amado,  (1626968), PFC, Co. K, Santa Fe, NM

HACKER, Henry E., (377831), Private, Co. A, Bronx, NY

HENDLER, Ullman C.,  Captain, Co. K, Mt. Airy, PA

JEFFERY, Robert F., Corporal, HQ Co., Sagmoore, PA

JONES, Daniel L.,   (1238908), Sergeant, HQ Co., Latrobe, PA  

KENNEDY, John J.,  Captain, Scottdale, PA

KING, Henry M.,  2nd Lieutenant, Greensburg, PA

LIGHTNER, Blake, 2nd Lieutenant, Altoona, PA

LONG, Frank S.,  1st Lieutenant, New York, NY

LYNCH, Andrew B.,  Sergeant, HQ Co., Philadelphia, PA

MARTIN, Edward,  Lt. Colonel, Waynesburg, PA

MARTINEZ, Lauriano, (1626989), Pvt., Co. K,

MARTZ, Alvey C.,  (1239863), Sergeant, Co. C, Glencoe, PA

MCLAIN, Charles L., Captain, Indiana, PA

OGDEN, George, (1241102), Corporal, Co. H, Philadelphia, PA

RATKOVICH, Peter, (1633640), Pvt., Co., C, Amador City, CA

REACH, Harry B.,  (1241545), Pvt., Co. K, Carneys Point, NJ

ROWAN, Charles R.,  1st Lieutenant, Altoona, PA

RUDOLPH, Ernest E., (1630524), Corporal, Co. C

STACKPOLE, E.J.  JR., Captain, Harrisburg, PA

THOMPSON, Joseph H.,  Lt. Colonel, Beaver Falls, PA

TINSLEY, William S., (2216380), Pvt., Co. I, Britton, OK

ZOBNOWSKI, Walter P.,  (1239819), PFC, Co. M, Philadelphia, PA

The Distinguished Service Cross is a U.S. Army decoration awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. Actions which merit the Distinguished Service Cross must be of such a high degree to be above those required for all other U.S. combat decorations but not meeting the criteria for the Medal of Honor. The Distinguished Service Cross is equivalent to the Navy Cross (Navy and Marine Corps) and the Air Force Cross (Air Force). The Distinguished Service Cross was first awarded during World War I. This decoration should not be confused with the Distinguished Service Medal, which recognizes meritorious service to the government of the United States (as a senior military officer or government official) rather than individual acts of bravery (as a member of the United States Army).

 

 

War Diary 1918-1919

War Diary
 1918 - 1919

ON THE ROAD TO FRANCE

(April 24 – July 3, 1918)

SECOND LINE TRENCHES

(July 4 – 14, 1918)

CHAMPAGNE-MARNE OFFENSIVE

 (July 15-17, 1918)

AISNE-MARNE OFFENSIVE

(July 18 – August 6, 1918)

FISMES SECTOR

 (August 7-17, 1918)

OISE-AISNE OFFENSIVE

Aug. 18 – Sept. 9, 1918)

MOVING AND REORGANIZING

(September 10-19, 1918)

NEUVILLY SECTOR

(September 20-25, 1918)

MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE

 (September 26 – October 9)

MOVEMENT AND REORGANIZATION

(October 10-19, 1918)

THIAUCOURT SECTOR

(Oct. 20 to Nov. 11, 1918)

OCCUPATION DUTY

 (Nov. 12, 1918 to Apr. 29, 1919)

 

RETURNING HOME TO THE U.S.A.

(April 30 to May 23, 1919)

 

 

ON THE ROAD TO FRANCE

(April 24 – July 3, 1918)

The former 3rd Regiment, now a part of the 110th Infantry Regiment, left Camp Hancock on April 24, 1918 by rail to Hoboken, New Jersey where on May 2nd it embarked on four ships bound for Europe.  Fourteen days later Sherman and the other soldiers arrived in England.  After a short rail trip across England the troops arrived at Dover where the embarked for Calais, France.  On May 21st the regiment began it’s movement towards the French interior arriving at Lumbres.  By June 11th the Regiment was at Hesdin Woods, encamped together for the first time since its arrival at Calais.  They remained in this location, training under the supervision of the French until June 24th, when again they moved in the direction of the “fighting front”.  On June 30th, the Regiment moved by marching to Artonges and Bois Milan.  At this point they were within shell-fire of the “front” and frequently witnessed fights between airplanes.  At 1:50 o’clock on the morning of July 4, 1918 orders were received to immediately place the Regiment in the trenches on the second line position.

 

SECOND LINE TRENCHES

 (July 4 – 14, 1918)

The 110th entered the trenches on July 4th because it was feared the Germans would start a new drive for Paris, as it was their custom to initiate offensive operations on some great national holiday.  At about daybreak on July 4th the men of the 110th were extended in long skirmish lines over the hills and across the broad valleys near Conde-en-Brie.  There was considerable shelling during this period.  The first casualty occurred on July 10th when William Gray, a  Private of Company K,  was wounded while observing with the French. 

 

CHAMPAGNE-MARNE OFFENSIVE

(July 15 - 17, 1918)

The general situation of the 110th remained unchanged until July 14th.  In France the 14th is “Bastille Day”, and the Germans evidently expected the French and there allies to be celebrating this great patriotic holiday.   The last great attack ever made by the Germans in World War I began just before midnight.  For hours the terrible artillery contest thundered along the sixty-nine mile front.  The enemy sent over many gas shells which required the wearing of masks for a long period.   While other units of the 110th remained in the support lines Companies B and C participated in resisting the German attack at the Marne River.   They and the French had an excellent defensive position but the French troops dropped back, which left the American flanks completely uncovered.   The men fought with great bravery and during the great battle almost 200 men were either, killed, wounded or captured.  Ultimately they held on until the hard pressed French could re-organize.   Most importantly the troops demonstrated to the French that the famous Prussian Guard could be defeated by the American Infantry.   Officers and men of the 110th acted nobly and an examination of the woods after the battle displayed the furious defense they had waged.  Records later captured, showed the great confidence the Germans had in the advance, and how the American units which stood like their own “Rocky Mountains”, completely destroyed these plans.

 

AISNE-MARNE OFFENSIVE

(July 18 – August 6, 1918)

     On July 23rd the 110th Regiment departed from Conde en Brie and proceeded via marching 8.5 miles to Essises.  During the next several days they marched 43 miles eventually arriving Foret de Fere Woods on July 27th.  Here, on July 28th, the Regiment relieved the 156th French Infantry entrenched at the front line.  They then crossed  the Ourcq River and established a line 200 yards north of and parallel to the Ourcq River.   Here they experience heavy artillery fire on both sides.   The Regimental Command post at Fresnes was blown up by high explosive enemy shells.  During this time 20  men were killed, 92 wounded, and 10 missing. 

     The 110th attacked the enemy at 4 AM on the morning of July 29th but were unable to hold positions due to enfilading machine gun fire from the enemy.   By 9 AM they had retired to their old positions north of the Ourcq River.  The casualties experienced in this encounter 88 killed 258 wounded and 7 missing. 

     On July 30th , after light artillery preparation, the Regiment once more attacked the enemy.   Again they were stopped by the massive machine gun fire poured on them.   Later in the day the 110th  received support from the 127th U. S. Artillery.   After 20  minutes of heavy shellfire on the objective the infantry advanced under creeping barrage of 50 meters every two minutes.  They reached their objective at 3:00 PM advancing to a position 700 yards south of Ciergy, France.  The Regimental command post at Courmont was blown up by enemy shells.  Total casualties from this action included 92  k iilled, 530 wounded, and 22 missing.

    On July 31st the 110th was relieved from the front line and marched to bivouac in the woods southwest of LaCharmel.   In spit of the terrible casualties suffered during the previous days the morale and fighting spirit of the men remained excellent and the discipline of the troops was very good.   On August 2nd the Regiment departed  this encampment and over the next several days

proceeded via marching to a new bivouac near Dravengy.

 

FISMES SECTOR

(August 7-17, 1918)

     On August 12 the 3rd battalion and Headquarters’ Company moved from Dravegny via marching to Le-Fund-de-Glorette.  The rest of the Regiment moved from the vicinity of Dravegny to a front line position in the vicinity of Courville, France, south of the Vesle River, relieving the 133rd Regiment and one company from the 152nd Regiment, both of the 164th French Division.  Relief of the 164th France Division was completed at 4:05 AM on August 13th. 

     On August 16th Companies A,B, and C, by a series of raids attempted to establish outposts along railroad near the  Vesle River.  Patrols on the extreme left and right were able to reach their objectives and establish there.  The other patrols were obliged to retire to their original positions.  During operations in the Fismes Sector 10 men were killed and 120 were wounded.

 

OISE-AISNE OFFENSIVE

(Aug. 18 – Sept. 9, 1918)

     On August 18th the 3rd Battalion relieved the 1st Battalion in the front line.   On August 23 a raid on the enemy lines was made and four prisoners were captured with out any casualties to U.S. soldiers. 

     At 2:30 AM on August 26th coincidental with 40 minutes of artillery fire preparation, Companies I, L and M attacked in three waves on their respective fronts with a railroad as their final objective, and intending to put combat troops between the railroad and the Vesle river.  The final objective was reached at 3:50 AM.  Company M sent one patrol to the river at 7:35 AM.  Eventually all three companies were forced to withdraw to their original positions because of enfilade machine gun and artillery fire on their flanks.  During this time Companies E and F started relief of Companies L and M in the front line.  During this day the 110th would suffer 13 killed, 35 wounded and 7 missing. 

     On August 27 Companies G and H started relief of Companies I and K.   On August 29th four patrols were sent out, under cover of artillery fire, to take up positions along the railroad.  Only one patrol reached this objective.  This effort cost one killed, 11 wounded and 3 missing. 

     On the last day of August, 1918 the 2nd Battalion occupied the front line near Courville, France.  During this time the back areas as well as the front line was being heavily shelled on a daily basis by enemy artillery. Mustard and sneezing gases were also employed by the enemy on the 110th Infantry Regiment. 

       On September 2nd the 2nd Battalion, Trench Mortar and Machine Gun Companies were relieved at the front line by similar units of the 109th Infantry.   Later in this day the 109th Infantry relieved the remaining companies located at the front line.  Relief of the remainder of the Regiment was completed at 2:15 AM on September 3rd.  At this time the 1st Battalion and Special units were located in the woods west of Abbey-d”Igny.

     On September 4th the 2nd Battalion marched to Villette, France, crossed the Vesle river and west into a position north of Baslieux, France.  The 1st and 3rd battalions eventually moved into the same position later on in this day.  On September 5th the 3rd Battalion crossed the Vesle river and took up positions in an old trench system 1,500 meters north of Baslieux.  

     On September 6th the 1st Battalion attacked at 8:00 AM.  Company D reached the railroad located on the left flank but later retired to the line formed by the 3rd Battalion.  Early the next day the 3rd Battalion attacked and advanced 800 yards to the railroad, but later returned to its former position.  Regimental Commander Colonel Tompkins was evacuated to a hospital due to temporary blindness caused by mustard gas.  

     On September 8th the 110th Regiment was relived at the front lines by 338th French Infantry Regiment, whereby the 110th moved to Arcis-les-Ponsart, France.   Flowing this the Regiment moved by trucks to the vicinity of Abbey-d’Igny.  After passing through bath and delouser the troops went into bivouac east of Maison-Forsestiers.  Lieutenant Colonel Edward Martin assumed command of the regiment after having been in command of the 109th  Infantry since September 6th. 

 

MOVING AND REORGANIZING

(September 10-19, 1918)

On September 10th the Regiment decamped from their bivouac east of Maison-Forestiers to Oeuilly, France. The next day they marched to a point near Bourslaus where they boarded buses.  By September 12th the movement to the newly assigned  rest area was complete.  The Regimental headquarters was located at Bussy-la-Cote’, France.  On the 16th  and 17th the Regiment marched to a new location  at Forest DeLaverts.  On the 19th they marched from Forest DeLaverts to the front lines where the 1st Battalion relieved the 367th French Infantry Regiment located north of Neuvilly.  The remainder of the Regiment arrived at bivouac in the woods north of Les Islettes, France.  Later in the day this group marched southwest to a location near Locheres, France.  

 

NEUVILLY SECTOR

 (September 20-25, 1918)

On September 20th the Regiment, less the 1st battalion, began movement to a new bivouac northwest of Locheres, France.  This movement was completed on September 25th.  Later on this day the Regiment moved by battalions to  “jump off” positions on the right bank of the Aire River. Company I on left bank of river as liaison group with 35th U.S. Division.  Regiment Echeloned in order: 1st Battalion, 2nd Battalion, and 3rd Battalion,  Regimental P.C. at Abancourt, France. During these six day two men were killed, and 10 wounded.

 

MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE

(September 26 – October 9)

     On September 26th all units were in position by 1:30 AM.  The artillery barrage on the enemy started at 3:30 AM.  The 110th advance from their positions at 5:30 AM.  By 10: AM they had taken Pte. Bourenilles and Bouerilles, France.  The town of Varennes was taken by 11:30 AM.  All objectives assigned to the Corps were reached by 2:00 PM with the 1st Battalion positioned in the front line on a plateau 1.5 km north of Varennes. 

     The next morning the 1st Battalion again went on the offensive, and Montblainville was taken.  Following this the 1st and 2nd Battalions repulsed a German counter-attack at 11:30 AM.  By the end of this day the front line was 300 yards north of Montblainville. 

     On the 28th the 3rd Battalion advanced through other Battalions and attacked at 6:30 AM.  They advanced to about one kilometer south of  Apremont, France.  The three battalions of the 110th Infantry then attacked Apremont and took the town and established a line 1,00 meters to the north. 

     At 7:00 PM on the 29th the 3rd Battalion went forward to relive the front line and repulsed a German counter attack at 7:30 PM.  Six soldiers were killed, and 48 wounded during the considerable fighting along the front lines of the 110th Infantry, on September 30th.  

     On October 1st the 3rd Battalion lead an attack on the enemy.  The enemy counter attacked in large numbers after a heavy barrage by artillery at 5:45 AM.  They were repulsed with very heavy losses.  Whereupon the 109th Infantry relieved the battle weary troops of the 110th  on the front line and support areas.   Thus the 110th went into a reserve status south of Apremont, France.

    There was heavy fight all day of October 4th the after the Regiment forded a river at Apremont and attacked in a northerly direction between the Fleville-Baulny Road on the east and the Aire River on the west.  This fighting continued into the next day.  

     On October 7th,, after crossing the Aire River at La Forge during the night, the Regiment lead by the 3rd Battalion attacked at 5:30 AM.  After sharp fighting and light casualties they took and occupied Chatel Chehery, France.

    On Ocober 9th the 28th Division was relieved by the 82nd U.S. Division.  Whereby the Regiment marched by battalions via Montblainville to Camp de Bouzon.  During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive the 110th Infantry Regiment suffered 168 men killed, 977 wounded and 130 missing in action.

 

MOVEMENT AND REORGANIZATION

(October 10-19, 1918)

     On October 10th the Regiment marched from Camp de Bbouzon, France to Neuvilly, France and boarded buses for carriage to a new area.  By 4:00 PM on the next day the movement was completed.  The Regimental P.C. and 3rd Battalion  located at Avrainjville.  Other units of the 110th were encamped as follows:  1st Battalion at Sanzey, 2nd Battalion at Fme de St. Charles, Machine Gun Company and Headquarters’ Company at Bois de Ladney, France. 

     On October 12th  the Machine Gun Company and Headquarters’ Company moved to Menil lat Tour.  Several other companies moved to Royaumiex.  Colonel Blanton Winship assumed command of the Regiment on October 14th.  

On October 17th the Regiment marched to a new billeting areas.  The Regimental P.C., 3rd Battalion ans Supply Company were  now at Mandres, France.  1st Battalion at Beuamont, 2nd Battalion at Rambucourt, Machine Gun Company and Headquarters’ Company at Seicheprey, France.

 

THIAUCOURT SECTOR

(Oct. 20 to Nov. 11, 1918)

     On October 27th Headquarters Company and the 3rd Battalion boarded buses and proceeded to Heudicourt, France from which point they marched northward and relieved French units in line of resistance northeast of Vigneulies.  The next day Headquarters Company and the 3rd Battalion marched to a position of reserve at Bois de Creue, France, and relieved units of the 39th French Division.  The remainder of the Regiment proceeded to Heudicourt via marching to a position in the front line. 

     On the 29th the 2nd Battalion completed a relief of the 146th French Infantry at the front line northeast of Bois de Chaufour. At this time the 1st Battalion completed its relief of the 153rd French Infantry on the front line northeast of Vigneulies, France.  By November 1st the Regiment still remained at the front line in the vicinity of Etang de Lauchaussee with the 1st Battalion located northeast of Vigneulies, 2nd Battalion northeast of Bois de Chaufour, and the 3rd Battalion in support at Bois de Creue. 

     On November 4th a combat patrol consisting of three platoons from the 2nd Battalion advanced northward through Bois de Haudronville Bas to ascertain whether or not the enemy had withdrawn.  As the enemy was still entrenched in this area a permanent line of observation was established along the northern edge of the woods.  A party consisting of four officers and 90 men from the 3rd Battalion raided Bois des Cerfs on November 9th.  The group having lost two officers and thirty-nine enlisted men killed, wounded, or missing, returned with two prisoners.  The next day the 3rd Battalion marched from Bois de Creue to Bois de Haudronville Bas.

     On November 11th the 3rd Battalion marched from Bois de Haudronville Bas to Bois de la Grande Souche where they remained as a Brigade reserve unit.  The 2nd Battalion in support of one battalion of the 109th Infantry at Bois de la Grande Souche moved forward at dawn to attack the enemy line northeast of Haumont, France.  Word was received at 8:48 A.M. over telephone that Armistice had been signed and that hostilities would cease after 11:00 A.M.  As such the advance ceased and the troops dug in where they were.  The 3rd Battalion marched from Bois de la Grande Souche to Bois de Creue arriving there at 5:00 P.M.  All troops resumed positions which they had occupied prior to November 10, 1918.

 

OCCUPATION DUTY

(Nov. 12, 1918 to April 29, 1919)

     From November 16th to December 10th, the time was spent in policing, inspections, and maneuvers, when the Regiment started to move northward to take over a large area in the vicinity of Briey.  This area was filled with abandoned supplies, ammunition dumps, pioneer parks, camps, etc. of the German Army in its operation on the Verdun Front.  During this time the regiment was assigned to make inventories of all this material and to guard same. 

     On December 19th the area for which the Regiment was responsible was increased to include part of Lorraine on the east, Fort Douamont, near Verdun, on the west, Puxiex in the north and Audun-C-Roman in the south.

     By January 19, 1919 the Regiment was relieved of this duty and moved to the Colombey-Les-Belle area.  March 17th the 110th started to leave for the Le Mans area and left that point for St. Nazaire on April 17th.  From St. Nazaire the soldiers sailed to the United States beginning on April 29, 1919.

 

RETURNING HOME TO THE U.S.A.

(April 30 to May 23, 1919)

     Regimental Headquarters, first Battalion, Machine Gun and Supply Companies, and a part of Company E arrived in Philadelphia at 8 o’clock on the evening of May 11th, and immediately debarked and entrained for Camp Dix.  The balance of the Regiment, less a part of Company M, arrived the following day.  The ships were met by tugs carrying the friends of the Regiment.  All along the Delaware River, factory whistles shrilled a welcome to the returning Keystone soldiers.

     The Regiment left Camp Dix May 14th to take part in the great Welcome Home Parade in Philadelphia.  The parade, which was the last appearance of the 28th Division, took place in the city of Brotherly Love, on May 15, 1919.  It was the most pretentious Home Coming Celebration ever accorded to Pennsylvania soldiers.  It was estimated that two million people viewed the parade as it passed over the streets of Philadelphia.  In the afternoon the 110th returned to Camp Dix, where it was met with an order detaching it from the 28th Division and the process of mustering out was started.  The officers and men were transferred to various units for muster out purposes, and soon all were on their way to their respective homes to again take up their place in civilian life.

Legacy Notes

Legacy Notes

 

Most of us live our lives without giving much thought to whether we will be remembered by future generations let alone how we will be remembered.  Below are some examples of how various members of the 110th Infantry Regiment are remembered today by their family, community, and life associates.    

 BONSALL, William S. -  Sgt. Company C 3rd NGP; 2nd Lt. July 1, 1918; 1st Lieutenant August 18, 1918; Killed Sept. 27, 1917;

Buried in orchard to left of road running north of Varnnes and skirting hills on left of Aire River. Map Forest D’Argonne – Scale 1:20,000 – Co-ord. 02.5 – 73.9, by Chaplain E. Tetreau, 109th Infantry; Statement given by Sgt. Ernest Rascoe, Co. C, 110th Infantry., “I saw Lt. Bonsal hit in the left leg by a snipers bullet.  He fell to the ground and called ‘Help me Rascoe’.  As I started to lift him up he was hit again in the lower abdomen by same sniper.  I gave him first aid and went to Varennjes for a litter.  I returned and found Lt. Bonsal still living but he died on the way to the first aid station.  This was on the 27th of September, 1918.  He was buried on the road to Montblainville.” Mrs. William S. Bonsal, Woodbury, N.J. (EDITOR’S NOTE: The legacy of William S. Bonsal lives on with the Bonsal Blues Bands an organization supported by American Legion Post 133 in Woodbury, New Jersey.)

 

 BURMISTER, Clarence A.– Cpl., Company C; Sick in Hospital October 13, 1918; returned to duty January 24, 1919;

Discharged May 23, 1919; Received a Division Citation, General Orders No.14, paragraph 1 On September 29, 1918, near Apremont, France, Corporal Clarence Burmister, No. 1630442, Company C. 110th Infantry, knocked unconscious by a machine gun bullet which grazed his scalp during an enemy counter-attack, upon recovering consciousness went forward under heavy machine gun and artillery fire and carried a wounded comrade to a place of safety.  His conduct exemplified great courage and disregard for personal safety. Issued at Camp Dix, NJ, May 16, 1919.; home at Needles, California. (EDITOR’S NOTE: The legacy of Clarence A. Burmister is described by the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration’s Coast and Geodetic Survey “Profiles in Time” at http://www.history.noaa.gov/cgsbios/bioc12.html.)

 

 FLINN, Harry J. - 2nd Lieutenant, July 1, 1918; assigned Company A, September 12, 1918;

Wounded September 27, 1918;  In Base Hospital Number 26, September 30, 1918; 211 Duffield Street, Brooklyn, NY. (EDITOR’S NOTE: The legacy of Lt Harry J. Flinn lives on through two stirring tributes to his war experiences entitled “Lt. Flinn”, and “I Am No Hero”, as written by his grandson F.X. Flinn).

* = see more about this person at ourDocuments Archive

Battalion Records

Archive of 
Documents

The following is a listing of the documentation we’ve collected  regarding

the wartime record of this military unit, and the persons who served therein.

·      Roster (Partial) of Supply Co., (1917-1919)

·      List of Officers Names and Service Records

·      28th Div. Operations on Ourco River, July, 1918

·      Facts about the 28th Division

·      Joseph H. Thompson (Medal of Honor)

·      Official Order designating 28th as Keystone Div.

·      The Iron Division

·    Charles A. Dille – Service Record and Photo

·    Harry W. Riddlebaugh – Service Record and Photo

·    Harry W. Riddlebaugh – Draft Register & Grave Stone

·    Clarence A. Burmister (biography)

·    I am no hero - by F.X. Flinn

·    Lt. Flinn - a poem by F. X. Flinn

Click on this LINK to view our  entire

collection of documents for this military unit.

Use the following LINKS to access  documentation of this regiment as published in the

History of the 110th Infantry (10th Pa.) of the 28th Division, U. S. A., 1917-1919

·        Dedication v

·        Gen. Muir's Letter vi

·        Preface vii

·        Table of Contents xiii

·        Officers at Pike Run, June 30, '17 xiv

·        Officers at Pike Run, June 28, '19 xv

·        General Map of France xvi

·        History of 10th Inft. X.G.P 1

·        History of 3rd Inft. N. G. P 26

·        History of 110th Inft. IT. S. A 31

·        Prison Experience 127

·        Gen. Pershing's Letter 138

·        Gen. Muir's Address at Waynesburg, Pa 139

·        Our Heroic Dead 141

·        Commendatory Orders 145

·        Orders Awarding Medals 151

·        Citation Orders 153

·        List of Officers 160

·        Abbreviated War Diary 164

·        Casualty Tables 169

·        Individual Records 171

·        Officers 172

·        Enlisted Men 180  

We welcome the submission of documentation pertaining to this 
 military unit, as well as the biographies of persons who served therein.

Image Gallery

Image Gallery

During our research we have collected and images and photographs that may be of interest to the history of this military unit.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives and war experiences.

110th Infantry Regiment  returns to the USA, May 1919

Use this LINK to see the picture gallery

 that pertains to this military unit.

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Website
Resources

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information to assist with

your research about this topic.

·       28th Infantry Division (Mechanized)

·      28th Infantry Division (USA) - Wikipedia

·      28th Division Shrine

·      28th division History (World War 1)

·      NOAA History, C&GS Biographies, Clarence Burmister

·      The 110th Infantry in the World War,  by Francis Earle Lutz

·      History of the 110th Infantry (10th Pa.) of the 28th Division, U. S. A., 1917-1919 – Google Books

·      Frank Savicki: First Doughboy POW to Escape

·      1st Battalion, 110th Infantry Regiment (Mechanized)

·      110th Regiment History 

·      Company B, 28th Signal Battalion, 28th Division

·      History of the 1st Battalion of the 110th Inf. Regt.

·      28th Division Shrine (Historical Marker)

·      28th Div. Summary of Ops (Ourco River)

·      Fact Sheet of the 28th Infantry Division

·      3rd Infantry PA National Guard 1917

 

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