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Henrico County

Virginia, USA



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      Henrico is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia.  Founded in 1634 Henrico County is one of the eight original Shires of Virginia  established by the English in 1636 in the Virginia Colony.  Henrico County originally extended to both the north and south sides of the James River (named in 1607 for King James I).  Henrico's first boundaries incorporated an area from which 10 Virginia counties were later formed in whole or in part, as well as the independent cities of Richmond, Charlottesville, and Colonial Heights. 

     The shape of Henrico County curves around the northern side of the city of Richmond. The independent city of Richmond was located within Henrico County until a state constitutional change in 1871 created independent cities.  Due to the geography in which the James River approaches Richmond from almost due west, and turns almost due south below the fall line for about 8 miles before turning east again, the land within Henrico County currently encompasses much of Metropolitan Richmond's West End, its North Side, and East End areas.

     The following counties lie adjacent to Henrico:  Chesterfield County, Virginia – south; Goochland County, Virginia – west; Hanover County, Virginia – north; New Kent County, Virginia – northeast; and Charles City County, Virginia – southeast.  The Independent City of Richmond, Virginia lies to the south of Henrico County.



Gen Tool-Kit

gen tool-kit

     Our “Gen-Tool Kit” has been primarily designed for those researchers who may be traveling to this location to perform on-site studies of their family history, or to just visit some of the interesting historical sites located in the area.  It can be very satisfying to mix research with sightseeing at historical and scenic spots.  Such activity not only gives you an understanding of the land but a needed break from intense research sessions.  When visiting an ancestral county for genealogical research we’ve found that the three most important places to visit are the county courthouse; the county library; and the county historical and/or genealogical societies.  It is also good to plan ahead by contacting any site you intend visiting in order to ascertain where it is and when it will be open.  This is especially true with regard to historical and genealogical societies.  We hope that the following information will provide you with a better idea of what resources are available, within this county, to the family historian.

County Court Records 

Henrico County Clerk of the Circuit Court has Marriage Records from 1781, Land Records from 1650, Probate Records from 1650 and Court Records from 1650 and is located at the County Courthouse on 4301 E. Parham Road, P.O. Box 27032, Richmond, VA 23228; (804) 501-5334.

Court records prior to 1655 and almost all prior to 1677 are missing; additionally, many isolated records were destroyed during the Revolutionary War, and almost all Circuit Court records were destroyed by fire in Richmond on 3 April 1865.

Libraries, Museums & Archives

Agecroft Hall 
The American Civil War Cetner at Historic Tredegar 
Archives and Special Collections 
Beth Ahabah Museum & Archives 
Center for Baptist Heritage and Studies 
The City of Henricus 
Edgar Allan Poe Museum 
Family History Library Holdings 
A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm 
A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm 
Henrico County Libraries     
The John Marshall House 
The Library of Virginia 
Meadow Farm Museum 

The Museum of the Confederacy 
The Museum of Virginia Catholic History and Diocesan Archives 
PERiodical Source Index Search 
Richmond City County Libraries     
Special Collections & Archives at Tompkins-McCaw Library 
Special Collections and Archives, James Branch Cabell Library 
USGenWeb Archives     
USGenWeb City of Richmond Archives     
The Valentine Richmond History Center 
Virginia Aviation Museum 
Virginia Holocaust Museum 
William Smith Morton Library, Special Collections 
Wilton House Museum 

Historical & Genealogical Societies

Historical Places

Your LINK to the Historical Places and Districts in HENRICO County

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

National Park Service

National Historic Landmarks

National Battlefields

National Historic Sites

National Historical Parks

National Memorials

National Monuments


by Surname

The following are names of persons, found within our databases,

as having been either born, married or died in this location.

To find out more about each surname listed above click on the corresponding Link.

McVicker; Moreland; Pinnell; Scruggs and allied families

Elizabeth Carter, Birth: 22 Aug 1736;  Elizabeth Carter (nee?), Death: Abt. 1751;  Giles Carter II, Birth: Abt. 1681, Death: Aft. 1735;  Giles Carter Sr., Birth:1634, Death, 02 Feb 1702;  Hannah Carter (nee ?), Birth: Aft. 1640, Death: Aft. 02 Apr 1702;  Susanna Carter, Birth: Abt. 1720, Death: Bet. 06 Mar–15 Oct 1798;  Theodrick Carter, Birth: Abt. 1662, Death: Abt. 1737;  Thomas Williamson

Bozarth; Peiffer; Quigley; Rhubart and allied families


Dellinger; Knecht; Pfeffer; Silar and allied families

Additional information regarding these and other surnames may also be found at:

Surname Locator Resources

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that will likely improve your results. The different searches will give you many different ways of using Google and the Internet to find ancestry information about  this  or  any  other  Surname. 

Where in the World do These
 Surnames Come From?

Click on the LINK to the right to see more information about the World distribution of any surname.  You can

get greater detail for any of the maps by clicking on the area, i.e state, county that you are interested in.


ancestral gen-sites

Map of the County

Family History Notes

Gen-Site Profiles

Map of the county

Map of the County

The Red Starin the map designates the location of the seat of government for this county.  Yellow Stars designate seats of government in adjacent counties.   A Purple Dotshows the location of identified ancestral Gen-Site(s).

NOTE: for a better view of this map use the following ZOOM feature -

from the keyboard you can increase or decrease the zoom value in 10% increments.

To zoom IN, press Ctrl and the  + (plus) button. To zoom OUT, press Ctrl and the - (minus)  button.  To restore the zoom to 100%, press Ctrl and the 0 (zero) button.

Family history notes

Family History Notes


The first mention of our family in Henrico County, Virginia, is of our 8th great-grandfather Giles Carter, Sr. (1634-1701)    A record of him is found in the State Land Office when on April 7, 1653 William Frye is granted land for transporting to America among others, Giles Carter.  In 1680 Giles Carter made a deposition in the Henrico County Court saying that he was forty-six years of age, thus placing his birth in the year 1634.  In the Henrico County records in 1679 there is "An Account of the several forty tythables ordered by this worshipful Court to fit out man and horse and arms according to Act."   This Act required that a man and horse should be provided for service in the militia by each of the forty tythables.  In this list is the name of Giles Carter.  Giles Carter was appointed by the Court on August 15, 1681 to appraise an estate.  William Cocke sells a parcel of land February 28, 1684 to Giles Carter said land lying upon Turkey Island Mill Run.  At the court of Varina Parish in Henrico, Co. on June 1, 1687 a certificate is granted unto Giles Carter for 800 acres of land due for the importation of 16 people.   On October 21, 1687 there is a grant of 1,780 acres in the Parish of Varina at the White Oak Swamp on the north side of the James River to several parties of which Giles Carter's share being 552 acres on the main run of White Oak Swamp.  One hundred years later John Carter a grandson of Giles gave a piece of this land at the White Oak Swamp to his son and namesake John Carter, Jr.       On December 14, 1699 Giles Carter, Sr. made his will which was recorded in Henrico County on 2 February 1701.  From this document one can see that Giles Carter divided his property between his wife Hannah and his younger son Giles, he having already provided for his older son Theodrick. 

     Our 7th great-grandfather, Theodrick Carter, Sr., son of Giles, Sr., became of age in 1699.  As such Giles Carter had transferred land on "Run of Turkey Island Creek" to his son Theodrick.  Theodrick also bought a place known as "Round Hills" on the south side of Chickahominy Swamp from John Pleasants of Henrico County.     In his will he names his son Theodrick Jr., to whom he leaves a plantation of two hundred and eighteen acres, to come into his possession after the death of his mother.  A son John to who was willed land on Round Hill branch and Chickahominy Swamp.


Gen-site profiles

Gen-Site Profiles

Chickahominy Swamp 

Turkey Island

Varnia (Henrico) Parish

White Oak Swamp


Chickahominy Swamp

LOCATION:  Country: United States;   State: Virginia;   County: Henrico;   Place: Chicahominy Swamp; Coordinates/Map: 37° 14′ 1″ N, 76° 53′ 23″ W

Chicahominy Swamp


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DESCRIPTION:  From its mouth at the James River to its headwaters in the western part of metropolitan Richmond, the Chickahominy flows for 86 miles. When traveling between Williamsburg and Richmond, Virginia, its swamps can be seen from Interstates 64 and 295 as the waterway and roads travel through New Kent, Hanover, and Henrico Counties. The Chickahominy was named for the “coarse pound corn people” of the Chickahominy tribe who lived around it when John Smith mapped the area. The Chickahominy tribe is associated with the network of Algonquin-speaking chiefdoms in the land Englishmen claimed and named Virginia. The birthplace of the chiefdoms’ leader, Powhatan, is at the head of the Chickahominy and this fact was so noted by John Smith in his 1612 Map of Virginia.


INTERNET WEB LINK(s):  Chickahominy River in Virginia;  Chickahominy Water Tail Map and Guide;  Research Results For 'Chickahominy'

Turkey Island

LOCATION:  Country: United States;   State: Virginia;   County: Henrico;    Place: Turkey Island; Coordinates/Map: 37° 26.812′ N, 77° 21.486′ W

Remains of the once thriving Turkey Island Wharf


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DESCRIPTION:  Soon after landing at Jamestown in May 1607. Captain Christopher Newport, while exploring the James River discovered Turkey Island (two miles south). He named it for the large number of wild turkeys there. In 1684, William Randolph purchased Turkey Island; it then became the seat of the Randolph family. His descendants included Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and Robert E. Lee.  Robert Pickett acquired Turkey Island in 1836. During the Civil War, the large family dwelling was burned by Union troops. Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett and his family lived there in a small cottage after the war. 

The photo to the right shows a portion of causeway jutting into the James River is all that remains of the once thriving Turkey Island Wharf. Beyond the causeway was a substantial wooden planked pier that could accommodate the loading and unloading of trans-Atlantic vessels. The wharf, in one form or another, served Turkey Island from its 17th century origins until the early 20th century.  


INTERNET WEB LINK(s):  Turkey Island - Virginia Historical Markers;  Turkey Island

Varina (Henrico) Parish

LOCATION:  Country: United States;   State: Virginia;   County: Henrico;    Place: Varina Parish; Coordinates/Map: 37° 22′ 54.53″ N, 77° 20′ 9.93″ W

See full size image

Plaque for first Varina Church built in 1660


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DESCRIPTION:  Henrico shire and parish was often called Varina Parish between  1680 and 1714.    By 1634, when Henrico became one of the eight original Virginia shires, its boundaries encompassed present-day Chesterfield and Powhatan counties on the south of the James River, and Goochland County on the north. Henrico's parish lines were co-terminus with the county and originally embraced the entire valley of the James River and westward.


INTERNET WEB LINK(s): Parishes of Virginia;  Henrico Parish Church;  Annals of Henrico Parish

The vestry book of Henrico Parish, Virginia, 1730-'73: St. John's Church, Richmond, VA;  Annals of Henrico Parish, Diocese of Virginia and especially of St. John's Church, from 1611 to 1884; 

White Oak Swamp

LOCATION:  Country: United States;   State: Virginia;   County: Henrico;   Place: White Oak Swamp; Coordinates/Map: 37.506 N; -77.289W


White Oak Swamp Battlefield


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DESCRIPTION:  White Oak Swamp is a populated place located in Henrico County. The elevation is 151 feet. White Oak Swamp appears on the Seven Pines U.S. Geological Survey Map. The Battle of White Oak Swamp took place on June 30, 1862 in Henrico County, Virginia as part of the Seven Days Battles Peninsula Campaign of the American Civil War.  White Oak Swamp Creek runs through almost 7 miles of Henrico County to the Chickahominy River.  


INTERNET WEB LINK(s): White Oak Swamp Panoramio Photos

populated places

by Location

Gazetteer of Places

 in This County

Changes of County Boundaries

Link to State-Wide Resources

Where in the World

are My Ancestors?


Gazetteer of Places

The list below will assist in your research regarding the matching of your ancestor’s birth, marriage, death dates and the place(s) within this locality at which these events may have occurred.

Profiles for 122 cities, towns and other populated places in Henrico County Virginia

Map of Henrico County Virginia

Henrico County Physical, Cultural & Historic Features


Henrico County ZIP Codes | Area Codes

Henrico County Land - Property, Farms & Ranches


Henrico County, Virginia, United States

Details | Resources | Cities | Cemeteries |

Links To Populated Places Within This County

 Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Sandston;  Varina;  Westhampton

Find Physical Features* Within This County

* includes but not limited to Cemeteries, Churches, Locales, Schools,

Military Installations;  Populated Places, Post Offices, Streams, and Trails

County boundary changes

Historical Changes in the Boundaries of this County

     Conducting genealogical research in the United States requires an understanding of county boundaries.  As the population grew more counties were created to meet the public’s need for localized governments.  This phenomena was common in all states during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.  As such you must be sure that you are not looking for records in the wrong county or state. 

     The web site for the Atlas of Historical County Boundary Project provides interactive maps for all states. The Atlas of Historical County Boundaries is meant to be a resource for people seeking records of past events, and people trying to analyze, interpret and display county-based historical data like Land Records, Probate Records, Court Records, Tax Records, and Vital Records that document birth, death, and marriage.   Listed below are the boundary changes for this county, the dates they occurred, as well as the government statute that decreed the change.

The yellow outlined area in the above map indicates the span of land that made up Henrico County in 1634.  The blue line indicates the division of Henrico which created the vast area that began Goochland County in 1728.  The red line indicates the boundaries of present-day Henrico county, Virginia

          The Henrico Territory as shown in the map to the right was originally established in 1611.  From this area came nine other counties and part of a tenth: Goochland, founded in 1728; Albemarle in 1744; Chesterfield and Cumberland in 1749; Amherst and Buckingham in 1761; Fluvanna and Powhatan in 1777; Nelson in 1807. Part of Appomattox, in 1845, was also formed from the territory that had once been part of Henrico as well as the cities of Richmond (became a town still part of Henrico County in 1742, incorporated as a city in 1782 and completely independent in 1842), Charlottesville (formed by charter in 1762, incorporated as a town in 1801 and as a city in 1888), and Colonial Heights (established in 1910, became an incorporated town in 1926 and an independent city in 1948.) There have also

been a series of annexations by the City of Richmond and an annexation in 1922 by Chesterfield County that claimed the site of Henricus, changing the boundary of Henrico to what it is today.

·         1634 - HENRICO created as one of the original eight shires (counties). (Hening, 1:224; Tyler, 197-198)

·         01 May 1728 - HENRICO lost to creation of GOOCHLAND. (Winfree, 321-322)

·         25 May 1749 - HENRICO lost to creation of CHESTERFIELD. (Winfree, 446-447)

·         01 Nov 1788 - Boundary between HENRICO and HANOVER redefined [no change]. (Hening, 12:620-621)

·         10 Jul 1902 - HENRICO lost to creation of Richmond as an independent city, 1st class. (Bain, "Body Incorporate," 18-21; Swindler, 10:166, 169)

·         06 Dec 1906 - HENRICO lost to the independent city of Richmond. (Bain, Annexation, [240]; Richmond Community Development Dept., correspondence, January 1990; " Henrico County v. City of Richmond" in Va. Rpts., 106:282-287)

·         05 Nov 1914 - HENRICO lost to the independent city of Richmond. (Bain, Annexation, [241]; Richmond Community Development Dept., correspondence, January 1990)

·         17 Feb 1922 - HENRICO lost to CHESTERFIELD. (Va. Acts 1922, Jan. reg. sess., ch. 22, sec. 1/pp. 26-27)

·         01 Jan 1942 - HENRICO lost to the independent city of Richmond. (Richmond Community Development Dept., correspondence, January 1990; Bain, Annexation, [243]; " Henrico County v. City of Richmond" in Va. Rpts., 177:768-769)

·         10 Mar 1950 - Boundary between HENRICO and NEW KENT clarified [no change]. (Va. Acts 1950, ch. 155, sec. 1/pp. 226-227)


Links to More About This U.S. State

State-Wide Resources

For more information about the U.S. State in which this county is located  click  on  these  LINKS:


Where in the world

Where in the World
are My Ancestors?

Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. The LINK



to the right will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and other helpful  resources  that will assist you in discovering Ancestral Locations. 

resources Website


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General Resources

·         Our Genealogy Reference Library (USA Locations)

·         Genealogy Forum: U.S. States

·         Family Search, IGI Batches, Localities

· Resources by county

· – U.S. Message Boards

·         Cyndi's List - General U.S. Sites

·         Access Genealogy

· - archive of genealogy records

Locality Specific Resources

·         Henrico County, Genealogy Forum

·         Henrico County, at Rootsweb

·         Cyndi's List - U.S. – Virginia - Localities

·         Linkpendium > Genealogy> Henrico County

·         Official Government  Website of Henrico, Co.


Our Genealogy 
Reference Library

The following Link will take you to our library of genealogy reference books.   Here you may find books about the history and records of this county and other places such as towns and churches.  The collection also contains research works about military units and personnel during America’s wars, in addition too resource texts about the ethnic and religious groups who may have settled in this locality.


Research Library – Table of Contents


Image Gallery

During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a variety of localities.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.

Lewis Ginter Botanical Gardens in Henrico County


If you have any photographs or other images relating to this 
 county, we would greatly appreciate hearing from you.


Use the following LINK to ascertain whether we have any images that pertain to this location.



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Contact Information 

Contact information


Snail mail:

889 Dante Ct.
Mantua, NJ 08051



Pony Express:

6484 Riverstone Dr

Sooke, BC V9Z 0Y7