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Frederick County

Maryland, USA



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           Frederick County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border of Virginia. It is a part of the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Area, and is often recognized as part of Western Maryland. The county is home to Catoctin Mountain Park (encompassing the presidential retreat Camp David) and to the U.S. Army's Fort Detrick. The county seat is Frederick, which was home to several celebrated historical figures like Francis Scott Key. The county may have been named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore.

        Frederick County was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's County and Baltimore County. In 1776, Frederick County was divided into three parts. The westernmost portion became Washington County, named after George Washington, the easternmost portion became Montgomery County, named after another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery. The central portion remained Frederick County.      In 1837 a part of Frederick County was combined with a part of Baltimore County to form Carroll County.

The following counties lie adjacent to Frederick County, Maryland: Adams County, Pennsylvania (north);  Carroll County (east);  Howard County (southeast);  Franklin County, Pennsylvania (northwest);  Montgomery County (south);  Washington County (west);  and Loudoun County, Virginia (southwest).

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Researching by surname

by Surname

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The following are names of persons, found within our databases as having been either born, married or died in this location. Names in dark red denote direct ancestral lines. To find out more about each surname listed click on the corresponding Link.

McVicker; Moreland; Pinnell; Scruggs and allied families


Bozarth; Peiffer; Quigley; Rhubart and allied families


Dellinger; Knecht; Pfeffer; Silar and allied families

Krieger,   Lippy,   Reinhard;   Schall(Schaul);   Schnauffer

Click on this link to find out more about each surname listed above as well as other surnames found within our three family databases.

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This link will also lead you to surname resources at Rootsweb, and information about the world-wide distribution of a surname.

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that will likely improve your results. The different searches will give you many different ways of using Google and the Internet to find ancestry information about  this  or  any  other  Surname. 

The world’s largest free genealogy search engine,, provides genealogists access to the best free genealogy content on the web

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ancestral gen-sites

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Family History Notes

Map of the County

Gen-Site Profiles

Family history notes

Family History Notes


Around 1756 Valentine REINHARD, Sr. migrated from Upper Saucon Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania to Frederick County, Maryland.   With him came his wife Anna Barbara and up to three children.  It appears that sometime around 1754 Valentin moved his family to land in Piney Creek Hundred located on the border of Frederick County, Maryland and York County, Pennsylvania.  Records that show the births of his children in York County, Manheim Township are erroneous, because the Rienhard’s lived in Frederick County and attended the Sherman's (St. David's) Union Church in Manheim Township, York County. Thus records of baptism are recorded in York County.   Valentin supported his family as a farmer and distiller.  He also served his community as an “Overseer of Roads.” Rhinehart Road, (now located in Carroll county), is a good indicator as to where the Reinhard family resided. Valentin lived the remainder of his life in Frederick County, Maryland where he passed away in 1792.   Catherine Reinhard, daughter of the aforementioned Valentin, married John Shaul and lived in Pine Creek Hundred until about 1800 when she and her family removed to Chanceford Township, York County. After 1799 the Reinhard and Shaul families would attend events at the


Isaac GARDNER (c.1775-1827) moved his family from Anne Arundel Co., Maryland west to Frederick County, Maryland some time around 1801-02.  It is believed that at least one of his children Nancy L. GARDNER was born at Frederick County in 1802.   Isaac then  removed to Harrison county, Ohio in 1803. 

Map of the county

Map of the County

The Red Starin the map designates the location of the seat of government for this county.  Yellow Stars designate seats of government in adjacent counties.   A Purple Dotshows the location of identified ancestral Gen-Site(s). 

Frederick Co., MD (1776-1836).JPG

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Gen-site profiles

Gen-Site Profiles

Frederick;   Jerusalem Lutheran Church;   Piney Creek Hundred;   Rhinehart Road   


LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Frederick;      Local: N/A

Coordinates/Map: 39° 25′ 34.66″ N, 77° 25′ 13.45″ W

Frederick County Court House

Frederick  County

 Court House at

100 W. Patrick Street

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NAME / DESCRIPTION:   Frederick is a city in north-central Maryland. It is the county seat of Frederick County, the largest county by area in the state of Maryland. “Frederick Town” was laid out by Daniel Dulany — a land speculator — in 1745;  it was settled by a German immigrant party led by a young German Reformed schoolmaster from the Rhineland Palatinate named Johann Thomas Schley who came to the Maryland colony with his wife, Maria Winz.  Schley built the first house of the new town.   The settlers founded a German Reformed Church (today the church is known as Evangelical Reformed Church, UCC), which also served as a public school, in keeping with the German Reformed tradition of sponsoring universal public education. Many Pennsylvania Dutch (ethnic Germans) settled in Frederick as they migrated westward in the late 18th century. Frederick was a stop along the German migration route that led down through the "Great Valley" (Shenandoah Valley, etc.) to the western Piedmont in North Carolina.


INTERNET WEB LINK(S):   Frederick, Maryland - Wikipedia; Official city government website;  Official county website

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Jerusalem Lutheran Church

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Frederick up to 1836, now in Carroll County

Coordinates/Map:  Church: 39.6623238, -76.9480356;  Cemetery: 39.5231556,  -77.5794334; 

Address:1372 Bachman Valley Road, Westminster, MD 21158, 410-848-4290

Jerusalem Lutheran Church

Jerusalem Lutheran Church

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Also called Bachman's Church it is located within Bachman's Valley in Carroll County, Maryland.  After it was established in 1799 members of this church went back and forth between St. Davids/Shermans Union Church  now in West Manheim Twp. York Co. and Jerusalem Evangelical Lutheran Church. There were only a few miles between them perhaps 5 miles at most.



INTERNET WEB LINK(S):   Bachman's Cemetery aka Jerusalem Lutheran Church Cemetery;  Jerusalem Lutheran Church (Westminster); 

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Piney Creek Hundred

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Frederick up to 1836, now in Carroll County

Coordinates/Map: approximately latitude 39.706 and longitude -77.102

Piney Creek Hundred

Piney Creek Hundred

 location map

Click on Thumbnail

NAME / DESCRIPTION: A hundred was a land unit which was carried over from England to Maryland as a subdivision of a county or shire and its terminology was derived from the fact that in each area there lived approximately one hundred men who could be called for military duty.  Piney Creek Hundred was originally located in Frederick County where it was bounded by the Monocacy River in the west (current Frederick-Carroll County boundary), by Piney Creek and Big Pipe Creek in the south (a line north of Taneytown), and by the Old Hanover Road near Union Mills in the east.  It became a part of Carroll County in 1836. In current Carroll County Myers District (Dist. No. 3) is roughly the location of Piney Creek Hundred, which seems to be the preferred name of Piney Run Hundred.



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Rhinehart Road

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Frederick;      Local: N/A


Rinehart Road

Rhinehart Road

 location map

Click on Thumbnail

NAME / DESCRIPTION: Rhinehart Road is located in the Bachman Valley about 2 miles from the community of Bachman Mills.  At one time the road continued all the way into Pennsylvania.  Part of Rhinehart road separated Carroll county Manchester District #6 from Myers District #3, and where it crossed Deep Run Road, was renamed Band Hall Hill  Road.


INTERNET WEB LINK(S):  Bachman Valley and Manheim Township Website; Bachman Valley MD: Maps of 19th century;  Bachman-Valley-Genealogy;  Bachman Mills | Carroll County Genealogy

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populated places

by Location

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Gazetteer of Places

 in This County

Changes of County Boundaries

Link to State-Wide Resources

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are My Ancestors?


Gazetteer of Places

The list below will assist in your research regarding the matching of your ancestor’s birth, marriage, death dates and the place(s) within this locality at which these events may have occurred.


US Home Town Locator

Profiles for  707 cities, towns and other populated places in Frederick County, Maryland

Map of Frederick County Maryland

Frederick County Physical, Cultural & Historic Features | Schools

Frederick County ZIP Codes | Area Codes

Frederick County Land - Property, Farms & Ranches


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Frederick County, Maryland, United States

Details | Resources | Cities | Cemeteries

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Links To Populated Places Within This County

Frederick County contains the following incorporated municipalities:

The Census Bureau recognizes the following unincorporated areas as census-designated places in the county:

  1. Ballenger Creek
  2. Braddock Heights
  3. Clover Hill
  4. Discovery-Spring Garden (a combination of the communities of Discovery and Spring Garden recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  5. Green Valley
  6. Linganore-Bartonsville (a combination of the communities of Linganore and Bartonsville recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)

Other unincorporated areas include:

  1. Adamstown
  2. Buckeystown
  3. Graceham
  4. Ijamsville
  5. Jefferson
  6. Knoxville
  1. Ladiesburg
  2. Lewistown
  3. Libertytown
  4. Lake Linganore
  5. Monrovia
  6. New Midway
  1. Petersville
  2. Point of Rocks
  3. Rocky Ridge
  4. Sabillasville
  5. Sunny Side
  1. Tuscarora
  2. Urbana
  3. Utica
  4. Wolfsville


Find Physical Features* Within This County

USGS (link)

* includes but not limited to Cemeteries, Churches, Locales, Schools,

Military Installations;  Populated Places, Post Offices, Streams, and Trails

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County boundary changes

Historical Changes in the Boundaries of this County

     Conducting genealogical research in the United States requires an understanding of county boundaries.  As the population grew more counties were created to meet the public’s need for localized governments.  This phenomena was common in all states during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.  As such you must be sure that you are not looking for records in the wrong county or state. 

     The web-site for the Atlas of Historical County Boundary Project provides interactive maps for all states. This Atlas is meant to be a resource for people seeking records of past events, and people trying to analyze, interpret and display county-based historical data like Land Records, Probate Records, Court Records, Tax Records, and Vital Records that document birth, death, and marriage.   Listed below are the boundary changes for this county, the dates they occurred, as well as the government statute that decreed the change.  To see actual changes in a mapping format follow this LINK to the Atlas of Historical County Boundary Project .

FREDERICK COUNTY: Map(s) and descriptions of Historical Boundary Changes

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to 6/1/1750

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6/2/1750 to


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10/2/1776 to  1/18/1836

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1/19/1836 to 12/31/2000

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·      10 Dec 1748 - FREDERICK created from PRINCE GEORGES and Non-County Area 1. (Archives of Md., 46:141-142)

·      02 Jun 1750 - FREDERICK gained from BALTIMORE. (Archives of Md., 46:468)

·      02 Oct 1776 - FREDERICK lost to creation of MONTGOMERY and WASHINGTON. (Md., Laws Since 1763, "Proceedings of Convention," 6 Sep. 1776)

·      19 Jan 1836 - FREDERICK lost to creation of CARROLL. (Md. Laws 1835, ch. 256, sec. 1; Md. Laws 1836, ch. 19)

Use this link to find more resources regarding the historical

Historical County Lines

changes of county boundaries in all 50 U.S. States.

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Links to More About This U.S. State

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State-Wide Resources

For more information about the U.S. State in which this county is located  click  on  these  LINKS:


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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names.

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This LINK will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and other helpful  resources  that will assist you in discovering Ancestral Locations. 

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Tool Kit (pink)


Gen Tool-Kit

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Tool Kit (pink)2

Our “Gen-Tool Kit” has been primarily designed for those researchers who may be traveling to this location to perform on-site studies of their family history, or to just visit some of the interesting historical sites located in the area.  It can be very satisfying to mix research with sightseeing at historical and scenic spots.  Such activity not only gives you an understanding of the land but a needed break from intense research sessions.  When visiting an ancestral county for genealogical research we’ve found that the three most important places to visit are the county courthouse; the county library; and the county historical and/or genealogical societies.  It is also good to plan ahead by contacting any site you intend visiting in order to ascertain where it is and when it will be open.  This is especially true with regard to historical and genealogical societies.  We hope that the following information will provide you with a better idea of what resources are available, within this county, to the family historian.


County History

Libraries, Museums

& Archives

Maps and Gazetteers

 County Records


(History & Genealogical)



·         Cemeteries of Frederick County

·         Frederick County Cemetery Transcription & Photo Project

·         Frederick County Cemeteries

·         Frederick County Cemeteries

·         Frederick County Cemetery List

·         Frederick County Cemetery Registration

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National Register of Historic Places listings in Frederick County, Maryland

·         Frederick County Area History

·         Frederick County Bibliography

·         Frederick County Historical Markers

·         The History of Frederick County

·         Brief History of Brunswick

·         Thurmont Public Library History

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Libaries, Museums, Archives

Libraries, Museums & Archives

·         The Brunswick Railroad Museum

·         Family History Library Holdings

·         Frederick County Libraries

·         Frederick County Museums and Historic Sites

·         The Historical Society of Frederick County Library

·         Maryland Room Frederick County Public Library

·         National Museum of Civil War Medicine

·         PERiodical Source Index Search Frederick Co., MD

·         Rose Hill Manor Park & Children's Museum

·         Schifferstadt Architectural Museum Frederick, MD

·         USGenWeb Archives

·         Walkersville Southern Railroad

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Maps and Gazetteers

Maps and Gazetteers

·         Frederick County – 1895

·         Frederick County 1858c Wall Map

·         Frederick County 1873

·         Frederick County Gazetteer (USGS)

·         Frederick County Land Ownership Atlas 1873 ($)

·         Frederick County Post Offices

·         Frederick County Topo Maps and Aerial Photos

·         Hagerstown, Annapolis, Frederick City 1873

·         Maryland Forest Areas by Commercial Type 1915

·         Quad List of Ballenger, Maryland

·         Quad List of Braddock, Maryland

·         Quad List of Brunswick, Maryland

·         Quad List of Buckeystown, Maryland

·         Quad List of Burkitsville, Maryland

·         Quad List of Catoctin, Maryland

·         Quad List of Creagerstown, Maryland

·         Quad List of Emmitsburg, Maryland

·         Quad List of Frederick, Maryland

·         Quad List of Hauvers, Maryland

·         Quad List of Jefferson, Maryland

·         Quad List of Johnsville, Maryland

·         Quad List of Knoxville, Maryland

·         Quad List of Lewis, Maryland

·         Quad List of Liberty, Maryland

·         Quad List of Linganore, Maryland

·         Quad List of Mechanicstown, Maryland

·         Quad List of Mount Pleasant, Maryland

·         Quad List of New Market, Maryland

·         Quad List of Newmarket, Maryland

·         Quad List of Petersville, Maryland

·         Quad List of Ridgeville, Maryland

·         Quad List of Tuscarora, Maryland

·         Quad List of Urbana, Maryland

·         Quad List of Walkersville, Maryland

·         Quad List of Woodsboro, Maryland

·         Quad List of Woodville, Maryland

·         Tiger Map Server Browser

·         Topographical atlas of Carroll and Frederick Co’s. 1873

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County Records


·         Frederick County Vital Records

·         Frederick County Public Records Links

·         Frederick County Records

·         Frederick County, Maryland Public Records

·         Frederick Genealogy

·         Frederick Public Records Resources & Searches

Use this link to find specific information about the historical and


genealogical public records maintained by the government of this county.

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Societies (Historical & Genealogical)

·      Carrollton Manor Chapter – D.A.R

·      Colonel William Norris Camp 1398, Darnestown

·      Emmitsburg Area Historical Society

·      Frederick County Genealogical Society of Maryland

·      Frederick County Historic Preservation

·      Frederick County Landmarks Foundation

·      The Friends of South Mountain State Battlefield

·      The Historical Society of Frederick County

·      The Mary Young Pickersgill Chapter U.S. Daughters of 1812

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General Resources

Locality Specific Resources

FREE Records

and Databases

Our Genealogy Reference Library

General Resources

General Resources


·         The USGenWeb Project

·         United States Research Wiki – Family Search

·         Kindred

·         U.S. County Resources at Rootsweb

·         Genealogy Trails History Group

· Resources by county

·         Family Search,  USA IGI Batches, Localities

·         Birth & Marriage Records Indexes for USA

·         Record Search - Family


·         Genealogy Forum: U.S. States

· – U.S. Message Boards

·         Cyndi's List – United States Index

·         USGenWeb Archives

·         Data Base Collections at$

·         Linkpendium

·         Access Genealogy

· – Collaborative Genealogy and History

· - archive of genealogy records

·         Searchable Death Indexes & Records

·         Census Finder –Free Census and other Records

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·          Locality Specific Resources

Locality Specific Resources

·         Genealogy Links – Frederick County

·         USGenWeb – Frederick County

·         Research Wiki - Frederick County

·         Kindred – Frederick County

·         RootsWeb Resources - Frederick County

·         Genealogy Trails History Group – Frederick County

·         Genealogy Forum - Frederick County

·         Rootsweb Message Board – Frederick County

·         Cyndi's List – Frederick County

·         USGenWeb Archives – Frederick County

· Collections$  - Frederick County

·         Linkpendium – Frederick County

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Free Records & Databases

FREE Records
 & Databases

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All of the records and databases we’ve collected are FREE and can be accessed and searched online without having to pay for a subscription.   We have divided our collected into 14 record types as follows: Biographical; Birth; Cemetery; Census & City Directories; Church; Court; Death; Immigration & Naturalization; Land; Marriage; Military; Newspapers; Occupational; and Tax Records.    We try not to list any sites that have only a few records for the purpose of getting you to a website that will charge a fee to actually see the record beyond just a name.  

This Link will take you to our

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collections of FREE Records.  

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Genealogy Reference Library

Our Genealogy 
Reference Library

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The following Link will take you to our library of genealogy reference books.   Here you may find books about the history and records of this county and other places such as towns and churches.  The collection also contains research works about military units and personnel during America’s wars, in addition too resource texts about the ethnic and religious groups who may have settled in this locality.

This Link will take you to our

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collections of reference books.  

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Image Gallery

Image Gallery

During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a variety of localities.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.



A farm in Frederick County, Maryland

Use this LINK to see the picture

Ancesral Locations Image Galleries

gallery  that pertains to this location.

If you have any photographs or other images relating to this 
 county, we would greatly appreciate hearing from you.

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Use the power of Google™ to find more interesting images about this topic. A Click on this button will link you to the Google Images Search page.   Enter  the

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topic you are searching in the box and click “Search Images”. At the “Images” display page you will see the image, as well as the website to which it is linked.

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About thiswebpage

About This Webpage


Mail1B0-- Email us with your comments or questions. 

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We need your help to keep growing!  So please Email coolmailus your

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-- This webpage was last updated on --

01 July 2012

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