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Charles County

Charles Co

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Charles Co


Charles Co


     Charles County is located in the south central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland.  Its county seat is La Plata.  This county was named for Charles Calvert (1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore.  On April 13, 1658, the governors council established Charles County, as Maryland's fifth county.  The boundaries were not clearly established until 1695, when the upper part of the territory became Prince George's County.  There was an earlier Charles County from 1650 to 1653, sometimes referred to in historic documents as “Old Charles County. 

     The following counties lie adjacent to Charles County: Prince George's County (north); Fairfax County, Virginia (northwest); Calvert County (east); Stafford County, Virginia (west); Prince William County, Virginia (west); St. Mary's County (southeast); Westmoreland County, Virginia (southeast); and King George County, Virginia (south).


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The following are names of persons, found within our databases as having been either born, married or died in this location. Names in dark red denote direct ancestral lines. To find out more about each surname listed click on the corresponding Link.

McVicker; Moreland; Pinnell; Scruggs and allied families

Howell,   Moreland,   Ogden

Bozarth; Peiffer; Quigley; Rhubart and allied families


Dellinger; Knecht; Pfeffer; Silar and allied families

Click on this link to find out more about each surname listed above as well as other surnames found within our three family databases.

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This link will also lead you to surname resources at Rootsweb, and information about the world-wide distribution of a surname.

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Family History Notes

Map of the County

Gen-Site Profiles

Family history notes

Family History Notes

     Our Moreland family line has been traced back to our 7th great-grandfather Patrick Moreland who died at Charles County in 1717.  Patrick and his wife Mary had at least six known off-spring.  They are John, Philip, Mary, Patrick, William and Jacob all born in this County between about 1702 and 1710.  John and Philip Moreland both appear on the 1733 Port Tobacco, East Side Tax List.  As such it is believed that this Moreland family lived in that part of the county encompassed by the Port Tobacco Parish, and as such attended the Christ Anglican Church that was established in 1692. 

     Jacob Moreland, son of Patrick was born at Charles County around 1710.     Jacob patented property on July 24, 1744 in Charles County, Maryland. This property contained two parcels of escheat land, contiguous to each other, totaling 110 acres, plus 3 acres of contiguous vacant land. The properties were resurveyed and reduced to one entire tract of 113 acres held of Zachaiah Manor.  Jacob named his tract Jacob's Birthright. (Source. "Certificate of Resurvey of Escheat Lands for Jacob Moreland," July 24, 1744, Charles County, Maryland). He and his wife Catherine produced at least three children between circa 1746 and 1750.  They are named Sarah, Walter, and Jacob all born in Charles County. Jacob appeared on the tax list of in 1758 in Trinity Parish, Upper Hundred, Charles County, Maryland. (Source : 1758 Tax List, Charles County, Maryland.  After owning Jacob's Birthright for 23 years, Jacob sold the 113 acre plantation to George Maxwell, a merchant of Charles County, for £120, on December 12, 1767.

     Jacob Moreland, son of the aforementioned Jacob and Catherine Moreland was born in this county around 1750.  Jacob, age 18, and his brother, Walter, age 20, were listed as occupants of property leased by their uncle, William Moreland, on a rent roll February, 1768 in Zachaiah Manor, Charles County, Maryland.  By 1775 Jacob had married a woman named Celia.  Three known children are known to have been produced by the couple.  They are George 1775; Mary 1777; and Sarah c.1780.   Jacob took an "Oath of Fidelity and Support to the State of Maryland" on May 30, 1780 in Charles County, Maryland. (Source: Charles County Court Record Book Y3:549, Maryland Hall of Records Microfilm No. CR 34,670-2.)  Jacob's household on the 1790 Census in Charles County, Maryland, is composed of 1 male over 16, 3 males under 16, 4 females, and no slaves. (Source: Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States in the Year 1790 - Maryland (1907; reprint Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing County, 1977), p. 52.)  He migrated from Charles County, Maryland, to York District, South Carolina, circa 1795.

Map of the county

Map of the County

The Red Starin the map designates the location of the seat of government for this county.  Yellow Stars designate seats of government in adjacent counties.   A Purple Dotshows the location of identified ancestral Gen-Site(s). 


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Gen-site profiles

Gen-Site Profiles

La Plata;  Port Tobacco Parish;  Trinity Parish;  Zachia Manor

La Plata

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Charles;      Local: N/A

Coordinates/Map: 38°32′3″N 76°58′24″W


Charles Co

Charles County Courthouse

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La Plata is the county seat of Charles County.  The town was founded around 1895 after the river flowing into the previous county seat, Port Tobacco located a few miles to the west, silted up, ending the town’s utility as a port.  At the same time, a new railroad line made La Plata attractive as a new county seat location.  The courthouse was built after the Port Tobacco courthouse burned down.  Christ Episcopal Church also in Port Tobacco was dismantled stone by stone and rebuilt in La Plata.


INTERNET WEB LINK(S):   Town of La Plata Website;  La Plata, Maryland - Wikipedia; 

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Port Tobacco Parish

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Charles;      Local: N/A

Coordinates/Map: Port Tobacco - 38° 30' 49.4" N 77° 01' 05.9" W;   Christ Church - 38°32′3″N 76°58′24″W

Driving Directions: The church is located at 112 East Charles Street, La Plata, MD 20646.


Port Tobacco Marker TN

Port Tobacco - Marker

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In the 1775-1778 Charles County Maryland Census (18 years and upward) the Port Tobacco Parish was listed as having a West Hundred and an East Hundred. Port Tobacco Parish (exact time period unknown) lay between Nanjemoy creek & Mattowoman creek on the west and north and the upper part of Wicomico River/Creek as it continues through the Zachia Swamp on the east side.  Do to the large area covered by the aforementioned description entire area was most likely divided into two areas. 

Christ Church, the principle church of Port Tobacco Parish was established in 1692 as part of the Anglican Church in the Colony of Maryland. Anglicans first had begun meeting in the village of Port Tobacco in 1683.


INTERNET WEB LINK(S):   Port Tobacco, Maryland;  1733 Tax Charles County Tax List - East Side Port Tobacco;    Christ Church, Port Tobacco Parish;  Moving stones Christ Church, La Plata

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Trinity Parish

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Charles;      Local: N/A

Coordinates/Map:  38° 26' 59.4" N 76° 51' 52.9" W ; Trinity Church, 9560 Trinity Church Road, Newport, Maryland 20646

38°32′1″N 76°46′56″W: Oldfields Chapel, 15837 Prince Frederick Road, Hughesville, Maryland 20637



Trinity Episcopal Church

Oldfields ChapelTN

Oldfields Chapel

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Trinity Episcopal Parish, Charles County, Maryland was created by the Maryland Assembly in 1744. It was comprised of portions of King and Queen Parish, Chaptico and All Faith Parish, Charlotte Hall. The original church was bought from Chaptico Parish. In 1751, a new church was built along with a Vestry House which was completed in 1756.  A vestry was organized in 1750, and on July 16, 1751, the first full time clergyman, Rev. Isaac Campbell, presented his letter of induction from Governor Ogle to serve Trinity Church.  On November 25, 1765, the vestry petitioned the Lower House of the Maryland Assembly to levy 50,000 pounds of tobacco upon the taxable inhabitants of Trinity Parish for the purpose of building a Chapel of Ease in Benedict Hundred. It became a regular house of worship in 1769 for parishioners who lived in Hughesville, Bryantown and Benedict. The Chapel came to be known as Oldfields Chapel.  Trinity Church was dedicated in 1793 by Bishop Clagett, the first Episcopal bishop to be consecrated in this country.


INTERNET WEB LINK(S):   1758 Charles County Tax List - Upper Trinity Parish; 

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Zachia Manor

LOCATION: Country: United States;     State: Maryland;     County: Charles;      Local: N/A

Coordinates/Map:  unknown



1789 Zachia Manor Survey

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The Calvert family, holders of the hereditary title “Lord Baltimore,” had been granted the colony of Maryland as a proprietary by the King of England in 1634.  The Calverts made provisions for sharing in the increase in land values by setting aside specific tracts of land known as proprietary manors.  The proprietor had the option either to sell the manors as the price of land increased or to lease land on them to persons who were unable to acquire a freehold.  In all, there were twenty-three manors in Maryland, including three in Charles County.   Zachia Manor was one of the three of Lord Baltimore’s Manors in Charles County and is listed in Rent Rolls of 1766-68.  It appears as the fourth largest of the 23 manors with 9,637 acres. Zachia Manor had the poorest soil of any of Lord Baltimore’s manors.  As such Lord Baltimore’s leases were on better terms than private landlords could afford to offer.


INTERNET WEB LINK(S):   Survey for Zachia Manor (1731);   Zachia » Blog Archive » Zachia Manor;

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populated places

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Gazetteer of Places

 in This County

Changes of County Boundaries

Link to State-Wide Resources

Where in the World

are My Ancestors?


Gazetteer of Places

The list below will assist in your research regarding the matching of your ancestor’s birth, marriage, death dates and the place(s) within this locality at which these events may have occurred.


US Home Town Locator

Profiles for 201 cities, towns and other populated places in Charles County, Maryland

Map of Charles County Maryland

Charles County Physical, Cultural & Historic Features | Schools

Charles County ZIP Codes | Area Codes

Charles County Land - Property, Farms & Ranches


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Charles County, Maryland, United States

Details | Resources | Cities | Cemeteries |

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Links To Populated Places Within This County


This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

1.    Indian Head (incorporated 1920)

2.    La Plata (incorporated 1888)

3.    Port Tobacco Village (incorporated 1888) (Note that, despite its name, Port Tobacco Village is a town, not a village.)

All three are classified as towns under Maryland law. About half the County population lives around the large unincorporated community of Waldorf, Maryland.

The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Bennsville
  2. Bryans Road
  1. Hughesville
  2. Potomac Heights
  1. Saint Charles
  2. Waldorf

Other unincorporated places not listed as Census-Designated Places but known in the area include:

  1. Bel Alton
  2. Benedict
  3. Bryantown
  4. Cobb Island
  5. Dentsville
  6. Faulkner
  7. Grayton
  8. Ironsides
  9. Issue


  1. Malcolm
  2. Marbury
  3. Morgantown
  4. Mount Victoria
  5. Nanjemoy
  6. Newburg
  7. Pisgah
  8. Pomfret
  1. Popes Creek
  2. Pomonkey
  3. Ripley
  4. Rison
  5. Rock Point
  6. Swan Point
  7. Welcome
  8. White Plains

Find Physical Features* Within This County

USGS (link)

* includes but not limited to Cemeteries, Churches, Locales, Schools,

Military Installations;  Populated Places, Post Offices, Streams, and Trails

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County boundary changes

Historical Changes in the Boundaries of this County

     Conducting genealogical research in the United States requires an understanding of county boundaries.  As the population grew more counties were created to meet the public’s need for localized governments.  This phenomena was common in all states during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.  As such you must be sure that you are not looking for records in the wrong county or state. 

     The web-site for the Atlas of Historical County Boundary Project provides interactive maps for all states. This Atlas is meant to be a resource for people seeking records of past events, and people trying to analyze, interpret and display county-based historical data like Land Records, Probate Records, Court Records, Tax Records, and Vital Records that document birth, death, and marriage.   Listed below are the boundary changes for this county, the dates they occurred, as well as the government statute that decreed the change.  To see actual changes in a mapping format follow this LINK to the Atlas of Historical County Boundary Project .

Map of 1658 - 1696 Charles County Boundaries (heavy black line)

Charles Co

CHARLES (original, extinct)

21 Nov 1650 - CHARLES (original, extinct) created from ST. MARYS; boundaries are estimated.

03 Jul 1654 - CHARLES (original, extinct) lost all territory to creation of CALVERT; CHARLES (original) eliminated.

CHARLES County (current)

13 Apr 1658 - CHARLES created from ST. MARYS; territorial limits not specified, and boundaries are estimated.

23 Apr 1696 - CHARLES gained from CALVERT, lost to creation of PRINCE GEORGES.

10 Dec 1748 - CHARLES gained from PRINCE GEORGES.

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Links to More About This U.S. State

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State-Wide Resources

For more information about the U.S. State in which this county is located  click  on  these  LINKS:


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Resources which enhance our knowledge of the places inhabited by our ancestors are almost as important as their names. This

Maps & Gazetteers

LINK will take you to Maps, Gazetteers,   and other helpful  resources  that will assist you in discovering Ancestral Locations. 

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Tool Kit (pink)


Gen Tool-Kit

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Our “Gen-Tool Kit” has been primarily designed for those researchers who may be traveling to this location to perform on-site studies of their family history, or to just visit some of the interesting historical sites located in the area.  It can be very satisfying to mix research with sightseeing at historical and scenic spots.  Such activity not only gives you an understanding of the land but a needed break from intense research sessions.  When visiting an ancestral county for genealogical research we’ve found that the three most important places to visit are the county courthouse; the county library; and the county historical and/or genealogical societies.  It is also good to plan ahead by contacting any site you intend visiting in order to ascertain where it is and when it will be open.  This is especially true with regard to historical and genealogical societies.  We hope that the following information will provide you with a better idea of what resources are available, within this county, to the family historian.


County History

Libraries, Museums

& Archives

Maps and Gazetteers

 County Records


(History & Genealogical)



·         Cemeteries of Charles County 

·         Cemetery records, Vol. 22  Quaker Cem., Hughesville

·         Charles County  Transcription & Photo Project

·         Charles County Cemeteries

·         Charles County Cemetery List

·         Charles County Cemetery Registration

·         Charles County, Maryland Cemeteries Project

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Your LINK to the Historical Places and Districts in CHARLES County

·         Charles County Beginnings

·         Charles County Historical Markers

·         Southern Maryland Heritage Area 

·         St. Ignatius Church  Port Tobacco, MD

·         Indian Head, Maryland

·         La Plata, Maryland

·         Port Tobacco, Maryland

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Libaries, Museums, Archives

Libraries, Museums & Archives

·         Charles County Bibliography

·         Charles County Libraries

·         Dr. Samuel A. Mudd House Museum 

·         Family History Library Holdings

·         Genealogy Pathfinder  Charles Co. Public Library

·         PERiodical Source Index Search  Charles Co., MD

·         Southern Maryland Studies Center 

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Maps and Gazetteers

Maps and Gazetteers

·         Charles County – 1895 Atlas

·         Charles County Gazetteer

·         Charles County Post Offices

·         Charles County Post Offices  1846

·         Charles County Topo Maps and Aerial Photos

·         Maryland Forest Areas by Commercial Type  1915

·         Quad List of Allens Fresh, Maryland

·         Quad List of Bryantown, Maryland 

·         Quad List of Cross Roads, Maryland 

·        Quad List of Cross, Maryland 

·        Quad List of Crossroads, Maryland

·        Quad List of Harris Lot, Maryland

·        Quad List of Hilltop, Maryland

·        Quad List of La Plata, Maryland

·        Quad List of Pomonkey, Maryland 

·        Quad List of White Plains, Maryland

·        Tiger Map Server Browser

·        Topographical atlas of Maryland: counties of Calvert, Charles and St. Marys -1873

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County Records


·         Charles Co. Census Records

·         Charles County Federal Census Index

·         United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 

·         United States Census, 1850  Charles County

·         United States Census, 1870  Charles County

·         Census Search  - 1880 Charles County

·         United States Census, 1900  Charles County

·         Charles County on Reel 872 – 1930 U.S. Census

·         Charles County Court Proceedings  1666-1674

·         Charles County Court Records 1689-1775

·         Livingston's Law Register, 1851  Charles County Lawyers

·         Proceedings: County Court of Charles Co. 1658 to 1666

·         Pensioners on the Roll Jan. 1, 1883 -  Charles Co., MD

·         Charles County, Maryland  World War II Casualties

·         Charles County Public Records Links

·         Charles County Records 

·         Charles County – Newspaper Abstracts

·         Chronicling America  Charles County

·         Guide to Maryland Newspapers

·         African American Schools – Charles Co., MD

·         College of Southern Maryland

·         Port Tobacco School House 

·         Wicomico, MD High School Class of 1907

·         Wilcomico, MD High School Class of 1909 

·         Charles County Marriage Records

·         Charles County Vital Records

·         Charles County, Maryland Marriages

Use this link to find specific information about the historical and


genealogical public records maintained by the government of this county.

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Societies (Historical & Genealogical)

·         Charles County Maryland Genealogical Society 

·         The Governor William Smallwood Chapter  - U.S. Daughters of 1812

·         Private Wallace Bowling Camp 1400, La Plata  - Sons of Confederate Veterans

·         Local Charles County Family History Study Group

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General Resources

Locality Specific Resources

FREE Records

and Databases

Our Genealogy Reference Library

General Resources

General Resources


·         The USGenWeb Project

·         United States Research Wiki – Family Search

·         Kindred

·         U.S. County Resources at Rootsweb

·         Genealogy Trails History Group

· Resources by county

·         Family Search,  USA IGI Batches, Localities

·         Birth & Marriage Records Indexes for USA

·         Record Search - Family



·         Genealogy Forum: U.S. States

· – U.S. Message Boards

·         Cyndi's List – United States Index

·         USGenWeb Archives

·         Data Base Collections at$


·         Access Genealogy

· – Collaborative Genealogy and History

· - archive of genealogy records

·         Searchable Death Indexes & Records

·         Census Finder –Free Census and other Records

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·          Locality Specific Resources

Locality Specific Resources

·         Genealogy Links - Charles County

·         USGenWeb - Charles County

·         Research Wiki - Charles County

·         Kindred – Charles County

·         RootsWeb Resources - Charles County

·         Genealogy Trails History Group – Charles County

·         Genealogy Forum - Charles County

·         Rootsweb Message Board – Charles County

·         Cyndi's List – Charles County

·         USGenWeb Archives – Charles County

· Collections$  - Charles County

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Free Records & Databases

FREE Records
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All of the records and databases we’ve collected are FREE and can be accessed and searched online without having to pay for a subscription.   We have divided our collected into 14 record types as follows: Biographical; Birth; Cemetery; Census & City Directories; Church; Court; Death; Immigration & Naturalization; Land; Marriage; Military; Newspapers; Occupational; and Tax Records.    We try not to list any sites that have only a few records for the purpose of getting you to a website that will charge a fee to actually see the record beyond just a name.  

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Genealogy Reference Library

Our Genealogy 
Reference Library

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The following Link will take you to our library of genealogy reference books.   Here you may find books about the history and records of this county and other places such as towns and churches.  The collection also contains research works about military units and personnel during America’s wars, in addition too resource texts about the ethnic and religious groups who may have settled in this locality.

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collections of reference books.  

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Image Gallery

Image Gallery

During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a variety of localities.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of our ancestors past lives.


The Dr. Samuel A. Mudd House Museum was the home of Dr. Samuel A. Mudd, the country doctor who set the broken leg of John Wilkes Booth. Booth fractured his leg as he leaped from the presidential box at Ford’s Theatre after shooting President Lincoln on Good Friday, April 14, 1865

Use this LINK to see the picture

Ancesral Locations Image Galleries

gallery  that pertains to this location.

If you have any photographs or other images relating to this 
 county, we would greatly appreciate hearing from you.

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About thiswebpage

About This Webpage

CONTACT INFORMATION Email us with your comments or questions. 

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-- This webpage was last updated on --

01 January 2012

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