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The Mohawk 
Turnpike

Introduction

Map of Route

Road Trip

Internet Resources

Image Gallery

Contact Information

 

 

 

Introduction

Introduction

 

 

 

     During the later part of the 17th century pioneers began to move west along the Old Connecticut Path from Boston, through Worcester and Springfield, Massachusetts while other groups migrated from Hartford, CT, to Dutchess County, NY, then northwest to Albany along the Greenwood Road.   During this same time period the early Hudson River settlements also reached north to Albany.

     By the early decades of the 18th century the need for a road from the Hudson River to Lake Erie was apparent.  Settlers first used the Iroquois Trail, an already established Native-American path, to travel the Mohawk River Valley, which is a natural route to the west from Albany to Lake Erie.  By the 1750’s the path had grown into a clearly defined wagon road called the Mohawk Trail.

     The Mohawk Trail was the most northerly route through the Appalachian Mountains, leading from New York's Hudson Valley along the Mohawk River

to the Great Lakes.  Soon the trail was extended to Lake Ontario, where boats could be used to ferry wagons and families to other Lake Ontario ports including Upper Canada.

     In 1793 the much-improved road from Albany to Utica became known as the Mohawk Turnpike.  In 1794 Charles Williams, an agent for the Pulteney Association  persuaded the State of New York to extend the Mohawk Turnpike through Geneva and Canandaigua to the future site of Avon on the Genesee.  The Great Genesee Road, as it was called, gave the Pulteney lands direct access to the Albany and New York city markets.

     Today, Route 5 and its cousin, Route 5S, cross upstate New York and are collectively and historically referred to as the Mohawk Turnpike. They both parallel the New York Thruway (Interstate 90) and the Mohawk River. NY Route 5 hugs the northern bank of the river while NY Route 5S hugs the southern bank.

 

Map of entire route

Map of Entire Route

The Mohawk Turnpike

Driving Distance = approx. 95 miles

Driving Time = approximately 2 hours at 50 miles per hour

NOTE: for a better view of this map use the following ZOOM feature -

from the keyboard you can increase or decrease the zoom value in 10% increments.  To zoom IN, press Ctrl and the  + (plus) button. To zoom OUT, press Ctrl and the - (minus)  button.  To restore the zoom to 100%, press Ctrl and the 0 (zero) button.

Road Trip

Road Trip

If you have traced your 18th or 19th century ancestors to any of the counties listed below it is quite possible that they traveled to that location along this migration route.  Therefore you may find additional relevant information about your ancestral lineages by taking the following road trip through these localities.

COUNTY (Road Trip Segment)

COUNTY (Road Trip Segment)

COUNTY (Road Trip Segment)

Albany County, NY (1)

Fulton County, NY (2)

Herkimer County, NY (2)

Albany County, NY (1)

Fulton County, NY (2)

Herkimer County, NY (2)

Albany County, NY (1)

Fulton County, NY (2)

Herkimer County, NY (2)

# = Counties where our direct ancestors were either, born, married, died or known to have resided.

 

This “Genealogy Road Trip” is divided into segments that require between 1 and 2 hours of driving time.   Within each segment you will find links to resources* that will assist you in planning a successful and enjoyable experience.   The following maps are designed to show a close-up view of the counties and communities along this migration route.  Relevant county seats are designated with a, beginning and end points of each segment are noted with a  and historical sites with a .  

SOURCES:  (1) Wikipedia;   (2) The USGenWeb Project;   (3) National Register of Historical Places

SEGMENT 1

Albany, NY to Fonda, NY

SEGMENT 2

Fonda, NY to Utica, NY

 

 

SEGMENT 1

Albany, NY to Fonda, NY

Driving Distance = 45 miles;   Driving Time = approximately 1.00 hours

 

 

Click on the thumbnail map to view a full-sized image

General Profile

Genealogy & History Resources

Historical Sites

Albany County, NY

Albany County NY

Albany County, New York

Montgomery County, NY

Montgomery Co., NY

Montgomery County, New York

Saratoga County, NY

Saratoga County, NY

Saratoga County, New York

Schenectady County, NY

Schenectady County, NY

Schenectady County, New York

Schoharie County, New York

Schoharie Co., NY

Schoharie County, New York

SEGMENT 2

Fonda, NY to Utica, NY

Driving Distance = 55 miles;   Driving Time = approximately 1.00 hour

 

Click on the thumbnail map to view a full-sized image

General Profile

Genealogy & History Resources

Historical Sites

Fulton County, NY

Fulton County, NY

 Fulton County, New York

Herkimer County, NY 

Herkimer County NY

Herkimer County, New York

Montgomery County, NY  

Montgomery County NY

Montgomery County, New York

Oneida County, NY

Oneida County NY

 Oneida County, New York

Internet Resources

Internet 
Resources

The Google search engine

 button  and following web

sites    may     provide    you

with additional information

to assist with your research

about   this   topic. 

General Resources

·         American Migration Patterns 

·         Ancestry.com - Message Boards - Migration 

·         MIGRATIONS LINKS

·         Trails West 

·         GENTREK - Migration Routes

·         Historic trails and roads in the U. S. - Wikipedia

·         Roots & Routes

·         Cyndi's List - Migration Routes, Roads & Trails

·     Frontier Trails - A Brief History 

·     Familyworks American Migration

·     Migrations.org 

·     Historical American Migration & Settlement Patterns

·     Brethren Life: Migrations

·     Early Migration Routes

·     Native American trails in the U. S. - Wikipedia

·     Ancestry.com - American Migration Sources

Topic Specific Resources

·      Descriptions of Old Mohawk Turnpike

·      The Old Mohawk-Turnpike Book, Stone Arabia Churches

·      Collection: Mohawk Turnpike

·      NY Route 5, History-based Travel, Road Trip

·      Three Rivers, Hudson~Mohawk~Schoharie.

·     Historic Mohawk Turnpike

·     The Old Mohawk-Turnpike Book

·     Darci's Place of Origins Genealogy Site

·     The Mohawk (Iroquois) Trail

·     Early American Roads and Trails

Download a free 2-page Fact Sheet

Link 1 (script)

about American migration routes

Our Genealogy
Reference Library

The following Link will take you to our library of genealogy reference books.   Here you will find books about historic American roads, trails, and paths.  In addition, there are texts that pertain to ethnic and religion groups, history, geography as well as other books that will assist you with your research.

 

 Research Library – Table of Contents

 

Image Gallery

 

Image Gallery

During our research we have collected images and photographs that are of general interest to a variety of American migration routes, roads and trails.  Some of them are presented on this website because we believe they tend to provide the reader with additional information which may aid in the understanding of this topic as well as our ancestors past lives.

 

 

Mohawk Turnpike Toll Bridge over the West

Canada Creek at Herkimer, New York, 1870

 

If you have any photographs or other images relating to American migration

 routes, roads, or trails would greatly appreciate hearing from you.

 

Use the following LINK to view the various image galleries that pertain to this topic.

American Migration Routes, Roads & Trails

 

FREE Image Search
Help from Google

Use the power of Google™ to find more interesting images about this topic. This button will link you to the Google Images Search page.  Enter the topic

you are searching in the box and click “Search Images”. At the “Images” display page you will see the image, as well as the website of which it is associated.

Contact Information
Contact Information

 

Email

Snail mail:

Fred
889 Dante Ct.
Mantua, NJ 08051

USA

Email

Pony Express:

Tom
6484 Riverstone Dr

Sooke, BC V9Z 0Y7

Canada

Dig for Roots

Dig for Roots