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LINEHOLME MILL

AND SHUTTLE WORKS

 

Burnley Road

Lineholme

Todmorden

Map Ref. SD 923254

 

Known occupiers

1706-1803

CROSSLEY Anthony

1801 -1877

STANSFIELD John & Ashton

STANSFIELD James

STANSFIELD John A.

1801-1810

BARKER John

1803-1810

ORMEROD John

1803-1850

RAMSBOTHAM Thomas (owners of the land)

1807-1808

FIELDEN Samuel

1851-1861

CROSSLEY Betty

CROSSLEY Ely

CROSSLEY James

1875

FEBER James

1875

GREENWOOD Thomas

1875

SUTHERS Thomas

1871-1893

GREENWOOD James

1877-1919

FIELDEN Bros.

1879-1880

Pulled down and rebuilt

1880-1888

HALSTEAD Sutcliffe & Sons

1891

HORSFALL Thomas

1890

Empty

1896

SMITH Joshua & Sons

1897

CHADWICK Dye & Finish Co.

1904-1908

CRABTREE & FARRAR

1907

Cotton mill on 25” OS map

1908

HITCHEN Joseph

1919

NUTTALL Bros. Ltd.

 

Additional information

mainly researched, recorded and referenced by Mrs Sheila Wade, Hebden Bridge WEA Local History Group

 

Cotton Mill

Notes from John Travis, 19th century local historian:

Anthony Crossley of Ewood, brother of John Crossley of Scaitcliffe, sold the Ewood Estate and Lineholme Mill to John Stansfield of Todmorden Edge.

Further up the lane above EWOOD MALTKILN was Ewood House, the property of John Stansfield, a prosperous putter-out from Todmorden Edge, and also owner of Lineholme Mill.

Past “Rutchley,” there was Lineholme, where a mill had been in existence since before 1800, the power being derived from the water from the tail-goit of old LYDGATE MILL, which stood in a field just by the Railway Inn. The road from Lineholme Bridge formerly went by the riverside to near the later entrance to Robinwood Mill, quite away from the present road, and at the place where CANTEEN SHED now stands there then stood by the side of the road and facing the watercourse “The Old Canteen Inn.” Afterwards the new part of road was made straight down, but the river was not diverted, as the water still had to pass down the old course and goit to the mill of Messrs. Stansfield at Lineholme. The old LYDGATE MILL was entirely demolished about 1860, and part of Lineholme Mill was also done away with, but the shed was added to in later years.

Sutcliffe Halstead & Sons moved from PUDSEY MILL to the new shed built by John Fielden on the site of the demolished Lineholme Mill, as being nearer the town.

 

11th February 1706

WILL OF ANTHONY CROSSLEY, YEOMAN OF SCAITCLIFFE

Bequeaths to his second son, Anthony, a fulling mill and cottage near Robinwood.

 

DDRA 3/4  14 Feb. 1801

Attested copy of lease for 31 years at rent of £31.10: Anthony Crossley of Todmorden Hall to John Stansfield of Ewood and John Barker of Low Cross Lee, Stansfield, cotton manufacturer: -- meadow called Rutchley Holme,

"Ancient Mill called Line Holme Mill and two cottages adjoining"

part of 2 estates called Line Holme and Robinwood in Hundersfield and also the River Calder

"from the top of the present Weir at Liggate to a certain Stone post … at the bottom of the … close called Richley"

 

4th February 1803 Deeds of Lineholme Mill

Conveyance by Mr. Anthony Crossley to Messrs John Stansfield, Barker & Ormerod, and James & Thomas Ramsbotham.

 

Dean’s Manchester Directory 1804

J. Stansfield, manufacturer of Todmorden, attends Manchester market.

 

DDRA 3/8  1 Jan. 1807

Lease for a year at peppercorn rent: John Stansfield of Ewood, John Barker of Owlers, Parish of Halifax, John Ormerod of Line Holme, James Ramsbotham of Stand and Thomas Ramsbotham of Ewood to Samuel Fielden of Holme within Stansfield, cotton manufacturer -- field called Rutchley Holme

"with the large new factory late built thereupon … and two cottages and another old building formerly occupied as a fulling mill but more late as a carding factory but now in two cottages"

at Line Holme. Also piece of land

"lying above the last named premises and extending upwards from there up unto the weir or dam stones at Liggate" and cottages and buildings thereon …

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 2nd January 1807

Deed of partition Messrs Stansfield, Barker & Ormerod, and Messrs James & Tomas Ramsbotham.

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 31st July 1810

Conveyance by Messrs John Barker and John Ormerod to Mr. John Stansfield.

 

Crompton’s 1811 spindle enquiry

Line Holme, 4560 mule spindles, 19 x 20doz.

 

Map of Stansfield Township 1816

Lineholme Mill named, in Todmorden Township.

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 3rd March 1819

Lease for possession, Mr. William Sutcliffe to Mr. J. Ramsbotham and others.

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 4th March 1819

Conveyance - William Sutcliffe, Messrs James & Thomas Ramsbotham and Mr. John Stansfield.

 

Baines 1822

John Stansfield, Lineholme, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Todmorden Township map 1823

Shows Thomas Ramsbotham Esq. as the owner of the area known as Robinwood, and 20 acres, 3 rods and 36 perches, which includes Lineholme Mill and the 2 dams.

 

Baines 1824/5

John Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinner& manufacturer, calico

 

Pigot 1828-29

John Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinner& manufacturer

 

Parson & White 1830

John Stansfield, house – Ewood, cotton spinner and manufacturer.

John and Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme & Lydgate Mills, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

 

Pigot 1834

John and Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

1836

Messrs Stansfield, Ewood, in account book of Jeremiah Jackson.

 

1841 census

Ashton Stansfield, Stile or Ibbisholme, aged 35, cotton manufacturer

 

List of Todmorden voters 30th July 1842

John Stansfield, living at Ewood, freehold land and mill; Ewood and Lineholme.

Ashton Stansfield, living at Style, freehold land and mill; Ewood and Lineholme.

James Stansfield, living at Ewood, freehold land and mill; Ewood and Lineholme.

 

White 1842-43

John and Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme and Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 1st November 1844

Conveyance, Messrs Ramsbotham & Hammerton to J. & A. Stansfield.

 

White 1847

John and Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 7th November 1850

Lease – James Ramsbotham and another to J. & A. Stansfield.

 

1851 census

Ashton Stansfield, Ibis House, aged 48, cotton spinner & manufacturer, employs 250 with my brother of Todmorden.

John Stansfield, Ewood, aged 60, cotton spinner.

 

White 1853

John and Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Slater 1855

John and Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1860-61

Owned and occupied by J. & A. Stansfield; mill, shed etc; gas; Lineholme; rateable value £472.9s.8d.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1862

Owned and occupied by J. & A. Stansfield; mill, shed etc; gas; Lineholme; rateable value £472.9s.8d.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1863-65

Owned and occupied by J. & A. Stansfield; mill, shed etc; gas; Lineholme; rateable value £472.9s.8d.

 

Stansfield Rates Book 1860-78

Owned and occupied by Ashton Stansfield; warehouse; Lineholme; rateable value £13.3s.0d. (1880 – pulled down)

 

White 1866

J. & A. Stansfield, Lineholme Mill; Ashton – house, Newton Grove, John – house, Willowbank, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1866-68

Owned and occupied by J. & A. Stansfield; mill, shed etc; gas; Lineholme; rateable value £400.8s.0d.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1869

Owned and occupied by Ashton Stansfield; mill, shed etc; gas; Lineholme; rateable value £400.8s.0d.

 

Halifax Guardian 16th July 1870

Mr. Stansfield’ s mill and weaving shed, Lineholme, flooded.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1870-75

Owned and occupied by John A. Stansfield; mill, shed etc; gas; Lineholme; rateable value £400.8s.0d.

 

Kelly 1871

John & Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

 

Census 1871

John A. Stansfield, Harley Villas, aged 35, cotton spinner.

 

Slater 1875

John & Ashton Stansfield, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

James Feber (executors), Lineholme Mill, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

Thomas Greenwood, Lineholme Mill, calicoes

Thomas Suthers, Lineholme Mill, cotton spinner & manufacturer

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1876

Occupied by John A. Stansfield; half empty; owned by John Fielden; mill and power; Lineholme; rateable value £400.8s.0d.

 

Halifax Guardian 9th September 1876

Auction 12th October, lately the property of J. & A. Stansfield, cotton spinners & manufacturers, Lineholme, Todmorden, and James Stansfield Esq. of Ewood. Lineholme Mill and shed.

 

Halifax Guardian 30th September 1876

4 storey cotton mill with attic called Lineholme Mill, with engine and boiler houses, mixing and scutching rooms, weaving shed, warehouse, offices, sizing rooms, mechanics and blacksmiths shop, with 2 stone chimneys, also gasometer and 18 cottages. Iron waterwheel 32 feet in diameter, 8 feet on the face, 20hp. A pair of horizontal high pressure steam engines, 50hp combined, a beam condensing steam engine 40 hp, another beam condensing steam engine 30hp. This lot also comprises an annual payment of £52 by Messrs Hollinrake for the privilege of taking water from the head goit into Canteen Mills.

 

12th October 1876

Lineholme Mill, machinery and plant, 18 cottages sold to John Fielden of Dobroyd £4,300.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1876

Occupied by John A. Stansfield; half empty; owned by John Fielden; mill and power; Lineholme; rateable value £400.8s.0d.

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 5th February 1877

Conveyance and assignment of Lineholme Mill. Alice Stansfield and others to Samuel, John and Joshua Fielden.

 

Todmorden Advertiser 1st August 1879

Lineholme Old Mill pulled down, new shed built but not yet occupied.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1880

Pulled down; owned by Fielden Bros.

 

Todmorden Advertiser 6th February 1880

New shed at Lineholme erected by the Fielden Bros let to S. Halstead & Son, who at present occupy part of VALE MILL.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1881

Occupied by Sutcliffe Halstead & Son; owned by Fielden Bros; loomshed and steam power; Lineholme; rateable value £142.10s.0d.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1882-88

Occupied by Sutcliffe Halstead & Son; owned by Fielden Bros; loomshed and steam power; Lineholme; rateable value £142.10s.0d.

 

Todmorden Advertiser 11th January 1884

Sutcliffe Halstead & Sons shed at Lineholme recommenced after a standstill of 9 days for boiler repairs.

 

Todmorden Advertiser 25th July 1884

Room and power to let for 100 looms at 38 shillings per loom per annum. Apply J. Greenwood, Lineholme.

 

Slater 1887

S. Halstead & Sons, Lineholme Mill, manufacturers of cotton goods.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1890

Empty; owner Fielden Bros; loomshed, steam and power; Lineholme; rateable value £151.5s.0d.

 

Todmorden Advertiser 10th January 1890

Room and power to let at Lineholme Mill for 100 looms

 

Todmorden Advertiser 7th March 1890

Lineholme Mill to let with immediate possession. 400 looms and plant to be sold cheap.

 

Worrall 1891

Thomas Horsfall, Lineholme Shed; 68 looms; Mexicans.

 

31st January 1896

On account of the recent fire at FROSTHOLME MILL, Messrs Smith & Sons lost no time  in arranging for carrying on their business in the meantime. The firm succeeded in securing the lower portion of Lineholme Shed and Springwood Mill. 884 looms were removed to Lineholme where some portion commenced running on the morning of this date, the women and young persons working in the day time, and the men in the night.

 

Kelly 1897

The Chadwick Dyeing & Finishing Co. Lineholme, dyer and finishers.

 

23rd January 1904

About 50 of the workpeople employed by the firm of Messrs Crabtree & Farrar, Linehome Mill, with a few friends, met to celebrate the wedding of Mr. Walter Farrar. Mr. Marshall, Patmos, provided a substantial repast at his rooms in Union Street, and a very pleasant time was spent with songs, dances, recitations etc. Mr. Percy Greenwood supplied the music.

 

Kelly 1908

Crabtree & Farrar, Lineholme, cotton manufacturers.

Joseph Hitchen, Lineholme, cotton waste spinner.

 

Deeds of Lineholme Mill 2nd June 1919

Duplicate conveyance of Lineholme Mill from Fielden Bros to Nuttall Bros Ltd.


Shuttle and picker works

 

1851 census

James Crossley, Lineholme, aged 53, picker & shuttle manufacturer employs 3 men and 7 boys.

Betty Crossley (wife); Ely Crossley (son) aged 20, shuttle maker. Samuel Crossley (son) aged 14.

 

Slater 1855

Betty Crossley, Lineholme, shuttle & picker makers

 

Todmorden and Hebden Bridge Advertiser February 1857

40 workmen in the employ of Mrs. Crossley, shuttle manufacturer, Lineholme, treated to dinner at the Shoulder of Mutton.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1860-61

Occupied by Eli Crossley; owned by J. & A. Stansfield; shuttle manufactory; Lineholme; rateable value £15.9s.5d.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1863-65

Owned by J. & A. Stansfield; shuttle manufactory; empty; rateable value £4.

 

White 1866

Betty Crossley & Son; Betty – house Short Street, Samuel - house Newton Grove, shuttle manufacturers and picker makers.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1866-68

Owned by J. & A. Stansfield; shuttle manufactory; empty; rateable value £4.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1869

Owned by J. & A. Stansfield; shuttle manufactory; empty; rateable value £4.

 

Kelly 1871

James Greenwood, Lineholme, picker maker

 

Census 1871

James Greenwood, Lineholme, aged 44, picker manufacturer.

John Greenwood (son) aged 20, picker manufacturer.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1881

Occupied by James Greenwood (bankrupt); owned by Fielden Bros; picker shop; Lineholme; rateable value £119.

 

Halifax Courier 5th August 1882

Liquidation by arrangement. James Greenwood, Lineholme Todmorden, picker and shuttle maker. Liabilities £3,376.6s.5½d. Assets £798.11s.10d. Accepted 5 shillings in the pound.

 

Todmorden Advertiser 25th July 1884

Wanted – 2 experienced picker makers. Apply James Greenwood, Lineholme Mill.

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1885

Occupied by James Greenwood; owned by Fielden Bros; shuttle & picker works; Lineholme; rateable value £97.10s.0d.

 

Factory Inspector's Report of 1st. October 1885:

J. Greenwood, picker manufacturer - Lineholme, Lydgate

Case heard before Rev. T. Sutcliffe, J.A. Ingham, and H.C. Taylor M.D.

  1. Employing a child before and after 1pm. same day, penalty £1.10s.0d, costs 7s.6d
  2. Employing a child without certificate of fitness, penalty 10s.0d, costs 7s.6d
  3. Employing a child without registration as prescribed, penalty nil, costs 7s.6d

 

Todmorden Rates Book 1890

No occupier recorded; owned by Fielden Bros; picker shop; Lineholme; rateable value £97.10s.0d.

 

Kelly 1893

James Greenwood, Lineholme, shuttle and picker maker

 

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