Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   
HOME
BAPTISMS
MARRIAGES
BURIALS
MI's
CENSUS
CHURCHES
PARISH RELIEF
PLACES
PEOPLE
MILLS & MINES
HISTORY
MAPS
PHOTO GALLERY
LINKS

 

JUMB MILL

(Greenwoods Mill)

Lumbutts Clough

Lumbutts

Map Ref. SD955234

 

Known occupiers

1803-1814

HOLLINRAKE Samuel & Abraham

1803-1811

UTTLEY Abraham & William

1805-1836

GREENWOOD Samuel, William, John and James

1837-1847

UTTLEY Thomas

1842

HINCHLIFFE George

1842

ASHWORTH George, James & John

1848

There appear to be 2 mills on the OS 6” map, which seem later to have been demolished and dams filled and Jumb Mill rebuilt on site

1847-1926

FIELDEN Bros.

Demolished

 

 

History

There were originally two mills on this site. The first one, known as Greenwoods Mill, had been a fulling mill originally. It was re-built about 1803. The other was Jumb Mill, built by tenants Samuel Hollinrake and James Byefield about 1801.

The land and mills appear to have been owned by John Uttley, a yeoman of Lee Farm in Langfield. In 1805, John Uttley sold both the mills to Abraham Uttley of Mankinholes, shopkeeper, William Uttley of Lee, cotton manufacturer, Samuel Greenwood of Dobroyd near Todmorden, cotton manufacturer, and William Greenwood of Dobroyd, cotton manufacturer. Samuel Hollinrake remained the tenant at Jumb Mill.

Over the following 30 years, the mills remained in the hands of the Uttley and Greenwood families, being passed down from fathers to sons. The two families worked both mills, although Jumb Mill remained tenanted by Samuel Hollinrake until the mid 1820’s.

 

Jumb/Greenwoods Mill in the foreground

 

The Uttleys and Greenwoods bought and sold bits and bobs from each other in various deals, raising mortgages on the mills until eventually the Uttleys owned both mills and the Greenwoods disappeared. The Uttleys finally relinquished Greenwoods Mill, which was purchased by John Fielden MP for £2,300 on 11th January 1845.

In August 1847, John Fielden MP purchased Jumb Mill from Messrs Uttley Bros. with the dams and other appurtenances, machinery and stores, for £4,528.1s.8d.

Both mills were used by the Fieldens to supplement their spinning operations, although neither were upgraded to steam power and  water continued to turn the wheels. In 1856, Greenwoods Mill was worked by 14 hands, and Jumb Mill had 15 workpeople. These were mainly women and children earning on average 9s a week.

A few years later, Jumb mill was given up to the elements. It lay empty and became derelict. The Fieldens demolished it and used the stone towards the re-building and enlarging of Greenwoods Mill some time during the cotton famine, although the newly erected mill was not fitted with machinery until much later – about 1871. To confuse matters, the new mill was re-named Jumb Mill.

The Fielden Bros also owned the next mill along Lumbutts Clough, known as LUMBUTTS TOP MILL. They used both mills together, building an aerial ropeway to connect the two mills, which were about 200 metres apart. The re-named Jumb Mill closed in 1926. During the Second World War it was used as storage, and later demolished.

 

Notes from John Travis, contemporary historian

 

Above Midgehole or Causeway Wood Mill, at the next waterfall, was the mill belonging to Messrs. Uttley and Greenwood. The Uttley family were owners of Lee Farm above Lumbutts with a good and regular flow of water used at the farm, then down by field drains to the village, then on to Uttley & Greenwood’s mill wheel. That water was often hired by Lumbutts Top Mill (Fielden’s) at 6d per hour or 7/6d a day. About 1834 there were differences between the Fielden Bros and Uttley and Greenwood, which led to a trial at York. The Fieldens won, and in the end got the mill and other property.


 

Land deals from the Fielden family papers

 

Bargain and sale 31 Jul 1805

  1. John Uttley of Lee, yeoman
  2. Abraham Uttley of Mankinholes, shopkeeper, William Uttley of Lee, cotton manufacturer, Samuel Greenwood of Dobroyd near Todmorden, cotton manufacturer, and William Greenwood of Dobroyd, cotton manufacturer.

Of building, formerly a fulling mill and lately used as a cotton mill in (2)'s occupation, (GREENWOODS MILL) in Millfield Close near Lumbutts, with waterfall, and cotton mill at Lumbutts lately erected by Samuel Hollinrake and James Byfield (JUMB).

 

Deed of exchange 31 Jul 1805

  1. Abraham and William Uttley of Lumbutts, cotton carders
  2. Samuel Hollinrake of Heyhead in Stansfield, cotton manufacturer and James Byfield of Manchester, merchant.

Whereby (1) sells to (2) the right to raise the overflow of water from (2)'s dam for residue of lease of 30 years, and (2) sells to (1) part of Millfield Close.

 

Conveyance 5 Jul 1821

  1. John Uttley of Lee, gent.
  2. Samuel Hollinrake of Longfield in Langfield, cotton manufacturer
  3. Abraham Uttley of Lee, grocer


Of triangular plot of land at east end of Millfield Close comprising 692 square yards. Consideration: £5 by (3) to (1)

 

Probate of the will of Samuel Greenwood of Dobroyd, gent.  15 Feb 1816

Devising messuage in Stansfield called Upper Ashes, and 2 mills at Lumbutts to his sons William, John and James, proved 23 Aug 1819

 

Lease and release 9-10 Aug 1833

  1. William Uttley of Lee, yeoman
  2. John Greenwood, James Greenwood, Thomas Uttley, Young Uttley and Abraham Uttley


Of 2 undivided eight parts of a cotton mill and land at Lumbutts. Consideration: £95.

 

Lease and release and deed of partition 12-13 Jun 1835

  1. James Greenwood
  2. Thomas, Young and Abraham Uttley
  3. William Ingham, gent.


Of mills, cottages, land and premises at Lumbutts. Consideration: £326 10s. from (2) to (1)

 

Lease and release 11-12 Jun 1835

  1. William Uttley of Lee, yeoman
  2. James Greenwood of Lumbutts, cotton spinner


Of ¼ part of Greenwoods Mill at Lumbutts. Consideration: £450

 

Mortgage by demise for 1,000 years 16 Jun 1835

  1. Thomas, Young and Abraham Uttley of Lumbutts
  2. Mary Dearden of the Haugh in Langfield


Of cotton mill and premises at Lumbutts.

 

Notice of a sale by auction 30 May 1844

Of a messuage called Upper Ashes in Stansfield, cottage at Lane End, Greenwoods Mill, etc.

 

Conveyance 11 Jan 1845

  1. William Ingham of Mankinholes, gent. and William Barker of Cross Lee, Stansfield, yeoman
  2. Abraham Uttley of Lumbutts, cotton spinner and Mary his wife
  3. Abraham Uttley of Grove St., Manchester, drysalter
  4. John Uttley of Todmorden, plumber and glazier
  5. Abraham Uttley, John Uttley, Samuel Uttley, George Crowther of Hall Royd, Stansfield and Hannah his wife
  6. John Fielden of Centre Vale, esq.


Of mill, cottages, and premises at Lumbutts. Consideration: £2,300 by (6) to (1) 5s. by (6) to each of (3) and (5) and Mary Uttley Upper Ashes, Stansfield, Lumbutts and Langfield Common.

 

Memorandum of sales agreement Aug 1847

By Messrs. Uttley Brothers of Lumbutts to John Fielden of Centre Vale, of Jumb Mill, dams and appurtenances, machinery, stores, etc. Consideration: £4,528 1s. 8d.


 

Jumb/Greenwoods Mill in the foreground

 

Additional information

researched, recorded and referenced by Mrs Sheila Wade Hebden Bridge WEA Local History Group

 

The Uttley family

 

1803 Langfield Constables Rates

Abraham Uttley; Lumbutts; rateable value £1.10s.0d.

 

1805 Langfield Church Lay

A. & W. Uttley; factory; rateable value £1.10s.0d.

 

1805-1813 Langfield Rates

Abraham & William Uttley; Lumbutts; rateable value £2.

 

Baines 1825

Thomas Uttley, fustian manufacturer, Lumbutts

 

Parson & White 1830

Thomas Uttley, cotton manufacturer, Lumbutts

 

Fielden family papers 12th December 1835

Note of money paid (£127.8s.11d) for work at Gaddings Dam, drain and Horsewood Tunnel and dam number 2 by the Uttleys, who have no charge for land in the above sum.

 

White 1837

Thomas Uttley & Bros. Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers.

 

1837-38

Messrs. Uttley, Lumbutts, in account books of Jeremiah Jackson.

 

Census 1841

William Uttley, Lee, aged 70, independent means.

Thomas Uttley, Lumbutts, aged 45, cotton spinner.

 

White 1842 & 43

Thomas Uttley & Bros. Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Walker 1845

Uttley Bros. Lumb Mill, cotton spinners

 

White 1847

Thomas Uttley & Bros. Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers.


 

The Greenwood family

 

Cromptons 1811 spindle enquiry

Lumbutts (no firm stated) 2,400 mule spindles; 10 x 20doz.

 

Langfield Poor Rates 24th February 1814

Samuel Greenwood & Co. Lumbutts Mill; rateable value £10

 

Langfield Poor Rates 1st May 1816

Greenwood; mill; Lumbutts; rateable value £8

 

Langfield Poor Rates 1st May 1817

Greenwood; mill; Lumbutts; rateable value £8

 

Baines 1822

W. J. & J. Greenwood, Lumbutts, cotton spinners

 

Baines 1825

W. J. & J. Greenwood, Lumbutts, cotton spinners

 

Pigot 1828-29

Greenwood Bros. Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Parson & White 1830

W. J. & J. Greenwood, Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Factory Enquiry Commission 1833

John and James Greenwood, Lumbutts, Langfield; carding, preparing and spinning cotton weft. Mill built in 1811 and used the same way since. Water from Lumbutts Clough is 4hp. They work 6am to 7-30pm if the water holds out. There is a mill immediately above so cannot start until they send the water down.

 

1834-1836

James Greenwood, Lumbutts, in the account books of Jeremiah Jackson

 

Pigot 1834

James and John Greenwood, Lumbutts, cotton spinners & manufacturers

 

Fielden family papers 12th December 1835

Note of money paid (£174.10s.4d) for work at Gaddings Dam, drain and Horsewood Tunnel and dam number 2 by Greenwoods, who have no charge for land in the above sum.

 

White 1837

James Greenwood, Lumbutts, cotton spinner


Tenants

 

1803 Langfield Constables Rates

Samuel Hollinrake; rateable value £3; (last in the list so possibly a new building)

 

1805 Langfield Church Lay

S. & A. Hollinrake; Lumbutts; rateable value £3.

 

Halifax Journal 21st May 1808

Partnership dissolved. Samuel Hollinrake of Horsfall, Stansfield, and Abraham Hollinrake of New Shop, Stansfield, cotton spinners of the firm Samuel and Abraham Hollinrake & Co. To be continued by Samuel Hollinrake only.

 

1813 & 1814 Langfield Poor Rates

Samuel Hollinrake; Lumbutts; rateable value £10.

 

Pigot & Deane 1824-25

Samuel Hollinrake, Lumbutts, cotton spinner & manufacturer

 

Census 1841

James Ashworth, Lumbutts, aged 45, cotton spinner.

John Ashworth, Lumbutts, aged 50, cotton spinner.

 

White 1842 and 1843

George, James and John Ashworth, Lumbutts, worsted spinners and wool manufacturers.

George Hinchcliffe, Lumbutts, cotton spinner.

 


 

The Fielden Brothers

 

Langfield Highway Rates November 1849

  1. Occupiers Fielden Bros; owner John Fielden; Lumbutts; cotton mill; rateable value £48; 3hp rateable value £24.12s.9d.
  2. Owned and occupied by Fielden Bros; Lumbutts Mill; rateable value £51.16s.0d; 3hp rateable value £24.12s.9d.

 

Langfield Rates Book 1856-64

  1. Occupiers Fielden Bros; owner John Fielden; Lumbutts; cotton mill; rateable value £48; 3hp rateable value £24.12s.9d.
  2. Owned and occupied by Fielden Bros; Lumbutts Mill; rateable value £51.16s.0d; 3hp rateable value £24.12s.9d.

 

Langfield Rates Book 1865-73

Owned and occupied by Fielden Bros; Lumbutts; mill and power; rateable value £143.14s.0d.

1864 – empty

1871 – pulled down

 

Langfield Rates Book 1874-93

Owned and occupied by Fielden Bros; Jumb; mill and power; rateable value £200.19s.0d.

1888 – steam and waterpower.

 

Fielden family papers 5th February 1890

Lease of Lumbutts and Jumb Mills; John Fielden to Fielden Bros. Ltd. Term 7 years, rent £200.

 

Fielden family papers 1st January 1897

Lease of Lumbutts and Jumb Mills; Thomas Fielden to Fielden Bros. Ltd. lease of above mills for 7 years at £200 rent.

 

Fielden family papers 12th June 1907

Lease of Lumbutts and Jumb Mills; endorsed by Mrs. Martha Fielden for continuance of tenancy of above mills.

 

Fielden family papers December 1926

Copy of notice to quit.

 

"