researched, recorded and referenced by Mrs Sheila Wade
Hebden Bridge WEA Local History Group
Notes from John Travis, contemporary historian:
In 1860-61 a new Joint Stock Company was formed. They leased a large plot on the Kilnhurst Estate. At first only a spinning mill was built – Derdale Mill on Halifax Road on the canal bank. The company failed. The mill was sold to Maden & Hoyle of Bacup for £9,120. They later built a large weaving shed near Sandholme canal bridge, over the road from Derdale.
4th March 1861
Memo and Articles of Association
Incorporated 12th March 1861
Nominal capital is £70,000 divided into 7,000 shares of £10 each.
Price is 2/6d a share then monthly payments of 5 shillings or more.
Samuel Crossley, boot & shoe maker, 6 shares
Henry Hargreaves, overlooker, 30 shares
Joseph Stansfield, cotton manufacturer, 7 shares
Abraham Crabtree, corn miller, 4 shares
Joseph Firth, cotton manufacturer, 6 shares
Thomas Jackson, weaver, 4 shares
Joseph Baume of Gauxholme, clogger, 4 shares
Joseph Greenwood of Castle Street, shopkeeper, 6 shares
Jacob Marland of Gauxholme, carder, 5 shares
Amos Midgley, overlooker, 12 shares
Halifax Courier 23rd March 1861
Contract to let for building a new mill, engine house and boiler house near Roomfield Lane, Todmorden, for Derdale Cotton & Commercial Co.
Langfield Rates Book 1861
Owned and occupied by Derdale Co; Roomfield Lane; office; rateable value £1
Todmorden and Hebden Bridge Advertiser 1st February 1862
Derdale; issuing more shares as building works going ahead at great speed.
Todmorden and Hebden Bridge Advertiser 12th April 1862
Rearing of Derdale Mill. Public tea party and entertainment in one of the large rooms of the mill on Good Friday, 18th April.
Todmorden and Hebden Bridge Advertiser 26th April 1862
Rearing of Derdale.
Nearly 2,000 people present. Company liability limited to £70,000.
The mill is 3 storeys high; 281 feet by 72 feet with engine house and scutcher room on lower storey; throstle room and openers on 2nd storey; in top room will be mules and cotton. On the west side is one of the finest windows in the world at 29’8” x 18’4”.
The boiler house has 5 boilers, 35 feet long by 7 feet diameter and economisers.
It is the intention to build a loom shed for 700 looms, and a warehouse 100 feet x 70 feet, 3 storeys high.
It is also intended to build a number of cottages for the work people, and to make the mill and appurtenances into a little village.
“Misfortune closed share list when they did as many would have been taken up at that time, but now the working classes had other uses for their money”.
Langfield Rates Book 1862-64
Owned and occupied by Derdale Co; Roomfield Lane; 2 offices and land; rateable value £18.19s.8d; small office empty.
Halifax Guardian 23rd July 1864
Contract to let for the erection of a chimney for Derdale Cotton & Commercial Co. Ltd. Todmorden.
Langfield Rates Book 1865-67
Owned and occupied by Derdale Co; Roomfield Lane; mill etc; rateable value £370.13s.0d; empty – quarter rates paid.
Derdale Cotton & Commercial Co. Ltd. cotton spinners & manufacturers.
Langfield Rates Book 1868-70
Owned and occupied by Derdale Co; Roomfield Lane; mill etc; rateable value £482.3s.0d; empty – half rates paid.
Todmorden & Hebden Bridge Almanac 9th November 1869
Shareholders of Derdale Cotton & Commercial Co. resolved to wind up the company.
Todmorden & Hebden Bridge Almanac 9th February 1870
Derdale Mill bought by Maden & Hoyle for £9,120.
Langfield Rates Book 1871-74
Occupied by Maden & Hoyle; owned by Henry Maden; Derdale; mill, shed etc; rateable value £936.6s.5d.
Caleb Hoyle, 3 Harley Villas, aged 30, cotton spinner erecting mill.
Halifax Guardian 27th February 1872
Tender for 40 houses to be built at Millwood for Maden & Hoyle, Derdale Mill.
Halifax Guardian 4th April 1874
Tender for the erection of a sizing mill and other additions to Derdale Mill for Maden & Hoyle.
Halifax Guardian 16th March 1874
Strikes at Derdale Mill; weavers advance of wages – master acceded.
Langfield Rates Book 1875-79
Occupied by Maden & Hoyle; owned by Henry Maden; Derdale; mill, shed etc; rateable value £974.6s.5d.
Halifax Guardian 18th May 1878
Mr. C. Hoyle met 250 workpeople in his mill yard and explained about the wage reduction.
The Leeds Mercury Friday November 1st. 1878
Todmorden trade depressed
Maden & Hoyle, Derdale, 824 looms and 33,000 spindles working full time.
Halifax Courier 19th July 1879
Maden & Hoyle, Derdale Mill; Flywheel flew to pieces. 1 person killed and 2 injured, considerable damage to property.
Todmorden and Hebden Bridge Advertiser 1st August 1879
Derdale Mill – 35,000 spindles, 840 looms; stopped owing to breakdown.
Halifax Courier 11th October 1879
Maden & Hoyle, Derdale, running again after standing idle 12 weeks after an accident. 3,500 spindles and 840 looms. 600 people employed.
Langfield Rates Book 1880-93
Occupied by Maden & Hoyle; owned by Henry Maden; Derdale; mill, shed etc; rateable value £1,039.
1881 – rateable value £922
1882 – new weaving shed £40.15s.0d.
Halifax Courier 12th February 1881
Social for 180 weavers employed at Derdale.
Todmorden Advertiser 13th January 1882
Placards issued by Todmorden Spinners Association requesting minders and piecers to keep away from Derdale Mill during the dispute.
Todmorden Advertiser 27th January 1882
Mule spinners at Derdale Mill are out on strike
Todmorden Advertiser 24th February 1882
Derdale strike. Alleged violence and intimidation by trade unionists. 5 men summonsed.
Todmorden Advertiser 10th March 1882
Dispute at Derdale settled. Spinners recommence work on old terms. Dispute has lasted 2 months.
Halifax Courier 1st March 1884
Visit of students in connection with Todmorden Science & Art classes studying the process of cotton to Maden & Hoyle as Derdale Mill is of recent erection and fitted with the latest machinery.
Halifax Courier 12th April 1884
Engine breakdown at Maden & Hoyle, Derdale, will necessitate lengthy stoppage.
Halifax Courier 22nd November 1884
Derdale Mill, Maden & Hoyle, on full time again.
Halifax Courier 29th August 1885
Maden & Hoyle of Derdale Mill on full time, and hands being taken on. Mill has been running 4 days a week for a long time, and only half the looms have been running.
Manchester Examiner 22nd July 1887
Maden and Hoyle, 33,000 spindles and 1,016 looms running 4 days at present.
Todmorden Advertiser 21st March 1890
Maden & Hoyle, Derdale, stopped due to strike in the coal trade.
Maden & Hoyle, Derdale Mill; twist and weft; 27,772 spindles; 1016 looms; Manchester warehouse 18a Moseley Street; pay day every Wednesday.
4th March 1892
A Derdale Mill official expressed that any operative working at that firm and joining a trade society would have to leave. Mr. Crowther, secretary of the Rochdale Cotton Spinners Association, Todmorden branch, wrote to J. H. Maden, MP for Rossendale and a partner in the firm Maden & Hoyle, to ascertain the truth. Mr. Maden replied that the mill is in the hands of his partner Mr. Hoyle. Reply from Mr. Hoyle – cannot accept any assistance from you in the management of the business here.
Maden & Hoyle, Derdale Mill; twist and weft; 27,772 spindles; 1016 looms.
Todmorden & Hebden Bridge Almanac 1897.
1861 – Derdale Mill built by the Derdale Cotton & Commercial Co.
1870 – Mr. H. Maden of Rockcliffe House, Bacup, in partnership with Caleb Hoyle, a Wesleyan Liberal on the County Council.
1890 – Mr. Maden died and his son Mr. J. H. Maden MP for Rossendale took his place.
1895 – The sole owner is now Caleb Hoyle. He employs 600 people, pays £500 a week in wages and owns 72 cottages in Millwood.
Todmorden in Coronation Year 1902
County Councillor Caleb Hoyle JP, Roomfield House, born Bacup 21st August 1840, youngest son of Joshua Hoyle of Olive and Meadow Mills, Bacup. In 1870, Henry Maden of Rockcliffe House, Bacup, in partnership with Caleb Hoyle and later took charge of their own concern at Todmorden. On 9th February 1870 Derdale Mill bought by Maden & Hoyle for £9,120. Henry Maden died in September 1890 and the partnership continued with Mr. J. H. Maden, MP for Rossendale, up to 1895, then Derdale was owned solely by Mr. Hoyle.
E. W. Cockcroft 26th May 1975
Derdale Mill deals with the processing of warps prior to going to Walsden, and part of the shed is let to Heatherdale Fabrics who make upholstery cloths. The storied part of Derdale is leased to T. Hill & Co. for printing, and they have been our tenants there since 1936.