In 1793, a Julius Hacker is found in the militia list of Beaty's Co, Christian's Regiment, Territory South of the Ohio River. It is likely that this is Julius Jr, and probably not his father. If Julius Sr. was born abt. 1746, as I have reason to believe, then Julius Sr. would have been on the cusp of being too old (over 45) for militia duty.
Based on a minimum age of 18 for militia duty (see below, Bill of Rights), Julius Jr. would have been born about 1775, which dovetails with his being on the Sullivan Co. TN tax list in 1796 where he paid a poll tax along with his brother John. His father Julius had property listed but did not pay a poll tax, indicating that he had already passed the age of 50.
The only presumed son of Julius Jr. still living for the 1880 census was Eli. That census indicated that Eli's father was born in Tennessee. As with his brother Joseph, if Julius Jr. was born "around 1775" then he was most likely born in the current-day Bristol VA-TN-NC area.
Constitution and Bill of Rights (1787-1789) (Source Wikipedia)
The Militia Act of 1792 clarified whom the militia consists of; " Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That each and every free able-bodied white male citizen of the respective States, resident therein, who is or shall be of age of eighteen years, and under the age of forty-five years (except as is herein after excepted) shall severally and respectively be enrolled in the militia, by the Captain or Commanding Officer of the company, within whose bounds such citizen shall reside, and that within twelve months after the passing of this Act."
On October 29, 1809 in Roane Co., TN, Julius Jr. married Sarah Haggerty (Hagarty). The Chattanooga Times anniversary article for Alfred M. Hacker Jr. alludes to Alfred's grandfather assisting "in cutting the federal road that connected the north and south. This highway cut through the lower part of McMinn county." I have looked for records that might show Julius Hacker's name in this endeavor, but have not located any to date. Work on this project likely would have carried him away from home, and indeed, there are few records for him.
He appears several times in the Roane Co. TN Court Martials records. This is not a list of all the militia companies, but rather a record of actions taken within the militia. Julius Jr. is listed as paying a fine of 75 cents in the May 1809 session, and he is exempted from militia duty in April 1810 for "in abilitys of body." In 1818, he appears on Capt. Rector's Tax list for 1 white poll, but shows no land.
The first surviving Roane Co Census is 1830, and Julius Jr. is not on it, and does not appear in any future census. He appears to have died before 1830. But Sally (Sarah) Hacker is listed on the 1830 census with six boys, the last one listed as under age 5 or born between 1826 and 1830. She appears in the court records in 1831. Her husband apparently is dead, for the records document her as receiving payment for the care of a poor woman. Had Julius Jr. her husband been alive, his name would have been the recipient.
She is still in the area in 1833 for "Mrs. Sarah Hacker" is on "A list of letters remaining in the Post Office at Kingston, Tenn., on the 1st day of January, 1833, which if not taken out before the 1st day of April next, will be sent to the General Post Office as dead letters." This list was published on Wednesday, 16 Jan 1833, in the Knoxville Register.
Although she did not show up in the 1840 or 1850 Roane census, she may in fact have been alive until the early 1850s. Her name appears in the Roane County road orders throughout those years as "Sally Hacker's place" and cross-referenced in the index as Sarah or "Sally" Hacker" or "the Widow Hacker." Her place of residence appears to be the same as during the 1830 census, when she was living next to Carter Barnett; for his name appears in the road records in proximity to hers.
Julius and Sarah's Children
The records for Alfred Hacker Jr. come the closest to "confirming" a child of Julius and Sarah; and even that is not exact, as it appears to confuse Alfred Hacker Sr.'s father and grandfather. With no will or court case to name them as children, the others are placed by circumstantial evidence and by the "law of elimination." They cannot be the children of Joseph (his named in the court case to divide his property), Jacob (his named in his will), and John, who left the state with his family for Kentucky by 1816. I can place all of the following men in the Roane County or adjacent area.
©Alexis Hacker Scholz 2002-2014.
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