The Newmans emigrated to Edwardsburgh, Ontario, Canada on Easter Sunday 1832, from the Parish of Schull, County Cork, Ireland. They were flax farmers and weavers of linen. They must have felt the pressure of the encroaching industrial revolution, which meant that weaving by hand was no longer economic, and took the decision to emigrate and buy cheap land in a new country. It is well for them they did, and for those of us who are descended from them, as the Potato Famine was not far behind them.
Professor Kerby Miller estimates that between 1815 and 1844 nearly a million people left Ireland for America. Such substantial emigration is reflected in west Cork. Dr Traill (the rector of Schull) reported to the Poor Inquiry that 90 persons departed from his parish in 1831 and 40 in 1832; they were mainly Protestants in comfortable circumstances. The Revd Barry described the emigrants as ‘tradesmen, hardy labourers and farmers with £20 to £60 capital.......The timber trade with Canada became very important when the Scandinavian routes were blockaded during the Napoleonic wars. Arthur Lower maintains that until about 1835 conditions for passengers on the lumber ships were ‘abominable’ and ‘probably worse than in the slave trade’. Deaths from fever and dysentery were commonplace. In 1834 alone thirty-four of these ships, carrying 731 emigrants, sank. But fares were very cheap, as little as thirty shillings from Ireland in 1835. (Extracted from FAMINE, MORTALITY AND EMIGRATION, A PROFILE OF SIX PARISHES IN THE POOR LAW UNION OF SKIBBEREEN, 1846-7. Patrick Hickey ©)
The History of the Newman Family, written by W T Newman of Shaunavon, says "Joseph Newman was born in the County of Cork, Ireland, in the year 1777. He was of English descent, his forefathers having been placed in Ireland by Oliver Cromwell." It seems to be most likely that they were there as a result of Cromwell's Plantations:-
"To finance Cromwell's campaign to put down the "rebellious" Irish who just could not accept English rule, Parliament devised a scheme where every person who contributed was to receive estates and manors of 1000 acres , and lands proportionately for less sums.
In Ulster the price was 200 pounds, Connaught, 300, Munster, 450, Leinster 600. This Act of Subscription began in 1642 and in 1653 Ireland was declared subdued and the lands were given out. Some of the Adventurers had died or sold or assigned their Adventures"
The names Newman and Kingston are included in the list of Adventurers. The Newmans in that list seem to have come from Somerset, England, but since so many Irish records have been lost, at the moment there doesn't seem much chance of linking up those Newmans with ours.
There is nothing of more importance to Emigrants on arrival at Quebec, than correct information on the leading points, connected with their future pursuits. Many have suffered much by a want of caution, and by listening to the opinions of interested designing characters, who frequently offer their advice unsolicited, and who are met generally about wharves and landing places frequented by strangers. To guard Emigrants from falling into such errors--they should immediately on arrival at Quebec, proceed to the Office of the Chief Agent for Emigrants, in Sault-au-Matelot street, Lower Town, where every information requisite for their future guidance in either getting settlement on lands, or obtaining employment in Upper or Lower Canada, will be obtained (gratis.)
Read the rest of this fascinating handbook for 1832 immigrants at http://ist.uwaterloo.ca/~marj/genealogy/emigrants1832.html
The Reverent William Bell wrote a series of letter from Perth, Upper Canada for the information of emigrants:-
He may take his family to his land, either then, or wait till he has got a house built. Should he take them in the first instance, he can erect a wigwam in a few hours, with poles, brush, and bark, in which they may reside for a short time, till a better habitation is got ready. Having selected a proper situation, he must, first of all, proceed to erect a dwelling-house. He will cut a number of straight logs, at the length required, and when he has cut a sufficient number, he will get them drawn to the spot with oxen, or be assisted by his neighbours to carry them in.
He will next raise what is called a bee, that is, a collection of his neighbours, to assist him in raising his house. Whenever a person needs help, he gets all his neighbours to assist him, and repays the favour by giving them his assistance when they need it.
The house is built by laying the logs across one another at the corners, and notching them about half through, so that they are let down close to each other and hold one another firm in their places. The next step is to get a roof put upon it, and this is done in the following manner. Baswood logs are cut as long as the house is broad; these are split in two, and hollowed out in the middle, and laid close, side by side, with the hollow sides uppermost, across the house, the front of which is made rather higher than the back. Others with the round side uppermost are laid upon these, so as to cover the seams between them, and thus not only a strong, but a completely water-tight roof is formed. A hole is next cut through the logs for a door, and a door hung in it; windows are seldom or never thought of at first in the woods.
Read the whole of this fascinating series of letter at http://globalgenealogy.com/LCGS/articles/A-HINT01.HTM
Lewis's Cork 1831 gazeteer entry for Schull:-
SKULL, a parish, in the Western Division of the CARBERY, county of CORK, and province of MUNSTER. 11½ miles (W.S.W.)
From Skibbereen, on the road to Crookhaven; containing, with several inhabited islands in Roaring Water bay, 15,252 inhabitants, of which number, 385 are in the village. It is exceedingly wild and uncultivated, and appears in the earlier periods of Irish history to have been regarded as of very great importance from its numerous defiles and strongholds amidst its rocks; and in later times, from the erection of several castles by the various native septs, which from their situation and great strength would appear to have been impregnable. The castles of Dunbeacon and Dunmanus, on Dunmanus bay, were built by the sept of O’Mahony; the former to protect the boundary and pass between their territories and those of the O’Donovans.
The parish forms the eastern portion of a peninsula extending from Dunmanus bay, on the north, to Roaring Water bay on the south, and comprising 84,000 statute acres, of which 24,204 are applotted under the tithe act, and valued at £7898 per annum. The surface is rocky and very uneven, rising in some parts into mountains of considerable elevation; the highest in a chain extending from east to west is Mount Gabriel, 1145 feet above the level of the sea; the whole are of the schistose formation, in some places passing into all the varieties of transition rock. About one third of the land, consisting principally of small patches between the rocks, is under tillage; but the system of agriculture is in a very backward state, and spade husbandry is in general practice. There are some tracts of mountain, which afford tolerable pasturage to numerous herds of young cattle; but the greater portion presents only a bare rocky surface, and appears to be wholly irreclaimable. There are also considerable tracts of bog, producing a good supply of peat, part of which might be reclaimed at moderate expense.
The bay is accessible to vessels of 600 ton’s burden; and the harbour of Skull is well sheltered, the ground level, and the water in the anchorage averaging from three to four fathoms; the entrance is perfectly safe, and at all times practicable, there being only one rock, which is situated nearly in the centre, and is dry at two hours’ ebb. A new line of road parallel with the shore, and leading from Skibbereen to Rock island and Crookhaven, has been constructed, which will materially benefit the trade of the place.
The village contains 79 houses, several of which are modern and well built. A fair for cattle, sheep and pigs is held in the village of Ballydehob. A constabulary police Force is stationed here and also at Ballydehob; and there are coast guard stations on Long island and at Skull, which latter is a detachment from the station at Crookhaven, in the district of Skibbereen. A manorial court is held at Lemcon, every third Monday, at which debts under £5 are recoverable; there is also an ecclesiastical manor belonging to the bishop of Ross, for which a court is held occasionally. Petty sessions are held at Towermore every alternate week. The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Cork, and in the alternate patronage of the Crown and the Bishop: the tithes amount to £850. The glebe-house is a handsome residence, and the glebe comprises 63¾ acres. The church, towards the repairs of which the Ecclesiastical Commissioners have recently granted £207, is a small plain edifice, erected in 1720. At Ballydehob is a very handsome church, in the later English style, erected in 1829 as a chapel of ease, at an expense of £600, a gift from the late Board of First Fruits; divine service is also performed in three schoolrooms in the parish. In the R. C. divisions the parish is divided into East and West Skull, which latter forms part of the union of Kilmore; in the eastern division are two chapels, one at Ballydehob and the other at Skull, in which also is a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists. About 340 children are taught in six public schools, of which three are supported by the rector; and there are nine private schools (in which are about 230 children), a Sunday school, and a dispensary.
In addition to the pages on the above, there is a page for Edwardsburgh, containing a selection of births that I picked up along the way. It's not very likely, but just maybe you might find one of your names there.
was born Abt. 1777 in Cork, Ireland, and died 1843 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
He married JENNIE
Notes for JOSEPH NEWMAN:Buried Sandy Hill Cemetery, Prescott.
Notes for JENNIE JO
Buried Sandy Hill Cemetery, Prescott. Her father Joseph Jago.
Children of JOSEPH NEWMAN and JENNIE JAGO are:
i. WILLIAM2 NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1802, Cork, Ireland; d. 1882, Culross.
ii. JOHN NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1804, Cork, Ireland; d. 1882, Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
iii. JOSEPH NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1810, Cork, Ireland; d. 1888, Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
Notes for JOSEPH NEWMAN:
iv. ANNE NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1812, Cork, Ireland; d. 1847, Prescott.
v. ABRAHAM NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1813, Cork, Ireland; d. 1886, Prescott.
was born Abt. 1802 in Cork, Ireland, and died 1882 in Culross. He married MARY SMYTHE.
Notes for WILLIAM NEWMAN:
This is the 1861 census for Culross
Notes for MARY SMYTHE:
Buried Smith's Cemetery.
Children of WILLIAM NEWMAN
i. JOSEPH3 NEWMAN, b. Abt. 1832; d. 1909, Culross, Ontario
Notes for JOSEPH NEWMAN:
ii. EVIS NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1837; m. JOSEPH
Marriage Notes for EVIS NEWMAN and JOSEPH NICHOLSON:
b. Abt. 1839; d. 1901, Culross, Ontario; m. JOHN SILLICK.
Notes for ANN
iv. THOMAS NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1842; d. 1891, Culross, Ontario.
Notes for THOMAS NEWMAN:
v. JAMES NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1843.
vi. WILLIAM NEWMAN, b. Abt. 1844; d.1901, Culross, Ontario
Notes for WILLIAM NEWMAN:
vii. PATIENCE NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1847; d. 1916, Culross, Ontario.
Notes for PATIENCE NEWMAN:
viii. GEORGE NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1849; d. 1911, Culross, Ontario.
Notes for GEORGE NEWMAN:
ix. MARY NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1853.
x. JOHN NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1857.
was born Abt. 1804 in Cork, Ireland, and died 1882 in Edwardsburgh,
Ontario. He married ELIZABETH
1835 in Ogdensberg, NY.
Notes for JOHN NEWMAN:
Notes for ELIZABETH WHITLEY:
Children of JOHN NEWMAN
i. JOSEPH3 NEWMAN,
b. 1836, Edwardsburgh Ontario; d. 1911, Union Cemetery,
ii. JANE NEWMAN,
b. 1838; d. 1920, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; m. THOMAS FAIRBURN.
Notes for JANE NEWMAN:
Notes for THOMAS FAIRBURN:
iii. FRANK NEWMAN,
b. 1839; d. 1898, Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
iv. MARY NEWMAN,
b. 1841, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d.1913, Smith's Falls,
v. ELIZABETH NEWMAN,
b. 1843, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1890.
b. 1846, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1909, Crystal Rock, Grenville County.
vii. ANNE NEWMAN,
b. 1848; m. RICHARD KINGSTON, 1873.
viii. CATHERINE NEWMAN,
b. 1852; m. WILLIAM
b. 1855; d. Abt. 1937.
b. 1858; d.1898, Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
xi. SARAH NEWMAN,
b. 1850; d. 1902.
4. ANNE2 NEWMAN (JOSEPH1) was born Abt. 1812 in Cork, Ireland, and died 1847 in Prescott. She married CHARLES DUKELOW
Notes for ANNE NEWMAN:
Notes for CHARLES DUKELOW:
Children of ANNE NEWMAN
i. JANE3 DUKELOW,
b. Abt. 1837.
ii. ELIZABETH DUKELOW,
b. Abt. 1840.
iii. JOSEPH DUKELOW,
b. Abt. 1842.
iv. CHARLES DUKELOW,
b. Abt. 1844.
v. MARGARET DUKELOW,
b. Abt. 1846.
vi. MARGARITTE DUKELOW,
b. Abt. 1847.
5. ABRAHAM2 NEWMAN (JOSEPH1) was born Abt. 1813 in Cork, Ireland, and died 1886 in Prescott. He married SARAH JENKISSON 1853
Notes for ABRAHAM NEWMAN:
Children of ABRAHAM NEWMAN
b. 1858; d. 1936, Brockville, Ontario, buried Oakland
b. 1865, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1942, Edwardsburgh,
was born 1836 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1911 in Union
Cemetery, Edwardsburgh. He married
WILLOUGHBY 1865 in Augusta, Ontario, daughter of
CHARLES WILLOUGHBY and ANN
Children of JOSEPH NEWMAN
b. 1866, Roebuck, Grenville, Ont; 1932.
ii. JOHN JAGO
b. 1867; d. 1906, Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
Notes for JOHN JAGO
iii. ELIZABETH JANE
b. 1869; d. 1945; m. GEORGE BAKER.
iv. SUSAN NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1870; m. JAMES
v. ALICE IDA
b. 1871; d. 1942, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; m. EDWARD
Notes for EDWARD RAYCROFT:
b. Abt. 1877; d. Abt. 1951.
was born 1839, and died 1898 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
He married MARY
KINGSTON 1870 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, daughter of FRANCIS KINGSTON and ANN CONNELL.
Notes for FRANK NEWMAN:
Notes for MARY ANN
Children of FRANK NEWMAN
b. 1872, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1957, Memphis, Tenn.
iii. FRANCIS BYRON NEWMAN, b 1876; d. Abt. 1952; m. (1) LOTTIE CURRY; m. (2) JENNIE COOK; m. (3) OLIVE TEMPLETON NEWMAN, 1931.
b. 1883, 1956.
vii. FANNY ADA NEWMAN, b.1885; m. FRANK POWER
was born 1841 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1913 in
Smith's Falls, Ontario. She married
WILLOUGHBY 1867 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario
(Brother of Alice Willoughby).
Children of MARY NEWMAN
i. ELIZABETH JANE4
iii. CHARLES HENRY
iv. BERTHA ADELIA
v. HESTER MAUD
vi. JOHN WESLEY
vii. VIOLET MAY
viii. LILY IDA
was born 1843 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1890.
She married RICHARD
KINGSTON 1867 in Prescott, Ontario, son of PAUL KINGSTON
Children of ELIZABETH NEWMAN
i. JENNIE4 KINGSTON
Notes for JENNIE KINGSTON:
iv. GERTIE KINGSTON.
Notes for GERTIE KINGSTON:
v. WALTER KINGSTON,
Notes for WALTER KINGSTON:
was born 1846 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1909 in
Crystal Rock, Grenville County. He
DONOGHUE 1872 in Trinity Anglican Church, Merrickville, Grenville.
Notes for JOHN W NEWMAN:
Children of JOHN NEWMAN
b. 1873, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1953.
ii. JANE ADELIA
b. 1874, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1892, Edwardsburgh,
iii. ALBERT EDWARD
b. 1876, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1876, Edwardsburgh,
Notes for ALBERT EDWARD
b. 1878, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1962, Lorneville,
buried Smith's Cemetery, Woodville.
b. 1879, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1953.
vi. ROYAL EGBERT
b. 1884, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1967; m. ANNIE
Notes for ROYAL EGBERT
b. 1887, Edwardsburgh, Ontario;
b. 1889, Edwardsburgh, Ontario
ix. RICHARD BAXTER
b. 1892, Edwardsburgh, Ontario; d. 1916.
Notes for RICHARD BAXTER
was born 1855, and died Abt. 1937.
He married JESSIE
J MOXLEY 1887.
Children of ABRAHAM NEWMAN
i. VIOLET ELLA4 NEWMAN, b. 1888; d. 1950
Notes for VIOLET ELLA
ii. ADDIE HESTER
b. Abt. 1890.
iii. OLIVE TEMPLETON
b. 1893; m. FRANCIS
iv. HAROLD EDGAR NEWMAN, b. 1895; m. ELSIE TRUST.
v. BERNICE NEWMAN,
was born 1858, and died 1898 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario.
She married THOMAS
KINGSTON 1897 in Spencerville, Ontario.
Notes for ADDIE NEWMAN:
Notes for THOMAS KINGSTON:
Child of ADDIE NEWMAN
i. WILLIE WARD4
b. 1897; d. 1962.
was born 1858, and died 1936 in Brockville, Ontario, buried
Oakland Cemetery. She married ROBERT
Buried Oakland Cem, Brockville
Notes for ROBERT LEVIS:
was born 1865 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1942 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario. He married MARY
Notes for JOHN NEWMAN:
Notes for MARY JANE
Children of JOHN NEWMAN
ii. SARAH NEWMAN,
iii. ANNIE NEWMAN,
b. Abt. 1899; d. 1945.
v. WILLIAM THOMAS
was born 1866 in Roebuck, Grenville, Ont, and died 6 November 1932.
She married WILLIAM
Child of ANNA NEWMAN
i. ALICE ELIZABETH5
b. 1891, d. 1978.
was born 1873. She married
Children of SARAH NEWMAN
i. NEWMAN5 HAMMOND.
Notes for NEWMAN HAMMOND:
ii. CHARLES HAMMOND.
iii. LILLA HAMMOND.
was born Abt. 1877, and died Abt. 1951. He
Child of CHARLES NEWMAN
i. WILHEMINA5 NEWMAN,
was born 1872 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1957 in
Memphis, Tenn. He married (1)
ELEANOR ANN COLE 1895 in Augusta, Ontario, daughter of LEANDER
Notes for JOHN WESLEY
Notes for CORINNE GREENLEY:
Notes for ELEANOR ANN
Children of JOHN NEWMAN
b 1894; d. Abt. 1940.
ii. MARY FLORENCE
b. 1896; d. 1987, Memphis, Tenn.
iii. MILDRED EDNA
b. Abt. 1898; d. 1925, Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis, Tenn..
iv. DOROTHY NEWMAN
Notes for DOROTHY NEWMAN:
was born 8 May 1874. He married BERTHA
She married ROBERT
Notes for EDITH MAY
NEWMANS IN CANADA
Here we are, the Western Newmans! At least some of us.
Many wish they could be here, and some who couldn't be with us have sent
messages. We are fully aware that
this year, 1980, is the year of "Celebrate Saskatchewan", the 75th
Anniversary of the formation of the Provide of Saskatchewan. But do you realise
that this is also the 75th anniversary of the coming of the Newmans to
It all began 75 years ago this year, when during the summer of 1905 a
slim young school teacher by the name of Edith May Newman, in her mid-twenties,
filled with a high spirit of adventure, a pack of courage and a deep and abiding
faith in GOD, boarded a CPR train in Ontario and set out for the wide prairies
of Western Canada - then officially known as the North-West Territories.
Miss Newman was the daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Newman, who was born in 1851
and was the grandmother or greatgrandmother of a good many of you here today.
Miss Edith Newman arrived in Regina in due time - not a very large
metropolis then, and a great contrast to the lush landscape of Ontario which she
had so recently left. But she
admitted in later years that she "fell in love with the prairies".
Her first task was to look for employment. In this she was immediately
successful. A teacher was needed for Broken Shell School, not far from the
village of Yellow Grass, south of Regina. This
village then, of course, listed as being in the District of Assiniboia,
North-West Territories, Canada.
Her first boarding place was a sod shack, cozy in the winter, cool in
summer. Life was full.
She loved teaching, and she enjoyed it all immensely.
She especially loved driving a sprightly little black horse called
On September 4th of that year of 1905, a big event took place.
The province of Saskatchewan was created, and became a new province of
the Dominion of Canada! Her school register had to be changed to read
"Broken Shell School District, Province of Saskatchewan!" Canadian
history was in the making, and she was part of it!
In short order Edith Newman's family, or at least some of them, began to
get very interested in coming out west too.
Her mother, a widow, her sister, Fanny Ada, who was several years
younger, as well as her brothers Joseph, Byron, and Herb, all joined her in the
west, taking up homesteads nearby, on Saskatchewan's fertile soil.
Today the descendants of Edith Newman and her brothers are assembled
together here in a gathering we hope will meet annually on into the future, and
which is fondly known as the "Newman Picnic".
Note: Edith's brother,
Byron, stayed only a short time, and returned to Ontario, where he lived in
Spencerville for many years. Her
eldest brother John had some years earlier moved to the USA, settling in
Memphis, Tennessee. He wrote
beautiful and inspirational poetry, which he sometimes sent to his sister in
Canada. Both he and his daughter Mary made visits to Canada on separate
occasions, and his nephews and nieces still have happy memories of those
exciting visits. Uncle John was a
ventriloquist, and the delight he brought with his talent was boundless!
Note by Mildred: A letter from a Canadian Cousin - return address and
was born 1881. He married ANNIE
was born 11 September .
was born 1873 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1953. He married (1) SARAH EVELYN ALLEN. He
married (2) EMILY
was born 1878 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1962 in Lorneville, buried Smith's Cemetery, Woodville. He married ANNA MAUD CAMERON 1906.
was born 1879 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1953.
He married JENNIE
29. HARPER FRANCIS4 NEWMAN (JOHN W3, JOHN2, JOSEPH1) was born 1887 in Edwardsburgh Ontario, and died 1977 in Gamebridge, Ont. He married (1) MABLE WESTOCK. He married (2) ETHEL DONAGHUE 1946 in Prescott, Ontario
was born 1889 in Edwardsburgh, Ontario, and died 1951 in
Toronto, Canada. He married ETTIE
33. ARTHUR4 NEWMAN (JOHN3, ABRAHAM2, JOSEPH1) was born Abt. 1899, and died 1945. He married HELEN MANSON 1929.
35. ELMER FRANCIS5 NEWMAN (JOHN WESLEY4, FRANK3, JOHN2, JOSEPH1) was born 1894, and died Abt. 1940. He married (1) ELIZABETH KELLINGER. He married (2) MONICA VICTORIA WALKER 1918 in Grantham, Lincs, daughter of CALEB WALKER and SARAH LOCKTON.
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