|All surnames included in this family tree to date; ABBOTT,
ANDERSON, BEEBE, BROWN, BUCHHOLZ, BURKHARDT, CAMPBELL, COLLINS, COPENHEFER,
CUTTER, DARGIE, DICKMANN, DORSEY, DRESHER, EGGEMEYER, EMERY, EVANS, FICKE,
GERLING, GOLDING, HACKMAN, HAMILTON, HAMLETT, HAMM, HANER, HASEMEIER,
HOCKSTETTER, HOLDCAMP, IGELMAN, ISENHOWER, KANKE, KASTING, KEMPER, KLEHFOTH,
KLUTE, KNOLLENBERG, LEHR, MAIER, MASHMEYER, MATHEWSON, MAYER, McGUIRE,
McNEILL, MELLE, MENDENHALL, MENKE, MEYER, MOLLENPAGE, MOSER, MYERS, NOE, NUSBAUM, OEHL,
OTTE, PIEHL, PILLE, RAVENCRAFT, REIMER, REMMERT, ROBERTS, ROBINSON, RUEHL,
SCHMIDT, SCHULTZ, SEEKER, SIMPSON, SITTLOH, SNYDER, SPERLING, STAUBER,
STEEN, STEGMAN, STIENS, STUDYBAKER, SUDHOFF, TEUCKE, TIBBE, TURMAN, TURNER,
VAN SCHOIACK, VEREGGE, VOSS, WARFEL, WEISS, WHALEY, WHITE, WILKER, WILSON.
JURGENS (alternate spellings found during research
include JUERGENS, JERGANS, GERGAN, YERGENS, YERGAN, YERGEN, YERGINS,
YANKINS, YEARONS, GEARONS, INGENS, FURGENS, FYRGENS)
This webpage is dedicated to the lineage of Christopher Heinrich Jurgens, his elder brother Gerhardt Heinrich Jurgens, and their families. This family line originates from the towns of Wellingen and Haltern, Parish of Belm, Osnabruck, Lower Saxony, Niedersachen-Westphalen (formerly Hanover/Prussia).
A BRIEF HISTORY OF OSNABRUCK, GERMANY
Osnabruck (or Osnabrueck) is in the region of Lower Saxony (Niedersachen-Westphalen) Germany (Low Germans). It is an ancient 1,200+ year old city which was once the Episcopal seat of Charlemagne, the Holy Roman emperor; it accepted the Protestant Reformation in 1534. In 1648 it became the seat for a Lutheran bishop; now it is predominantly Lutheran.
Most of the 19th century immigrants from the Osnabruck area were "Heuerlings" (farm hands or renters of small plots of ground), which virtually held them in the state of serfdom. Instead of paying money, they had to work the land owner's farm. The plot of land they rented was normally not big enough to live by just from the farming, so most of them had a second job. They sought escape to America from a depressing economic condition or from military service (military service became more of an issue after 1866 when the Kingdom of Hanover became part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and the people didn't want to fight for Prussia).
The Osnabruck area was well known for its linen production. The sought-after
"Legge" seal showing the city's emblem, a wheel, became an internationally
accepted mark of outstanding quality of the Osnabruck linen. Plagiarism of
the stamp occurred many times. In 1618 traders of Hamburg falsified the seal
and until the 18th century a Scottish clothmaker's town called itself
"Osnaburg", named after the linen that was produced there. The robust linen
of Osnabruck was mentioned in Scottish weavers songs and even in one of the
novels of Isabell Allende, slaves in the New World wore the "Osnaburgh
linen", so that the town of Osnabruck became famous worldwide.
THE VOYAGE TO AMERICA
Christopher Henrich Jurgens emigrated from Osnabruck at the age of 29 to America. He departed Bremen, Germany and arrived in New York on October 14, 1834 on the ship "Brig Vernon". Typically a voyage would have taken 6 weeks, double that if the weather was bad. His name on the ship log was recorded as "Heinrich Furgens." He made the trip with his wife Catharine Ellen Engel Jurgens age 30 . They had no children at that time. Also traveling on this same ship was his elder brother Gerhardt Heinrich Jurgens age 42, wife Catharine Elisabeth age 40, children Catharine Maria age 11, Gerhardt Heinrich age 7, and Marie Elisabeth age 3. The average cost of a fair was about $243 each, with children under 5 traveling at reduced rates or free. Photocopies of the original ship logs for this voyage are shown below. They settled and made their homes in the city of Richmond, Wayne County, Indiana, then a city of about 2,000 residents
The "Brig Vernon" was owned by "Smith & Titcomb" ship builders of
Kennebunk, York County, Maine. She was mastered by Captain Jacob Merrill, Jr.
She sailed from Bremen, Germany to New York and weighed 286 tons on this
The majority of early German settlers in Richmond were from the Osnabruck region and had been farm hands or renters of small plots of ground, which virtually held them in the state of serfdom (they could not own the land). They sought escape in this country from depressing economic conditions, military service, and the state-ordered unification of the Lutheran church and state church (Reformed). Some of them had learned trades. In Richmond, they found employment in the trades and on nearby farms. They became home owners at an early date. The heavy tide of German immigration to Richmond began in the late 1830's and continued until 1850, gradually receding in the period immediately following the Civil War.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF RICHMOND, INDIANA
THE HISTORIC CHURCHES OF BELM, OSNABRUCK AND RICHMOND, INDIANA
The Jurgens brothers, Christopher and Gerhardt, both played important roles in the formation of the first Lutheran church in Richmond, Indiana. Click here for details and photos of these beautiful historic churches.
CEMETERY PHOTOS - click here
HOUSE PHOTOS - click here
FAMILY PHOTOS - click here
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